gutul 1comm. ant, generic term. Manggop day gutul nah bale te niwahit di atukal. The ants are entering the house becaause the sugar is scattered. Ingonay kay da gugutul di tatagu ten mundaldallanan ka nah kalata. You are compared to ants when you are walking along the road. spec: ad-ad’ing, bubbuwit, bubuwit. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Insect.) 2sta. to be full of ants; refers to the condition of having ants on or in something. Nagutulan nan tinapay. There were ants in the bread. ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an.
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da₂ quan. plural quantifier; co-occurs with demonstratives, nouns and the existential predicate. <
> Maid ke handidan aammod an kimmalikali an kanan day matongaal tan mun-itkul ya wada ot an ohaak damdama hanadah natag-ey adal na. If it hadn’t been for those old folks who kept discouraging me and saying that studying is distracting and has no value, I could have been one of those highly educated now. Wada da Apu Paredes ya Datumanung nah stage ya Sir Paredes and Sir Datumanung were on the stage together Loktat bo kaya ya wadaday inin-innilak an gagayyum ku. Then, I met some people who became my friends. Ingonay kay da gugutul di tatagu ten mundaldallanan ka nah kalata. You are compared to ants when you are walking along the road. Dakamin da Bugan ke da Kabbigat ya hi Hinayyup di nungkukuyyug. We were together with the group of Bugan, Kabbigat and Hinayyup. Daan da nan iibbam? Where are your companions? (sem. domains: 8.1.1 - Number.) comp. dayyada Morphology: The quantifier form becomes an enclitic on Set 1 demonstratives and the existential predicate; it becomes a proclitic on Set 2 and Set 3 demonstratives; it stands alone as an independent form when co-occuring with nouns, common and proper.
hopdak trans. to swat something away or off; to make a swatting or swiping action at something. Inhopdak ku nan bulwatik hi angana. I swatted at his face with my dress. Hopdakom diday lalog. Swat the flies. Hopdakom di lugit dih lamesa. Swat off the dirt from the table. Pinpinhod nan munhopdak hi gutul. He likes to swat ants. ‑on/‑in‑, i‑/iN‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 4D Release, remove or detach object. (sem. domains: 7.7.1 - Hit.)
kadap intrans. to move, by crawling refers to insects, lizards, vine-type plant and babies. Nal-ot nan banniyan kumadap. The lizard is strong in crawling. Itaggem ke nan bulwatik ta tibom nan gutul an mungkaddapan nah odog ku. Please pull up my shirt and see the ant crawling on my back. Pungkadap din sayoten am-in din nih-up an nitanom. The sayote-plant is crawling over all the nearby plants. Humgop nan golang nah kuwarto ta kadaponan am-in di kama. The baby enters the rooms and crawls in all the beds. ‑um‑/‑imm‑, muN‑ ‑an, ‑on/‑in‑. 2A Movement from one place to another. Sim: bullu, bakka. (sem. domains: 7.2 - Move.) der. mungkaddapan
kalata 1comm. road; street. Mangapya da hi kalata an umed Tinoc. They are making a road to Tinok. Ingonay kay da gugutul di tatagu ten mundaldallanan ka nah kalata. You are compared to an ant when you are walking along the road. Sim: dalan₁, kah-on. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Road.) 2trans. to build a road. Kalataon da nan lutan da Juan. They will build a road along Juans’ land. ‑on/‑in‑. 4A Change the structure of object.
kay advpred. 1refers to a comparison; to have the same or similar qualities or characteristics. Ingonay kay da gugutul di tatagu ten mundaldallanan ka nah kalata. You are compared to an ant when you are walking along the road. Wada da boy tetendaan hitun kay ad Cubao mu nangingina day migattang. There are stores like in Cubao but what they sell is more expensive. Kay bo uya-uy damdama. It’s just like the Uya-uy-marriage feast. Comparative. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Compare.) 2functions as a comparative predicate; makes a hypothetical comparison of someone or something to a characteristic action or behavior of another person or thing. Mumbutik ka an kay daka pumpudug hi nganneh diye. You are running as though you are being chased by something. Toan. Uggemi inila te hinnatkon di kali na. Kay na pay punggalgal di kalkalyona. We don’t know what she said because her speech was different. It was as though she chewed on the words she was saying. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206 - Relations involving correspondences.)
pug-uy trans. to exhale smoke; blow smoke. Ipug-uy mu nan ahuk nan ilukut nah inga na ta lumah-un nan gutul. Blow the smoke of the cigarette into his ears so that the ant will come out. Iang-ang kun he-a on mumpugpug-uy ka. Whenever I look at you, you are exhaling smoke. i‑/iN‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 3E Move an object directionally. (sem. domains: 2.2.1 - Breathe, breath.)
ten (sp. var. tehin) conj. 1the shortened form of tehin ‘because, when’. Ingonay kay da gugutul di tatagu ten mundaldallanan ka nah kalata. You are compared to an ant when you are walking along the road. Nakal-ot di bungug nan duplanu ten munda-ul. The plane produces a loud noise when it is about to land. Antipet idihhan muy tukuk mu ten mungkaliyak. Why do you coincidentally shout while I’m talking? (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Condition.) 2the shortened form of tehin ‘because, if’ which combines a reason and condition; in case that. Maid umali ten adika umayag. Nobody will come if you do not invite anyone. Toan ten makulug, mu deket makulug, ikabing mu anhan tun tugun ku. I don’t know if it is true, but if it is true, you heed my advice. Namahig di hona da ta ihalhalla day dalan, ihinghingngi day dalan, namam-a ten waday iiban nadan himmagabi nah dalnon da. They go the wrong way, they go out of the way, especially if they know of a relative of the one performing the hagabi-ceremony who lives along the way.