istolya (sp. var. ittolya; sp. var. istorya) 1comm. the telling of events or happenings; story; tale. Dakol di istolya hi donglon yuh di. You will hear many stories there. Handih kaittay ku ya dakol di istolyan di aammod ya nadan umali bale. When I was small, I heard many stories from older folks and from those who came to our house to visit. Sim: a-apo, bida, malamala. (sem. domains: 3.5.4 - Story.) 2tell a story. 2.1intrans. to tell a story; the activity of telling is in view. Mun-istolya kah mipanggep dih gubat. Tell a story about the war. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 3.5.1 - Say, 220.127.116.11 - Report.) 2.2trans. to tell a particular story. 2.2.1trans. to tell a specific story. Iistolyam di inat mun immalih tu. Relate the story about how you came here. i‑/iN‑. 2.2.2trans. to tell about a particular set of events. Istolyaon da nan inang-ang dad baliwon. They will relate to you a story about what they saw in the lowlands. Istolyaon dan handi kanu ka-gibbun di gubat ya namahig di banig. They say that after the second world war there were many incidences of ghost appearances. ‑on/‑in‑ . Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: historia.
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a-apo 1comm. a short story, usually sung; may be myths, legends, or folktales. Pinpinhod ku hanan a-apon mipanggep ke Kabbigat. I like the story-song about Kabbigat. Sim: istolya, bida, malamala. (sem. domains: 3.5.4 - Story.) 2intrans. to tell a story in song. Umbun kat mun-a-apoh apum. You sit down and your grandfather will sing a story-song. Mun-ap-apo wak kanu ya- uggek inila nan ia-apok. According to them, I’ll tell a story; oh, I don’t know what to relate. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 3.5.1 - Say.) 3trans. to tell a story with the story-object cross-referenced. Aga mot nan bumdang di ia-apok. Okay, I’ll tell a story about roaming-spirits. i‑/iN‑. Speech Verb: Purpose is to entertain.
bida 1comm. a story; may refer to a folktale or a more current narrative. Hay bida na ya hiyat nangamung. His story is always the same. Sim: istolya, a-apo, malamala. (sem. domains: 3.5.4 - Story, 18.104.22.168 - Written material.) 2trans. to tell a story. Mumbida ka ta mahuyop da nan u-unga. Tell a story so that the children will go to sleep. Ibidam nan bida an maid poppog na. Tell the never ending story. Wada wadah allama di mibidabidah kau-unga dih done. ‘Once there was a crab’ was a story often told to children long ago. i‑/iN‑, mi‑, muN‑.
Am’ung prop. a ritual, usually performed three days after the birth of a child. [Prayers invoke deities and sacrifices are offered and then there is feasting; attended by friends and relatives. This is also the time when the baby is named; usually named after a relative.] Dih Amung nan imbabalen nan tulang ku ya indasalan mi nan golang ot ahi kami muniistolya. During the ritual, for my brother’s child, we prayed first for the child then we continued our sharing of stories. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Pray.)
ammod 1comm. parents; elders; kin of parent’s generation; relatives. Handih kaittay ku ya dakol di istolyan di aammod ya nadan umali bale. When I was small, I heard many stories from older folks and from those who came to our house to visit. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Related by birth.) 2trans. to be related to. Ammodok diday iAmbabag. Those from Ambabag are my relatives. ‑on. infl. aamm’od
banig 1comm. refers to the disembodied spirit of a dead person; ghost. [Adults use threats about ghosts to make children obey. Ghosts are believed to talk to people and sometimes lead them astray.] Waday banig kediyen bale. There are ghosts in that house. Istolyaon dan handi kanu ka-gibbun di gubat ya namahig di banig. They say that after the second world war there were many incidences of ghost appearances. (sem. domains: 4.9.2 - Supernatural being.) 2trans. ghost appears; to haunt. Banigon daka hin mateyak. I will haunt you if I die. Bumanig nan nate. The dead will haunt. Binanig dah tulang ku. My brother met a ghost. Adika umeh gawwan di hilong te mabanig ka man. Don’t go in the middle of the night because you might meet ghosts. ‑on/‑in‑, ma‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑.
gub’at 1comm. war; refers to a violent, armed conflict. [Within the history of Ifugao, this word when used alone usually refers to World War II.] Waday dawdawwatonah pensiyon te tindalu handih gubat. He is receiving a pension because he was a soldier during the war. Dakol di nate handih gubat. Many died during the war. Waday duwan gubat an impala-u taku mo. We have already experienced two wars. (lit. we have been caused to pass through) Istolyaon dan handi kanu ka-gibbun di gubat ya namahig di banig. They say that after the second world war there were many incidences of ghost appearances. (sem. domains: 4.8.2 - Fight, 4.8.3 - War.) 2wage war. 2.1intrans. to wage war. Munggugubat da ad Vietnam. They are at war in Vietnam. muN‑/nuN‑. 2.2trans. the information focus is the people upon whom a war is being waged. Gubaton ditaku nadah gaga-ihoy nomnom da. The evil-minded will wage war on us. ‑on/‑in‑. 2.3trans. the information focus is on those who will be involved, i.e. participate in waging war. Inamung nan am-in nadan tatagunan damanan makigubat. He gathered all the people who could join in waging war. maki‑. der. mangubat infl. makigubat
ka-₂ (sp. var. kaC-) asp. this prefix encodes the time aspect of an action, activity or event as being completed in the immediate past; just completed. <
> Istolyaon dan handi kanu ka-gibbun di gubat ya namahig di banig. They say that after the second world war ended there were many incidences of ghost appearances. Ka-iali na nan liblu. He just brought the book. Ka-datong da. They just arrived. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Verb affixes.) Morphology: The form ends in a glottal stop indicated by a hyphen ka- ; it should be noted that it is a prefix.
mam-a 1sta. to be more so; as a comparative, for something to become more so in degree. Immanamut da kediyen algo ya dakol di istolya da, namam-an Julie. When they went home, they told many stories, especially Julie. Namam-an mahong-o hin udman pay hi gatan di niyug. It is more tasty if coconut milk is used. Mamam-ay dogona te maid kanona. His sickness will become worse because he has had nothing to eat. ma‑/na‑. 6D Descriptives. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206 - Increase.) 2trans. to increase the degree of a condition or event; to make worse. Adim mam-ahon nan hakit di uluna. Do not worsen his headache. ‑on/‑in‑. Sim: lodlod. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Become, change state.) 3proc. to become better or worse. Numpulbus ya immam-anay binlana. She used powder and it enhanced her fairness. Mungkamam-a nan dogo na. His ailment is becoming worse. ‑um‑/‑imm‑, mungka‑. infl. namam-a
namahig advpred. an intensifying modal predicate; to a high degree. Istolyaon dan handi kanu ka-gibbun di gubat ya namahig di banig. They say that after the second world war there were many incidences of ghost appearances. Uggena pinadas an mundogoh namahig. He has never experienced a serious illness. Comparative. Sim: namam-a. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168 - To a larger degree.)