abtu (sp. var. aptu) to anticipate. 1.1trans. to look forward to something; eagerly await someone or something; the affix cross-references that which is anticipated. Abtuwan day aliyana. They are eagerly anticipating her arrival. Abtuwan nay ayan da. He was eager for them to leave. Naabtuwan ka yaden ugge ka immali. You were waited for eagerly, yet you did not come. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, na‑ ‑an. Class 2C, Emotion and sensation . (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Hope.) 1.2intrans. to anticipate something with impatience; the negative component of waiting and time passing is highlighted; the person feeling the impatience is cross-referenced by the affix. Uma-abtuh Bugan an nunhood ke he-a. Bugan was impatiently waiting for you. Umabtuwak hi kahilongana. I am waiting impatiently for nighttime. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. infl. umab-abtu
Search results for "ipate"
apnga 1intrans. to welcome people into homes or to participate in special occasions; be hospitable. Mun-ap-apnga taku te ammuna ad uwanin nundadammuwan taku. Let us rejoice for it is only now that we have all met together. Nun-aapnga dan hintutulang dih kasal da Segun ke Ellaine. They welcomed their relatives to the wedding of Segun and Ellaine. general: People are not only hospitable, they are cheerful and happy to welcome people into their homes. muN‑/nuN‑. 1C General class. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199.1 - Welcome, receive.) 2comm. a welcome. Kayang di apnga na nah dintngan nan imbabalena. Her welcome/rejoicing was great when her child arrived.
gub’at 1comm. war; refers to a violent, armed conflict. [Within the history of Ifugao, this word when used alone usually refers to World War II.] Waday dawdawwatonah pensiyon te tindalu handih gubat. He is receiving a pension because he was a soldier during the war. Dakol di nate handih gubat. Many died during the war. Waday duwan gubat an impala-u taku mo. We have already experienced two wars. (lit. we have been caused to pass through) Istolyaon dan handi kanu ka-gibbun di gubat ya namahig di banig. They say that after the second world war there were many incidences of ghost appearances. (sem. domains: 4.8.2 - Fight, 4.8.3 - War.) 2wage war. 2.1intrans. to wage war. Munggugubat da ad Vietnam. They are at war in Vietnam. muN‑/nuN‑. 2.2trans. the information focus is the people upon whom a war is being waged. Gubaton ditaku nadah gaga-ihoy nomnom da. The evil-minded will wage war on us. ‑on/‑in‑. 2.3trans. the information focus is on those who will be involved, i.e. participate in waging war. Inamung nan am-in nadan tatagunan damanan makigubat. He gathered all the people who could join in waging war. maki‑. der. mangubat infl. makigubat
hamul 1comm. a feast. Waday hamul ad Tuplac te waday nunkasal hidi. There is a feast in Tuplac bcause there is a wedding there. (sem. domains: 5.2.2 - Eat, 4.2 - Social activity.) 2to participate in a feast. 2.1trans. to eat at a feast. [There are taboos about eating at certain types of feasts, e.g. a funeral feast of someone who has been killed by being stabbed.] Panion hamulon di nateh matadom. It is taboo to partake in the food when the person died from something sharp. ‑on/‑in‑. 2.2participatory. to join in feasting. Adiyak e makihamul. I will not go to the feast. maki‑/naki‑. 3continuous feasting. 3.1intrans. to feast continuously. Kabigabigat on nangin-innum da ya nunhahamul da nah muyung. Every day these men feast and drink in the forest. nuN‑ CV‑. 3.2caus. to be the one who gives a feast; cause people to feast. Mumpahamulak kinali umali kayuh ohhandi. I will sponsor a feast that is why you come the day after tomorrow. mumpa‑/numpa‑.
makigubat (infl. of gub’at) intrans. to participate in armed conflict; join in fighting in a war. Man-uket takutan di Ippangyol nadan iKiangan ya natuled dan makigubat. The reason the Spaniards were afraid of the people of Kiangan is that they were brave to fight. Ot e makigubat da David ke dida. (2 Samuel 21:15b) And so David and his soldiers went to fight them. maki‑. (sem. domains: 4.8.3 - War.)
mungki- TACR. this prefix encodes the component that the activity or action is distributed among agent-subjects who participate in the activity or action; non-past tense. Datuwe kan duduplanu ya mungkakalpu da mungkidadawwin boble. These airplanes come from faraway places. Mungkitalu nadan allama ya umipit da hin eda howngon di baleda. The crabs hid and pinched the children’s hands when they reached inside their holes to get them. Sim: nungki-. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Verb affixes.)
1this prefix encodes the distribution of a feature or property over a number of objects. O-ongal ya nungkitatag-e day babaleh tu. Houses here are big and tall. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206 - Verb affixes.) 2this prefix encodes the component that the activity or action is distributed among agent-subjects who participate in the activity or action. Gagala ya ahi mipae nadan nungkikalabut. (Isaiah 51:14a) Soon those imprisoned/captured will be released. Sim: mungki-. . distr
ba-at (fr. var. be-et; fr. var. bayya-bat) 1comm. guava fruit or tree. Adim tagan hi kakan hi ba-at te matubol ka. Do not eat too many guavas because you might become constipated. 2trans. to gather guavas. Eda mama-at nadan u-unga. The children went to gather guavas. maN‑/naN‑.
baya-bat comm. guava fruit; also refers to the tree. Kayatom didan nal-um an bayya-bat ta kapyaok hi gelly. Climb the guave tree and get the ripe ones and I’ll make them into jelly. Adim tagan hi kakan hi bayya-bat te indai ya matubol ka. Do not be eating too many guavas or you might get constipated. Pisidium guajava (sem. domains: 1.5.1 - Tree, 220.127.116.11.2 - Food from fruit.)
bayya-bat (fr. var. of ba-at) 1) comm. guava fruit or tree Kayatom didan nal-um an baya-bat ta kapyaok hi geli. Climb the guava tree and get the ripe ones and I’ll make them into jelly. Adim tagan hi kakan hi baya-bat te indai ya matubol ka. Do not be eating too many guavas or you might get constipated. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168.2 - Food from fruit, 1.5.5 - Parts of a plant.) 2) sta. to be full of guava trees Mabayya-bat nan kudal da. Their pastureland is full of guava trees.
naN- TACR. this prefix cross-references a topicalized agent-subject; co-occurs with Class 4 verbal roots; past tense. <
> Himmagob, nana-ang ya nunhigup hi bintok. He got water, he cooked and carried rice bundles into shade. Hi manang ya dingngol na damdama ot mundihhan namtik nah panto. As for my older brother, he heard it too and ran to the door at the same time. Hiyay nangalah kadukkayan kawayan. He is the one who got the longest bamboo. Takon nadan enungkanta ya nanayo ya uggeda nangan. Even those who participated in the songs and dances did not (eat). Mun-an-anlah inadan nangngol an dakol di inadal da. Their mother was happy to hear that they had learned so much. Sim: maN-. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Verb affixes.) Morphophonology: The final nasal of the prefix assimilates to the first consonant of the root, and then, reduces the consonant; if the vowel o follows the root consonant, the vowel will also be reduced.
ugge neg. the negative form used with verbs in the past tense. Uggek bo udot inila nan kali da. I didn’t even know their language. Takon nadan enungkanta ya nanayo ya uggeda nangan. Even those who participated in the songs and dances did not (eat). Uggek ni-an inilan kumayat handi te ittayak. I didn’t know how to climb trees then because I was small. Sim: bokon. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - No, not.) der. ug-ugge