Search results for "eyu"

eyu pers. you-all; the form is a compound of the marker e and the second person, plural personal pronoun; the form is preposed before the verb and encodes the subject grammatical relation. Nakalugit nan eyu nungkekeyan. The place where you went swimming is very dirty. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.)

adi 1neg. negation of intentional and abilitative actions; will not; cannot. Adiyak ume. I will not go. Adiyak paka-adal nan kumalih English. I cannot learn to speak English. Mu adi nama-ag on himmagabiy tagu. But not just anyone can perform the hagabi-ceremony. (sem. domains: 9.4.6.1 - No, not.) 2neg. negative answer to a question regarding intention to act; no. 3neg. negative of the command to perform or execute an action; don’t. Adim alan. Don’t get it. Iadim di humgop hi baleyu. Don’t let anyone enter your house. i‑/iN‑. 4trans. to prohibit or prevent an action. Umali nah langtay ya inang-ang nah Lammooy an gimpanay takle nat iadi nanno umeh Pangka. He came to the bridge and he saw Lammooy who extended his arm preventing Pangka to pass. i‑/iN‑. (sem. domains: 3.2.5.4.1 - Disagree.) comp. adi bo comp. adinadama comp. adin-abu der. addi-addi der. ad-addi der. ad-adi der. adiyon der. miadi der. mun-addiaddi

akhop 1sta. having little relative height; situated below normal height; low. Naakhop nan kaiw di be-et. The guava tree is very low. Umakhop nan duplanu. The airplane will lower itself. Naak-akhop di kad-an nan baleyu. Your house is on a lower place. ma‑/na‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 6D Descriptives. ant: tag-e. (sem. domains: 8.2.6.4 - Low.) 2intrans. to be aware of one’s shortcomings; to show respect for others; to be humble. Maphod di mun-akhop namam-a hin waday bahul. One should be humble especially if he is at fault. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 4.3.2.2 - Humble, 4.5.6.2 - Low status.)

ali 1come. 1.1intrans. to move from a place thought of as ‘there’ by a speaker or hearer, to a place thought of as ‘here’; to come. Umaliyak ot hi baleyu ta ialik tun binakle muden immali ka. I was about to come to your house to bring these rice cakes but then you came. Immalih ina an nalpu nah indoggan di bale. Mother came from behind the house. 2A Movement, from one place to another. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 7.2 - Move.) 1.2intrans. progressive aspect of come. Mangali amam. Your father is coming. Indai ot ya abut mangalin nahho- wa-el, inang ay, waday munhuhummangan. Later on, he was approaching the er...creek, he saw..there were voices conversing. maN‑/naN‑. 2trans. to bring; come with something. <The prefix set, i-/iN-, cross-references the object being brought.> Iali yu nan babuy hi andani. Bring the pig later. In-ali dah ka-anin pagey. They brought newly-harvested rice. Nate moh apu Casilda ya maid moy oggan mangialih allaman nibayuh puhu. After Grandmother Casilda died, there was no one to bring crabs pounded with banana blossoms. i‑/iN‑, mangi‑/nangi‑. 3F Move something along with oneself. (sem. domains: 7.3.3 - Take somewhere.)

atu 1sta. to be tired; fatigued. Adi maatu nan nuwang. The carabao does not tire. Naka-atuwak an pinhod kun mun-iyatu ni-an. I am so tired, I want to rest for a while. Indani ya naatu da nin an nundopap. Later on, maybe they were tired from grappling. ma‑/na‑ . 6A Physiological Process - State. Sim: bol’e. (sem. domains: 2.4.4 - Tired.) 2proc. refers to the process of becoming tired; tiring. Umatuy umeh baleyu. Going to your house is tiring. Adika mun-atu. Don’t tire yourself. ‑um‑/‑imm‑, muN‑/nuN‑.

bandela 1comm. flag; streamer; banner Kay bandelay bulwati na. Her dress is like a flag. (gaudy colored) (sem. domains: 5.4.1 - Jewelry.) 2trans. to use as a flag; display a flag or banner. Imbandela da nan maingit an luput. They used the red cloth as a flag. Bandelaan yu nan baleyu Place a flag on your house. i‑/iN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish.

bok’a 1comm. tool to dig tubers; a metal rod pointed at one end, flat at the other end; original was made of coffee wood which was heated over a fire to harden it. Alam nan boka ta eta mumbokah gattuk nah habal. Get the digging tool and we will go to dig some sweet potatoes in the swidden plot. Sim: baw’ok. 2intrans. to dig with tool. Bumoka kah hin-latan gattuk. Dig a can of sweet potatoes. Eka mumboka ad uwani gattuk. Go and gather sweet potatoes now. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 6.2 - Agriculture.) 3trans. to dig all root vegetables. Ibaam hi inam ta eyu bokaan nan habal. Accompany your mother to dig all of the tubers in the swidden plot. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an.

dayu 1comm. visitor. [The word is most commonly used about visitors who come to the market plaza or other public place; usually they come for games, gambling, etc.] Datuwey dayu an nalpud baliwon. These here are the visitors from the lowlands. (sem. domains: 4.2.1.4 - Visit.) 2trans. to visit someone or a place. Dayuwon dakayu hi bobleyu. We will visit you in your village. Dumayu dan makiay-ayyam. Their purpose in visiting is to play. ‑on, ‑um‑. Language Of Borrowing: Tagalog: dayuhan.

gukud trans. to pile rice bundles in granary. Eyu igukud nan pageh alang. Go pile the rice bundles in the granary. i‑/iN‑. 3A Move and position object at site. (sem. domains: 7.5.9 - Put.) der. gukkudan

hantudan demonstrative. these; the plural form of hantun, a member of set 1 demonstrative pronouns; co-occurs with a noun and refers to specific people or things. Hantudan manuk hitu ya ieyu didah nah alang. These chickens here now will be brought to the granary. Tipet idngol muh kalin hantudan tatagu on ahim inat di pinhod mun aton; kon maid di nomnom mu? Why do you bother to listen to these people before doing what you want; don’t you have a mind of your own? Daanay pungkiha-adan hantudan tatagu? Where will all of these people be accommodated? (sem. domains: 9.2.3.5 - Demonstrative pronouns.)

hinae₂ demonstrative predicate. demonstrative predicate; refers to the existence of something that is away from the speaker and close to the hearer. Hinaey pinhod ku. That is what I want. Hinae nan imbabalen Pedro. That is Pedro’s child. Hinaey alam hi baleyu. That is the one you will bring home. (sem. domains: 9.2.3.5 - Demonstrative pronouns.)

kabit₁ trans. 1to hang or attach something. Umeka ta eyu ikabit am-in nan decorasyon. You go and hang all the decorations. i‑/iN‑. 3A Move and position object at site. (sem. domains: 7.5.2 - Join, attach, 7.3.2.4.1 - Hang.) 2to install electrical wiring. Ikabit taku nan dilag da hi hilong. We will install their lights tonight. Ha-on di e mangikabit nah alambrin di kuryente. I will be the one to install your electrical wiring. i‑/iN‑, mangi‑/nangi‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

kahin- mod. this prefix encodes an unexpected or unacceptable action. Kudukdulnay gibbuwon di inlappun ngunu mu nan eta bo kahinlappuh oha. It is better to finish work that has been started then to start something else. Deket natu-iy baka weno kabayun di hinag-on yu nah dalan ya adi kayu kahin-ang-ang hi hinnatkon an kay hanan uggeyu tinibo. If the cow or horse of your neighbor falls over on the trail, don’t look at something different as though you didn’t see that.

kan 1intrans. to eat, indefinite as to what is eaten. <This root is never used alone.> Mangan taku. Let’s eat. Hin-uddum an adika mangan. At times you don’t eat. Da Pedro ke Ben di nangan hanah inha-ang mu. It was Pedro and Ben who ate what you cooked. maN‑/naN‑. (sem. domains: 5.2.2 - Eat.) 2to eat. 2.1trans. the food being eaten is specific and cross-referenced. Kanon yun am-in nan ginatang na. Eat everything he bought. ‑on/‑in‑. 2.2trans. to eat a specific food continuously; the food being eaten is cross-referenced. Kanokanona nan inhaad kun tinapay nah basket. He was always eating the bread I placed in the basket. Kanokanon nadan buding nan page. The birds keep eating the palay. ‑on/‑in‑ + CV(C)CV‑. 2.3intrans. to join in eating. Immali da ke nan imbabalek hi baleyu on nakikan da. Whenever my children go to your house they eat there. maki‑/naki‑. 2.4trans. indicates utensil used for eating. Hituwe nan nangikanan min duyu te teyay marka na. This is the plate we used for eating because here is the mark. mangi‑ ‑an/nangi‑ ‑an. 3nom. edible food, usually used for snack, fruit, bread, etc. Imme nah muyung ot e umalah makmakkan. He went to the forest to get some edible food. nganan der. makan der. panganan der. pinnangan id. kay hamutin mangan id. kay ka babuy an mangan id. kay munhabun mangan id. kay nanganan di ahuy nanganan yu id. kay nanganan di gulding id. kay nanganan di kabayu infl. ikan infl. mangan infl. pakan

kuli₁ 1to scream. 1.1intrans. to utter a sharp piercing outcry due to fright or frustration. [Only women scream in the culture.] Tinibok on ongngaongngal an ulog ot kumliyak. I saw a very big snake and I screamed. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Class 2D, Vocal sounds expressing feeling. Sim: puki, pokaw. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.) 1.2intrans. to be screaming; durative aspect. Mungkuli nan timmakut. That frightened person is screaming. muN‑/nuN‑. 2trans. to scream at someone or at a given place. Kuliyak di tutulang ku. I scream at my sister. Hi baleyu di em kuliyan. Go and scream in your house. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 3comm. a shrill scream or cry. Makadngol di kulim hidid Ambabag. Your scream was heard at Ambabag. Immingleh Ipan hi kulina ot ipad-onan hiya nan latan di pittololyon. Ipan got tired of her screaming so he had her hold the petroleum can.

kumusta 1intrans. a greeting/question eliciting the state of health or life in general. Kumusta nan inalim an imbabalem? How is the child you brought? Kumusta ka? How are you? (sem. domains: 3.5.1.4.3 - Greet.) 2trans. to extend regards to someone. Kumustaam da amam hin dumatong kah baleyu. Extend my regards to your father when you arrive at your house. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: como esta.

langu sta. to dry out, e.g. tobacco leaves; to be matured and dried, e.g. coconuts. Languwon di tabaku on ahi inlukut. Dry out the tobacco leaf before smoking it. Eyu mo oghon didan niyug te nalangu da. Go gather those coconuts because they are already matured. Linangu na nan bulhe. He dried the beans.(meaning he made into seeds for planting) ‑on/‑in‑, ma‑/na‑. Sim: hap-e. (sem. domains: 1.3.3.1 - Dry.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

ligud₁ trans. to do something in a cowardly manner; to do a crime behind the back of the victim. Tipe mampet eyu linigud nan tabuyug da Amboy. Why did you really steal secretly the pomelo of Amboy? Inligud nan tinwik. He stabbed him (implied that he stabbed him in the back without confronting him). ‑on/‑in‑, i‑/iN‑. 4E Perception and Cognition. Sim: sekreto, dalunu. (sem. domains: 4.3.1.1 - Bad, immoral.)

lingon 1comm. a bird trap. Impakat na nan lingon nah tap-on di habal. He placed his bird trap above the swidden. Sim: appad, hulu, bawol, balai. (sem. domains: 6.4.2 - Trap.) 2trans. to trap birds using the lingon trap. Eda munlingon nah muyung. They are going to trap birds in the forest. Liningon na on ut-ut. He caught a wild dove with the trap. An dakol di malingon nah eyu punlingonan? Are there many birds to be trapped in the place where you go trapping? ‑on/‑in‑ muN‑/nuN‑, ma‑. 4C Convey/bring objects toward agent.

lod’ong trans. to point a finger at someone or something. [To point the finger at someone can be insulting especially when accompanied by harsh words.] Lodngom di baleyu. Point to your house. Antipet eyak lodngon ke he-a? Why do you point your finger at me? Lindong da ya immingit They pointed at him and he blushed. on/in . 4F Adjacency/Adjoining actions. Sim: tuddu. (sem. domains: 3.5.6.1 - Gesture.) der. lodlodongngan

mampe (comp. of man, pe) adjunct. indicates certainty about what is being said in contradiction to another’s assertion or action; really. Maid mampe di inat nan dakayu. He really did not do anything to you. Tipe mampet eyu linigud nan tabuyug da Amboy. Why did you really steal the pomelo of Amboy? Attitudinal. (sem. domains: 9.4.4.1 - Certainly, definitely.)

numpa- -an caus. this circumfix encodes a subject-causative agent with the cross-referencing of a site-object; past tense. [The site-object is often semantically a recipient or beneficiary of the action encoded in the verb.] Nganney ginun-ud yuh eyu numpabaddangan hanadah iEgypt ya iAssyria? (Jeremiah 2:18a) What did you gain by helping the Egyptians and the Assyrians? Hi Herod damdama ya nadan tindaluna ya tinaltalanggaan da ya numpadngolan da. (Luke 23:11) Herod and his soldiers also mocked and ridiculed him (Jesus). Sim: pumpa- -an; Sim: mumpa- -an. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.)

nuN- -an₁ 1TACR. this circumfix cross-references a time or place noun phrase. Handih nun-ap-apuwan di Ippangyol hitud Pilipinas ya waday immalid Kiangan. During the Spanish rule in the Philippines, some of them to Kiangan. Nakaluggit nan eyu nungkekeyan. The place you went swimming is very dirty. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.) 2TACR. this circumfix encodes the concept of distributing an action or activity over time, space, or participants; non-past tense; cross-references agent-subject. Nuntotobbalan dah diyen aton da ot gutudon day algo. They agreed to do that and set a date. 3nom. nominalizes a non-noun form. Indani udot ya wada on tagun nanibon hiya ot baddanganan ianamut hi nunhituwan mid Longnga. Fortunately, a man was passing by and saw him and brought him to our house in Longnga.

palawer (sp. var. plawer) 1comm. flower. Muntanom ka hi palawer nah hinangab di baleyu. Plant flowers in front of your house. (sem. domains: 1.5.5 - Parts of a plant.) 2intrans. for flowers to bloom. Mumpalawer tun intanom mu hin abonowam. Your plant will bloom if you place fertilizer on it. muN‑/nuN‑. Language Of Borrowing: English.

pumpa- -an this circumfix encodes a causative agent, an agent, and an object of the verbal action; durative time aspect; cross-references topicalized agent. Dahdiy eyu pumpabaddangan? (Isaiah 10:3b) Who can you have help you? Sim: numpa- -an. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.)
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