Search results for "kalu"

kalkalungingi comm. a small bat species. (sem. domains: 1.6.1 - Types of animals.)

kalu intrans. to work for payment of a debt. Sim: ubbu, ammung, bokla. (sem. domains: 6.1 - Work.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano: karu.

kalub 1comm. refers to the lid of containers such as pots or baskets; a cover. Natalak nan kalub di banga. The cover of the pot was lost. Sim: huk’ap, hukbung. (sem. domains: 6.7.7 - Container.) 2trans. to cover a container, a pot or basket. Kalubam nan banga. Cover the pot. Kalubam hi daun ya ihamad mu ta maid hunggop hi dibdib. Cover the jar tightly with banana leaves so that no air enters. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5A Changing state of site by adding something. (sem. domains: 7.3.7 - Cover.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

kalubaha comm. refers to the squash plant and produce. (sem. domains: 5.2.3.1.3 - Food from vegetables.) Language of Borrowing: Spanish: calabaza.

kalun trans. a ritual word meaning to call to, used in relation to supernatural messengers of gods. Restrictions: ritual. (sem. domains: 3.5.1.4.1 - Call.)

kalut trans. to bite off a piece of something. Kalutam nan mangga. Bite off a part of the mango. Ikalut mu nah kad-an di palat na. Bite off a part near the handle. Kumalut kah ittay tuh tinapay. Bite off a small piece of bread. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, i‑/iN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 5B Changing site by removal of something. Sim: gutab. (sem. domains: 5.2.2.1 - Bite, chew.)

makalun comm. a messenger to and from the gods and spirits. {ritual} (sem. domains: 4.9.2 - Supernatural being.) Lourdes S. Dulawan: Ifugao Baki. Makalun di Bagol

Makalun di Bagol (makalun) prop. messenger gods, a class of gods thought to be messengers of other gods. (sem. domains: 4.9.2 - Supernatural being.) Lourdes S. Dulawan: Ifugao Baki

mungkalun nom. refers to a person who arbitrates or judges cases of violation of Ifugao traditional law; settlement is usually accomplished through mediation. (sem. domains: 4.8.4.9 - Reconcile, 4.7.1 - Laws.)

ammung 1comm. a group that pools their money, and then, gives loans to members. Nadan imarket ya mundadammudah kabulabulan ta punhuhummanganan day panggep nan ammung da. Those from the market place gather once a month to talk about their cooperative venture. muN‑/nuN‑. Sim: ubbu, bokla, kalu. (sem. domains: 6.8.6 - Money, 4.2.1.7 - Crowd, group.) 2trans. to contribute money to a cooperative group. Iammung ku tun hinggatut. I will give this one hundred pesos as my share capital. i‑/iN‑. 3B Move and release object. (sem. domains: 4.1.2.1 - Working relationship.)

bokla₁ comm. for a group of people to work together in a field that belongs to a member of their share-work group. Boklan Juan hi bigat. Juan's field will be worked in tomorrow. Sim: ubbu, ammung, kalu. (sem. domains: 6.1 - Work.)

gutab trans. to nibble; to gnaw; done usually by rats or sometimes by dogs locked in an enclosure. Hukbungam nan tinapay te gutabon di utut. Cover the bread because the rats might nibble it. Ginutaban di utut nan kaban. The rats gnawed the box. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5B Changing state of site by removal of something. Sim: kalut. (sem. domains: 5.2.2.1 - Bite, chew.)

huk’ap 1comm. a lid; the cover of a container, e.g. bottles, pots, baskets, jars. Kaanom di hukap nan butilya. Remove the cap of the bottle. Hay bangan nakai-ustuy hukap nay maphod an punha-angan hi pihing. A well-covered pot is best for cooking pihing-vegetable. Sim: kalub, hukbung. (sem. domains: 6.7.7 - Container.) 2trans. to cover something Hukapam nan hinamal. Cover the rice. Hukapom nan botelya. Cover/cap that bottle. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 7.3.7 - Cover.)

hukbung 1comm. anything used for covering a surface. An maliniy hukbung din hinamal? Is the cover of the rice clean? Sim: huk’ap, kalub. (sem. domains: 6.7 - Tool.) 2trans. to cover a surface. Hukbungam ta adi malalogan. Cover it so that the flies will not enter. Ihukbung mu nan daun. Use the banana leaf for covering it. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, i‑/iN‑.

ubbu 1comm. a work-sharing system. Ad uwani di ubbu da. Today is their share-work. Sim: ammung, bokla, kalu. (sem. domains: 4.2.1 - Come together, form a group.) 2trans. to pool resources for someone. Ubbuwon da hi Juan ad uwani. They will share their resources for Juan today. ‑on/‑in‑, maki‑, paki‑ ‑on. 4F Adjacency/Adjoining actions. (sem. domains: 4.1.2.1 - Working relationship.) 3intrans. to do share work; take turns in helping each other in farm work. Mun-ubbu da ama nah payon Bugan. My father and the rest are doing share-work in Bugan’s field. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 4.2.1.6 - Participate.) 4v. to join others in working; usually means taking turns in working in each other’s rice fields. Pinhod mun makiubbu? Do you want to join in share-working? Pakiubuwom nan imbabalem. Have your son join in share-working. maki‑/naki‑, paki‑ ‑on. der. mun-uubbu

‑an₂ TACR. this suffix is a default affix for Class 5 verbal roots; it encodes non-past tense and punctiliar aspect; cross references an object with a site semantic role. Indani ya- ena kanu iuduk onno mungkulih Lammooy an haniyana. Later on, according to him, he tried to pass under the extended arm yet Lammooy blocked him. Ya adim kal-iwan an hay importanten punggastuwam ya nadan liblum And don’t forget that the most important thing is to spend money on the books Kalubam hi daun ya ihamad mu ta maid hunggop hi dibdib. Cover the jar tightly with banana leaves so that no air enters. Adugan yu nan ihda te ibtik nan puha. Guard the viand because the cat will run off with it. Wada on tagun nanibon hiya ot baddanganan ianamut nunhituwan mid Longnga. There was a person who saw him and helped him to return to where we were staying in Longnga. Sim: ‑in‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.)

balaingan comm. cockroach. Makahammuy di balaingan. Cockroaches are very odorous. Kalulugnin di balaingan. Cockroaches are disgusting. Deket hilong ya mamuddu day balaingan. At night cockroaches come out. Dakol di maang-ang an balaingan tuh kalton. There are many cockroaches in the carton. Spec: hipot, tugbaybay. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.7 - Insect.)

damuna advpred. 1to delimit time by expressing the simultaneity of two different events; meantime; meanwhile. Um-umbun taku ni-an ta damunay kalutuwan nan kanon. Let us sit while the food is being cooked. Idadaan mu nan panganan ta damunay datngan da. Set the table, while waiting for them to arrive. Time. (sem. domains: 8.4.5.2.2 - At the same time.) 2to delimit an amount; enough or more than enough; may relate to quantifying space, amount, accomplishment. Damunay ginastum yaden uggem pay ginibbuy adal mu. You spent much yet you still haven’t finished your studies. Damunay nginunum. You have accomplished more than enough. Damunay ginabutam. You cleared enough, a wide space. (sem. domains: 8.1.7 - Enough.)

dattok₁ comm. a type of banana. Makalummii boppo nan dattok ta hidiye nan adi on nahinglaak. The dattok-banana is so sweet that I easily become tired of it. Sim: balangngon, dippig; Gen: dippig; gen: balat. (sem. domains: 5.2.3.1.2 - Food from fruit.)

dibdib 1air. 1.1comm. the invisible mixture of gases that surround the earth; air. Yahyahon takuy dibdib. We breathe air. Kalubam hi daun ya ihamad mu ta maid hunggop hi dibdib. Cover the jar tightly with banana leaves so that no air enters. (sem. domains: 1.1.2 - Air.) 1.2comm. air in motion; wind. Waday nin puwok ad uwani te nakal-ot di dibdib. Maybe there is a typhoon today because the wind is very strong. (sem. domains: 1.1.3.1 - Wind.) 2blowing wind. 2.1intrans. for the wind to blow. Dumibdib ke ya mitayyap nan papel. If the wind blows, the paper will be blown away. Mundibdib an pun-itayap nay nungkihap-e. The wind blew the clothes on the clothesline away. um/imm, muN/nuN. Sim: huy’uhuy, hub-’ud, budabud, yupuyup, puwok, budibud. 2.2sta. to be cooled by the blowing wind, i.e. breeze. Adida madibdiban yaden pun-ayagam dida. They aren’t being cooled-by-the-breeze and yet you are calling them. Opwatom nuppe nan hinamal, akudom hi ligau ta madibdiban ta maba-bao. Remove the pot from the fire, ladle out the rice into a winnower so the air will help to cool it. ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an, muN/nuN. 2.3trans. the wind blows and moves something. Idibdib na nan papel hin adim otnan. The wind will blow the paper if you don’t put something on top of it. i‑/iN‑. 3idiom. riddle - wind is the answer. Nala-uwak ya uggeyak inangang. (dibdib) I passed by but you didn’t see me. (wind)(riddle) id. kay dibdib ya abun munlau

dil’u 1comm. sugarcane syrup; molasses, honey. Makalummiiy dilu. Sugar-cane syrup is very sweet. Sim: asukal. (sem. domains: 5.2 - Food.) 2trans. to place sugarcane syrup on something. ‑an.

eyu pers. you-all; the form is a compound of the marker e and the second person, plural personal pronoun; the form is preposed before the verb and encodes the subject grammatical relation. Nakalugit nan eyu nungkekeyan. The place where you went swimming is very dirty. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.)

hogop₂ 1intrans. to move and go into an enclosure; to enter. Hunggop ka ta mangan taku. Come in and we will eat. Kalubam hi daun ya ihamad mu ta maid hunggop hi dibdib. Cover the jar tightly with banana leaves so that no air enters. ‑um‑/inum. 2A Movement, from one place to another. (sem. domains: 7.2.3.4 - Move in.) 2comm. entrance, generic; may refer to an entry into a building; a gate or opening in a fence or wall. ‑an. (sem. domains: 6.5.2 - Parts of a building.) 3trans. refers to an attack with entry and eventual occupation of a village or town. Ya himmawwang nadan tatagun e manggop ke dida ot pumpate da dida. And the raiding people came out and started to attack them to kill them. maN‑/naN‑. (sem. domains: 4.8.2.3 - Attack.) der. hogpan infl. manggop

i-₁ TACR. 1this prefix encodes non-past tense, a punctiliar time aspect and cross-references the direct object with the conveyed semantic role. It is a member of the default affix set for Class 3 verbal roots. Iha-ad muh nae hitu. Place that one here. Iha-ad da nan basket hi bale. They will put the basket in our house. Kay anhan ya idatong dah boble ta inay-un dah dolan di himmagabi. Sooner or later, the hagabi-bench will arrive in the village brought by the men and to the yard of the man performing the ceremony. Em iwaklin nan buhi. Put the wine jar in a safe place. Sim: iN-. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.) 2the prefix encodes non-past tense and punctiliar aspect; it derives a transitive verb when it co-occurs with Class 1A intransitive movement verbal roots and cross-references an object that moves with the agent, e.g. to bring something or to take something. I-alik nan liblum. I will bring your book. (I will come bringing your book.) 3the prefix encodes non-past tense, punctiliar aspect, and cross references an instrument object with Class 4 verbal roots. Idikhal na nan matadom an wahe. He will use the sharp ax to split wood. Nganney ipalang mu? What will you use to cut with? Inggatang nay payo da ya odon da ta hay ahan itugal na. He sold their ricefields and heirlooms just to have money with which to gamble. 4the prefix encodes non-past tense, punctiliar aspect and expresses a manner component related to the phrase or clause in the direct object NP position of the main clause. Ipdug nay gunggung na. He chases with barking. Adim iploy pangalam hi pencil na. Don’t get his pencil by grabbing. I-ang-ang kuh manayo. I’ll look at the dancers. Kalubam hi daun ya ihamad mu ta maid hunggop hi dibdib. Cover the jar tightly with banana leaves so that no air enters. Namahig di hona da ta ihalhalla day dalan, ihinghingngi day dalan, namam-a ten waday iiban nadan himmagabi nah dalnon da. They go the wrong way, they go out of the way, especially if they know of a relative of the one performing the hagabi-ceremony who lives along the way. 5the prefix encodes non-past tense; co-occurs with a time aspect adverbial predicate and cross-references the clause embedded in the object NP position of the main clause. Ituluy mun mangan inggana mabhug ka. You continue eating until you are satisfied. Itikod mun muntugal an ap-apuk. Stop gambling, grandson. 6the prefix encodes non-past tense, derives a verb from a noun, and the object is usually incorporated though a specific object may be explicit and cross-referenced. Deke bo ta makudang di binokbok na ya madang-o nan hinamal o maid di idanum na. When the binokbok-yeast is insufficient, the rice will either be spoiled (it will not ferment) or it will produce no wine/liquid. Nganney iduyum? What have you placed on your plate (lit. plated)? 7the prefix encodes non-past tense and punctiliar aspect; it co-occurs with speech verbs and cross-references the object that refers to what is said. Mun-ap-apo wak kanu ya- uggek inila nan ia-apok. Aga mot nan bumdang di ia-apok. According to them, I’ll tell a story; oh, I don’t know what to relate. Okay, I’ll tell a story about roaming spirits.

imi 1comm. smile. Makalumiiy imi na te timbal da. His smile is very sweet because he was accepted. Iday matibon maid hangliw nan imim. Ah, I can see that smile is pretentious. Mapait di imi na te naapput da. She has hurt feelings (lit. her smile is bitter) because they lost. Syn: ngih-il. (sem. domains: 3.5.6.1 - Gesture.) 2intrans. to smile. Umimi ka ta adida kanan di bimmoh-ol ka. Smile so that they will not think that you are mad. Mun-iimi da handi nundadammu kami. They were smiling when we met. ‑um‑/‑imm‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 2C Emotion and sensation. id. malumiin imi id. mapait an imi

lugit 1comm. any dirt or other filthy substance. Adika mun-ay-ayyam hi lugit. Do not play with dirt. Kaanom nan lugit hi bulwatim. Remove the dirt on your dress. Sim: lom’ok. (sem. domains: 5.6.1 - Clean, dirty.) 2trans. to make something dirty. Adim lugiton nan bulwatim ta waday usalom hi bigat. Do not soil your clothes so that you will have something to use tomorrow. Lumugit nan uling di banga. A pot becomes dirty from soot. ‑on/‑in‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 4C Convey/bring object toward agent. 3sta. to be dirty. Pun-ihaklung nan golang nan nakaluggit an haklung. The child is dipping with a very dirty dipper. Dan-iyam nan taklem te nalugit. Wipe your hand because it is dirty.

lulok 1sta. to be deaf; refers to the inability to hear. Nalulok hi apu. My grandmother is deaf. Deke bo udot ya kahinlullokon da ot inila takun adida unudon intugun taku. If they keep pretending to be deaf, then, we know that they will not follow what we advised. ma‑/na‑, kahin‑ ‑on. 6A Physiological Process - State. Sim: pukit. (sem. domains: 2.5.4.3 - Deaf.) 2proc. refers to the process of becoming deaf. Mungkalulok te naam-ama. He is becoming deaf because he is getting old. mungka‑. 3caus. the affix gives prominence to the cause of becoming deaf. Lumulok nan buduk di palattug. The burst of guns causes deafness. ‑um‑/‑imm‑.

lumii sta. to be sweet, the taste of food. Malumii nan manggan kinan taku. The mango we ate is sweet. Makalummii tun kampem. Your coffee is very sweet. ma‑, maka‑. 6D Descriptives. Sim: ngalat, pait, hangliw. (sem. domains: 2.3.3 - Taste.)

makaC2- (makang-) mod. this prefix is an intensifying modal forming a stative that describes a characteristic of a person. <The second consonant of the root is geminated.> Kahinlamlampahuwona takon di makahigga. He pretends to be polishing (the floor) although he is actually a very lazy person. Makanginnum ka gayam. You are a habitual drinker. (drunkard) Hiya ya makalukkut. He is a chain smoker. Makadinnol ka. You are over-confident. Makakalli diyen tagu. That fellow is very talkative.

nuN- -an₁ 1TACR. this circumfix cross-references a time or place noun phrase. Handih nun-ap-apuwan di Ippangyol hitud Pilipinas ya waday immalid Kiangan. During the Spanish rule in the Philippines, some of them to Kiangan. Nakaluggit nan eyu nungkekeyan. The place you went swimming is very dirty. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.) 2TACR. this circumfix encodes the concept of distributing an action or activity over time, space, or participants; non-past tense; cross-references agent-subject. Nuntotobbalan dah diyen aton da ot gutudon day algo. They agreed to do that and set a date. 3nom. nominalizes a non-noun form. Indani udot ya wada on tagun nanibon hiya ot baddanganan ianamut hi nunhituwan mid Longnga. Fortunately, a man was passing by and saw him and brought him to our house in Longnga.

pinit 1comm. a bright red berry; a wild berry, like a raspberry. Makalummii nan pinit. The pinit-berry is very sweet. (sem. domains: 5.2.3.1.2 - Food from fruit.) 2intrans. to gather wild berries. Eda maminit nadan u-unga nah muyung. The children are going to gather pinit-berries in the forest. maN‑/naN‑.
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