etaku pers. we-all; the form is a compound of the marker e and the first person inclusive personal pronoun, a member of Set 1 and Set 2; the form is preposed before the verb and encodes the subject grammatical relation. Ot kanan miy “Etaku balen APU DIOS ta etaku mundayaw ke hiya.” (Psalm 132:7) We’ll say “Let’s go to the house of the LORD so that we will worship him.” (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.)
Search results for "etaku"
aba 1comm. a variety of an edible starchy root crop; taro; tuber. Munhibak kah aba ta kanon taku. You boil some aba-tubers for us to eat. Pinhod kuy nihibak an aba. I like boiled aba-tubers. (sem. domains: 5.2 - Food.) 2trans. to gather tubers. Etaku mangaba. Let’s go and gather aba-tubers. maN‑/naN‑.
allung 1comm. a shelter; hut with no walls; a lean-to. Etaku munhidum dih allung. Let’s take shelter in that hut. Sim: bale, kihikugan, abung. (sem. domains: 6.5.1 - Building.) 2trans. to build a lean-to or shelter. Allungan yu nan nun-impan babuy nah mabalat. Make a shelter for the pig which gave birth near the banana plants. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5A Changing state of site by adding something.
am’o bathe 1.1trans. to bathe someone or something, e.g. a child or dog Amohom na ahu. You bathe the dog. ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 5.6.2 - Bathe.) 1.2ref. to bathe oneself. Etaku mun-amoh wangwang. Let’s go to bathe in the river. Mahapul an mamitlu kan mun-amo ohan algo. You have to take a bath three times a day. muN‑/nuN‑. 2E Body/Physiological functions.
amti 1comm. a bush variety with berry-like tiny fruit; the leaves are edible. Adik pinhod an munhidah amti. I don’t like to eat amti. Sim: alayyon. (sem. domains: 5.2 - Food.) 2intrans. to gather amti-leaves for eating. Etaku mangamti hi ihda taku. Let us go and gather amti-spinach for our viand. maN‑.
ani harvest. 1.1trans. to harvest a crop. Maphod di luta dat dakol di aniyon da. Their ground is good so they will harvest much ‑on/‑in‑. Sim: apit₁. (sem. domains: 1.5.6 - Growth of plants.) 1.2intrans. used to refer to the time of harvesting. Hana keh etaku pun-aniyan ya tibon yut maanin am-in nan page. When we harvest, see to it that all the rice is harvested. puN‑ ‑an, ma‑. 1.3n. usually refers to harvesting a rice crop but the word may also be used for harvesting other crops or fruit. comp. ahiani say. Hay itanom mu ya hidiyey aniyom.
bakle 1comm. rice cake or candy made of glutinous rice; usually made at the end of harvest during Thanksgiving celebration; wrapped and cooked in banana or rattan leaves. Pinay-an dah niyug nan binakle. They put coconut in the rice cake. Waday iggattang da nah Sabadu hi binakle. They sell rice cakes during Saturdays. (sem. domains: 5.2 - Food.) 2intrans. to make rice cakes. Mumbakle da hi bigat. They are going to make rice cakes tomorrow. muN‑/nuN‑. 3trans. to use a specific kind of rice for making rice cakes. Ibakle da nan dayakkot. They are going to make rice cakes out of the glutinous rice. i‑/iN‑. 4participatory. to attend a harvest thanksgiving celebration. Etaku makibakle ad Nagakadan. We’ll go to Nagakadan to join the harvest thanksgiving. maki‑/naki‑. 5comm. a ritual celebrated at the end of rice harvest. Na keh ahibakle ya dakol di umalin bumaddang an mangapyah binakle ta nalutu ke ne waday punhahanggaan nadan nakibakle hi pun-am-amlongan da. When it is thanksgiving time, many come to help make rice cakes so that they will be cooked and presented for the happiness of those coming to join in the thanksgiving celebration. Sim: Alawag. comp. ahibakle der. mumbakle infl. binakle
bangka₂ 1comm. a boat Intakke dah bangka nan balat. They loaded the bananas in a boat. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199.1 - Boat.) 2intrans. to ride in a boat Mumbangka da ta ahida dumatong. They will ride in a boat before they arrive. Etaku mumbangka ad Ambuwaya. Let’s go boating in Ambuwaya. muN‑/nuN‑. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish.
bilid 1comm. mountain. Hitu ked Ifugao ya dakol di bilid an maang-ang. Here in Ifugao, many mountains can be seen. Etaku munhabal nah bilid. Let us go to make a swidden in the mountains. Ot mungkampu dad Awwa an tap-on di bilid. And they had their camp at the top of the mountain called Awwa. Sim: duntug. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Mountain.) 2intrans. to roam from mountain to mountain. Mumbilibilid day ulha. Wild pigs roam from mountain to mountain. muN‑ CV(C)CV‑. 3sta. to be mountainous, for an area to have many mountains. Mabilid nan kad-an di kudal. The ranch is mountainous.
bultung 1comm. wrestling. Bultung di aton di ammod dih donen manginila hin dahdiy munlay-a. Wrestling was the method by which our forefathers determined who was lying. Syn: alibadbad. (sem. domains: 4.8.2 - Fight.) 2intrans. to wrestle. [Wrestling was traditionally used to settle property boundary disputes, kiggad; the boundary was set wherever one was pushed and downed the farthest. Wrestling was also used in accusations of theft, ako, with two suspects, the loser was considered to be the thief.] Etaku ang-angon nadan mumbultung. Let’s go and see those who will wrestle. Ibultung da ta tibon da hin daanay koltog tun luta. They are going to wrestle to see the boundary of this land. muN‑/nuN‑, i‑/iN‑. Sim: pali₂.
bunwit 1comm. fishhook. Nipanot nan bunwit nah matan nan dolog. The fishhook was stuck in the eye of the fish. (sem. domains: 6.4.5 - Fishing, 184.108.40.206 - Fishing equipment.) 2trans. to hook fish; to go fishing. Etaku mumbunwit ad Ambuwaya? Shall we go fishing at Ambuwaya? Mamunwit dah dolog nah payo. They are fishing for mudfish in the ricefield. Maid di bunwiton yuh na. You will not catch anything there. Eka bumunwit hi ihda taku. You go and hook a fish for our viand. Ibunwit mu nan bunwit amam. Use the fishhook of your father. muN‑/nuN‑, maN‑, ‑um‑, ‑on, i‑.
dalu trans. to spade off the grass on the dike top and slope. Etaku manalu te namahig di holok ya nahalman di utut an pungkakan da nan page. Let’s go to scrape off with a spade because it’s grassy and the rats are eating the rice grains. Daluwan yu nadan banong. Spade off the grasses from the rice field dikes. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, maN‑/naN‑. 5B Changing state of site by removal of something. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Cut grass.)
dopap 1rec. to struggle or contend with by grappling; wrestle. Mundopap dan hintulang. The siblings are grappling with each other. Bimmoh-ol mo kanuh Pangka ya ho- mundopap da. So, according to Pangka, he got mad and er...they grappled with each other. muN‑/nuN‑. 1A Movement with a manner component. Sim: hommol, alibadbad; Sim: tiliw. 2catch; seize; arrest. 2.1trans. to take hold of by catching. Eka dumpap nah manuk ta gogodon taku. Go catch a chicken and we’ll butcher it. Dumpap kayuh ihda takun gawgawa. Catch one of the ducks for our viand. Etaku mampap hi dolog. Let’s go catch fish. 2.2trans. to take hold of with force; seize, arrest. Dopapon yu nan mangako. Arrest the thief. Dimpap da nan mangako. They arrested the thief. Nadpap nan nangako. The thief was arrested. ‑on/‑in‑. 4B Tactile actions. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168.1 - Arrest, 22.214.171.124 - Catch, capture.)
gikgik 1comm. mushroom, small variety that grows on rotten wood. Pinhod mun ihday gikgik? Do you like to eat gikgik- mushrooms? (sem. domains: 1.5.3 - Grass, herb, vine.) 2intrans. to gather this kind of mushroom. Etaku manggikgik hin etaku mangaiw ta waday ikamoh pihing. Let us go and gather mushrooms when we go to gather firewood so that we will have something to mix with vegetables. maN‑.
gutud (sp. var. gitud) 1trans. to set a time and/or date. Gutudom di algon pundammuwan ta. Set the date when we will meet. Bokon ad uwani di gintud di Maknongan an katayam. This is not the day that God set for your death. Hi bigat di nagtud hi aliyan da. Tomorrow is the day set for them to come. ‑on/‑in‑, ma‑/na‑. 4B Tactile - Touch. (sem. domains: 8.4.3 - Indefinite time.) 2comm. date set Uggetaku inila di gutud di biyag taku. We don’t know the set time/end of our life. Hinaey gutud di aliyam hitu. That is the last time you will come here.
hamiy’ok 1comm. drizzle; monsoon rains. Mihtu ka tuh bohong na te waday hamyuk. Stay indoors because there’s a shower. Sim: hipak, udan, lomlom; Sim: hipuk₁. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Rain.) 2intrans. to rain lightly; shower. Etaku ot munhidum teden munhamiyok bo ah. Let’s go for a shelter because it’s showering again. muN‑/nuN‑.
hapang (sp. var. happang) 1comm. branch of a tree. Alan yu didan hapang te etaku itungu. Get those branches for our fuel. Abunay hukik an nangipakkid nah adol di kaiw, mu ongnga-ongngal ot muntattayunak nah hapang. It was only my legs that held on around the trunk of the tree; but it was big so I had to hang from a branch. (sem. domains: 1.5.5 - Parts of a plant.) 2intrans. to develop branches. Himmapang nan lingngo dan abukadu. The avocado tree they felled had branched out. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 3sta. to have many branches. Nakahhappangan tun akasya. This acacia tree has many branches. 4rec. (fig) to be related to one another. Nunhahappang taku. We are all related to one another (lit. branches of one another). nuN‑. 5intrans. for a road to separate and branch in different directions. Nunhappang nadan kalata. The roads branch. Nan kalata ya ugge nunhappang. The road didn’t branch out. nuN‑. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Road.) id. Dakamiy hapang didan aammod.
Hidit 1comm. ritual for peace; peace pact ritual, between enemies or opposing parties. Etaku makiang-ang hi Hidit da Bulahao ke Allaga. Let’s go see/witness the peace pact ritual between Bulahao and Allaga. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206 - Custom.) 2intrans. to perform the peace ritual. Munhidit da ad Tannibung. They will perform the Hidit-ritual in Tannibung. muN‑/nuN‑.
hidum 1trans. to shelter or seek protection from rain or sunshine; the shelter is often a tree or something hastily constructed. Ihidum mu nan golang. Bring the baby to the shade. Hidumam din ka-itanom mun gahhilang. Shelter the newly-planted corn. Etaku dih nahiduman. Let us go to the shaded area. i‑/iN‑, muN‑/nuN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an. 3G Move body or body parts directionally. (sem. domains: 7.2.3 - Move toward something.) 2intrans. to shelter oneself. Munhidum kayu ni-an tedeyan munhipuk. Shelter yourselves for a while because it is drizzling. 3comm. shade. Maphod di akasyan hidum hin tialgo. The acacia tree is a good shade during summer. (sem. domains: 7.3.7 - Cover.)
hobwal (fr. var. hogwal) 1comm. the shoots of plants. Etaku kaanon nan hobwal di kawayan. We will remove the young shoots of the bamboo. Sim: kutlong; spec: tungpup. (sem. domains: 1.5.5 - Parts of a plant.) 2intrans. to sprout; to produce shoots. Ahi bo humobwal hi toon. It will have shoots again next year. (It will sprout.) ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2G Processes. (sem. domains: 1.5.6 - Growth of plants.)
holyat 1comm. the wedding celebration final day, celebrated on the night of the uya-uy, following the gotad, may also refer to the last day of the hagabi celebration. Holyat hi Sabado. The holyat-celebration is on Saturday. wh: uya-uy. (sem. domains: 4.2.2 - Social event, 2.6.1 - Marriage.) 2trans. to celebrate the uya-uy marriage ceremony on the final night. Holyaton dah Sabado. They will have the celebration on Saturday. Etaku makiholyat. Let’s go join in the celebration. ‑on/‑in‑, maki‑/naki‑. Lourdes S. Dulawan: Ifugao Culture and History
hulpik₂ 1comm. small spear with two barbs on each side used to catch wild animals. Alam nan hulpik ta etaku mun-anup. Get the hulpik-spear and we will go to hunt. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Weapon, shoot.) 2trans. to use the hulpik-spear; to spear. Hulpikom nan bulangngon hin dilagak. Spear the monkey when I shine the light on it. ‑on/‑in‑.
iday adjunct. oh dear!; expression of surprised dismay or fear. [Intonation and facial expression disambiguates the meaning of this expression] Iday, antipe mampet em impakga? Oh, dear, why did you let him cry? Iday, tipet dekah tu? Oh dear, why are you here? Kanan da kanuy “Iday, dahdiy nangat hitun hiya, etaku ot te ipanuyu da man ke ditaku. According to him, they said “My, who did this to him? Let’s go because they might blame it on us.” Interjection. (sem. domains: 9.2.7 - Interjections.)
inglo 1comm. roasted immature rice. Dakol di kinapya dah ininglo. They made much roasted-immature-rice. iN‑. (sem. domains: 5.2 - Food.) 2intrans. to roast immature rice. [Immature rice is roasted lightly over flame, then pounded and eaten. ] Etaku mun-ingloh ballu. Let us roast immature rice. muN‑/nuN‑. Sim: hanglag₁.
ipad 1comm. a unity ritual. [A ritual wherein the newly married couple and others present hold hands in a circle signifying the feast is over and they are all united.] Etaku ang-angon di ipad. Let us witness the ipad-ritual. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168 - Custom.) 2intrans. to perform the ipad ritual. Mun-ipad ad uwani. They will perform the ipad-ritual today. muN‑/nuN‑. 3trans. to enumerate ancestors in the ritual. ‑on. infl. ipadon
ke ditaku (n. ph. of ditaku) pers. us-all; first person, plural inclusive; member of Set 4 direct and indirect object pronouns; non-cross-referenced by verbal affixes. <
> Idat nan ditaku kanu nan ohan babuy. According to him, he is giving us a pig. Kanan da kanuy “Iday, dahdiy nangat hitun hiya, etaku ot te ipanuyu da man ke ditaku. According to him, they said “My, who did this to him? Let’s go because they might blame it on us.” (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Demonstrative pronouns.) The determiner ke or its allomorph n that attaches to a preceding word that ends in a vowel must co-occur.
komo adjunct. just because; since; expression of agreement; yes or okay. A: Tipet indat nan he-an ampuyo ya binangngad na? B: Komo anhan ugge nibangngad? A: Why did she give you the skirt and then, insist that it be returned to her? (rhetorical question) B: Yes, it’s true that it shouldn’t have been returned. A: Etaku tibon nan nate te hinag-on. B: Komo ume taku peman. A: Let’s go to see the dead man because he’s our neighbor. B: Yes, let’s definitely go. Komo maid di ammod ku ya eyak iathinan dakayu. Just because I have no parents, you do that to me. Attitudinal. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Agree with someone.) Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: como.
lakat 1comm. the stem of the taro tuber; used for planting or for food; a small part of the tuber itself plus the stem with the leaves cut off. Panuwom nadan lakat ta etaku itanom. Gather the taro stems and then we’ll go plant them. (sem. domains: 1.5.5 - Parts of a plant.) 2trans. to remove the taro tuber and replant the stem; also with the banana rhizome. Lakatom nan aba. Cut off the stems of the taro. ‑on/‑in‑. 4D Release, remove or detach object. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Remove, take apart.)
lukud 1comm. measurement. Nganne di lukud na? What are its measurements? Kaatnay lukud nan luta? What are the measurements of the land? (sem. domains: 8.2.8 - Measure.) 2trans. to make measurements. Etaku lukudon nan lutami. Let us go to measure our land. Lukudom di kadalom nan puhung. Measure the depth of the pool. Ilukud taku nah pingngit di kalata. Let us measure it from the side of the road. Munlukud dah kalata. They are measuring a road. Lumukud kah duwan metron linubid. Measure out two meters of rope. ‑on/‑in_, i‑/iN‑, muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.
ma-al-algo (der. of algo₂) sta. 1the time when the sun is highest in the sky; noontime. Etaku mangan te ma-al-algo. Lets go eat because it’s noontime. ma‑, CVC‑. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206.3 - Time of the day.) 2refers to the time when the sun has moved past its peak; past noontime. Na-al-algo mo yaden maid pay an umali. It’s past noon and yet, he hasn’t come. na‑ CVC‑.
ne₁ conj. 1and then; then; expresses a chronological time sequence of events. Painumam nan nuwang ne in-anamut. Let the carabao drink, then bring it home. Coordinating conjunctions. 2and so; expresses a logical result connection to a preceding sentence in context. Ne daan nan kabayu an etaku alan? And so, where is the horse that we came to get? (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Clause conjunctions.)
nganat (sp. var. ngana-) int. why; interrogative pronoun that asks the reason for something. Kanan Juliey “Nganat edakami hinalaman an binangun?” Julie asked, “Why did you wake us up so early?” Oha bo ya ngannat etaku bayadan? One thing more, why should we pay? Sim: tipe. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168.1 - Reason.)
nu conj. a conjunction that marks a condition; if. Ahika umali nu maid di at-attom. Come after me if you have nothing to do. Etaku ke po umala, nu kaya taku. Let’s also get one if we can afford it. Subordinating conjunctions. Sim: hin, deket, konnat. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Sentence conjunctions, 126.96.36.199 - Condition.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.
pahyal (sp. var. pasyal) 1intrans. to take a walk without a specific destination or purpose; to stroll. Etaku munpahyal hidi nah shrine. Let us go take a walk to the shrine. Ipahyal mu tun ungad nabagtu ta adi umi-ingle. Take this child to the town center for a stroll so that he will not be bored. muN‑/nuN‑, i‑/iN‑. 1A Movement with a manner component. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Walk.) 2trans. to visit. Mumpahyal dad Lagawe. They are going to Lagawe for a visit. Pahyalom nadan inap-apum te pun-ibaga daka. Visit your grandchildren because they are asking for you. Pumahyal ka hi bale mi damdama. Visit our house also. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑on/‑in‑, ‑um‑. Sim: ay-ayyam, hungdu. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206 - Visit.) Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: pasyal.
palang 1comm. a wound from a bolo. Ongal nan palang nah odog na. The wound on his back is big. (sem. domains: 2.5.3 - Injure.) 2trans. to cut by striking with a bolo. Palangom nan hapang di akasya te umalih tuh atop di tubuna. Cut the branch of the acacia-tree because the leaves come to the roof. Mumpalang dah kawayan handi mala-u kami. They were cutting bamboo when we passed by. Pinalang Ramon nan kaiw. Ramon struck the tree with his bolo. Mapalang di taklem hin athina di pangdon mu nah otak. Your hand will be cut if you hold the bolo that way. ‑on/‑in‑, i‑/iN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑ muN‑/nuN‑, ma‑/na‑. Tactile - Touch contact. 3rec. to wound or kill each other with bolos. Mumpinnallang da lummu nah koltog di luta. They will kill each other with bolos because of a land dispute. muN‑ ‑in‑/nuN‑ ‑in‑. 4v. to attack with a bolo, usually with intent to kill. Etaku tedeyan tuwe nan mun-angon pumalang. Let us go because the crazy man will cut us with his bolo. ‑um‑/imm‑.
po adjunct. confirmation of something that is contrary to expectation. Maid poy in-alina. He definitely did not bring anything. Etaku ke po umala, nu kaya taku. Let’s definitely also get one if we can afford it. Idat mun ha-oy ta odnak po. Give it to me so I will have a chance to hold it also. Attitudinal. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Certainly, definitely.) boppo
ta-wa (sp. var. to-wa) adjunct. expression of remembering; Ah. now I remember! Om ta-wa, uggena imbangngad nan gaud. Now I remember, he did not return the spade. Ay o ta-wa, ad uwani kanu nan etaku pumpiknikan. Oh yes, I remember, this is the day they said that we would go on a picnic. Ay o ta-wa nan inhummangan ta handi nakal-iwam. Oh yes, I remember our agreement; did you forget? Umeyak ta-wa te impaadak ke ina. Ah yes, I must go because my mother sent me a message to go. Maid ta-wa di ibbam hi bale yu. Now I remember that you have no companion in your house. Attitudinal. Sim: gayam. (sem. domains: 3.2.6 - Remember.)
tugal 1comm. a gambling game with cards. (sem. domains: 4.2.6 - Entertainment, recreation.) 2intrans. to gamble in a card game. Uggek inilan muntugal. I don’t know how to gamble. muN‑/nuN‑. 1C General class. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168.1 - Card game.) 2.1trans. to give prominence to the opponent in gambling. Etaku tugalon nadan iLagawe. Let us go and gamble against the people from Lagawe. ‑on/‑in‑. 2.2trans. to give prominence to what is being used for gambling. Intugal na nan payo nad Linda. He gambled his ricefield in Linda. Inggatang nay payo da ya odon da ta hay ahan itugal na. He sold their ricefields and heirlooms just to have money with which to gamble. An daana udot di pangal-am hi em itugatugal? Where do you get the money to be continuously gambling. i‑/iN‑. 3comm. a gambling place. Adika umen nah puntugalan. Don’t go to the gambling place. puN‑ ‑an. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: jugar. id. itugal di nitaguwan id. kay ku intugal di inatuk infl. makattugal
wada 1exispred. this form predicates that something exists; it is tense and plurality neutral. <
> Waday oha ke dakayu an immalin nungkugkug handih hilong. There was one of you who came to knock at the door last night. Hinunggopak ya wadah ina. When I entered, my mother was there. Ahika umalih andai ta waday kalyok ke he-a. Come by and by and I will tell you something. (lit. there will be something) Etakuh bale da ta wada ke ot di kinailana ya ipainum nan ditaku. Let’s go to their house and if he should have (lit. there is) rice wine, he will let us drink it. Waday kanta, hapit ya tayo an impatibon nadan nalpuh natkonatkon an boble. There were songs, speeches and dances rendered by different groups from different barrios. Wadan ustu moy bidbibidbid hi novels. There has been enough reading of novels. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Exist.) 2nom. refers to the location of someone or something. < This existential predicate can be used to equate all of the English ‘be’ copular verbal phrases. > Handih matibo na nuppey kawad-ana, ya inang-ang nan dehdin nah pingngit di wa-el ad Bae. When he was finally able to see where he was, he discovered that he was beside the brook in Bae. Mu natimtimot uggena inila nu ngannen bobley kawad-ana, ot nomnommonan had-onay kabiggatana. But he had lost his sense of direction and did not know where he was so he decided to wait until daylight. ka‑ ‑an na. comp. wada nin comp. wadahdi comp. wadahna comp. wadahtu comp. wadan wada der. mawada der. wadwada-an id. nawadaan ph. v. wada tad Morphology: kawad-ana.