dongol (sp. var. dongngol) 1to listen. 1.1trans. to listen, giving concentrated attention to specific things being heard; to allow oneself to be persuaded to give heed to and follow a suggestion or advice. <
> Donglon yuy kalyon apuyu. Listen to what your grandfather will say. Dingngol mu? Did you hear it? He-a ken ohan ap-apuk ya donglom tun kalik. My grandson, listen to me. Dingngol ku an makattugal ka. I heard that you are an habitual gambler. ‑on/‑in‑. 4E Perception and Cognition. (sem. domains: 2.3.2 - Hear.) 1.2trans. the affix focuses on the manner of listening. Tipet idngol muh kalin di tatagu? Why do you listen (pay attention) to what people say? i‑/iN‑. 2to hear. 2.1trans. to perceive sound with the ear; to make an effort to hear something with durative aspect. Mundongol kah kanta nah ladyu. You hear music from the radio. Mundongol kayu ke tuwalit maawatan yuy kalkalyona? Why don’t you listen so that you’ll understand what he is saying? Intugun inada an mun-ule dah dalan ya mundongol dah iskul ta waday inilaon da. Their mother instructed them to be careful on the way and to listen in class so they would learn something. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 2.3.2 - Hear.) 2.2pass. refers to what can or cannot be heard. Deya ot an madngol di tatawa da. There, their laughter can be heard. Adi pakadngol di ingak te nahulatan. My ear cannot hear because it’s obstructed. ma‑, paka‑. 3cause to be heard. 3.1caus. to cause something to be heard. Impadngol nay kantana. He caused his song to be heard. Dahdiy nangipadngol? Who let it be heard? ipa/impa‑, mangipa‑/nangipa‑.. (sem. domains: 9.5 - Case.) id. Donglom tun pangiha-adak id. Madngol di bangluna infl. midngolan infl. mundingngol infl. padngol morphophonemics: When infixed, the vowel ‘o’ in the first syllable of the root is deleted.
Search results for "dongol"
adal trans. to learn; generally refers to a formal mode of learning rather than the traditional mentoring or modeling mode. Adalom an munha-ang. You should learn to cook. Mun-an-anlah inadan nangngol an dakol di inadal da. Their mother was happy to hear that they had learned so much. Man-uke kanak hidiye ya adalon dan mumbaki nah eda pundongdongollan ya abu. The reason I say that is that they learn to recite the rituals and prayers by listening only. ‑on/‑in‑. 4E Perception and Cognition. (sem. domains: 3.2.2 - Learn.) Language Of Borrowing: Tagalog: aral. infl. adalon infl. maadal infl. naadalan
ganas 1comm. enjoyment. Maid di ganas kun mangan. I have no enjoyment in eating. 2sta. to be enjoyable; something that gives a happy, good feeling. [This may describe the characteristic of a thing or event and may also describe what a person feels about something.] Kon naganasan nah nidat ke hiya? Is he pleased with his present? (lit. what was given to him.) Nakagganas nan binuya taku. What we watched was very enjoyable. Nakagganas di gibok ku. I’m feeling very good. na‑, na‑ ‑an, naka‑. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168.7 - Happy for, 22.214.171.124.1 - Enjoy doing something.) 3trans. to enjoy something or someone. Ganganasok an mundongol. I enjoy hearing it. ‑on/‑in‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano. infl. ganganas
gong’a trans. to listen attentively; to hear something; to differentiate a certain sound. Igonga-am din kalkalyon da ta ahim idatdatong ke amam. Listen attentively to what they are talking about so that you can report it to your father. Igogonga-an nan mundongol nah pungkalin nan mittulu na. He is listening very well to what his teacher is saying. i‑ ‑an, iN‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 2.3.2 - Hear.)
hidiye (diye, hi) demonstrative. demonstrative pronoun that does not require a co-occurring noun; that over there, definite reference to something, away from both speaker and hearer. Hidiye di balen da Juan. That one over there is the house of Juan. Man-uke kanak hidiye ya adalon dan mumbaki nah eda pundongdongollan ya abu. The reason I say that is that they learn to recite the rituals and prayers by listening only. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Demonstrative pronouns.) hidiyen hidiyey
hiN- -on TACR. this circumfix encodes a non-past modal that adds the meaning of ‘to pretend’ to the verbal root; the suffix part of the circumfix cross-references the object in the clause. <
> Himbaybayuom nan page. Pretend to be pounding the rice. Kahindongdongollona hi kinalik. He pretends to be listening to what I have said. (sem. domains: 9.4.2 - Agent-oriented modalities.) With a statement, rather than imperative, a ka- prefix is also added to the affix combination.
homok 1pass. having the property of or being in the state of arousing the pity of others. Adina anhan dongolon di kalin nan inayana an kananay ahida mahmok di imbabale da. He did not heed the protests of his wife who said that their children would be pitiful. Oha bo ya mahmok di adol. One more thing is your body is pitiful. Adik bo pinhod an eka mahmahmok an maoh-ohha. I don’t want you to be pitiful, always alone, by yourself. ma‑. Sim: amuyu. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Mercy.) 2feel pity. 2.1trans. to feel compassion for someone in trouble or who is suffering, and do something to alleviate the suffering; usually results in giving material aid; the person receiving the pity and help is in view. Homkonak anhan. Please pity me. ‑on/‑in‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206 - Mercy.) 2.2intrans. to show compassion. Mipangngat an hummok tah ibban tagu. It is one’s duty to have pity on others. Hummok kayu ahan ta umidat kayu hi ittay an boga. Please have pity and give us a little rice. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 3comm. the feeling of sympathy for another’s plight or suffering. Namahig di homok di Dios ke ditaku. God has much pity for us. infl. numpahpahmok
imbabale 1comm. offspring; refer to any age child in relation to parents; son, daughter. Mahlu day imbabalek. My children are industrious. Adina anhan dongolon di kalin nan inayana an kananay ahida mahmok di imbabale da. He did not heed the protests of his wife who said that their children would be pitiful. Hi ke Butale ya binugtung an imbabale. Butale was an only child. Sim: bun’at; Syn: an’ak. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Related by birth, 18.104.22.168 - Child.) 2trans. to consider the child of a relative as one’s own; nephew, niece. der. imbabaleyon der. inimbabaleyan der. mun-imbabale id. ikadangyan di imbabale
inayan (der. of ine) comm. mate; husband; wife; spouse. Duwa di inayana te makibabai. He has two wives because he just loves women. Adina anhan dongolon di kalin nan inayana an kananay ahida mahmok di imbabale da. He did not heed the protests of his wife who said that their children would be pitiful. Maid pangal-anah ipakanah inayana ya imbabalena dida. He had no way of providing food for his wife and his children. Syn: ahawa. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124.1 - Husband, wife, 2.6.1 - Marriage.)
kahiN- -on mod. this modal circumfix adds the concept of pretense to a verb. Kahinhuyhuyopona pangalinat ha-oy di manaang. He pretended to be sleeping, hoping that I’ll be the one to cook. Deke bo udot ya kahinlullokon da ot inila takun adida unudon intugun taku. If they keep pretending to be deaf, then, we know that they will not follow what we advised. Kahindongdongollona hi kinalik. He pretends to be hearing what I said. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Verb affixes.)
kayngot 1intrans. a facial expression of firm lips along with the gesture of nodding the head from time to time that gives authority to speech. Nadan udum an mungkaykayngot an kumali ya dakdakol di mundongol ke dida. Those people who speak very authoritatively have more people who will listen to them. Nakayngot di pungkalina. His speaking is authoritative. muN‑/nuN‑, na‑. 1A Movement with a manner component. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Gesture.) 2trans. to give a signal to a previous agreement by nodding of head. Kinayngotanak an ume kami mo. He signaled to me by nodding his head that it was time to leave. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an.
ma-₂ pass. this prefix derives the passive form of Class 4 verbal roots; non-past tense. Matbal da mo peman! Now they are highly respected indeed. Adina anhan dongolon di kalin nan inayana an kananay ahida mahmok di imbabale da. He did not heed the protests of his wife who said that their children would be pitied. Pangalim nin kattog di babale nadan udum bon matibo mo bokon ta datuwe nan kalyon an bapor. You think what can be seen are houses but these are what they call ships. Sim: na-₂. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206 - Verb affixes.)
man-uke (comp. of man-u, ke₂) adjunct. the reason being; the reason for. Man-uke kanak hidi ya adalon dan mumbaki nah eda pundongdongollan ya abu. The reason I say that is that they learn to recite the rituals and prayers by listening only. Man-uke ya maid di ammod da kinali umat hina da. The reason that they behave in that manner is because they do not have parents. Man-uke ya maddikit ya man-uke ya natalam. It’s partly that she’s good-looking and partly that she’s clever. Attitudinal. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Cause, 18.104.22.168.1 - Reason.)
mumpa- -an trans. this circumfix encodes a causative agent-subject with the cross-referencing of a site-object; non-past tense. [The site-object is often semantically a recipient or beneficiary of the action encoded in the verb.] Ot mundasalak ke he-at mumpabaddangak, APU. (Psalm 30:8) And so I prayed to you so that you will help me, LORD. Mundongol kayun papatul ya dakayun aap-apu te ikantaak hi APU DIOS an Dios Israel ya mumpagangowak hi pundayaw kun hiya! (Hanadan Huwes 5:3) You kings and you leaders listen because I will sing a song to the Lord God, the God of Israel and I will play music in my honoring of him. Sim: numpa- -an. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Verb affixes.)
nangi- -an TACR. this circumfix topicalizes and cross-references a time or place; co-occurs with Class 3 verbal roots; past tense. Tibom di nangiha-adan na nah basket. Find where she placed the basket. Hay nangidongolana ya hi nangappit nah payoh kawad-an di ob-ob. What he heard was in the direction of the ricefield near the spring. Sim: pangi- -an₁. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Verb affixes.)
palakpak₂ 1comm. the sound made by clapping of the hands. Takon di nidawwi taku ya madngol di palakpak nadan mun-ang-ang-ang. Even though we are far we can hear the clapping of those who are watching. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Types of sounds.) 2trans. to strike hands together; to clap. Mumpalalpak da nadan mundongol hi kanta da. Those who heard their song are clapping their hands. Palakpakan taku te maphod di impatibo da. Let us clap our hands because thier show is good. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 7.7.1 - Hit.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.
tongngok trans. to look with open mouth; to gape; open mouth with amazement; to gawk. Adim totongngokon te humgop man di lalog hi tokom. Don’t be gaping because a fly will enter your mouth. Tipet nganne ahan hinaen ittolyan totongngokon yun mundongdongol. What is that story about that you are listening with open-mouthed amazement. Adika muntongngok hin ume tad Manila. Do not gawk when we go to Manila. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 4E Perception and Cognition. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206 - Surprise.)
tugun 1comm. advice; instruction. Dakol di tugun din hi aman ha-oy. My late father had a lot of advice. Toan ten makulug, mu deket makulug, ikabing mu anhan tun tugun ku. Whether or not this is true, I don’t know, but if it is, then, heed my advice. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Advise.) 2to advise. 2.1trans. to give specific advice. Intugun inada an mun-ule dah dalan ya mundongol dah iskul ta waday inilaon da. Their mother instructed them to be careful on the way and to listen in class so they would learn something. i‑/iN‑. 2.2trans. to advise a particular person. Tugunon yu nan imbabale yu ta adida mun-ay-ayyam nah kalata. Advise your children not to play in the streets. ‑on/‑in‑. 4G Tactile - Touch contact. 2.3comm. refers to the activity of giving advice. Adida maphod di iin-inan tumugun te naduti da. It isn’t fitting for old women to advise because they just keep repeating the same thing. Makannugun ka udot yaden mummumutog ka. So, you are advising and yet are inexperienced. ‑um/‑imm‑‑, makaC‑.
ule 1sta. to be kind; to be calm. Indai ya kanana pay di “Maphod ta hiyo- nan bumdang ya- maule. Later on, he added “It’s good that the bumdang-spirits are kind.” Maule ot di bibiyo te umidat hi kendi, hiya ina? an kanak bo. “Mother, fairies are kind aren’t they because they give us candy,” I said. Makaulle kan ha-oy. You are very kind to me. ma‑/na‑. 6B Characteristis of human nature or life situation. (sem. domains: 4.3.4 - Do good to.) 2intrans. to be careful; do something carefully; do something slowly Intugun inada an mun-ule dah dalan ya mundongol dah iskul ta waday inilaon da. Their mother instructed them to be careful on the way and to listen in class so they would learn something. Nun-ule-ule da te uma-agol hi Bugan an mundalan nah madanglol an banong. They walked slowly because Bugan was cautious walking on the slippery dikes. Tibom ta mun-ul-ulen malutu. See that it cooks slowly. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168 - Caution.) infl. maule infl. ul-ule
yu pers. 1you, plural; second person, plural, Set 1 non-cross-referenced subject. Tipe nganne ahan hinaen ittolyan totongngokon yun mundongdongol. What is that story about that you are listening with open mouths. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.) 2your, plural; second person, plural possessive pronoun. Idawawa yuy takle yu ta midatan kayu. Reach out your hands so you will be given some. Man-uket munggastu takuh pun-iskul yu ya kiphodan yuh udum hi algo. The reason we spend money for your studies is it is for your own good in the future.