Search results for "lugan"
kakulugana (der. of kulug) nom. the correct interpretation is; truthfully. Hay kakulugana ya naatuwak. Truthfully, I’m tired./The truth is, I’m tired. Hay kakulugana ya am-in tun matibom ya bagik. The truth is that everything you see is mine. Hay kakulugana ya maid di pumpiliyan da. Truthfully, they have no choice. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - True.)
lugan 1comm. conveyance on wheels. Waday lugan da. They have a vehicle. Maid di lugan ad da-ul. There is no vehicle downtown. Sim: takke. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52.1 - Vehicle.) 2to ride. 2.1intrans. to ride a vehicle or animal; to load something in a vehicle. Munlugan ka hi trisikel. Ride in a tricycle. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206 - Travel by land.) 2.2trans. to take something on a vehicle. Ilugan mu nan bulhe te madam-ot. Load the beans in a vehicle because it is heavy. i‑/iN‑. (sem. domains: 7.3.1 - Carry.)
takke 1intrans. to ride on an animal or in a vehicle. Muntakke ka nah nuwang. Ride the carabao. Muntakke dah talak an umed Asipulo. They will ride a vehicle going to Asipulo. muN‑/nuN‑. 1A Movement with a manner component. Sim: lugan. (sem. domains: 7.2 - Move.) 2trans. to mount and sit astride a horse or carabao. Takkayam nan kabayu. Mount the horse. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 3trans. for a person or cargo to ride in a vehicle. Itakkem nadan saku nah pingngit di kalata. Load those sacks beside the road. Dakol di damanan mitakke adi ya abuh ginattut mo udum nat linibu pay. Many people can ride and it is not only the hundreds but sometimes by the thousands even. (on an airplane) i‑/iN‑, mi‑/ni‑.
akaw adjunct. expression of dismay or disappointment; good grief; oh no. Eka ke ibagan Sakai hin mabalin an makilugan takuh kotsa da. Akaw, adiyak te bumainak. Would you go and ask Sakai if we can ride with him in his car? Oh no, I will not because I would be embarassed. Interjection. (sem. domains: 9.2.7 - Interjections.)
CV intensifier. the reduplication of the first syllable of a verbal root is the form of a morpheme that encodes intensity; very. Mihmihdi nah munhihilong ya nah kakaiw an dakol di hapang nan mahdol di tubuna. It stays in very dark places or in trees with thick, leafy branches. Anakkayang peman hi Bugan tipet eka humahallaman an ume yaden maid ni-an di lugan. Wow (how excited you must be) Bugan, why do you go very early when there are no jeepneys yet. Gadgadam nan bila te dakol di lamut na ya napipitok. Scrape the tubers because they have many roots and they are very muddy.
dungpup trans. 1to punch someone. Adika kumalikali te dungpupon da man di tokom. Don’t keep on talking because they will punch you in the mouth. ‑on/‑in‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. (sem. domains: 7.7.1 - Hit.) 2to bump into; to crash into; for a vehicle to run over someone or something. Dungpupon dakan talak hin nah kalata di pun-ay-ayyayan mu. A truck will run-over you if you play in the street. Nidungpup nan lugan nah ongal an batu. The vehicle bumped against the big stone. ‑on/‑in‑ mi‑/ni‑. 3E Move an object directionally. Sim: dungpal.
eka pers. you, singular; the form is a compound of the marker e and the 2nd person, singular personal pronoun, a member of Set 2; the form is preposed before the verb, encodes the subject grammatical relation and is cross-referenced by the affix on the verb. Tipet eka humahallaman an ume yaden maid ni-an di lugan. Why do you go so very early when there are no rides/jeepneys yet. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.)
itlug 1comm. egg. Ihibak mu nan itlug. Boil the egg. (sem. domains: 5.2 - Food.) 2intrans. to lay eggs. Makangngitlug tun manok ku. My hen lays many eggs. Nun-itlug nan manuk di linggu. The hen laid an egg last Sunday. muN‑/nuN‑. 3comm. a nest for laying eggs. Wada nah daulon di pun-itlugan nan gawgawa. The nest of the duck is under the house. Duway dalanom ta ahim datngan di bulan. (itlug)(riddle) You take two steps before you reach the moon. (refers to the removal of the shell and white of an egg before reaching the yolk) pun‑ ‑an.
kahon 1comm. wooden box; crate. Ipal-um mu nan balat nah kahon. Ripen the bananas in the wooden box. Ihaad mu nan ukkon nah kahon. Place the puppy inside the wooden box. Sim: kaban₂. (sem. domains: 6.7.7 - Container.) 2trans. to place in a box. Nikahon nan impaalin tulang ku yaden binukatan yu pay. The one sent by my sister was placed in a box and yet you still opened it. Pun-ikahon yu datuwe ta ahi taku munlugan. Put these in boxes before we ride. Dahdi boy nangikahon an uggek binilang. Who again put it in the box when I did not count it? Naane bulwatim te ingkahon mu nabayag. Your clothes have been eaten by termites because they have been in a box for a long time. i‑/iN‑, mi‑/ni‑, puN‑ i‑, mangi‑/nangi‑. 3A Move and position at site. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Put in.) Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: caja. der. kinahon
kami pers. we exclusive; first person, plural, exclusive pronoun; member of Set 2 subject; cross-referenced by verbal affix. Maid kami hidi handi hilong. We were not there last night. Nun-ampuyo kamin am-in an binabai. All of us women wore the Ifugao skirt. Maphod te immaliy dakol hi lugan ot ume kami. Luckily there were many rides so that we could go. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.)
ladaw sta. to be late. Naladawak bo. I’m late again. Lumadaw nan munlugan tah adi paka-en tolak. A cause for being late is riding a vehicle that is slow. Adik pinhod an ekayu maladaw, kanan inada. I don’t want you to be late, their mother said. ma‑/na‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 6C Process or state of inanimate objects. (sem. domains: 8.4.6 - Aspectual time.) infl. maladaw infl. munladaw
lah-ot trans. to bar someone’s way; to stop the progress of something; to intercept someone or something. Lah-otom hi Tomas an mangali. Intercept Thomas who is coming. Eka lumah-ot hi punluganan taku. Go, stop a ride for us. ‑on/‑in‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 4F Adjacency/Adjoining actions. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168 - Prevent from moving.)
lok’a 1trans. to bring down something; to take something down from shelf. Lokahom nan hukup ta mangan taku. Bring down the rice basket (from the shelf) so we’ll eat. ‑on/‑in‑. 4C Convey/bring objects toward agent. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Lower something.) 2intrans. to come down; alight from a vehicle or animal; dismount. Munloka ka nah lugan. Come down from that vehicle. Lumka ka nah kabayu te nable. Dismount from the horse because it is tired. ‑um‑/‑imm‑, muN‑. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Move down.)
1this prefix encodes non-past tense, durative time aspect; it cross-references the subject and is the default affix for Class 1 verbal roots. < . TACR > Mungngahngahak yaden mungkaliyak hi bale mi. I gasped for breath and yet I shouted at our house. Itikod mun muntugal an ap-apuk. Stop gambling, grandson. An mun-in-inop ka? Inid-onah nunhina-ob an pukol ku. “Are you dreaming?” She held me by my shoulders. 2non-past tense, signals a durative aspect activity rather than a punctiliar action when co-occuring with a transitive verbal root, cross-references subject. Dakol kami an naamung nah plaza an munhood kamih lugan. Many of us gathered at the plaza to wait for a ride. Ta mundadaan dah ibaddang dan hiya. So that they will prepare whatever they will give to help. Katatakut pay an e bumah-el te dakol di talak an muntutun-ud. It is even dangerous to cross the street since there are many buses lined up one after the other. 3when the prefix co-occurs with the reduplicant CV(C)-, it encodes non-past tense, durative-continuative aspect and cross-references the subject. Deket palhu di pangiha-angam, mahapul an uggan mu ikiwa ta mun-iingngoy lutu na. If a skillet is used, it is necessary to stir the rice from time to time so that it will be cooked evenly. Mumpaypaytuk ya mungkuli. She was jumping up and down and screaming. 4when this affix co-occurs with Class 6 verb roots, it changes statives to durative processes; it encodes non-past tense and cross-references the subject. Mihmihdi nah munhihilong ya nah kakaiw an dakol di hapang nan mahdol di tubuna. It stays in dark places (becoming dark) or in trees with thick, leafy branches. Deket dakol di binokbok na ya mapul-ukan an mumpait. When too much binokbok-yeast is used, the wine will become bitter. 5the prefix derives verbs from nouns; it encodes non-past tense and cross-references the subject. Ya pinhod ot Mayor ya dakol day binabain mun-ampuyo. What the Mayor wanted was that many women would wear the Ifugao skirt. Mumboga da ya mungkail da. They prepare rice and make wine. Adina itikod an mumbaki te wadanwaday takut na an kumpulmin tiempu ya mate. He does not stop doing the rituals because his fear is that he might die at anytime. 6the prefix encodes non-past tense, reflexive and cross-references both the subject and object expressed in a single noun phrase. Mahapul an mamitlu kan mun-amo ohan algo. You have to take a bath three times a day (bathe yourself). Imme dah hilong ot muntalu da nah e-elena. They went while it was dark and hid themselves outside of the camp. Morphophonology: The velar consonant in coda position assimilates to the point of articulation of the first consonant in the root.
na- 1pass. this prefix derives the past tense passive form of Class 4 verbal roots. Dakol kami an naamung nah plaza an munhood kamih lugan. Many of us gathered at the plaza to wait for a ride. 2sta. past form of stative, co-occurs with stative verb roots.
para₂ 1adjunct. this word is said when riding a vehicle upon reaching a destination. Para! Hitu kami mo. Stop! We’ll get down here. Interjection. (sem. domains: 9.2.7 - Interjections.) 2v. to stop a vehicle to ride or alight. Mumpara nan nunlugan yaden ugge dingngol nan munmaneho. The passenger told the driver to stop but he did not hear. Mumpara kami handi nala-u kayu mu ugge yu intikod. We were asking you to stop when you passed by but you didn’t stop. Paraon yu nan tolak an mangali. Stop the vehicle that is coming. Paraom hin mipottok takuh bale. Stop the vehicle when we are directly in front of our house. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑on/‑in‑.
pohod 1to be valued as good. 1.1sta. to have the property of being good; to meet a standard of something to be desired or something that is favorable for someone; good, beautiful, nice. Maphod tun bulwatin indat da. This dress that they gave you is beautiful. He-ay kapkaphodan hi bale nah tud Kiangan. You have the nicest house in Kiangan. Maphod te immaliy dakol hi lugan ot ume kami. It was good because there were many rides so that we could go. Mabalin bon kalyok an maphod di memory na. I think he probably has a good memory too. ma‑, ka‑ CVC ‑an. 6D Descriptives. (sem. domains: 8.3.7 - Good.) 1.2advpred. to meet an accepted standard of appropriate or good behavior. Mumpohod kayun umbun. You sit properly. muN‑/nuN‑. Evaluative. 2to repair, fix or improve. 2.1trans. to cause something to become good, implies that something is in disrepair or less than good. <
> Adim piphod ke ha-oy te uggek inila. Don’t let me fix it (lit. make good) because I don’t know how. Iphod mu nan apuy ta adi gumanab. Fix the fire so that it won’t burn its surroundings. pi‑/impi‑, i‑/iN‑. 2.2caus. to improve the life or welfare of someone. Ipaphod Apu Dios di nitaguwan taku hin mundinol takun hiya. God will make our lives good if we trust in him. ipa‑/impa‑. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Bless.) 2.3trans. to show benevolence. Iphodam hi tulang mu takon di iboboh-ol daka. Show benevolence/favor to your brother even if he is always angry with you. i‑ ‑an/ iN‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 8.3.7 - Good.) 2.4intrans. to become better, i.e. to recover from sickness; get well. Kanom am-in tun agat kal-ina ot ya pumhod ka. Take all this medicine so that you can get well. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 2.5 - Healthy, 2.5.1 - Sick.) 3to love. 3.1trans. to love. Pohdom di ibbam an tagu umat hi naminhod muh adol mu. Love your fellow man as you love yourself. Impakappinhod daka. I love you very much (supremely). Pakappinhod ku mu bumainak an mangalkalin hiya. I love her very much but am ashamed to tell her. Adik pinhod an ihday amunin. I do not like to eat wildcat meat. ‑on/‑in‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. 3.2nom. the nominalized form is equivalent to the English noun ‘love’. Hay paminhod di immanhan an intanuttudun Jesus hanadah tatagu. Love is what Jesus emphasized in his teaching of people./Love is the focal point of Jesus’ teaching of people. Hay naminhod kun he-a ya maid di kiingngohana. My love for you is beyond comparison. paN‑/naN‑. 4trans. to love each other. Mumpohhodan da kinali nun-ine da. They love each other that is why they got married. muN‑ ‑an. 5advpred. try one’s best. Ip-iphod nat tobotbalon da. He is trying his best for their approval. i‑ CVC‑. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206 - Try, attempt, 8.3.7 - Good.) 6trans. to want or desire something; to like something. Pinhod kun mimih-ad kah library nah bakansen oras mu. I want you to spend most of your time in the library during your vacation. Imi-ingleyak an pinhod kun umanamut mo indani bo kaya ya uminghaak. I felt so lonely that I wanted to return home, but after a while I became adjusted. Adik pinhod an ihday amunin. I don’t like wildcat meat. ‑in‑. der. kiphodan der. maphod der. pamhod id. iphodan hi kali infl. iphod infl. kapkaphodan infl. pinhod infl. pumhod n. ph. pohod hi kali Morphology: paka-ip-iphod , superlative, to fix perfectly.