gadgad 1trans. to scrape away dirt or something else that adheres, using a knife or stick. Gadgadam nan bila te dakol di lamut na ya napipitok. Scrape the tubers because they have many roots and they are muddy. ‑an/‑in‑ -an. 5B Changing state of site by removal of something. (sem. domains: 7.7.5 - Rub.) 2pass. the skin is scraped from an area resulting in an abrasion. Gimpak ku nan dingding ya nagadgadan di hukik. When I kicked the wall, my foot was scraped. Nihuttetak ya nagadgadan di lulung ku. I tripped and fell and my knee was scraped. ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 2.5.3 - Injure.)
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buwe trans. to break; to crack; substance is glass or clay. Tibom ta adim buweyon nan angang. Be careful not to break the jar. Nabuwe nan buhi da. Their wine-jar was broken. Adi dakol di atom te kal-ina ya mabuwe tun buhi. Don’t do anything because this wine-jar might be broken. Bumuwe ka nah butilya ta punggadgad tuh kaiw. Break some of bottles to be used for scraping this wood. ‑on/‑in‑, ma‑/na‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 4A Change the structure of an object. Sim: puhik. (sem. domains: 7.8.1 - Break.)
CV intensifier. the reduplication of the first syllable of a verbal root is the form of a morpheme that encodes intensity; very. Mihmihdi nah munhihilong ya nah kakaiw an dakol di hapang nan mahdol di tubuna. It stays in very dark places or in trees with thick, leafy branches. Anakkayang peman hi Bugan tipet eka humahallaman an ume yaden maid ni-an di lugan. Wow (how excited you must be) Bugan, why do you go very early when there are no jeepneys yet. Gadgadam nan bila te dakol di lamut na ya napipitok. Scrape the tubers because they have many roots and they are very muddy.
lulug 1comm. knee. Nagadgadan di lulug na. His knees were bruised. La-uwanay lulug ya deyan umanidu hin tininggadan da. Its height comes to your knee and yet, it gives heat when they light it. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Leg.) 2sta. to be knee high. Milulug nan liting nah daulon handi pimmuwok. The water under the house reached up to the knees when it stormed. mi‑. der. ilulugan
pitok 1comm. mud. Nihutakak nah pitok. I fell on my seat in the mud. Munbutas ka te pitoppitok di dalan. Wear boots because it is raining and it is very muddy outside. Sim: puyok. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Soil, dirt.) 2v. may be derived to be a process or a state; become muddy; is muddy. Pumitok nan dalan hin adiyu kapyaan hi kanal. The road will become muddy if you do not provide a canal. Mapitok nan dalan. The road is muddy. Gadgadam nan bila te dakol di lamut na ya napipitok. Scrape the tubers because they have many roots and they are muddy. ‑um‑/‑imm‑, ma‑/na‑. 6C Process or state of inanimate objects. (sem. domains: 8.3.2 - Texture.)