Search results for "gattang"

gattang (sp. var. gatang) trans. 1to buy something. Wada boppoy ginattang kuh ay-ayyam on dinadag mu. Whenever I buy a toy, you destroy it. ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 6.8.4.1 - Buy.) 2to sell something. Wada da boy tetendaan hitun kay ad Cubao mu nangingina day migattang. There are stores like in Cubao but what they sell is more expensive. i‑/iN‑, mi‑/ni‑.

migattang (infl. of gatang) pass. for something to be sold. Dakol di migattang an dolog nah malket. There are lots of fish being sold in the market. mi‑/ni‑.

mumpunggattang (infl. of gatang) intrans. to buy and sell; implies the buying and selling business is distributed among many agents; merchants. Kimmadangyan nadan mumpunggattang hi kabobboble. (Revelation 18:3c) The merchants of the world have become rich. mumpuN‑.

alibungbung trans. to gather closely around someone or something; to encircle. Inalibungbungan da nan munggattang. They gathered around the vendor. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5A Changing state of site by adding something. Sim: hayobhob. (sem. domains: 8.5.1.2.1 - Around.)

alimungmung trans. to crowd around; to cluster around someone or something. Inalimungmungan da nan igattang Maria. They crowded around the things Maria was selling. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5A Changing state of site by adding something. Sim: bingil, bungul, amung, kampeg, panu. (sem. domains: 4.2.1.7 - Crowd, group.)

antak 1comm. string beans; long variety, about 8-16 inches in length. Andukkey day antak an nitanom nah habal. The string beans planted in the forest swidden plots are long. gen: bulhe. (sem. domains: 5.2 - Food.) 2intrans. to go and gather string beans, usually with the purpose of selling at the market. Eda mangatak hi igattang da. They are going to gather string beans for them to sell. maN‑.

bakle 1comm. rice cake or candy made of glutinous rice; usually made at the end of harvest during Thanksgiving celebration; wrapped and cooked in banana or rattan leaves. Pinay-an dah niyug nan binakle. They put coconut in the rice cake. Waday iggattang da nah Sabadu hi binakle. They sell rice cakes during Saturdays. (sem. domains: 5.2 - Food.) 2intrans. to make rice cakes. Mumbakle da hi bigat. They are going to make rice cakes tomorrow. muN‑/nuN‑. 3trans. to use a specific kind of rice for making rice cakes. Ibakle da nan dayakkot. They are going to make rice cakes out of the glutinous rice. i‑/iN‑. 4participatory. to attend a harvest thanksgiving celebration. Etaku makibakle ad Nagakadan. We’ll go to Nagakadan to join the harvest thanksgiving. maki‑/naki‑. 5comm. a ritual celebrated at the end of rice harvest. Na keh ahibakle ya dakol di umalin bumaddang an mangapyah binakle ta nalutu ke ne waday punhahanggaan nadan nakibakle hi pun-am-amlongan da. When it is thanksgiving time, many come to help make rice cakes so that they will be cooked and presented for the happiness of those coming to join in the thanksgiving celebration. Sim: Alawag. comp. ahibakle der. mumbakle infl. binakle

balolan (infl. of balol) trans. to name a price for something being sold. Balolan yu nan igattang kun babuy. Name a price for the pig which I am selling. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5C Goal-oriented sites. (sem. domains: 6.8.4.1 - Buy.)

bantay trans. to guard; watch over someone or something. Bantayam tun igattang inam. Watch over these goods your mother is selling. Mumbantay kah tu. Guard this place. Ha-oy di oggan mumbantay nah tendaan ya ha-oy di mangdon hi aladdun nan drawer. I am the one who frequently watches over the store and I am the one who holds the key to the drawer. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, muN‑/nuN‑. 5C Goal oriented sites. Sim: adug. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

bayad 1comm. payment for something. Hituwey bayad nan ginattang ku. This is the payment for what I bought. (sem. domains: 6.8.4.5 - Pay.) 2trans. to pay for something. Ibayad na nan binokla na hi gawat na. He will use his salary to pay his debts. Adim bayadan nan inalak an tinapay nah tendaan ta kay hidiyey bayad nan pihhun inutang nan munggattang hidin ha-oy. Do not pay for the bread I took from that store so that it will be the payment of the money the storekeeper borrowed from me. Maid di adi mabayadan an utang. No debt will be left unpaid. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, i‑/iN‑, ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an. 3intrans. to make a payment Mumbayad hi Juan hi bigat. Juan will pay tomorrow. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

binakle (infl. of bakle) comm. rice cake wrapped in banana or rattan leaves. Pinay-an dah niyug nan binakle. They put coconut in the rice cake. Waday iggattang da nah Sabadu hi binakle. They sell rice cakes on Saturdays. ‑in‑. (sem. domains: 5.2 - Food.)

bontog trans. to follow one after another in parade-like fashion. Bonbontogon yu nadan lata. Place the cans one after the other in a line. Na keh Sabadu on mabonbontog day umalin munggattang hidih malkadu. During Saturdays, vendors are coming one after another to sell at the market place. ‑on/‑in‑, ma‑ CVC‑. (sem. domains: 7.2.5.2 - Follow.)

bot’ok 1comm. a bundle of small things, e.g. rice stalks, green beans. Kaatnay ohan botok nah bulhe? How much is one bundle of beans? Kaatnan botok nan inani yun page. How many bundles of rice did you harvest? Ohan botok an balluy indawat na. He gave one bundle of immature rice grain. (sem. domains: 8.1.3.3 - Group of things.) 2trans. to bundle things that can be held in the hand. Mumbotok bulhen eda iggattang. They are bundling beans for them to sell. Bumtok kah al-alam. Bundle some for you to bring home. Botkom nan bulligan ta eta igattang. You bundle the wingbeans so we can sell them. Kaatnay nabtok? How many were bundled? ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑, ma‑/na‑. 4A Change the structure of object. (sem. domains: 7.5.4 - Tie.) der. bintok

bote 1comm. refers to any bottle container. (sem. domains: 6.7.7 - Container.) 2trans. to place something in a bottle. Nun-iboten Maria nan hinawwal min pintor. Maria bottled the paint that we had left-over. Umeyak ked Solano on binoten mantekay gattangok te nalaklaka. When I go to Solano I buy bottled cooking oil because it is cheaper. nuN‑ i‑, ‑in‑.

bulwati (sp. var. balwati) 1comm. any clothing worn by men or women. Dakol di bulwati an igattang da. They have many clothes to sell. Gattangom nan bulwati ta ahim ibulwati nah pangayan taku. You buy that dress so that you will wear it to where we will be going. Sim: lubung; spec: suweter, kamahhita. (sem. domains: 5.3 - Clothing.) 2intrans. to wear clothing. Mumbulwati ka tedeyan kotol. Get dressed because it is cold. Ibulwati yu nan ginattang ina na. Put on the dress her mother bought. Maid di ibulwatik. I have nothing to wear. Nabulwatiyan nan unga. The child is clothed. Nakabbulwati kad uwani. You are so dressed-up today. muN‑/nuN‑, i‑/iN‑, ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an, naka‑ C. 3trans. to put clothing on someone. Bulwatiyam nan golang. Get the baby dressed. Duway hongwon, ohay udukon. (bulwati) Two passages for the hands, one for the body. (dress) (riddle) ‑an.

dadlu trans. to give up hope; to despair; to no longer value life. [This is an emotion that results in certain types of behavior, e.g. abandoning family, selling possessions or taking one’s life.] Indadluwam mo ahan di nitaguwam ta deyan pun-igattang mun am-in di ngunut mu. You don’t value your life anymore and so you are selling everything you have. Indadluwana ot e muntu-un nah pangdo. She lost all hope so she went and jumped from the cliff. i‑ ‑an/iN‑ ‑an. Sim: lakud. (sem. domains: 3.2.7.2 - Hopeless.)

di₂ det. a determiner that marks indefinite reference of nouns and noun phrases. Takon di gawan di hilong ya paka-ang-angona ya pakadopapponay gando ya ulog an hidiyey kanona. Even if it is very dark it (an owl) sees clearly and catches rats and snakes for food. In-anamut di dakol di inangang da. Many came home hungry. Nalgom di pinhod mun gattangon mipalpun nah kaitayan ingganah nah kaongngalan ya wadan wada. Anything that you want to buy, from the smallest item to the largest is available. (sem. domains: 9.2.3.5 - Demonstrative pronouns.)

galyang comm. taro root crop used for viand. Dakol di galyang an igattang dad Bolog. There are many taro-tubers for sale in Bolog. (sem. domains: 6.2.5.4 - Plant product.)

gampa 1comm. a basket, all-purpose, big and open and made of rattan or baginge grass or rattan strips. [The basket is used for vegetables, tubers and especially for carrying yam leaves for pigs’ food; it is carried on the head usually by women.] Ihaad mu nan tanghoy nah gampa. You put the water cress in the basket. Sim: kaba, balyag. (sem. domains: 6.7.7 - Container.) 2intrans. to use an all-purpose basket. Munggampa ka hin danggu nan igattang mu. Use a gampa-basket if you are going to sell spring-onions. Igampam nan gattuk. Place the sweet potatoes in a gampa-basket. muN‑/nuN‑, i‑/iN‑.

ganansya (sp. var. ganansiya) 1comm. a gain in money; a profit. Ongal di ganansya na handi igattang na nan babuy. He made a big profit when he sold the pig. (sem. domains: 6.8.6 - Money.) 2intrans. to gain a profit. Mungganansya kah ongal hin he-ay mangied Lagawe. You will gain much if you will be the one who brings it to Lagawe. Gimmanansya hi ongal dih nunggattang hi bulhe. He gained a lot when he sold his beans. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

gumawat (infl. of gawat) intrans. to incur debts; to borrow a specified amount of money. Gumawat kah hinlibu ta igattang takuh mahapul. Borrow an amount of one thousand so we can buy our needs. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 6.8.5.3 - Owe.)

gutagut (fr. var. gatugat) sta. pockmarks or any rough surface of wood or metal; has many holes on surface. Nagutagut nan kaiw an igattang da. The lumber they are selling has a rough surface. ma‑/na‑. 6C Process or state of inanimate objects. (sem. domains: 8.3.2.2 - Rough.)

igatang (infl. of gatang) trans. to sell something. <The affix cross-references what is being sold.> Igattang ku tun bale te mahapul kuy pihhu. I will sell the house because I need money. An igattang da nan bulhe? Are they selling the beans? i‑/iN‑. 3B Move and release object. (sem. domains: 6.8.4.2 - Sell.)

ihhai 1comm. refers to a coin worth ten centavos. [The coin is no longer in use.] Pun-addumon key duwan dukkun ya ihhai. Adding two five centavos becomes ten centavos. (sem. domains: 6.8.6.1 - Monetary units.) 2sta. to be worth ten centavos. Maid id maihhain igattang dad uwani. There is nothing worth ten centavoes being sold now. ma‑.

ikan₂ comm. fish, similar to a black bass. Waday igattang dah ikan ad da-ul. They are selling ikan-fish downtown. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.5 - Fish.)

insurans comm. insurance. Mungattang hi insurans hi Tamok. Tamok sells insurance. (sem. domains: 6.8.4 - Financial transaction.) Language Of Borrowing: English.

kaatna int. 1how many; how much; the question implies that the number or quantity is unknown to the interrogator. Kaatnay toon mu? How old are you (lit. how many years)? Kaatna tun igattang mun dotag? How much is this meat you are selling? (sem. domains: 8.1 - Quantity.) 2what; may be used to question the features of something, e.g. size. Kaatnay kadukke na? What is its length?

kaban₁ 1comm. a measure of rice; a container with 50 kilos of rice. Deket kalyon day ohan kaban an boga on limay pulun kilo kinali hingkaban di upuwon dah ohan bulan. If they say one container of rice is fifty kilos that is why one container is what they consume in one month. (sem. domains: 8.2.8 - Measure, 6.7.7 - Container.) 2trans. refers to a container that has been filled with 50 kilos of rice. Kinaban di gattangonah boga te dakol da. He buys rice by the kavan-container because there are many of them. ‑in‑. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish.

kay advpred. 1refers to a comparison; to have the same or similar qualities or characteristics. Ingonay kay da gugutul di tatagu ten mundaldallanan ka nah kalata. You are compared to an ant when you are walking along the road. Wada da boy tetendaan hitun kay ad Cubao mu nangingina day migattang. There are stores like in Cubao but what they sell is more expensive. Kay bo uya-uy damdama. It’s just like the Uya-uy-marriage feast. Comparative. (sem. domains: 8.3.5.2 - Compare.) 2functions as a comparative predicate; makes a hypothetical comparison of someone or something to a characteristic action or behavior of another person or thing. Mumbutik ka an kay daka pumpudug hi nganneh diye. You are running as though you are being chased by something. Toan. Uggemi inila te hinnatkon di kali na. Kay na pay punggalgal di kalkalyona. We don’t know what she said because her speech was different. It was as though she chewed on the words she was saying. (sem. domains: 9.6.2.3 - Relations involving correspondences.)

kudang (sp. var. kulang) 1sta. to be insufficient; inadequate; not enough; lacking. ma‑. Measure quantifier. (sem. domains: 8.1.7.2 - Lack.) 2to be insufficient. 2.1trans. to cause something to be insufficient or inadequate in amount or number. Kudangona nan indat mun igattang nah boga. He thinks the amount you gave him to buy rice is insufficient. Ustu nan ihaad ku mo kinudangan Maria. What I placed is enough but Maria removed some of it (made it insufficient). ‑on/‑in‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 8.1.7.2 - Lack.) 2.2intrans. for something to be insufficient with the implication that the insufficiency is due to agentive mishandling. Kumudang tun indat mu. What you gave is not enough. Deke on kumudang di kilon nan gatas an in-alim. Sometimes the milk that you bring is lacking in weight. Mungkudang nan in-aliyun kaiw. Something is missing in the lumber you brought.(count not right) ‑um‑/‑imm‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 2.3sta. to be insufficient, in amount or number. Makudang di pihuk an immed Manila kinali uggeyak gimmatang hi pinhod ku. I did not have enough money when I went to Manila and that’s why I didn’t buy what I wanted. 3adj. to be immature in reference to legumes. Kudang nan bulhe na yaden pinuga na. His beans are immature yet he harvested them. infl. makudang

kulbung 1comm. a basket for husked rice; woven from rattan strips or baguinge fern. Nangapyah Ognayon hi kulbung ot ena igattang ad Lagawe. Ognayon made a basket and went to sell it in Lagawe. Mangohe keh Immaya ya ihaad yu nah kulbung. If Immaya is insolent, put her inside the kulbung-container. (said facetiously) Sim: attong. (sem. domains: 6.7.7 - Container.) 2trans. to place in basket. Ikulbung mu nan natap-an an boga. Place the winnowed rice in the basket. i‑/iN‑. 3A Move and position object at site. (sem. domains: 7.3.2.6 - Put in.)

lagga trans. 1to weave bamboo slats into walls. Linaggay dingding mi.. Our walls are of woven bamboo slats. Inilam an munlagga? Do you know how to weave bamboo slats? Waday igattang dah nalaggan ugo. They sell woven bamboo sheets. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑, ma‑/na‑. 4A Change the structure of object. (sem. domains: 6.5 - Working with buildings.) 2to weave rattan and liana strips into baskets. Laggaom hi pahiking tun uwe. Weave these rattan strips into a backpack. Munlagga dah kulbung. They are weaving a rice-ontainer. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑, ma‑/na‑.

lak’a 1sta. to be easy to do or perform. Nalakan munbayuh kape. It is easy to pound coffee. Kon nalaka? Adik ot pe lakaon. Is it easy? I don’t take it to be easy. na‑. Sim: hin-unu. (sem. domains: 4.4.2 - Trouble.) 2adjectival predicate. to do something easily. Laklaka-on itagge nan batu. He lifts the stone easily. ‑on/‑in‑. 3cheap. 3.1sta. to be cheap; inexpensive. Nalakay bulhe te dakol. Green beans are cheap because there’s plenty of them. na‑. 3.2proc. to become cheap. Limmaka nan igattang dan liblu. The book they are selling became cheap. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

landuk comm. metal, usually refers to iron or steel. Munggattang hi landuk da Famorca. The Famorcas are selling iron. Syn: gum’ok. (sem. domains: 1.2.2.3 - Metal.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

latu-ug trans. to overfill a container. [To place more than the ordinary measure of capacity of a container.] Deket mungattang kah ahin ya adim ilattu-ug. When you sell salt don’t put more than the rim of the container. Nalatu-ug di nangat nan nangihaad. The way she placed it was overfull. i‑/iN‑, ma‑/na‑. 3A Move and position object at site. (sem. domains: 7.3.2.6 - Put in.)

limmu comm. 1acquired wealth; any goods that are possessed; wealth; possessions. (sem. domains: 6.8.1 - Have wealth.) 2the payment for service or goods delivered. Alam nan limmum ta em iggattang hi aga. Get your salary and go to buy medicines. (sem. domains: 6.8.4.5 - Pay.)

liwa 1comm. a reward for doing something as a mediator or agent; a go-between agent. Ongal di liwak an nungattang hi luta. I got a big reward for selling a lot. (sem. domains: 4.7.7.1 - Reward.) 2trans. to give a commission or reward. Liniwahan dah ama hi ohan babuy. They gave my father a pig as his commission for being a go-between. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. der. munliwa

lugi 1comm. a loss in a venture. Ongal di lugi na. His losses were big. (sem. domains: 6.8.2 - Accumulate wealth.) 2trans. to cause someone to lose money. Lugiyon dakan hiya te nakatallam. He will cause you losses because he is very cunning. Lumugi da an munggattang te kumudang di kilo da. They cause losses in the way they sell because their weights are lacking. Nalugi ka nangigattang mu. You lost when you sold. ‑on/‑in‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑, ma‑/na‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

magatang (infl. of gatang) 1pass. for something to be bought. Maid di magatang hi ihdad uwani te nahilong. There is no food to be bought now because it is already night. ma‑/na‑. (sem. domains: 6.8.4.1 - Buy.) 2sta. to be affordable; can be bought. Magattang hinae te nalaka. That can be bought because it is cheap. ma‑.

maid 1negative predicate. 1.1negpred. a negative predication; the negative opposite of the existential predicate. Maid di inat kuh gaga-iho. I did not do anything bad. Adi mabalin an eta mabiyag hin maid di ustuh ngunuh pangal-an hi pumbiyagan. It isn’t possible to live if we don’t have adequate work to provide our livelihood. (sem. domains: 9.4.6.1 - No, not.) 1.2negpred. negative predication expressing the non-existence of an agent. Maid di mun-ay-ayyam hi banting. Nobody will play with matches. Ek ang-angon, munhidhid-ipak te nahilong ya- maid hi Lammooy I went to see, I was straining my eyes because it was dark, Lammooy was not around. 1.3negpred. negative predication expressing the non-existence of a thing or possession. Maid di pihuk. I have no money. Mungngunu kayu te maid di poppog di tiempo. Work, because time is without end. Maid moy ena igattang. He had nothing more to sell. Maid, tumakut kamin e mangala mu maka-i-imin nangidat ot alan mi mo. “Nothing. We were afraid to take the candy but she was smiling as she gave it so we took it.” 2sta. to become non-existent; mama-id, the reduplication expresses the process of disappearance, i.e. becoming non-existent. Athidi bon gulatnat mama-id am-in di mumbaki ta hiya ya abuy matdaan. Like that also, if there are no longer pagan priests except for him. (sem. domains: 9.1.1.1 - Exist.) der. ma-idon der. ma-ma-idan der. mama-id id. Ma-ma-idan di nitaguwak. ph. v. maid di poppog na

malkadu (sp. var. markadu; sp. var. malket) 1comm. market place, open-air stands selling a variety of food, clothing and other things. Eka munggattang hi malkadu. Go and sell in the market. E nuntenda hi malkadu. He went to sell in the market. Sim: tendaan. (sem. domains: 6.9.3 - Marketing.) 2intrans. to go to buy things in a market place. E mummalkadu hi pihda na nadah mungngunu. He is going to buy food for the workers. Eyak mummalkadu hi ihda. I am going to buy viand. muN‑/nuN‑. 3trans. to buy things offered in a market. Minalket kuy duwan dolog. I bought two mudfish in the market. Imalketam hi ihda da. Buy viand for them. ‑on/‑in‑, i‑ ‑an/iN‑ ‑an. 4C Convey/bring objects toward agent. (sem. domains: 7.4.3 - Get.) Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: mercado.

maneho₂ intrans. to run an enterprise; to manage a business. Hi Pedro di mummaneho nah punggattangan da. Pedro will be the one to run their business. muN‑/nuN‑. 1C General class. Sim: maniger. (sem. domains: 6.6 - Occupation, 6.8.2.2 - Make profit.) Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: manejo.

mi- pass. this prefix encodes the passive of Class 3 verbal roots; non-past tense. Hanadan bibiyo ya miha-ad da kanuh liyang, nah buddalan di ob-ob. These bibiyo or pinading accordingly stay or live in caves, near the springs. Da ke Magappid ya miha-ad da nah dommang nan boble. Magappid lived across the valley from their village. Wada da boy tetendaan hitun kay ad Cubao mu nangingina day migattang. There are stores like those in Cubao but what they sell is more expensive. Sim: ni-. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.)

mipa- caus. this affix encodes both passive and causative, non-past tense. Nalgom di pinhod mun gattangon mipalpun nah kaitayan ingganah kaongalan. There is anything that you want to buy, from (beginning with) the smallest item to the largest. Mu gapu te madinol takun ahi taku ang-angon di kipaannungana ya anusan takun munho-ho-od ingganah nipaannung. (Romans 8:25) But the reason is because we trust that we will see its fulfillment, we will patiently continue waiting until it has been fulfilled. Sim: nipa-. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.3 - Derivational affixes.)

mipalpu (infl. of lappu) pass. refers to the beginning of something that continues in time or sequence. Nalgom di pinhod mun gattangon mipalpun nah kaitayan ingganah nah kaongngalan ya wadanwada. There is anything that you want to buy from (beginning with) the smallest item to the biggest is there. Mipalpud uwani ya iathitu yu ta panginomnoman yun ha-on. (1Corinth 11:25c) Beginning now, you will do like this so that it will be your remembrance of me. mipa‑.

mu₁ conj. 1connects two statements that are in contrast; but. Wada da boy tetendaan hitun kay ad Cubao mu nangingina day migattang. There are stores here like those in Cubao but what they sell is more expensive. Toan ten makulug, mu deket makulug, ikabing mu anhan tun tugun ku. Whether or not this is true, I don’t know, but if it is, then, heed my advice. Coordinate conjunction. (sem. domains: 9.2.5.2 - Clause conjunctions.) 2expresses the idea that one is about to do something, but does not do it for some reason; but instead. {When the e form is combined with the conjunction mu, the implication is that someone was about to do something, but for some reason did not or was unable to do it.} Ena odnan nan ahu mu ingkalat nan ahu. He was about to hold the dog but the dog bit him. Eyak kumga mu inippol kuy hakit na. I was about to cry but I bore the pain. comp. muden

mumplanu (der. of planu) intrans. to make a plan Mumplanu dah aton dan mangigattang nah kaiw. They are planning on how to sell the wood. muN‑/nuN‑.

nalima (der. of lima) adj. fifty; the cardinal number 50. Nalima nan indat nan igattang hi boga. He gave fifty pesos to buy rice. na‑. Number quantifier. Sim: bongle. (sem. domains: 8.1.1.1 - Cardinal numbers.) der. hinnanalima

nangatang (infl. of gatang) trans. buyer, the one who has bought something. Hiyay nangattang nah lutan Bugan. He is the one who bought Bugan’s ricefield. Kaatnay nangatang mun nah payo? How much did you pay for the field? maN‑/naN‑.

ngina₁ 1sta. to be expensive; to have a high price. Nguminay bulhe te o-oha. Beans will become expensive because there are few. Nanginay igattang dan abono. The fertilizer they are selling is expensive. Nakanginay migattang ad uwani. What is sold is very expensive now. na‑, ‑um/‑imm‑‑, naka‑. (sem. domains: 8.3.7.9 - Value.) 2trans. to increase the price of something, making it expensive. Inginanay igattang dan boga. He will increase the price of the rice they are selling. i‑/iN‑. id. nanginay imi na.

paggalat 1comm. edible fern variety. Mahong-o di paggalat an ihda. Fern-grass is delicious as a viand. Sim: ap-apat, appaku. (sem. domains: 1.5.3 - Grass, herb, vine.) 2intrans. to gather edible ferns. Mamaggalat hi Talakka hi ena igattang hi bigat. Talakka is gathering edible ferns which she will sell. maN‑/naN‑.

pakyaw 1comm. contract system for labor. Pakyaw di ngunun di gabut nan payo. They cut the grass of the field by contract. (sem. domains: 6.1 - Work.) 2v. to work on a contract basis. Pakyawon da di gayon nan garden. They will contract to hoe the field. Dahdiy numpakyaw nah iskul? Who did the labor contract for the school? ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 4C Convey/bring objects toward agent. (sem. domains: 6.8.4.6 - Hire, rent.) 3trans. to buy large amount of something by contract, i.e. wholesale. Pakyawom nan igattang nan amput. Contract to buy all of the garlic she is selling. ‑on/‑in‑. Language Of Borrowing: Tagalog.

pala 1comm. a shovel with a short handle. Nan pala di pungkaum nah lugit. Use the shovel in scooping the dirt. Alam nan pala ta gaudom nan pitok. Get the shovel and scoop the mud with it. Sim: baung, bangbang, gaud, huklay. (sem. domains: 6.2.8 - Agricultural tool.) 2trans. to shovel something with a short-handled shovel. Palaom nan lutan nitabab nah kanal. Shovel the earth that is blocking the canal. Pinala na nan lona nah kalata. He shovelled the sand on the road. Ipalam nan ka-gattang. Use the newly-bought shovel. Mumpala da handi mala-u kami. They were shovelling when we passed by. ‑on/‑in‑, i‑/iN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 4D Release, remove or detach object. (sem. domains: 7.3.2 - Move something in a direction.)

palabbok comm. bell pepper. Dakol di igattang dah palabbok hi malket. They got a lot of peppers to sell in the market. (sem. domains: 5.2.3.3 - Cooking ingredients.)

palti trans. to butcher poultry or animals for food. [This type of butchering is in contrast to sacrificial butchering, kolong, even though the meat can also be eaten when an animal is butchered as a sacrifice.] Paltiyon mi nan babuy mi hi bigat. We will butcher our pig tomorrow. Ipalti mi nah pingngit di wangwang. We will butcher it along the river. Pinaltik nan bakak ot ek igattang. I butchered my cow and sold it. Pumalti kah duwan manuk tedeyan dakol taku. Butcher two chickens because we are many. Mumpalti damdama hi Gabino hi babuy. Gabino also butchers pigs. ‑on/‑in‑, i‑/iN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑, muN‑/nuN‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

pantalon 1comm. pants. Iusar mu nan balun pantalon mu hantu graduation yu. Use your new pants on your graduation day. (sem. domains: 5.3 - Clothing.) 2trans. to wear pants. Mumpantalon ka hin umalikad nabagtu. Wear pants when you come to the town center. Ipantalon mu nan ka-gattang. Use the newly bought pants. Pantalonan yu nan golang te maktol. Have the child wear pants because he feels cold. muN‑/nuN‑, i/‑in‑‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an.

patna 1trans. to try or attempt to do an action or activity. Ipatna nan mundallan. He tries to walk. Patnaam an gumawat ke hiya. Try to borrow money from him. Immeyak bot ek ipatna ya ek umbun hidiye an kanan di “Ay hiya.” I went to try, and I sat down there and said “Yes. Satisfying.” i‑/iN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 3I Direct an action toward an object. (sem. domains: 6.1.2.1 - Try, attempt.) 2intrans. to sample; to try something. Pumatnaak an mangan nah igattang mun binakle. I’ll sample the rice cake you are selling. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 3trans. to test a person’s resolve; to tempt a person to do something that would be against his character or values. <The past tense form implies the achievement of the testing or tempting objective. >

pihing 1comm. a vegetable with edible rootstock, taro leaves and stalk. Iutum mu nan pihing. Cook the taro. Inggat-una nan pihing nah gattuk. She put the taro on top of the sweet potatoes. Sim: bila; gen: nateng. (sem. domains: 5.2.3.1.3 - Food from vegetables.) 2trans. to gather vegetables, including rootcrops, legumes and leafy vegetables. Dakol di pinihing Mattima kinali ena inggattang di udum. Mattima gathered many taro vegetables, that is why she went to sell the rest. Eda namihing nah galden. They went to gather vegetables in the garden. ‑on/‑in‑; maN‑/naN‑. 4C Convey/bring objects toward agent. (sem. domains: 7.5.1 - Gather.)

pinu 1trans. to sift flour, sand, soil; to refine. Pinuwom nan alina ta maphod di ha-ang na. Sift the flour so that the cooking will be good. Puminu kah duwan basun alina. Sift two cups of flour. Mumpinu hi Nely hi alina yaden mana-ang. Nely is sifting flour and at the same time cooking. ‑on/‑in‑, ‑um‑‑imm‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 4A Change the structure of an object. (sem. domains: 7.5.1.1 - Separate, scatter.) 2pass. to become fine-grained; to be refined. Puminu nan alina in yakayakom. The flour will become finer if you sift it. Napinu nan ahin an igattang da. The salt they sell is fine-grained. Nakappinu nan ahin an ek ginatang. The salt I bought is very fine. ma‑/na‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

pinunnog (sp. var. pinnunog) (infl. of punnog) comm. sausage made of chopped meat with condiments and seasoning stuffed into animal intestine. Nangapya dah pinunnog ot eda igattang nah malkadu. They made sausages stuffed with chopped meat and sold it in the marketplace. ‑in‑. (sem. domains: 5.2.3.2.1 - Meat.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

pipino comm. cucumber. Munggattang dah pipino hin Sabadu. They sell cucumbers on Saturdays. Syn: kahimmun. (sem. domains: 5.2.3.1.3 - Food from vegetables.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

pukupuk (sp. var. pukkupuk) comm. white bean seeds. Waday pukupuk hi igattang na. He has some white bean seeds for sale. (sem. domains: 5.2.3.1.3 - Food from vegetables.)

relip comm. refers to used clothing from relief missions. [Although relief missions ended long ago, used clothing is sold in markets and stores. Relatives working overseas often send cartons of such clothing.] Waday igattang dan relip hidih markadu. They have used clothing for sale in the market. (sem. domains: 4.4.4.7 - Relief, 5.3 - Clothing.) Language Of Borrowing: English: relief.

Sabadu 1comm. Saturday. Dakol di mungattang hin Sabadu. There are many vendors on Saturdays. (sem. domains: 8.4.1.3.1 - Days of the week.) 2sta. come Saturday; when it is Saturday. Masabadu ke ya umanamut ka. Come Saturday, you come home. ma‑. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: sabado.

saku 1comm. a flexible container for carrying something; a sack. Liman saku di bulhe di igattang na. He sold five sacks of beans. (sem. domains: 6.7.7 - Container.) 2trans. to place inside a sack. Isakum nan kape ta kilowon taku. Place the coffee beans inside the sack so that we will weigh them. Munsaku dah bulhe. They are packing beans into sacks. i‑/iN‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 3A Move and position object at site. (sem. domains: 7.3.2.6 - Put in.) Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: saco.

tahung comm. a mollusk species; lives in salt water. Waday igattang dah tahung. They have saltwater snails for sale. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.5 - Fish.) Language Of Borrowing: Tagalog: tahong.

tanud₂ trans. to support financially. Tanudam tun imbabalem. You support this child of yours. Wadaday tanudak kinali tagak hi ngunu. I have some people to support financially that is why I keep on working. Eyak makiboklat waday pananud ku hanadah imbabalek. I will go to earn money so I will have something with which to support my children. Ad uwanin naligat di kitaguwan te hay kanginan di magattang ya adiyak mo ahan pakatanud nah opat an imbabalek. At this time it’s hard to live because of high prices and I can hardly support my four children. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, paN‑, paka‑. 5C Goal oriented actions. (sem. domains: 4.3.4.5.1 - Provide for, support.)

tawal intrans. to bargain with; to haggle; to discuss price of a product. Muntawal hi liman pihu kinali inggattang ku ot. She haggled for five pesos so I sold it. Ugge na inilan tumawal kinali ibbaam. He does not know how to bargain that is why you should accompany him. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 1C General class. (sem. domains: 6.8.4.4 - Bargain.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

tilapia 1comm. a fish species. Tilapiay igattang da. They sell tilapia-fish. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.5 - Fish.) 2trans. to fish for tilapia. Eda manilapia nah adalom an payo. They are going to fish for tilapia in the deep field. maN‑.

tinapay comm. bread; cookie; cracker. Hay tinapay di gattangom bokon hay kindi. Buy bread and not candy. (sem. domains: 5.2 - Food.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

tinulid comm. 1thread for sewing. Maid di mangitit hi tinulid an igattang da. They are not selling any black thread. (sem. domains: 7.5.4.1 - Rope, string.) 2riddle Hinunggop on limmah-un on inhaad na di iwitna. (bilat ya tinulid) It goes in and out, leaving part of its tail behind. (needle and thread) (riddle) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

tungpup 1comm. bamboo shoots. [To remove the bitter taste of bamboo shoots, they are boiled twice. After the first boiling, the bamboo shoots are still bitter and the water is thrown away before boiling a second time.] Naken magattang hi market an tungpup ya adi mapait te naulaulahan mo. The bamboo shoots sold at the market don’t taste bitter because they are already boiled and washed two times. Pinpinhod kun ihda di tungpup. I’m very fond of bamboo shoots for my viand. gen: hobwal. (sem. domains: 5.2.3.1 - Food from plants, 1.5.5 - Parts of a plant.) 2intrans. to gather bamboo shoots for food. Eyak manungpup ya dinamuk hi Jose. I was going to get bamboo shoots and I met Jose. maN‑/naN‑.

turnilyu (sp. var. tulnilyu) 1comm. a screw; bolts with nuts. Maid di turnilyun igattang da. There are no bolts for sale. (sem. domains: 6.5.3 - Building materials.) 2trans. to place bolts on something. Turnilyuwam nan poste ta mihamad. Place bolts on the post so that it will be firm. ‑an/‑in‑. 5A Changing state of site by adding something. (sem. domains: 7.5.2 - Join, attach.) Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: tornillo.

udi₁ 1trans. to make metal into a bolo, knife or spade. Udyom nan gumok hi otak. Make the iron into a bolo. Mun-udi kah hinalong ta gattangok. Forge a double-bladed-knife and I will buy it. ‑on/‑in‑. 4A Change the structure of an object. Syn: panday. (sem. domains: 9.1.2.5 - Make.) 2intrans. blacksmith. Mun-udih amana. His father is a blacksmith.

ugo₁ comm. bamboo, a thin stalk variety that may be woven for walling; also used for cooking food; green when young, brown when mature. Magattang di ugod uwani. Bamboo is sold these days. Sim: bikal. (sem. domains: 1.5.3 - Grass, herb, vine.)

ulaw 1sta. to be dizzy; to have motion sickness. Maul-ulawak. I’m feeling dizzy. ma‑. 6A Physiological Process - State. Sim: aliwot. (sem. domains: 2.4 - Body condition.) 2proc. to become dizzy. Umulaw nan hamuy di ilukut. The smell of cigarette smoke causes dizziness. 3trans. (fig) to confuse. Adiyu bo ulawon nan golang an munggattang. Do not again confuse the child who is selling. ‑on/‑in‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

upu₂ trans. to consume or use up something. Adim upuwon nan ihda te ugge nangan da tulang mu. Do not consume the viand because your brothers have not eaten. Hi Juan di nun-upu nah gahhilang. It was Juan who consumed the corn. Mungkap-u di itungu taku. Our firewood is nearly consumed. Nap-uy pihuk te nigattang hi agah. I ran out of money because it was used to buy medicine. Adim upuhon nan asukar. Don’t use up all of the sugar. Antipe ta gagalan nap-uy ahin? Why was the salt consumed so fast? ‑on/‑in‑, ma‑/na‑, mungka‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 4A Change the structure of an object. (sem. domains: 8.1.4.3 - Decrease.)