Search results for "hamad"

hamad 1advpred. to stabilize by fastening or attaching firmly, permanently, securely; describes structures or ties, but may be extended to abstract ideas such as belief, love, etc. Ihamad mun igakod ta adi maubad. Tie it firmly so that it will not become loose. Inhamahamad kuy pangikawotak ya pangigattinak. I carefully chose strong branches to hold and step on. Umala da nan tataguh andukken hapang ta ihamad dan igakod nan hagabih di. The men in the forest look for a sturdy branch so they can securely tie the hagabi-bench. i‑/iN‑. Manner. (sem. domains: 7.5.2 - Join, attach.) 2trans. (fig) extended meaning for non-concrete entities; strengthen. Inhamad da mon mundasal ke hiya. They strengthened their praying for him. i‑/iN‑. infl. nahamad

nahamad (infl. of hamad) pass. describes something that is strong, settled and stable; can refer to something concrete, e.g. fence or abstract, e.g. friendship. Nahamad di punggayyuman da. Their friendship is strong and stable. Nahamad di binattun alad an nanlinikweh hi bale da. The stone fence surrounding their house is strong. na‑. (sem. domains: 8.3.7 - Good.)

‑an₂ TACR. this suffix is a default affix for Class 5 verbal roots; it encodes non-past tense and punctiliar aspect; cross references an object with a site semantic role. Indani ya- ena kanu iuduk onno mungkulih Lammooy an haniyana. Later on, according to him, he tried to pass under the extended arm yet Lammooy blocked him. Ya adim kal-iwan an hay importanten punggastuwam ya nadan liblum And don’t forget that the most important thing is to spend money on the books Kalubam hi daun ya ihamad mu ta maid hunggop hi dibdib. Cover the jar tightly with banana leaves so that no air enters. Adugan yu nan ihda te ibtik nan puha. Guard the viand because the cat will run off with it. Wada on tagun nanibon hiya ot baddanganan ianamut nunhituwan mid Longnga. There was a person who saw him and helped him to return to where we were staying in Longnga. Sim: ‑in‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.)

ala obtain. 1.1trans. to become the receiver or owner of something; get. An inalam nan agam nah butilya? Did you get your medicine from the bottle? E inalan Gaby nan lata mu dakol moy imme nadah allama. Gaby got the can but many of the crabs got away. ‑on/‑in‑. 4C Move object toward agent. (sem. domains: 7.3.3.1 - Take something from somewhere.) 1.2intrans. to get a restricted quantity of something. Umala ka hi lappaw ta pun-alad ku. Get some Jerusalem artichoke so I can make a fence. Umala da nan tataguh andukken hapang ta ihamad dan igakod nan hagabih di. The men in the forest look for a sturdy branch or pole and to this, they tie the hagabi-bench. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 1.3pass. for something to be gotten. Dakol di maalan mangga hidi. There’s a lot of mangoes which could be taken from there. ma‑/na‑. der. mangalana infl. maala

aN- (sp. var. a-) adj. this prefix inflects adjectives that are dimension quantifiers. Ambiambilog ya dakkodakkol di tatagu. It is very wide and there are many people. (refers to Manila) Umala da nan tataguh andukken hapang ta ihamad dan igakod nan hagabih di. The men in the forest look for a long, sturdy branch or pole and to that, they tie the hagabi-bench. Nikuyug nadah adi matibon iibbana ot adukkey danallanon da. He travelled with his unseen companions for a long way. (sem. domains: 9.2.9 - Affixes.)

baluhbu intrans. to move, by slipping out of carrying blanket or embrace, e.g. a small child, a toddler, slips out when cradled in arms or carried with the use of a carrying blanket. Mumbaluhbuh din golang te pinhod nan maki-ay-ayyam dih uunga. The toddler wants to slip out because she wants to play with the children. Inhamad mu nan oban ta adi bumaluhbu nan golang. Tie the carrying-blanket properly so that the child will not slip out. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 1B Movement with a directional component. (sem. domains: 7.2 - Move.)

bobod 1comm. a rope or string used in tying or binding. Sim: gakod, kawad. (sem. domains: 6.7.5 - Fastening tool.) 2trans. tie something; bind things together with rope, string or vine. Bobodam hi nahamad an bobod nan gulding ta adi bumtik. You tie the goat properly so it won’t run away. Bumobod ka nah itungu. Tie together some of the firewood. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 7.5.4 - Tie.)

bulus (sp. var. lubus) 1trans. to set loose; to set free. Ibulus mu nan manuk. Set the chicken loose. Imbulus na nan babuy ot ahina pudupudugon. He set the pig loose, then kept running after it. i‑/iN‑. 3B Move and release object. Sim: buk’a. (sem. domains: 7.3.2 - Move something in a direction.) 2intrans. to set one’s self free. Bumulus nan ahu hin adim ihamad nan gakod na. The dog will set itself free if you do not chain it properly. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

dibdib 1air. 1.1comm. the invisible mixture of gases that surround the earth; air. Yahyahon takuy dibdib. We breathe air. Kalubam hi daun ya ihamad mu ta maid hunggop hi dibdib. Cover the jar tightly with banana leaves so that no air enters. (sem. domains: 1.1.2 - Air.) 1.2comm. air in motion; wind. Waday nin puwok ad uwani te nakal-ot di dibdib. Maybe there is a typhoon today because the wind is very strong. (sem. domains: 1.1.3.1 - Wind.) 2blowing wind. 2.1intrans. for the wind to blow. Dumibdib ke ya mitayyap nan papel. If the wind blows, the paper will be blown away. Mundibdib an pun-itayap nay nungkihap-e. The wind blew the clothes on the clothesline away. um/imm, muN/nuN. Sim: huy’uhuy, hub-’ud, budabud, yupuyup, puwok, budibud. 2.2sta. to be cooled by the blowing wind, i.e. breeze. Adida madibdiban yaden pun-ayagam dida. They aren’t being cooled-by-the-breeze and yet you are calling them. Opwatom nuppe nan hinamal, akudom hi ligau ta madibdiban ta maba-bao. Remove the pot from the fire, ladle out the rice into a winnower so the air will help to cool it. ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an, muN/nuN. 2.3trans. the wind blows and moves something. Idibdib na nan papel hin adim otnan. The wind will blow the paper if you don’t put something on top of it. i‑/iN‑. 3idiom. riddle - wind is the answer. Nala-uwak ya uggeyak inangang. (dibdib) I passed by but you didn’t see me. (wind)(riddle) id. kay dibdib ya abun munlau

dukke (sp. var. duke) 1adj. long; to have a specified linear extent or duration. Andukke bo kaya nan ginatang mun linubid. The rope that you bought is long. Andukkedukke nan buuk din lalaki. The man’s hair is very long. Umala da nan tataguh andukken hapang ta ihamad dan igakod nan hagabih di. The men in the forest look for a long branch or pole and to this, they tie the hagabi-bench. aN‑. Dimension quantifier. (sem. domains: 8.2.2 - Long.) 2trans. to lengthen. Dukkayom nan punlubid mu. Make the rope you are twining long. ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 7.3.4.7 - Extend.) 3proc. to become long as a process without an agent. Paputul mu nan buuk mu ot dumukke damdama. Have a haircut because your hair will become long again, anyway. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. der. kadukke id. andukkey taklena infl. andukke infl. kadukkayan

gakod (sp. var. takod) 1comm. anything used for tying, e.g. vine, rope, cord. [Vine is commonly used for bundling; cord and rope are commonly used for tying an animal.] Nakaan nan gakod di gulding ot bumtik. The tethering rope of the goat was removed and it ran away. Dukkeyom nan gakod na. Lengthen its rope. Sim: bobod, kawad. (sem. domains: 6.7.5 - Fastening tool.) 2tie something. 2.1trans. to tie an animal to a fence, post, or stake. Igakod mu nan nuwang nah posten di alad. Tie the water buffalo to the post of the fence. Umala da nan tataguh andukken hapang ta ihamad dan igakod nan hagabih di. The men get a long branch and they securely tie the hagabi bench there. i‑/iN‑. 3C Move, combine or attach object. (sem. domains: 7.5.2 - Join, attach.) 2.2trans. to place a tie on or at a specified place; the site-object is cross-referenced. Gakodan yu nan hukin di babuy ta adi bumtik. Tie the feet of the pig so that it will not run away. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 2.3trans. to tie a specified number or amount of something. Gumakod kah duwan manuk. Tie two of the chickens. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2.4trans. to tie with a specified type of tie. Hay wakal di punggakod mu nah tingting. Use the vine to tie the sweet potato leaves. Al-an da wakal an ahida punggakod nah hagabi ten magibbu. They get vine to use in tying the bench to a pole when it’s completed. puN‑/impuN‑.

gattin (sp. var. gatin) 1trans. to step on something. Inggattina on ulog. He stepped on a snake. Handi ek igattin ya kimmol-owak te innang an eyak mag-a. When I tried to step down I became frightened because I almost fell. Inhamahamad kuy pangikawotak ya pangigattinak. I carefully chose strong branches to hold and step on. i‑/iN‑, pangi‑ ‑an. 3G Move body parts directionally. (sem. domains: 7.2.1 - Manner of movement.) 2comm. imprint of the foot. Ongal di gattin nan nangidalan nah banong. The footprints of the one who passed on the dike are big. 3trans. to step on something; the object being stepped on is cross-referenced. Gattinan yu nan udun di kaiw ta adi mahwit. Step on the end of the wood so it will not overturn. Inhamahamad kuy pangikawotak ya pangigattinak. I carefully choose strong branches to hold and step on. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, pangi‑ ‑an. id. namahig an kadangyan ke bo ya igatgattin dita.

hammad 1stabilize. 1.1trans. to stabilize a building, fence; make something strong by supporting. Hamadon min aladan di boble We will make the fencing of the village strong. ‑on/‑in‑. 1.2pass. to be strong, stable. Nakahammad di alad na. The fence is very strong. makaC‑/nakaC‑. 1.3trans. to strengthen what one believes. [This is an extended meaning.] Ya kinalyanat ihammad kuy pundinol nah pamaptok nan ha-oy. He said that I should strengthen my trust in his care for me. Nakahhammad moy pangulug da. Their faith is now very strong. i‑/iN‑, nakaC‑. (sem. domains: 3.2.5.1 - Believe.) 2advpred. to declare strongly that what is said will be done or come about; to promise. Hammadok an kalyon ke he-a. I will promise what I tell you. ‑on/‑in‑. Modality. (sem. domains: 3.5.1.9 - Promise.)

hikgut 1comm. knot. Nihamad di hikgut na. The knot is tight. 2trans. to tighten a knot. Hikgutom nan bobod di manuk. Tighten the string of the chicken. Hikgutom di wanom. Tighten your loin cloth. Ihikgut mu nan bobod di apatut na. Tighten the string of his shoes. ‑on/‑in‑, i‑/iN‑. (sem. domains: 7.3.2.8 - Pull.)

hogop₂ 1intrans. to move and go into an enclosure; to enter. Hunggop ka ta mangan taku. Come in and we will eat. Kalubam hi daun ya ihamad mu ta maid hunggop hi dibdib. Cover the jar tightly with banana leaves so that no air enters. ‑um‑/inum. 2A Movement, from one place to another. (sem. domains: 7.2.3.4 - Move in.) 2comm. entrance, generic; may refer to an entry into a building; a gate or opening in a fence or wall. ‑an. (sem. domains: 6.5.2 - Parts of a building.) 3trans. refers to an attack with entry and eventual occupation of a village or town. Ya himmawwang nadan tatagun e manggop ke dida ot pumpate da dida. And the raiding people came out and started to attack them to kill them. maN‑/naN‑. (sem. domains: 4.8.2.3 - Attack.) der. hogpan infl. manggop

i-₁ TACR. 1this prefix encodes non-past tense, a punctiliar time aspect and cross-references the direct object with the conveyed semantic role. It is a member of the default affix set for Class 3 verbal roots. Iha-ad muh nae hitu. Place that one here. Iha-ad da nan basket hi bale. They will put the basket in our house. Kay anhan ya idatong dah boble ta inay-un dah dolan di himmagabi. Sooner or later, the hagabi-bench will arrive in the village brought by the men and to the yard of the man performing the ceremony. Em iwaklin nan buhi. Put the wine jar in a safe place. Sim: iN-. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.) 2the prefix encodes non-past tense and punctiliar aspect; it derives a transitive verb when it co-occurs with Class 1A intransitive movement verbal roots and cross-references an object that moves with the agent, e.g. to bring something or to take something. I-alik nan liblum. I will bring your book. (I will come bringing your book.) 3the prefix encodes non-past tense, punctiliar aspect, and cross references an instrument object with Class 4 verbal roots. Idikhal na nan matadom an wahe. He will use the sharp ax to split wood. Nganney ipalang mu? What will you use to cut with? Inggatang nay payo da ya odon da ta hay ahan itugal na. He sold their ricefields and heirlooms just to have money with which to gamble. 4the prefix encodes non-past tense, punctiliar aspect and expresses a manner component related to the phrase or clause in the direct object NP position of the main clause. Ipdug nay gunggung na. He chases with barking. Adim iploy pangalam hi pencil na. Don’t get his pencil by grabbing. I-ang-ang kuh manayo. I’ll look at the dancers. Kalubam hi daun ya ihamad mu ta maid hunggop hi dibdib. Cover the jar tightly with banana leaves so that no air enters. Namahig di hona da ta ihalhalla day dalan, ihinghingngi day dalan, namam-a ten waday iiban nadan himmagabi nah dalnon da. They go the wrong way, they go out of the way, especially if they know of a relative of the one performing the hagabi-ceremony who lives along the way. 5the prefix encodes non-past tense; co-occurs with a time aspect adverbial predicate and cross-references the clause embedded in the object NP position of the main clause. Ituluy mun mangan inggana mabhug ka. You continue eating until you are satisfied. Itikod mun muntugal an ap-apuk. Stop gambling, grandson. 6the prefix encodes non-past tense, derives a verb from a noun, and the object is usually incorporated though a specific object may be explicit and cross-referenced. Deke bo ta makudang di binokbok na ya madang-o nan hinamal o maid di idanum na. When the binokbok-yeast is insufficient, the rice will either be spoiled (it will not ferment) or it will produce no wine/liquid. Nganney iduyum? What have you placed on your plate (lit. plated)? 7the prefix encodes non-past tense and punctiliar aspect; it co-occurs with speech verbs and cross-references the object that refers to what is said. Mun-ap-apo wak kanu ya- uggek inila nan ia-apok. Aga mot nan bumdang di ia-apok. According to them, I’ll tell a story; oh, I don’t know what to relate. Okay, I’ll tell a story about roaming spirits.

inot sta. to be difficult to turn, something is not easily turned to remove or break a seal, e.g. bottle cap or other cover. Ag-agam di inot tun tinulid. My, how hard to break this thread Mainot an mitilon. It’s hard to turn. Mainot an bukatan te nahamad di nangidakkig na. It’s hard to open because it’s tightly closed. Uminot nan hukap di butilya te nalatiyan. The cap of the bottle will become hard to turn because of rust. ma‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 7.3.5 - Turn something.)

kalub 1comm. refers to the lid of containers such as pots or baskets; a cover. Natalak nan kalub di banga. The cover of the pot was lost. Sim: huk’ap, hukbung. (sem. domains: 6.7.7 - Container.) 2trans. to cover a container, a pot or basket. Kalubam nan banga. Cover the pot. Kalubam hi daun ya ihamad mu ta maid hunggop hi dibdib. Cover the jar tightly with banana leaves so that no air enters. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5A Changing state of site by adding something. (sem. domains: 7.3.7 - Cover.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

mantilyu 1comm. a solid metal head on a handle used in driving nails; a hammer. Alam nan mantilyu ta kaanom din patak. Get the hammer and remove that nail. (sem. domains: 6.7.2 - Pounding tool.) 2trans. to use a hammer on something; to nail something. Mantilyuwom nan patak ta mihamad nan kaiw. Use the hammer on the nail so that the wood will stay in place. ‑on/‑in‑ ‑an. 3intrans. to use a hammer. Mummantilyu da nadan u-unga ad dola. The children are using the hammer in the yard. muN‑/nuN‑. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: martillar.

mungka- proc. this affix encodes a durative time process; cross-references the subject. Ohan algo ya ek bo tinangad nan mangga ya mungkap-u moy bungana. Then one day, I went to look up at the mango tree and its fruit was almost gone. Mu inilanan mungkabigat te muntatalan-uy manuk nah boblen nih-up hidi. He could tell the time (becoming dawn) by the cocks crowing in the nearby village. Indani ya mungkapnu nan lata. After a while the can was almost full. Ya gapu kediyen naat ya nundingngol hi kabobbobley mipanggep hi kalin nan Ap-apu taku ta mungkadakol day mangulug ya mungkihamad di pangulug da. (Acts 19:20)
And because of what happened, the message concerning our Lord spread throughout the cities and villages so that many became believers and their faith was strengthened.

pae (infl. of e) 1trans. to free something; to set loose; to release, may be used of release from jail. Ipaem nan manuk. Set the chicken free. Paeyam nan linubid ta adi mabitkol nan babuy. Release some of the rope so the pig will not be strangled. i‑/iN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 3B Move and release object. (sem. domains: 7.2.6.4 - Set free.) 2intrans. to set oneself free. Mumpae nan nuwang hin adim ihamad di gakod na. The carabao will set itself free if you do not fix its rope. muN‑/nuN‑.

pukpuk₂ trans. 1to drive a nail into something. Pukpukom nan patak ta mihamad tun kaiw. Drive in the nail so that the wood will hold firm. Ipukpuk mu nan mantiyu. Use the hammer in driving the nail in. ‑on/‑in‑, i‑/iN‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. (sem. domains: 7.7.1 - Hit.) 2to hit someone on the head. Pukpukon dakn dida te linukum dida. They will hit you in the head because you fooled them. Ipukpuk da nan dinikhal. They will use the split firewood in hitting you in the head. Pinukpuk day uluna ot mundadala. They hit him in the head and it is bleeding. ‑on/‑in‑, i‑/iN‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

punggayyuman (der. of gayyum) nom. friendship. Nahamad di punggayyuman da. Their friendship is strong and stable. (sem. domains: 4.1.1 - Friend.)

tukud (sp. var. tukkud) 1comm. a post, usually refers to house posts, made from galiwgiwon tree; the post includes the base roots of the tree. Nihamad di tukud na. The post is firm. Hay maphod an tukud ya hay makulhin kaiw. The houseposts that are good are those that are hardwood. Sim: poste. (sem. domains: 6.5.2 - Parts of a building.) 2trans. to place house posts. Tukudan dah semento nan balen pungkapya da. They will place concrete for posts in the house they are building. Itukud mu nan galiwgiwon. Use the galiwgiwon-tree for posts. ‑an/‑in‑, i‑/iN‑. 5A Changing state of site by adding something. (sem. domains: 6.5 - Working with buildings.)

turnilyu (sp. var. tulnilyu) 1comm. a screw; bolts with nuts. Maid di turnilyun igattang da. There are no bolts for sale. (sem. domains: 6.5.3 - Building materials.) 2trans. to place bolts on something. Turnilyuwam nan poste ta mihamad. Place bolts on the post so that it will be firm. ‑an/‑in‑. 5A Changing state of site by adding something. (sem. domains: 7.5.2 - Join, attach.) Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: tornillo.