Search results for "ketuwe"

ketuwe dem. this; a member of Set 5 demonstrative pronouns; has endophoric reference; refers to a time or place that has previously been introduced into the communication; may also refer to a previously introduced object when the agent-subject has been moved to the pre-verb position; the only time the form refers without a co-occurring determiner or linker is when it occurs at the end of a clause or sentence. Pakannomnomon yuy mipanggep ketuwe ten mibakbakillang kayu nah hilong. (Psalm 4:4c) Think carefully about this when you are lying down at night. (sem. domains: 9.2.3.5 - Demonstrative pronouns.)

ketuwen dem. this; the form is based on ketuwe, a member of Set 5 demonstrative pronouns and the linker an. Ketuwen algo, umali ka. On this day, you come. Ketuwen algo ya ume taku. On this day we are leaving. (sem. domains: 9.2.3.5 - Demonstrative pronouns.)

ketuwey demonstrative predicate. this is/was; the form is based on ketuwe, a member of Set 5 demonstrative pronouns, and the linker di or its allomorph n. Wada ketuwey panton mumpae nah kuwartuh nangappit hi north. (Ezekiel 40:38a) There was this entry to the room that faced north. (sem. domains: 9.2.3.5 - Demonstrative pronouns.)

ke datuwe (n. ph. of datuwe) dem. these; the plural form of the ketuwe member of Set 5 demonstrative pronouns. <The determiner ke or its allomorph n that attaches to a preceding word that ends in a vowel must co-occur.> Ammunah APU DIOS an damanan mangat ke datuwe. (Isaiah 40:12e) It is only God who is able to do these things. (sem. domains: 9.2.3.5 - Demonstrative pronouns.)

almot 1to feel upset 1.1intrans. to feel or show bad feelings about something that is said or done. Adika umalmot hi pangalyak ketuwe. Don’t resent what I’m going to tell you. um/imm . (sem. domains: 3.4.2.3 - Angry.) 1.2intrans. to be feeling resentful or peeved. Mun-al-almot te ugge naunud nan pinhod nan maat. He is feeling peeved because the way he wanted something done was not followed. muN/nuN. 2C Emotion and sensation. 2trans. to be upset or peeved about something, with the source of the feeling in focus. Almotanay ongal an kalik. She is peeved at my loud voice. ‑on/‑in‑.

ap-apu₁ 1comm. headman; leader; master; ruler. Hiyay ap-apu ketuwen boble. He is the leader of this village. (sem. domains: 4.6.4 - Rule.) 2intrans. to lead; to rule. Hiyay mun-ap-apu. He will be the one to lead. muN‑/nuN‑. der. mun-ap-apu der. pun-ap-apuwan

bagi 1exispred. to own; to belong to; to possess; predicates the existence of something that is owned. Bagik. It is mine. Dahdiy kon bagi ketuwe? Who owns this? Bagim hituwe. This is yours. (sem. domains: 6.8.1.1 - Own, possess.) 2trans. to own or claim something that is not originally yours. Ibagim tun liblu hin bidbidok. You will own this book after I read it. Bagiyon yu nan bale. You will own the house. Maid di mabagi yu. You will own nothing. i‑/iN‑, ‑on/‑in‑, ma‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

bo damdama adv. this compound adjunct expresses two concepts; one is an event that is repeated, i.e. again; the other concept is a different agent(s) is involved, i.e. also. Hi udum hi algo ya kalyon yuh iimbabale yuy mipanggep ketuwen himpappangen naat ne ahida damdama kalyon hi iimbabale da ne ahida bo damdama kalyon dadiyeh imbabale da. (Joel 1:3) In the future tell your children about this terrible happening, then they will also tell their children and then, they will again also tell their children. (This implies passing the story from generation to generation.) Additive.

e 1to go. 1.1intrans. to move from one place to another; volitional movement with a starting point and a destination; locomotion in a direction away from speaker. <This verb form may appear uninflected and is frequently attached as a pro-clitic to the agent-subject pronoun or the main verb.> Umeyak hi bale. I am going to our house. Imme dah hilong ot muntalu da nah e-elena. They went while it was dark and hid outside of the camp. Eda manibo nadan nangipaptok ketuweh udum an makan mu maid. They (those in charge) went to look for more food but nothing was left. Matukatukal ka an e makitugatugal te mapat-al ya hilong di puntutugalan yu. You stay awake at night to go and join in gambling because your gambling goes on night and day. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 7.2 - Move.) 1.2trans. to go and take something with oneself. <The object is cross-referenced.> Iem tun kanon nadan mungngunuh payo. Take the food of the people working in the fields. i‑/iN‑. 1.3trans. the time or place is cross referenced; when or from where someone is leaving. Kon-anay umayan dad Baguio? When are they leaving for Baguio? Ad uwaniy umayan da. They are leaving now. ‑um‑ ‑an/‑imm‑ ‑an. 2intrans. to go towards a specific direction. Mumpaed da-ul nan ahu. The dog went towards the lower area. mumpa‑/numpa‑. 3nom. the place where one goes is cross-referenced; may be used as a greeting. Pangayan yu? Where are you going? Deket naagangan ka ya dakol di pangayan. If you are hungry, there are many places to go. paN‑ ‑an. 4caus. to cause someone or something to go; release or free from prison or an enclosed space. Impae dah Jose an nibalud. They released Jose from jail. Impae na nan tudok. He sent that letter. Impaen Maria hi Juan hi market. Maria sent Juan to market. ipa‑/impa‑. (sem. domains: 7.2.6.4 - Set free.) der. paki-ki-ayan der. pangi-e id. imme infl. ie infl. ine infl. maki-e infl. mange infl. pae infl. pangayan infl. umayan infl. ume

hi det. 1a determiner that marks any noun referring to a person, including kin terms and proper names. <Morphophonology: When the preceding word ends in a vowel, the vowel ‘i’ of the determiner is reduced, and the consonant ‘h’ is attached to the preceding word.> Hi Juan di nangidat ketuwe. It was Juan who gave this. Takon maka-atung on kinawot da ta ialo dah ibba da. Even if it’s very hot, they grab it and throw it at their companions. (sem. domains: 9.2.3.5 - Demonstrative pronouns.) 2marks a definite place that is not a proper noun. Kay anhan ya idatong dah boble ta inay-un dah dolan di himmagabi. Sooner or later, the hagabi-bench will arrive in the village brought by the men and to the yard of the man performing the ceremony. 3marks an indefinite direct or indirect object noun; the marked noun is not cross-referenced by the affix on the verb. Tawagam hi Tayaban ta bumano kah pihhuna. Call Tayaban and borrow money from him. “Maule ot di bibiyo te umidat hi kendi, hiya ina,” an kanak bo. “Fairies are kind because they give candy, isn’t that right, mother?” I said again. 4marks an embedded nominalized clause that expresses a reason for a condition or state in the main clause. An daana udot di pangal-am hi em itugatugal? Where do you get the money to be continuously gambling? hantuh hidiye

kipuunan nom. refers to the foundation or the logical basis for something described or explained. Kinali halipat-an takut maphod am-in di aton taku ya kalyon taku te ketuwen tugun di kipuunan di ahina punhumalyaan ke ditaku. (James 2:12b) That’s why we should be careful about everything that we do and say because this advice is based on the fact that he (God) will judge us. Sim: nipuunan. (sem. domains: 3.2.1.5 - Logical.)

kon₁ int. question marker, marks a yes-no question, usually used for confirming; may also be used as a rhetorical question marker. Kon pinhod mun e makih-od? Do you want to join in waiting? “Kon matiboy bibiyo?” kanan bon ina. “Can you see a fairy?” mother said. Kon tuwali waday kimmadangyan hi tugal? Was there ever one who became a rich man through gambling? “Kay na ot kanan di Lata. Ina, kon wada damdamay nangang-angam ketuwen bibiyo?” kanak. “It was like she said Lata. Mother, have you also seen this fairy?” I asked. (sem. domains: 3.5.1.5 - Ask.)

madam (sp. var. mam) comm. respectful address of female of status or authority; madam; ma’am. Hi madam di nangituddu ketuwe. Madam was the one who taught us this. Mam, uggek kinapya nan ngunuk. Ma’am, I did not do my work. (sem. domains: 2.6.5.2 - Woman.) Language Of Borrowing: English.

maN- 1TACR. the prefix encodes a non-past tense and cross-references a topicalized subject-agent; it co-occurs with Classes 4 and 5 verbal roots. <Morphophonology: The N in the form symbolizes a nasal that assimilates to the point of articulation of the first consonant of the root, and then, reduces the consonant. If the first consonant of the root is followed by the ‘o’ vowel, the vowel will also be reduced.> Eda manibo nadan nangipaptok ketuweh udum an makan mu maid. Those in charge tried to look for more food but nothing was left. Himmawwang nadan tatagun e manggop ke dida ot pumpate da dida. The raiding people came out and started to attack them to kill them. Da Juan ke Maira din mange. It’s Juan and Maria who are passing by. Sim: naN-. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.) 2asp. the prefix encodes a present continuative aspect; it co-occurs with roots that have an innate punctiliar aspect. Manatong kami nah ohan bale ya namodwongak an nanibo nah ohan lalaki. As we were arriving near one of the houses, I was surprised to see a man. Hay kalyona ya, kediyen hilong an manganamut, an gawan mon di hilong... He explained to us that the night before while he was on his way home at about midnight... (sem. domains: 8.4.5 - Relative time.)

mumbinnaddang (sp. var. mumbaddang) rec. to help one another in work. Munbaddang kayun mangingunu ketuwe. Help each other work on this. Munbibinnaddang taku nah ahiani. Let us help one another during harvest time. muN‑ ‑inn‑/nuN‑ ‑inn‑.

naN- -an top. this circumfix topicalizes and cross-references a time or place; past tense. Ad Kiangan di nangayan da. Kiangan is the place where they went. Daanay em nangamungan ketuwen pagey? Where did you gather this rice? Sim: maN- -an; Sim: paN- -an. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.)

ot₂ 1adv. a limiting modifier; not exactly or entirely, but very nearly. Nalgab ot hi bale. The house almost burned down. Kay na ot kanan di Lata. Ina, kon wada damdamay nangang-angam ketuwen bibiyo? kanak. “It was like she said Lata. Mother, have you also seen this fairy?” I asked. Limiting and maximizing. (sem. domains: 8.1.5.8.1 - Approximate.) 2adjunct. expresses an uncertain contraexpectation. Maule ot di bibiyo te umidat hi kendi, hiya ina? an kanak bo. “Mother, fairies are kind aren’t they because they give us candy,” I said. Attitudinal. 3adv. about to go and do something. {When the e form is combined with the adverb ot, the implication is that someone was about to go and do something but did not do it at that time.} comp. deya ot an comp. ot tuwali

paris 1comm. pair. Iyam di ohan paris an apatut. Give me one pair of shoes. (sem. domains: 8.1.1.5 - Numbered group.) 2intrans. to pair two things. Mumparis nan ginattang mun bulwati ketuwe. The dress you bought is paired with this. muN‑/nuN‑. 3trans. to pair one thing with another. Iparis mu maingit an bulwatim nah mangitit an pantalon. Pair your red blouse with your black pants. Parisan yu nan manuk an indat apu. Pair the chicken grandfather gave with another. i‑/iN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 3C Move something and combine it with or attach it to something else.. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: par.