etaku pers. we-all; the form is a compound of the marker e and the first person inclusive personal pronoun, a member of Set 1 and Set 2; the form is preposed before the verb and encodes the subject grammatical relation. Ot kanan miy “Etaku balen APU DIOS ta etaku mundayaw ke hiya.” (Psalm 132:7) We’ll say “Let’s go to the house of the LORD so that we will worship him.” (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.)
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aba 1comm. a variety of an edible starchy root crop; taro; tuber. Munhibak kah aba ta kanon taku. You boil some aba-tubers for us to eat. Pinhod kuy nihibak an aba. I like boiled aba-tubers. (sem. domains: 5.2 - Food.) 2trans. to gather tubers. Etaku mangaba. Let’s go and gather aba-tubers. maN‑/naN‑.
allung 1comm. a shelter; hut with no walls; a lean-to. Etaku munhidum dih allung. Let’s take shelter in that hut. Sim: bale, kihikugan, abung. (sem. domains: 6.5.1 - Building.) 2trans. to build a lean-to or shelter. Allungan yu nan nun-impan babuy nah mabalat. Make a shelter for the pig which gave birth near the banana plants. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5A Changing state of site by adding something.
am’o bathe 1.1trans. to bathe someone or something, e.g. a child or dog Amohom na ahu. You bathe the dog. ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 5.6.2 - Bathe.) 1.2ref. to bathe oneself. Etaku mun-amoh wangwang. Let’s go to bathe in the river. Mahapul an mamitlu kan mun-amo ohan algo. You have to take a bath three times a day. muN‑/nuN‑. 2E Body/Physiological functions.
amti 1comm. a bush variety with berry-like tiny fruit; the leaves are edible. Adik pinhod an munhidah amti. I don’t like to eat amti. Sim: alayyon. (sem. domains: 5.2 - Food.) 2intrans. to gather amti-leaves for eating. Etaku mangamti hi ihda taku. Let us go and gather amti-spinach for our viand. maN‑.
ani harvest. 1.1trans. to harvest a crop. Maphod di luta dat dakol di aniyon da. Their ground is good so they will harvest much ‑on/‑in‑. Sim: apit₁. (sem. domains: 1.5.6 - Growth of plants.) 1.2intrans. used to refer to the time of harvesting. Hana keh etaku pun-aniyan ya tibon yut maanin am-in nan page. When we harvest, see to it that all the rice is harvested. puN‑ ‑an, ma‑. 1.3n. usually refers to harvesting a rice crop but the word may also be used for harvesting other crops or fruit. comp. ahiani say. Hay itanom mu ya hidiyey aniyom.
bakle 1comm. rice cake or candy made of glutinous rice; usually made at the end of harvest during Thanksgiving celebration; wrapped and cooked in banana or rattan leaves. Pinay-an dah niyug nan binakle. They put coconut in the rice cake. Waday iggattang da nah Sabadu hi binakle. They sell rice cakes during Saturdays. (sem. domains: 5.2 - Food.) 2intrans. to make rice cakes. Mumbakle da hi bigat. They are going to make rice cakes tomorrow. muN‑/nuN‑. 3trans. to use a specific kind of rice for making rice cakes. Ibakle da nan dayakkot. They are going to make rice cakes out of the glutinous rice. i‑/iN‑. 4participatory. to attend a harvest thanksgiving celebration. Etaku makibakle ad Nagakadan. We’ll go to Nagakadan to join the harvest thanksgiving. maki‑/naki‑. 5comm. a ritual celebrated at the end of rice harvest. Na keh ahibakle ya dakol di umalin bumaddang an mangapyah binakle ta nalutu ke ne waday punhahanggaan nadan nakibakle hi pun-am-amlongan da. When it is thanksgiving time, many come to help make rice cakes so that they will be cooked and presented for the happiness of those coming to join in the thanksgiving celebration. Sim: Alawag. comp. ahibakle der. mumbakle infl. binakle
bangka₂ 1comm. a boat Intakke dah bangka nan balat. They loaded the bananas in a boat. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124.1 - Boat.) 2intrans. to ride in a boat Mumbangka da ta ahida dumatong. They will ride in a boat before they arrive. Etaku mumbangka ad Ambuwaya. Let’s go boating in Ambuwaya. muN‑/nuN‑. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish.
bilid 1comm. mountain. Hitu ked Ifugao ya dakol di bilid an maang-ang. Here in Ifugao, many mountains can be seen. Etaku munhabal nah bilid. Let us go to make a swidden in the mountains. Ot mungkampu dad Awwa an tap-on di bilid. And they had their camp at the top of the mountain called Awwa. Sim: duntug. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Mountain.) 2intrans. to roam from mountain to mountain. Mumbilibilid day ulha. Wild pigs roam from mountain to mountain. muN‑ CV(C)CV‑. 3sta. to be mountainous, for an area to have many mountains. Mabilid nan kad-an di kudal. The ranch is mountainous.
bultung 1comm. wrestling. Bultung di aton di ammod dih donen manginila hin dahdiy munlay-a. Wrestling was the method by which our forefathers determined who was lying. Syn: alibadbad. (sem. domains: 4.8.2 - Fight.) 2intrans. to wrestle. [Wrestling was traditionally used to settle property boundary disputes, kiggad; the boundary was set wherever one was pushed and downed the farthest. Wrestling was also used in accusations of theft, ako, with two suspects, the loser was considered to be the thief.] Etaku ang-angon nadan mumbultung. Let’s go and see those who will wrestle. Ibultung da ta tibon da hin daanay koltog tun luta. They are going to wrestle to see the boundary of this land. muN‑/nuN‑, i‑/iN‑. Sim: pali₂.
bunwit 1comm. fishhook. Nipanot nan bunwit nah matan nan dolog. The fishhook was stuck in the eye of the fish. (sem. domains: 6.4.5 - Fishing, 188.8.131.52 - Fishing equipment.) 2trans. to hook fish; to go fishing. Etaku mumbunwit ad Ambuwaya? Shall we go fishing at Ambuwaya? Mamunwit dah dolog nah payo. They are fishing for mudfish in the ricefield. Maid di bunwiton yuh na. You will not catch anything there. Eka bumunwit hi ihda taku. You go and hook a fish for our viand. Ibunwit mu nan bunwit amam. Use the fishhook of your father. muN‑/nuN‑, maN‑, ‑um‑, ‑on, i‑.
dalu trans. to spade off the grass on the dike top and slope. Etaku manalu te namahig di holok ya nahalman di utut an pungkakan da nan page. Let’s go to scrape off with a spade because it’s grassy and the rats are eating the rice grains. Daluwan yu nadan banong. Spade off the grasses from the rice field dikes. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, maN‑/naN‑. 5B Changing state of site by removal of something. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206 - Cut grass.)
dopap 1rec. to struggle or contend with by grappling; wrestle. Mundopap dan hintulang. The siblings are grappling with each other. Bimmoh-ol mo kanuh Pangka ya ho- mundopap da. So, according to Pangka, he got mad and er...they grappled with each other. muN‑/nuN‑. 1A Movement with a manner component. Sim: hommol, alibadbad; Sim: tiliw. 2catch; seize; arrest. 2.1trans. to take hold of by catching. Eka dumpap nah manuk ta gogodon taku. Go catch a chicken and we’ll butcher it. Dumpap kayuh ihda takun gawgawa. Catch one of the ducks for our viand. Etaku mampap hi dolog. Let’s go catch fish. 2.2trans. to take hold of with force; seize, arrest. Dopapon yu nan mangako. Arrest the thief. Dimpap da nan mangako. They arrested the thief. Nadpap nan nangako. The thief was arrested. ‑on/‑in‑. 4B Tactile actions. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11.1 - Arrest, 18.104.22.168 - Catch, capture.)
gikgik 1comm. mushroom, small variety that grows on rotten wood. Pinhod mun ihday gikgik? Do you like to eat gikgik- mushrooms? (sem. domains: 1.5.3 - Grass, herb, vine.) 2intrans. to gather this kind of mushroom. Etaku manggikgik hin etaku mangaiw ta waday ikamoh pihing. Let us go and gather mushrooms when we go to gather firewood so that we will have something to mix with vegetables. maN‑.
gutud (sp. var. gitud) 1trans. to set a time and/or date. Gutudom di algon pundammuwan ta. Set the date when we will meet. Bokon ad uwani di gintud di Maknongan an katayam. This is not the day that God set for your death. Hi bigat di nagtud hi aliyan da. Tomorrow is the day set for them to come. ‑on/‑in‑, ma‑/na‑. 4B Tactile - Touch. (sem. domains: 8.4.3 - Indefinite time.) 2comm. date set Uggetaku inila di gutud di biyag taku. We don’t know the set time/end of our life. Hinaey gutud di aliyam hitu. That is the last time you will come here.
hamiy’ok 1comm. drizzle; monsoon rains. Mihtu ka tuh bohong na te waday hamyuk. Stay indoors because there’s a shower. Sim: hipak, udan, lomlom; Sim: hipuk₁. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Rain.) 2intrans. to rain lightly; shower. Etaku ot munhidum teden munhamiyok bo ah. Let’s go for a shelter because it’s showering again. muN‑/nuN‑.
hapang (sp. var. happang) 1comm. branch of a tree. Alan yu didan hapang te etaku itungu. Get those branches for our fuel. Abunay hukik an nangipakkid nah adol di kaiw, mu ongnga-ongngal ot muntattayunak nah hapang. It was only my legs that held on around the trunk of the tree; but it was big so I had to hang from a branch. (sem. domains: 1.5.5 - Parts of a plant.) 2intrans. to develop branches. Himmapang nan lingngo dan abukadu. The avocado tree they felled had branched out. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 3sta. to have many branches. Nakahhappangan tun akasya. This acacia tree has many branches. 4rec. (fig) to be related to one another. Nunhahappang taku. We are all related to one another (lit. branches of one another). nuN‑. 5intrans. for a road to separate and branch in different directions. Nunhappang nadan kalata. The roads branch. Nan kalata ya ugge nunhappang. The road didn’t branch out. nuN‑. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Road.) id. Dakamiy hapang didan aammod.
Hidit 1comm. ritual for peace; peace pact ritual, between enemies or opposing parties. Etaku makiang-ang hi Hidit da Bulahao ke Allaga. Let’s go see/witness the peace pact ritual between Bulahao and Allaga. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Custom.) 2intrans. to perform the peace ritual. Munhidit da ad Tannibung. They will perform the Hidit-ritual in Tannibung. muN‑/nuN‑.