dopa 1comm. measure of length from the fingertip of one arm to the fingertip of the other; an arm span. [To measure wood in the forest, a person will use the arm-span to measure vine and then, use the vine as a tape measure.] Hindopay dukken tun ulo. The length of this blanket is one arm-span measure. hin. (sem. domains: 8.2.8 - Measure.) 2trans. to stretch out arms to sides. ‑on/‑in‑. comp. hindopa infl. dop-on
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dopal comm. drought; refers to a time when there has been no rain for a long time. Mahmok di nitanom ten dopal mu naganas an mangaiw. Plants are pitiful during droughts but it is easy to get firewood. Dopal nin ad uwani tedeyan manayyap nan bannug. Maybe there will be no rain for a long time because the bannug-hawk is flying. Sim: tialgo, ugo₂, maugo. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Dry.)
dopap 1rec. to struggle or contend with by grappling; wrestle. Mundopap dan hintulang. The siblings are grappling with each other. Bimmoh-ol mo kanuh Pangka ya ho- mundopap da. So, according to Pangka, he got mad and er...they grappled with each other. muN‑/nuN‑. 1A Movement with a manner component. Sim: hommol, alibadbad; Sim: tiliw. 2catch; seize; arrest. 2.1trans. to take hold of by catching. Eka dumpap nah manuk ta gogodon taku. Go catch a chicken and we’ll butcher it. Dumpap kayuh ihda takun gawgawa. Catch one of the ducks for our viand. Etaku mampap hi dolog. Let’s go catch fish. 2.2trans. to take hold of with force; seize, arrest. Dopapon yu nan mangako. Arrest the thief. Dimpap da nan mangako. They arrested the thief. Nadpap nan nangako. The thief was arrested. ‑on/‑in‑. 4B Tactile actions. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206.1 - Arrest, 220.127.116.11 - Catch, capture.)
ugo₂ 1comm. dry spell. Maugod uwani. It is dry these days. Sim: dopal, tialgo, maugo. (sem. domains: 1.1.3 - Weather.) 2sta. to be dry; rainy season is over. Inugo nan ot ahi kami umali kinali nahilngan kami. It stopped raining (lit. was dry) before we started for home, that is why darkness overtook us along the way. Maugo keh bigat ya ume takud Kiangan. If it does not rain (lit. it is dry) tomorrow we will go to Kiangan. ma‑/na‑, ‑in‑. 6C Process or state of inanimate objects. der. inugawan infl. maugo
atu 1sta. to be tired; fatigued. Adi maatu nan nuwang. The carabao does not tire. Naka-atuwak an pinhod kun mun-iyatu ni-an. I am so tired, I want to rest for a while. Indani ya naatu da nin an nundopap. Later on, maybe they were tired from grappling. ma‑/na‑ . 6A Physiological Process - State. Sim: bol’e. (sem. domains: 2.4.4 - Tired.) 2proc. refers to the process of becoming tired; tiring. Umatuy umeh baleyu. Going to your house is tiring. Adika mun-atu. Don’t tire yourself. ‑um‑/‑imm‑, muN‑/nuN‑.
battanan 1trans. to set apart creating an interval of time or space. Battanan yuh duwan algo ne ahiyu inhaad nan kodot. Leave it for two days then place the poison. Battanam hi duwan dopa nadan tukud di alad. Put the post at intervals of two arm lengths. Mabattanan hi tulun algo on ahim kinan nan agam. Take (lit. eat) your medicine at intervals of three days./Take your medicine every three days. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an. 5C Goal oriented sites. (sem. domains: 8.4.5 - Relative time, 8.5.5 - Spatial relations.) 2intrans. to be absent on a pre-arranged date. Battanak hi duwan algo ta ahiyak umali. I will absent myself for two days.
bit’il sta. famine; scarcity of food. [There was a scarcity of food during and following World War II because the occupying force ate nearly all that was available.] Mabitil day dakol ad uwani te hay kanginan di boga. Many suffer the scarcity of food nowadays because of the cost of rice. Mabitil di tagu ten dopal. People suffer from famine when there is drought. ma‑. (sem. domains: 5.2 - Food.)
boh-ol 1comm. to feel displeasure or indignation; anger. Adika ni-an mih-up inggana mabaoy boh-ol na. Don’t go near him yet until his anger cools off. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168 - Angry.) 2trans. to be angry and scold. Boh-olan daka ke ya adika humumang. If they scold you, do not answer back. Mumboh-ol hi amana yaden limmah-un. His father was scolding yet he went out. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, muN‑/nuN‑. Sim: bungotan. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Rebuke.) 3intrans. feeling or showing anger; to be angry. Adika bumoh-ol te langlangkak ya abu. Don’t be angry because I was only teasing. Bimmoh-ol mo kanuh Pangka ya ho- mundopap da. So, according to Pangka, he got mad and er...they grappled. Bimmoh-ol hi ama ot pumboh-olan dakami. My father was so angry that he scolded us. Ek ot humangon mu uggek te tinibok an bimmoh-ol I was about to answer him back but I didn’t because I saw that he was angry. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Class 2C, Emotion and sensation. infl. bimmoh-ol
di₂ det. a determiner that marks indefinite reference of nouns and noun phrases. Takon di gawan di hilong ya paka-ang-angona ya pakadopapponay gando ya ulog an hidiyey kanona. Even if it is very dark it (an owl) sees clearly and catches rats and snakes for food. In-anamut di dakol di inangang da. Many came home hungry. Nalgom di pinhod mun gattangon mipalpun nah kaitayan ingganah nah kaongngalan ya wadan wada. Anything that you want to buy, from the smallest item to the largest is available. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Demonstrative pronouns.)
gawan quan. may refer to the middle of night or day. Takon di gawan di hilong ya paka-ang-angona ya pakadopapponay gando ya ulog an hidiyey kanona. Even if it is the middle of the night it sees clearly and catches rats and snakes for food. (refers to an owl) Ta hin-uddum on gawan di hilong on ahi immanamut. So he would sometimes come home in the middle of the night. der. munggawa
hablut trans. to catch an animal in a rope trap. Hinnatkon di aton dan manablut hi babuy te ipalat da nan linubid ta ih-od nah gattinon nan babuy ne deke ingguyud da nan linubid ten nahablut ta dopapon da mot bobodan day hukina. They have a different way of catching pigs using ropes because they make a loop and put it at the end of a stick and lay it on the path of a pig, then they pull the rope when the pig has been caught and they catch him and tie his legs. maN‑/naN‑, ma‑/na‑. (sem. domains: 6.4.2 - Trap.)
hukuk trans. to corner something; to surround something or someone with the intention of catching so it/he will not be able to get away. Hinkukak udot nah alad ot pulhona nan tinapay an pungkan ku. He cornered me at the fence and grabbed the bread I was eating. Hukukon taku din babuy ta dopapon taku. Let us surround the pig so that we can catch it. ‑on/‑in‑. 4F Adjacency/Adjoining actions. (sem. domains: 7.2.2 - Move in a direction.)
1this prefix encodes past tense and durative time aspect; it cross references the subject and is the default affix for Class 1 verbal roots. < . TACR > Nip-ot bo te nundogo ot mate. To top it all off, he fell sick and died. Om, te maid di hilhilbi hin ugge ta nun-adal ya maid di ngunu. Yes, because one is as good for nothing without education (lit. have not learned) and without a job. 2past tense, signals a durative aspect activity rather than a punctiliar action when co-occurring with a transitive verbal root, cross references subject. Nuntudokak ke hiya nimpe. 3when the prefix co-occurs with the reduplicant CV(C)-, it encodes past tense, durative-continuative aspect and cross references the subject. 4when this affix co-occurs with Class 6 verb roots, it changes statives to durative processes; it encodes past tense and cross references the subject. 5the prefix derives verbs from nouns; it encodes past tense and cross- references the subject. Man-ut nun-iskul mu ingganah grade four ya abu. He took formal education to grade four only Nun-ampuyo kamin am-in an binabai. All of us women wore the Ifugao skirt. 6the prefix encodes past tense, reflexive and cross references both the subject and object expressed in a single noun phrase. Indani ya naatu da nin nundopap. After a while maybe they were tired of grappling with each other. Morphophonology: The velar consonant in coda position assimilates to the point of articulation of the first consonant in the root.
tatak comm. cicada species, small, light green, night cicada. [This night specie is attracted by light and may enter a house. Traditionally, finding one in the house required a ritual because it was thought to be an omen.] Hinumgop nan tatak hi bale ot dopapon nan imbabalek. The night cicada entered our house and my child caught it. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Insect.)