kiwa (sp. var. kiwal) trans. to stir; to mix things together by stirring. Ikiwam nan kapem. Stir your coffee. An nikiwa tun kapek? Is my coffee stirred? Uggan mu kiwalon nan niha-ang ta adi mageeng. Often stir the thing being cooked so that it will not be charred. Mungkiwa dah semento. They are mixing concrete. Nadandani on ingkiwam ta gagalan mabao. Now and then, stir the rice so that it will cool off quickly! i‑/iN‑, mi‑/ni‑, ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 3E Move and object directionally. (sem. domains: 7.5.3 - Mix.) der. pungkiwa
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kiwang₂ 1intrans. to move out of the way; to step aside. Kumiwang kayu ni-an ta ipalah-un da tun karga. Please give way for a while so that they can bring out this cargo. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2A Movement from one place to another. (sem. domains: 7.2 - Move.) 2trans. to move aside or make way for someone or something. Ikiwangan yu nadan tumikkid. Give way for those who are going up. i‑ ‑an/iN‑ ‑an.
lawang comm. planting season, the rice seedlings are transplanted from the seed bed to the field. [Transplanting of seedlings from seed beds to paddies takes place from early December through January.] general: Some speakers call this season kiwang, rather than lawang. Cal: iwang, lawang, ti-algo, ahitul-u, ahiani. (sem. domains: 6.2 - Agriculture.)
daplug (sp. var. duplug) knock over. 1.1trans. to knock over by bumping or overrunning as a flood. Kumaan kah na te idaplug dakan hiya. Get out of there because he will knock you over. Nidaplug nan ung-ungngan um-umbun te munhihilong an adi matibo. The child sitting there was knocked over because it was night and she couldn’t be seen. Nan olwang ya indaplug nah baleda. That flood, it overran their house. i‑/iN‑, mi‑/ni‑. (sem. domains: 7.7.1 - Hit.) 1.2trans. to knock over, involves the manner or reason for the action. Ikiwangan yu ot din mangali te kay nuwang an umidaplug. Give way to the one coming because he will knock you over like a carabao. Pun-idaplug muy ubunan te adim tibon di dalanom. You knock the seat over because you don’t look where you are going. Mamtikak ya wada da nan nitanom nah pangidalanak ot pun-idaplug ku. I was running and there were plants in my way so I knocked them over. umi‑, puN‑ i‑. 1.3trans. to bump someone or something. Immali ot daplugonak ot bumtik. He came and bumped me and ran away. ‑on/‑in‑.
geeng 1trans. to char or to burn something. Geengom tun papel. Burn this paper. Dahdiy munggeeng tuh basura? Who will burn the trash? Tibom ta adi mageeng nan inhibak mun aba. See to it that the yams you boiled will not be burned. Uggan mu kiwalon nan niha-ang ta adi mageeng. Often stir the thing being cooked so that it will not be burned. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑, ma‑/na‑. 4A Change the structure of object. Sim: puul, gohob. (sem. domains: 5.5.4 - Burn.) 2proc. to cause a sensation of burning. Gumeeng di apul hi dila. Lime burns the tongue. ‑um‑/‑imm‑.
ha-ang (sp. var. haang) 1to cook. 1.1trans. to cook food. Nganney inha-ang mu? What did you cook? Na-ala ot ikamom nan asukar nah arina ot ihaang mu You just mix the sugar with the flour and then you cook it. i‑/iN‑. Class 3D Move object with resulting change of state. Sim: bang-ot, apin. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Cooking methods.) 1.2intrans. the activity of cooking is in view, rather than the specific thing being cooked. Munha-ang kah ihda. You cook viand. 1.3trans. to cook in a particular utensil. Deket palhu di pangiha-angam, mahapul an uggan mu ikiwa ta mun-iingngoy lutu na. If a skillet is used to cook, it is necessary to stir the rice from time to time so that it will be cooked evenly. pangi‑ ‑an . 2nom. cooking. <
> Hay bangan nakai-ustuy hukap nay maphod an punha-angan hi pihing. A well-covered pot is best for cooking gabi. puN‑ ‑an. der. hina-ang infl. mana-ang The circumfix puN- -an derives a nominalized form.
hagmuk trans. to sprinkle or scatter powder or other dried substance. Pun-ihagmuk nan iniggid mu di binokbok yaden pun-ikiwan di winawwan mu. As you sprinkle the yeast over the rice with your left hand, you keep stirring with your right. i‑/iN‑, puN‑ i‑. 3B Move and release object. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Separate, scatter.)
ingngo 1intrans. to be similar; to be alike; to resemble; to be equal. Nun-ingngo di bulwati da. They have the same clothes. Adinadaman eka miingngon nah apum. You cannot be equal to your boss. muN‑, mi‑. Sim: obot, umat, paddung. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206.1 - Same.) 2trans. to imitate; to follow or copy what someone does. Ining-ingo nay pungkalkalin inana. She imitated the way her mother talks. Ing-ingo nay pumbulwatin tulang na. She imitates the way her sister dresses. Iingngo yu nah kinapya dan ubunan. Imitate (make one the same) the chair that they made. i‑/iN‑. 3I Direct an action toward an object. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Meet a standard.) 3sta. to be identical. Naka-ingngoy angada te dappilda. Their faces are identical because they are twins. naka‑. 4proc. to become the same. Deket palhu di pangiha-angam, mahapul an uggan mu ikiwa ta mun-iingngoy lutu na. If a skillet is used, it is necessary to stir the rice from time to time so that it will be cooked evenly. muN‑ i‑. der. kaingngo der. kiingngohan
1this prefix encodes non-past tense, durative time aspect; it cross-references the subject and is the default affix for Class 1 verbal roots. < . TACR > Mungngahngahak yaden mungkaliyak hi bale mi. I gasped for breath and yet I shouted at our house. Itikod mun muntugal an ap-apuk. Stop gambling, grandson. An mun-in-inop ka? Inid-onah nunhina-ob an pukol ku. “Are you dreaming?” She held me by my shoulders. 2non-past tense, signals a durative aspect activity rather than a punctiliar action when co-occuring with a transitive verbal root, cross-references subject. Dakol kami an naamung nah plaza an munhood kamih lugan. Many of us gathered at the plaza to wait for a ride. Ta mundadaan dah ibaddang dan hiya. So that they will prepare whatever they will give to help. Katatakut pay an e bumah-el te dakol di talak an muntutun-ud. It is even dangerous to cross the street since there are many buses lined up one after the other. 3when the prefix co-occurs with the reduplicant CV(C)-, it encodes non-past tense, durative-continuative aspect and cross-references the subject. Deket palhu di pangiha-angam, mahapul an uggan mu ikiwa ta mun-iingngoy lutu na. If a skillet is used, it is necessary to stir the rice from time to time so that it will be cooked evenly. Mumpaypaytuk ya mungkuli. She was jumping up and down and screaming. 4when this affix co-occurs with Class 6 verb roots, it changes statives to durative processes; it encodes non-past tense and cross-references the subject. Mihmihdi nah munhihilong ya nah kakaiw an dakol di hapang nan mahdol di tubuna. It stays in dark places (becoming dark) or in trees with thick, leafy branches. Deket dakol di binokbok na ya mapul-ukan an mumpait. When too much binokbok-yeast is used, the wine will become bitter. 5the prefix derives verbs from nouns; it encodes non-past tense and cross-references the subject. Ya pinhod ot Mayor ya dakol day binabain mun-ampuyo. What the Mayor wanted was that many women would wear the Ifugao skirt. Mumboga da ya mungkail da. They prepare rice and make wine. Adina itikod an mumbaki te wadanwaday takut na an kumpulmin tiempu ya mate. He does not stop doing the rituals because his fear is that he might die at anytime. 6the prefix encodes non-past tense, reflexive and cross-references both the subject and object expressed in a single noun phrase. Mahapul an mamitlu kan mun-amo ohan algo. You have to take a bath three times a day (bathe yourself). Imme dah hilong ot muntalu da nah e-elena. They went while it was dark and hid themselves outside of the camp. Morphophonology: The velar consonant in coda position assimilates to the point of articulation of the first consonant in the root.
nadandani (der. of dani) advpred. refers to indefinite intervals of time related to actions or events. Nadandani on immalih tu. Every now and then, he comes here. Nadandani on ingkiwam ta gagalan mabao. Now and then, stir it (the rice) so that it will cool quickly. Nadandani on in-ohnong na ta ang-angona nadan oggan tumul-un dolog nah liting. From time to time, Bugan would stop walking and look at the fish that came to the surface of the water. ma‑/na‑. Time. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168.2 - Sometimes.)
palhu comm. a small frying pan with handle; a skillet. Ulaham din palhu ta ipulituk tun dolog. Wash the frying pan so I can fry this fish. Deket palhu di pangiha-angam, mahapul an uggan mu ikiwa ta mun-iingngoy lutu na. If a skillet is used, it is necessary to stir the rice from time to time so that it will be cooked evenly. Sim: tinapiyan, banga, palyuk. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Cooking utensil.)
pangi- -an₁ top. this circumfix cross-references a topicalized place, instrument or beneficiary semantic roles or modal word or phrase; non-past tense. Deket palhu di pangiha-angam, mahapul an uggan mu ikiwa ta mun-iingngoy lutu na. If a skillet is used, it is necessary to stir the rice from time to time so that it will be cooked evenly. Intibon ama nah pottok nan pumpangituludan dan hiya ya inang-ang na. My father looked in the direction where they were pushing him and he saw it. Nagibbu ke nan kapkapyan di hagabi, kalyon day algoh pangihakyatan da. When the hagabi-bench is completed, they set the day that it will be brought home. Dahdiy pangidatan nah pihu? To whom will the money be given? Sim: nangi- -an.
pun-i- distr. this prefix encodes distributive or directional components and cross-references the direct object, Class 3 verbal root; non-past tense. <
> Takon di hilot ya pun-ialo da ten nap-uy dayakkot. When the rice is gone, some naughty ones throw dung at each other. Pun-igatang nah mainum ta in-inummon da nah ibbana. He buys drinks for his friends. Pun-ihagmuk nan iniggid mu di binokbok yaden pun-ikiwan di winawwan mu. As you sprinkle the yeast over the rice with your left hand, you keep stirring with your right. Pun-ikayat nah tawang da. He is climbing through their window. Pun-ibtik nay gamgam. He is running away with something valuable. Sim: impuN--, puN- -on. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Verb affixes.) The pun- form has the distributive or directional conponents, while the i- cross references the direct object.
uma₂ sta. refers to something that ceases to exist; to be used up; to be consumed; to disappear, e.g. salt/sugar dissolved in liquid, the melting of ice. Inkiwana nan ahin nah liting inggana nauman am-in. He stirred the salt into the water until it was thoroughly dissolved. Nauma nan pihu. The money was spent (lit. used up) Loktat mo anhan ya nauman am-in di odon da. Soon enough, nothing was left of their heirlooms. ma‑/na‑. 6C Process or state of inamimate objects. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Become, change state.) id. nauma nan pihhu