1this prefix functions to group or unify the referents of the co-occurring noun, treating them as a single unit. [This meaning is usually given when the co-occurring noun is a kinship term.] Hi Luisa ya inan di duwan hintulang. Luisa was the mother of two children (lit. siblings). Tobatbalona diday bagol ya aammod ta dumalay-up da ta hay idatong di hagabi ya maphod dan am-in an hin-am-a ya ta dumakol di babuy da ya manuk da. He calls on the gods and his ancestors to witness the arrival of his hagabi-bench so that with its arrival, it will bring along good health for his family and the increase (become many) of their pigs and chickens. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Noun affixes.) 2modifies a noun as one unit; implies that something that may be plural in number is grouped as one unit. Hingkalton mu makaddam-ot. It’s only one box-full but very heavy. Alam himbotok. Get one bundle (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206 - Group of things.) comp. himpulu comp. hindalan comp. hindopa comp. hinhongol . num
Search results for "hiN-"
hiN- -on TACR. this circumfix encodes a non-past modal that adds the meaning of ‘to pretend’ to the verbal root; the suffix part of the circumfix cross-references the object in the clause. <
> Himbaybayuom nan page. Pretend to be pounding the rice. Kahindongdongollona hi kinalik. He pretends to be listening to what I have said. (sem. domains: 9.4.2 - Agent-oriented modalities.) With a statement, rather than imperative, a ka- prefix is also added to the affix combination.
hiN- CV- quan. when this prefix and reduplicant combination co-occurs with numbers, it functions to divide and distribute whatever is being modified by the affixed number, e.g. one each, two each Ohan algo ya inayagan Jesus nadan himpulut duwan disipulos na ot hindudwa on intud-ak nah kabobboblen e muntuttudu...(Marcos 6:7) One day, Jesus called his twelve disciples and then, he sent two each to the villages to teach... Am-in dadiyen kuwartu ya nun-iingngon himpupulun piyey lukud di kadukkena ya kabilog na. (Ezekiel 40:7b) All of those rooms were the same in measurement, each one was ten feet in length and width. (sem. domains: 9.2.9 - Affixes, 8.1 - Quantity.)
hin-ag intrans. to look through an aperture or something that is somewhat transparent so that light is the background. Ihin-ag mu ten immalih Tomas. Peep out to see if Tomas has come. Ihin-ag mu ta ang-angom di nitudok nah papel. Hold it against the light to see what is written on the paper. Ihin-ag mu an mangita-une nah bilat. Hold the needle against the light to thread it. i‑/iN‑. 3I Direct action toward object. (sem. domains: 2.3.1 - See.) infl. munhin-ag
hin-uddum (der. of udum₁) adv. 1sometimes; time intervals related to time sequence. Hin-uddum on umudan hi nal-ot. Sometimes it rains hard. Hin-uddum umeyak ad Solano. Sometimes, I go to Solano. Hin-uddum on uggena inilay kalkalyona. Sometimes she doesn’t know what she is talking about. Ta hin-uddum on gawan di hilong on ahi immanamut. So he would sometimes come home in the middle of the night. hiN‑. Time. (sem. domains: 8.4.3 - Indefinite time.) 2refers to intermittent times for actions and events. Hin-uddum an adika mangan. At times you don’t eat. Hin-uddum on nahawwal dah tulumpulu nan mangiattang. Sometimes there are thirty or more men to carry it.
hin-unu (der. of unu₁) adv. little effort; easy to do; small measure of an abstract such as time or effort. Hin-unu bo ahan ya intaggem hinae. It will take little effort for you to lift that. Hin-unu ahan an mangapyan nae. How easy it is to make that. Limiting and maximizing. Sim: lak’a. (sem. domains: 9.1.2 - Do.)
kahin- mod. this prefix encodes an unexpected or unacceptable action. Kudukdulnay gibbuwon di inlappun ngunu mu nan eta bo kahinlappuh oha. It is better to finish work that has been started then to start something else. Deket natu-iy baka weno kabayun di hinag-on yu nah dalan ya adi kayu kahin-ang-ang hi hinnatkon an kay hanan uggeyu tinibo. If the cow or horse of your neighbor falls over on the trail, don’t look at something different as though you didn’t see that.
kahiN- -on mod. this modal circumfix adds the concept of pretense to a verb. Kahinhuyhuyopona pangalinat ha-oy di manaang. He pretended to be sleeping, hoping that I’ll be the one to cook. Deke bo udot ya kahinlullokon da ot inila takun adida unudon intugun taku. If they keep pretending to be deaf, then, we know that they will not follow what we advised. Kahindongdongollona hi kinalik. He pretends to be hearing what I said. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Verb affixes.)
lak’a 1sta. to be easy to do or perform. Nalakan munbayuh kape. It is easy to pound coffee. Kon nalaka? Adik ot pe lakaon. Is it easy? I don’t take it to be easy. na‑. Sim: hin-unu. (sem. domains: 4.4.2 - Trouble.) 2adjectival predicate. to do something easily. Laklaka-on itagge nan batu. He lifts the stone easily. ‑on/‑in‑. 3cheap. 3.1sta. to be cheap; inexpensive. Nalakay bulhe te dakol. Green beans are cheap because there’s plenty of them. na‑. 3.2proc. to become cheap. Limmaka nan igattang dan liblu. The book they are selling became cheap. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.
abako adj. a group of winged creatures, e.g. locusts, birds; a horde. [This word is commonly used about a horde of rice birds that descend upon a rice field to sip the liquid of developing rice kernels.] Imaali key hin-abakon buding ya naligat an abulon dida. If a horde of rice birds comes, it is difficult to drive them away. Inabul ku nan hin-abakon buding. I drove the horde of rice birds away. hin‑. Number quantifier. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168 - Crowd, group.)
ag’i comm. sibling; brother; sister; cousin. Hin-aaggi dadiyen u-ungan mun-ay-ayyam. Those children playing are cousins. All the relatives of the same generation as the speaker may be referred to as a sibling. hin‑ CV‑ C2. Sim: iba, manang, tulang, kamang. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124.3 - Brother, sister.)
algo₁ comm. during sunlight time; day. [The meaning of this form is no doubt related to the identical form with the gloss ‘sun’. The time unit ‘day’ relates to the time period from sunrise to sunset.] Ihap-em nan paeh udum an algo te adi mahap-ayan hi hin-algo ya abu. Dry the palay again some other day because it can’t be dried in just one day. Andaan mo ta deket waday takon di ittay an hinapulan an pihu ya intalu ta nangamung hi udum an algo an ahi nin makahhapul. When you have just a little money, why not keep it for a rainy day when you might need it badly. Hi kadwan di algo ya humamuy moy bubud. On the second day, the fermenting rice gives out its peculiar smell. Hituwen algo di kanan dah Ang-ang. This day is called Ang-ang. (sem. domains: 8.4.1 - Period of time.) comp. hin-algo der. maal-algo id. gagala on immey algo infl. kaalgoalgo
amlong happy. 1.1intrans. refers to a feeling of well-being and contentment. Mun-am-amlong nadan aammod na handih nibangngad. His parents were very glad when he returned. muN‑/nuN‑ CV(C)‑. 2C Emotion and sensation. Sim: anla. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Happy.) 1.2intrans. refers to a happy feeling at a point in time. Umamlong ka ot immalih inam. Be happy because your mother arrived. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 1.3sta. to be happy, characterizes someone as being happy. Maam-amlong dan am-in. They are all happy. ma‑ CV(C). 1.4trans. refers to the reason for feeling happy. Adim amlongan di adi maphod. Do not be happy about bad things. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 1.5caus. for someone or something to cause happiness. Hin-uddum ya mangipaamlong an ang-ang-angon di plawer. Sometimes seeing flowers causes one to be happy. Hay inap-apu diday mangipa-amlong hi aammod. Grandchildren cause grandparents to be happy. mangipa‑/nangipa‑.
babuy 1comm. pig; swine; hog. Matmatabba nan babuy mu. Your pig is very fat. Tobatbalona diday bagol ya aammod ta dumalay-up da ta hay idatong di hagabi ya maphod dan am-in an hin-am-a ya ta dumakol di babuy da ya manuk da. He calls on the gods and his ancestors to witness the arrival of his hagabi-bench so that with its arrival, it will bring along good health for his family and the increase (become many) of their pigs and chickens. (sem. domains: 1.6.1 - Types of animals.) 2trans. to raise pigs. Mumbabuy da. They will raise pigs. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 6.3 - Animal husbandry.) der. mababubabuy
balantina 1comm. eggplant. Muntanom kayuh balantina nah aldattan yu ta waday pangal-an yuh ihda hin-uddum. You plant eggplants in your backyard so you can have something to gather at times. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52.3 - Food from vegetables.) 2sta. to have an area planted with eggplants. Mabalantina nan dola da. Their yard is planted with eggplants. ma‑. (sem. domains: 5.2 - Food.)
bok’a 1comm. tool to dig tubers; a metal rod pointed at one end, flat at the other end; original was made of coffee wood which was heated over a fire to harden it. Alam nan boka ta eta mumbokah gattuk nah habal. Get the digging tool and we will go to dig some sweet potatoes in the swidden plot. Sim: baw’ok. 2intrans. to dig with tool. Bumoka kah hin-latan gattuk. Dig a can of sweet potatoes. Eka mumboka ad uwani gattuk. Go and gather sweet potatoes now. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 6.2 - Agriculture.) 3trans. to dig all root vegetables. Ibaam hi inam ta eyu bokaan nan habal. Accompany your mother to dig all of the tubers in the swidden plot. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an.
1this aspectual reduplicant encodes an habitual or constant aspect. Matukatukal ka an e makitugatugal te mapat-al ya hilong di puntutugalan yu. You are always awake to join in gambling because your gambling goes on day and night. Adina itikod nan mumbaki te wadanwaday takut na an kumpulmin tiempu ya mate. He does not stop doing the rituals because his fear would be constant that he might die anytime. Wadan ustu moy bidbibidbid hi novels I think it’s time to put away the constant reading of novels (sem. domains: 8.4.2 - Take time.) 2to do something continuously over a durative period of time. Tobatbalona diday bagol ya aammod ta dumalay-up da ta hay idatong di hagabi ya maphod dan am-in an hin-am-a ya ta dumakol di babuy da ya manuk da. He continuously calls on the gods and his ancestors to witness the arrival of his hagabi-bench so that with its arrival, it will bring along good health for his family and the increase (become many) of their pigs and chickens. Ume bo kanu nah tap-on di wa-el nah ho- alak ya wadaday ngubungubun mangabat da. He went to the place above the creek in the er...irrigation ditch and there were voices continuously mumbling. . asp
dalluyun comm. the waves of the sea or ocean. [There are no bodies of water in the Ifugao area that have waves. The current or movement of water is called kibyayung.] Ongal di dalluyun nah baybay ad uwani. The waves in the sea are big now. Katatakut hin-uddum nan dalluyun te alan dita. The waves are at times fearful for they tend to carry one. Sim: kibyayong. (sem. domains: 1.3.2 - Movement of water.)
ganal (sp. var. ganar) 1comm. salary rate. Kaatnay ganal muh ohan algo? How much is your salary rate for one day? Nabongley ganal na hi ohan algo. His salary for one day is fifty pesos. Sim: tangdan, bokla₂, ngunu, suweldu. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206 - Pay.) 2intrans. to receive a specified salary. Mungganal hi hinggatut hi ohan algo. He is paid a hundred per day. muN‑/nuN‑. 3trans. to give someone a specified salary rate. Ganalan dakayuh liman pihu hi hin-olat. He will give you a salary rate of five pesos an hour. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an.
gawan quan. may refer to the middle of night or day. Takon di gawan di hilong ya paka-ang-angona ya pakadopapponay gando ya ulog an hidiyey kanona. Even if it is the middle of the night it sees clearly and catches rats and snakes for food. (refers to an owl) Ta hin-uddum on gawan di hilong on ahi immanamut. So he would sometimes come home in the middle of the night. der. munggawa
gun-ud intrans. to obtain something of value or useful. Adika umeh di te maid gun-udom. Do not go there because there’s nothing to be gained. Hi Apu Dios nangamung an mangidat hi gun-udon di hin-oh-an ditaku, mipuun hi ingngunu taku. (1 Corinth 3:8b) It is up to God to give what each of us will obtain (reward) based on the work we have done. ‑on/‑in‑. 4C Convey/bring objects toward agent. Sim: gunguna. (sem. domains: 7.4.3 - Get.)
impangi- nominalizer. this prefix encodes past tense and functions to nominalize the verbal root. Ahina bo ipainilay makulug an impangi-en di hin-oh-an ditaku, takon nadan ugge nainilan inat taku ya nadan wada nomnom taku. (1 Corinth 4:5b) He will cause to be known the truth about the way of each one of us, even what is not known about what we have done and thought about doing. Sim: impaN-, pangi-. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Verb affixes.)
ka pers. you; second person, singular pronoun; member of Set 2 subject pronouns; cross-referenced by the verbal affix. Hin-uddum an adika mangan. At times you don’t eat. Joan, deyan ume ka mo ahan tut-uwah college. Joan, you are now finally going to college. Maid ka handi hilong hi balen da Juan. You were not in the house of Juan last night. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.)
kan 1intrans. to eat, indefinite as to what is eaten. <
> Mangan taku. Let’s eat. Hin-uddum an adika mangan. At times you don’t eat. Da Pedro ke Ben di nangan hanah inha-ang mu. It was Pedro and Ben who ate what you cooked. maN‑/naN‑. (sem. domains: 5.2.2 - Eat.) 2to eat. 2.1trans. the food being eaten is specific and cross-referenced. Kanon yun am-in nan ginatang na. Eat everything he bought. ‑on/‑in‑. 2.2trans. to eat a specific food continuously; the food being eaten is cross-referenced. Kanokanona nan inhaad kun tinapay nah basket. He was always eating the bread I placed in the basket. Kanokanon nadan buding nan page. The birds keep eating the palay. ‑on/‑in‑ + CV(C)CV‑. 2.3intrans. to join in eating. Immali da ke nan imbabalek hi baleyu on nakikan da. Whenever my children go to your house they eat there. maki‑/naki‑. 2.4trans. indicates utensil used for eating. Hituwe nan nangikanan min duyu te teyay marka na. This is the plate we used for eating because here is the mark. mangi‑ ‑an/nangi‑ ‑an. 3nom. edible food, usually used for snack, fruit, bread, etc. Imme nah muyung ot e umalah makmakkan. He went to the forest to get some edible food. nganan der. makan der. panganan der. pinnangan id. kay hamutin mangan id. kay ka babuy an mangan id. kay munhabun mangan id. kay nanganan di ahuy nanganan yu id. kay nanganan di gulding id. kay nanganan di kabayu infl. ikan₁ infl. mangan infl. pakan This root is never used alone.
kiggad comm. a boundary marker. [Trees are planted as kiggad, usually in a straight line; also, stones that require three or more people to lift are buried to serve as boundary markers.] Hituwey kiggad tun lutak. This is the boundary of my land. Mangiggad da nadan hin-am-a. The father and his sons are placing boundary marks. Sim: batnong, koltog, pat-ok. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168 - Boundary.)
man-u 1adjunct. to be fortunate; for something to be good for someone. Man-un ditaku te mangan takuh mumpitlu hin-algo yaden dakol day agun maid kanon da. Good for us because we can eat three times a day when there are many who have no food at all. Kanak hi nomnom kuy “Makamman-un dida te kay nakalakka. I said to myself, “It’s really good for them because it seems easy.” Evaluative. (sem. domains: 4.4.1 - Prosperity.) 2advpred. something is possible, but is not certain; modifies the main clause; implies that it would be a good thing. Man-u te deket nangabak di tagu nah tugal ya mun-an-anla. It might be that when one wins in gambling he is happy. Modality. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Possible.) comp. man-uke comp. man-upo
manuk 1comm. domestic fowl; chicken; also refers to the meat of a chicken. Dakol di manuk na. He has many chickens. Tobatbalona diday bagol ya aammod ta dumalay-up da ta hay idatong di hagabi ya maphod dan am-in an hin-am-a ya ta dumakol di babuy da ya manuk da. He calls on the gods and his ancestors to witness the arrival of his hagabi-bench so that with its arrival, it will bring along good health for his family and the increase (become many) of their pigs and chickens. Sim: gulukay. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Bird.) 2intrans. to raise chickens. Mummanuk ka ta waday oggan yu ihda. You raise chickens so that you will have something for viand. muN‑/nuN‑.
moma 1comm. betelnut and tree; areca palm. Daan di momam? Aga, ta mummoma ta. Where’s your betelnut? Come, let's chew. wh: mom-on₂; Spec: ballugu. (sem. domains: 1.5.1 - Tree.) 2trans. to chew betelnut; to chew betelnut with others is to socialize. An mummoma ka? Are you chewing betelnut? Mimma mi nan moma nah libbutan. We chewed the betelnuts in the bag. Makimma ka nadah tatagu nah malkadu. Chew betelnut with the people in the market. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑on/‑in‑, maki‑/naki‑. (sem. domains: 4.2 - Social activity.) 3comm. a riddle, the answer is betelnut because the ingredients for a chew number three. Nan tulu o opat an hin-aagi an hinumgup na liyang andanit bimmudo da ya maingit da. (moma) Three brothers or sisters that entered a cave, and came out red. (betelnut) der. kimma der. mom-on₂ id. Daan di momam?
ngiyo₂ intrans. to cry or wail over a dead person. Mungngiyo dan hin-ina handi nate nan golang. The mother and her children were wailing when the baby died. muN‑/nuN‑. 1D Sounds.
oha 1quan. one, cardinal number. Oha ya abuy Dios. There’s only one God. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Cardinal numbers.) 2trans. one time; once. Naminghan dakan dinamu. I only met you once. namiN‑. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206 - Number of times.) 3trans. to repeat an action on one thing at a time; one-by-one. Ohhaohhaom didan ayagan. Call them one by one. ‑on/‑in‑ CV(C)CV. 4adv. one each. Hin-oh-ay idat kun dakayu. I’ll give you one each. hin‑. Limiting and maximizing. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Distribution.) 5trans. to do something alone. Mu adik bo pinhod an eka mahmahmok an maoh-ohha. But also, I don’t want you to be pitiful, always alone. ma‑ CV(C)‑. comp. himpulut oha comp. oha bo der. hin-oh-a der. maoh-ohha der. maoh-ohha der. naminghan der. naohha der. numpinghan der. ohhaan der. oh-ohha der. pinghan der. pinghana infl. o-oha
onom 1adj. six, cardinal number. Onom day imbabalek. I have six children. Kanan nan in-inay "Ek ihulul tun onom an itlug hi manteka." The old woman said, "I’m going to barter these six eggs for lard." Number quantifier. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168 - Cardinal numbers.) 2adj. sixty. Nan-om dan am-in an immed Lagawe. They were sixty in all who went to Lagawe. na‑. 3comm. six each. Hin-on-om kayuh pah-onon nah itungu. Carry six apiece of the firewood. hiN‑. 4adj. sixth in a sequence. Ha-oy di mikan-om ke dakamin hintutulang. I am the sixth in the family. mika‑. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Ordinal numbers.) comp. himpulut onom der. hin-on-om der. nan-om
tulu 1adj. the cardinal number three. Tulu di inayana. He has three wives. Hay kadinawwinah nah ob-ob ad Patukan ya umeh tuluy kilometro. The distance from the spring in Patukan was about three kilometers Number quantifier. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Cardinal numbers.) 2intrans. third cock’s crow; three times. Inggibok ku dih pimmitlu. I woke up when the cock crowed three times. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 3adj. three each. Hintutlu kayun umbun. You sit by threes. hiN‑. 4trans. to divide into three. Puntuluwom an piangon nan tupaya te tulu kami. Cut the papaya in thirds because there are three of us. puN‑ ‑on. 5sta. to be worth three pesos. Matulun pihu tun ohan tupaya. This papaya is worth three pesos. ma‑. 6trans. to do something three times. Mamitluwak an uminum hi danum hi hin-algo. I drink water three times a day. Ganain di ipitluk an kumali on ahim dingngol. I have to say something three times before you listen. mami‑, ipi‑. 7adj. thirty. Tulumpuluy toon ku yaden maid pay di inayak. I am thirty years old and still single. 8quan. few. Dimmatong dah maal-algo ot ipayu dan e mampap mu tultulluy dimpap da. They arrived at noon and went directly to the river, but they only caught a few. comp. himpulut tulu comp. tulumpulu der. hintutlu der. katlu₁ der. katlu₂ der. mamitlu der. pitlu der. pungkatluwon