Search results for "mundogo"

Hongan di mundogo (n. ph. of Honga, mundogo) prop. ritual performed to cure sickness. (sem. domains: 4.9.5 - Practice religion.)

mundogo (infl. of dogo) intrans. to be sick. muN-/nuN-. (sem. domains: 2.5.1 - Sick.) n. ph. Hongan di mundogo

‑um‑ 1TACR. this infix is a default affix for Class 2 verbal roots; non-past tense, punctiliar aspect; cross references the subject. Umali nah langtay ya inang-ang nah Lammooy an dimpanay takle nat iadi nanno umeh Pangka. He came to the bridge and he saw Lammooy who extended his arm preventing Pangka to pass. Sim: ‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.) 2TACR. when affixed to transitive verbs, this infix encodes non-past and punctiliar aspect; it cross-references subject and expresses partitive quantification of the undergoer object. Umidat ka nah kankannom an tinapay. Give me some of the food you are eating. Kumaan ka nah dotag ta ihaang mu. Slice some of that meat and cook it. Sim: umi-. 3proc. when affixed to Class 6 verbs, this infix encodes a process incompletive aspect and cross-references the subject. Inun-unud day imbagan Pablo ot ahi pumhod nan unga. They did and the child got well. Wumotwot di tugal. Gambling makes a person become poor. 4TACR. this infix derives an intransitive process verb from a noun or adjective; it encodes incompletive aspect and cross-references the subject. Hay humagabi ya hay kadangyan. The man who performs the hagabi-ceremony must be rich. Deket maid di dayakkot ya adi dumanum nan ikail. If there is no glutinous rice to mix in, the preparation will not produce any juice at all. 5TACR. this infix encodes non-past tense and punctiliar or inceptive aspect and cross-references subject. Tinuttuduwak an kumali kali da. They taught me how to speak their language. Matibon mundogo, ot ibagana nadah aammod nan umayag dah mamakko. She was not evidently in good health so he advised the parents to call for a mamakko-shaman. Deket e mangan, umukmun ni-an hi mahampot an tubun di holok. Before it eats, it first swallows coarse grass.

aamm’od (infl. of ammod) comm. 1elders; ancestors; forefathers. [The traditional religion has been based on beliefs handed down by the Ifugao ancestors.] Hanadan aammod takuy nangapyah payo handih done. It was our ancestors who made the rice fields long ago. Hay pangi-e takud uwani ya nipuun hi pangi-en di aammod taku handi. Our ways today are based on the ways of our ancestors. Apu, damanan tontonom hanadan aammod ku? Grandfather, can you trace my ancestors? (sem. domains: 4.1.9.1 - Related by birth.) 2those who give birth to next generation; parents. Matibon mundogo, ot ibagana nadah aammod nan umayag dah mamakko. She was evidently not in good health. So he advised the parents to call for a mamakko-shaman. Imakaiw di aammod na. His parents are from the forested place.

agahan (infl. of aga) trans. to treat sickness with medicine. Hay agahan di doktor ya hay mundogo, bokon hay maid di dogona. (Luke 5:31) A doctor treats the sick person, not one who has no sickness. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5C Goal-oriented sites. (sem. domains: 2.5.7 - Treat disease.)

Amlag 1prop. a ritual, something is offered to the spirit of a dead relative. (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.) 2intrans. to gather clothing and other things such as ampuyo ‘skirt’, attake ‘necklace’ balko ‘belt’, coins and place them in a winnowing basket, ligau. They are then offered to a dead relative for appeasement. Mun-amlag da te mundogoh inada. They are performing the Amlag-ritual because their mother is sick. muN‑/nuN‑.

Apu Dios (comp. of apu, Dios) comm. the Christian God; the Lord God. Hi Apu Dios di nangidinolana. He entrusted it to God. Gulatna nin ta maid di mundogo nadah mangulug Apu Dios ke ya maid da nin di mumbaki. Maybe if none of those believing in God would become ill, maybe there would be no more pagan priests. Syn: Maknongan. (sem. domains: 4.9.2 - Supernatural being.)

attang trans. for two or more people to carry something. [Traditionally, sick people were carried in a woven sling or blanket hanging on a pole carried by two people, one at each end of the pole.] Iattang yu nan hinsakun boga. You two carry the sack of rice. Attangan yu nan kaiw. You two carry the wood. Mun-attang da. They help each other in carrying. In-attang dah ayod nan mundogo. They carried the sick in a hammock. i‑/iN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, muN‑/nuN‑. 3F Move something along with oneself. (sem. domains: 7.3.1 - Carry.)

ayod 1comm. a hammock-style cradle used for babies and small children. Ihaad mu nan kuyat nah ayod ta mahuyop. You put the child in his hammock-cradle so that he will sleep. Iyayong mu nan ayod. Swing the hammock-cradle back and forth. (sem. domains: 5.1 - Household equipment.) 2intrans. to use a hammock-cradle for a baby or for carrying a sick person to a doctor or hospital. Mun-ayod kayun tulang mu. Use the hammock-cradle with your sibling. Iayod mu nan golang ta mahuyop. Place the baby in the hamoock-cradle so he will sleep. Iayod yu nan mundogo. Use the hammock-cradle to carry the sick person. mun‑, i‑.

Bag’ol 1prop. the Ifugao gods, deities and spirits in general; many sub-classes exist. Deket mumbaki da ya idawatan da nadan bagol hi babuy. If they perform the baki they sacrifice pigs to the gods. Idawat da nadah bagol di kalyon da nah pumbakiyan da. They offer the gods what they say in their rituals. Tobotbalona diday bagol ya aammod ta dumalay-up da. He is invoking the gods and his ancestors so that they will bless (him). (sem. domains: 4.9.2 - Supernatural being.) 2intrans. to perform the bagol ritual. Mumbagol da te mundogoh amana. They are performing the bagol ritual because his father is sick. muN‑/nuN‑. Lourdes S. Dulawan: Ifugao Baki (Rituals for Man and Rice Culture) der. mumbagol n. ph. hambal di Bagol

baki 1comm. ritual, Ifugao sacrificial rite. [The traditional religion has many rites and rituals, all are classified under this generic name.] (sem. domains: 4.9.5.5 - Offering, sacrifice, 4.9.5 - Practice religion.) 2nom. the shaman-priest who performs the baki. <Although the prefix muN- derives a verb, the form functions as a nominal reference, referring to the person who performs the ritual. > Mungkama-id da mo nadan nakaginnilan mumbaki ya wada ke bo ya naka-am-amma da mo ya adida mo pakabbakiy tatagud uwani te hay pangulug da mo ke Apu Dios. Priests who perform the baki ritual are becoming few and if there are any they are very old and many people nowadays don’t perform the baki because of their faith in God. Gulat na nin ta maid di mundogo nadah mangulug ke Apu Dios ya maid da nin di mumbaki. Maybe if none of the believers in God become ill, there would be no more baki-priests. muN‑ . 3sta. refers to the deities or ancestors invoked in a ritual and are the recipients of the sacrifice offered. Mabaki nadan ammod na. His ancestors are invoked in the ritual. der. Mabaki der. mumbaki

bakilang 1intrans. to lie down on back; recline on back. Naka-atuwak ta pinhod kun mibakilang. I am so tired so I want to lie down. mi‑/ni‑. Sim: bakne, puku, baktad. (sem. domains: 7.1.3 - Lie down.) 2trans. to make someone lie down. Ibakilang mu nan mundogo nah kama. Make the sick person lie down on the bed. i‑/iN‑.

bel’et 1intrans. to hurry; to move or walk as fast as possible. Mumbelet an immanamut. He hurried as he went home. muN‑/nuN‑. Sim: butik. (sem. domains: 7.2.1.2 - Move quickly, 7.2.1.1 - Walk.) 2advpred. to hurry an action or activity. Beletan yu ta adi kayu mataynan. Walk fast so that you will not be left behind. Belebeletan Marya an mundallan ta wadan akhupanah Bugan. Marya walked fast so that she would be able to catch up with Bugan. Iblet yu nan mundogo nah ospital. Quickly take the sick person to the hospital. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, i‑/iN‑. Time.

bidung 1trans. to blow air into something; to inflate something. Mumbidung nadan u-ungah bola. The children are inflating balls. Bumidung kah duwan balloon. Inflate two balloons. Bidungom nan kabuut ta ay-ayyamon nadan u-unga. Inflate the pig’s bladder so the children can play with it. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑, ‑um‑. 4A Change the structure of an object. (sem. domains: 2.2.1 - Breathe, breath.) 2pass. to be blistered; to be swollen. Nabidung nan naatungan hi taklena. The burn on my hand is blistered. Nabidung nan angan nan am-aman mundogo. The face of the sick old man is swollen. ma‑/na‑.

danag 1intrans. to worry; to be anxious; to be concerned. Adika mundanag tulang ku mu mundasal ka ta baddangan dakan Apu Dios. Don’t be anxious, sister, but instead pray for God’s help. Dumanadanag hi inam te ugge ka immanamut. Your mother kept worrying because you did not come home. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑ ‑an‑. Sim: kagu. (sem. domains: 3.4.2.4.1 - Worried.) 2sta. Deket mungkahilong on madanagan hi inam ke he-a. When it is becoming dark your mother worries about you. Makadannaganak ad nakugab te mundogo nan golang. I was so worried yesterday because the baby was sick. ma‑ ‑an, maka‑ ‑an. 3caus. to cause worry or concern on the part of others. Adim padanagon di ammod mu. Do not make your parents worry. pa‑ ‑on. 4intrans. to be the one causing worry. Mangipadanag kan ad-addi ka umanamut. You are worrying us by not coming home. mangipa‑/nangipa‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano. infl. madanagan

dogo 1sickness. 1.1intrans. to be sick; to experience disease or ill health. Mundogo hi inana kinali ugge immali. Her mother is sick that’s why she did not come. Dehtu mo ahan an mundogowak. There, now I am really sick. Athidi bon mundogo ke ya adi pakaihwang hi adol na te maid moy innunan mumbaki. Also, if he gets sick then no one will do the pagan prayer for him. muN‑/nuN‑. Sim: ganna, bon-ag. (sem. domains: 2.5.1 - Sick, 2.5.2 - Disease.) 1.2intrans. to become sick at a point in time. Dumgo ka hin adika mangan. You will get sick if you do not eat. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2to become sick. 2.1trans. the cause of sickness is prominent. Adim taynan ni-an tun golang te idgo na ke ya nganne. Don’t leave the baby that long for he might get sick and what will I do? Inidgona nan ena nundanullukan. He got sick because he went walking in the rain. i‑. 2.2trans. to feel unwell. Waday dogdoghona. He does not feel well. ‑on/‑in‑. 3comm. a condition of poor health. Uggena inilay gapun di dogo. He doesn’t know the reason for illness. Hana ken tagun inipkod di bibiyo ya mundogoh dogon adi maagahan di doktor. And a person whose life is held by a bibiyo gets sick with an illness that cannot be cured by a doctor’s prescription. infl. mundogo

gamud trans. to curse someone who then becomes sick, dies, or becomes crazy. <Morphology: The infix ‑um- cross-references the one who curses. The circumfix ma‑ ‑an cross-references the one cursed.> Dakol day Ifugao hi nagamudan; mun-ango day udum, mundogo day udum on nate da, te hay naminhod da. Many Ifugao have been cursed; some became crazy, some sick and died because of love. ‑um‑/‑imm‑, ma‑‑an/na‑ ‑an. 2H General class. Sim: idut, dug-a, duhngil, Ayak, Hagoho, hiblot, bong’eg; Sim: Hagoho. (sem. domains: 4.9.4.4 - Curse.)

gulatna conj. signals a condition or situation that results in or would result in an event or situation that would be different had the preceding condition or situation not existed. if only; had it not been for. Gulatna ta ugge immali ya wadan umeyak ta ek tibon. If he had not come, I would have gone to see him. Gulatna ot ta waday pihhu ya wadan ugge nate. If there had been money then he would not have died. Gulatna nin ta maid di mundogo nadah mangulug ke Apu Dios ya maid da nin di mumbaki Maybe if none of the Christians would become ill, there would be no more shamans. Athidi bon gulatnat mama-id am-in di mumbaki ta hiya ya abuy matdaan Like that also, if there are no shamans except for him (sem. domains: 9.6.2.8 - Condition.) der. munggulat

hapud 1trans. to invoke spirits by chewing betelnut, then blowing on the affected person to remove pain or itches caused by a spirit, e.g. pile, bibiyo, ammod or tamyo spirits. Ihap-ud mu ta makaan nan kinalat di kamiling. Blow away so that the itches caused by the ikamiling-tree will vanish. i‑/iN‑. 3I Direct an action toward an object. (sem. domains: 4.9.5.4 - Religious ceremony.) 2comm. a breath blown on a sick person. Ammunay hap-ud na yaden pinumhod nan mundogo. Only his breath and the sick one got well.

Honga 1prop. a ritual to cure a sick person or to gain prestige involving a sacrifice and a feast or to bless the planting of rice. Waday Honga ad Tuplak. There’s a Honga-prestige feast at Tuplak. (sem. domains: 4.9.5 - Practice religion.) 2intrans. to perform the Honga ritual. Munhonga da te mundogoh amada. They will perform the Honga-ritual because their father is sick. muN‑/nuN‑. 3trans. to perform the Honga ritual for someone who is sick. Hong-om hi inam ta adi daka ibaag hi tagu. Perform the Honga-ritual for your mother (understood that she is sick) so that people will not say bad things about you. ‑on/‑in‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. n. ph. Hongan di mundogo n. ph. Hongan di page

ihid-ip (infl. of hid-ip) trans. to pay someone a quick visit. Em ihid-ip hi tulang mu te mundogo. Pay your brother a visit because he is sick. i‑/iN‑. (sem. domains: 4.2.1.4 - Visit.)

iladyu (der. of ladyu) intrans. to air a report on the radio. Inladyu dan mundogoh amam kinali umanamut ka. They aired it on the radio that your father is sick that is why you should go home. i‑/iN‑. (sem. domains: 3.5.9.1 - Radio, television.)

innun advpred. the way of doing something; course of action or decision-making; the means for doing something. Maid innun an e mungngunu te maid di mun-adug. There’s no way to go and work because there is no one to babysit. Athidi bon mundogo ke ya adi pakaihwang hi adol na te maid moy innunan mumbaki. Also, if he gets sick then no one will do the pagan-prayer for him. Hay nungkakaten mumbaga ya maid di innunan mumbaki ta iappitana dida. Someone who is dead might ask for something (be in need), then, he has no way of offering to them. ‑an. Manner. Sim: aton. (sem. domains: 9.5.1.4 - Way, manner.)

ke₁ (deke) conj. 1if; marks a conditional clause, hypothetical or real. Maid ke hi Juan ya uggeyak immali. If Juan had not been around I would not have come here. Athidi bon mundogo ke ya adi pakaihwang hi adol na te maid moy innunan mumbaki. Also, if he gets sick then no one will do the pagan prayer for him. Wada ke ot di pihhu yu ya balalan yu nan payo da. If only you had money then you could take the mortgage of their field. Subordinating conjunctions. (sem. domains: 9.6.2.8 - Condition.) 2follows a predicate and marks a time phrase or clause. <The allomorph y of the linker di is an enclitic.> Wada key dinatngan da, lingngo da ta potnon da. When they find a satisfactory tree, they fell it and remove the parts not needed. Mala-u key duwan hinlingguwan ya damanan hiitom nan baya ta inumon taku! After about two weeks, pour out the wine from the jar and we’ll drink with you. 3when; marks a time clause. Nadikhal ke nan kaiw ya mahapul an ihap-e. When the wood is split, we will have to dry it. Nagibbu ke nan kapkapyan di hagabi, kalyon day algoh pangihakyatan da. When the hagabi-bench is completed, they say the day that it will be brought home. (sem. domains: 9.2.5.2 - Clause conjunctions.)

Ketema (sp. var. Kitema) 1prop. a divination ritual; performed to determine what spirit being has caused the sickness. Sim: Pakko, Agba. (sem. domains: 4.9.4.6 - Prophecy, 4.9.5 - Practice religion.) 2intrans. to perform the ritual; may also refer to the one who performs the ritual. [This ritual is performed by a woman. As a medium she goes into a trance in order to perform the ritual.] Eda inang-ang nan mungketema. They went to see the one who performs the divination ritual. Mungketema da te mundogoh Mary. They are performing the Ketema-divination-ritual because Mary is sick. muN‑/nuN‑.

klinik 1comm. clinic. In-eda nan mundogo nah klinik. They brought the sick (person) to the clinic. (sem. domains: 2.5.7 - Treat disease.) 2intrans. to consult and conduct medical examinations. Mungklinik hi doktor hi bigat. The doctor will hold consultations tomorrow. muN‑/nuN‑. Language Of Borrowing: English.

kudukdul 1advpred. for something to be better or preferable to another thing to which it is compared. Kudukdul hin mungngunuwak te adiyak mundogo. It’s better if I work because I don’t get sick. Mu indani ya pimmalak bo ot nomnomonan kudukdulnay umanamut. But after awhile, she groaned again and so he decided it would be good to return home. Evaluative. (sem. domains: 9.3.1.3 - To a larger degree.) 2trans. to prefer a specific action over another. Kudukdulok di umanamut mu nan eyak mun-iyan hitu. I would prefer to go home than to overnight here. Pakudukdulok di mundaldallan mu hay um-umbun. I prefer to walk about rather than to be sitting down. ‑on/‑in‑, pa‑ ‑on. 4E Perception and Cognition. (sem. domains: 3.3.1.2 - Choose.) 3proc. for something to improve; become better. Kimmudukdul di giknak handi tinibo daka. My feeling became better when I saw you. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 9.1.1.2 - Become, change state.)

kulug 1to believe. 1.1trans. to believe in something or someone. Kulugon da nan kinalina yaden makallay-a. They believed in what he told them yet he is a liar. Ditaku ken Ipugaw ya kulugon takun wadaday bibiyo weno pinading. We Ifugaos believe that there are bibiyo spirits or pinading spirits. ‑on/‑in‑ . (sem. domains: 3.2.5.1 - Believe.) 1.2trans. the affix cross-references those who believe; believers; Christians. Gulatna nin ta maid di mundogo nadah mangulug ke Apu Dios ya maid da nin di mumbaki. Maybe if none of the Christians (lit. those who believe in God) would become ill, there would be no more priests of the traditional religion. maN‑. (sem. domains: 4.9.7.1 - Religious person.) 2intrans. the process of becoming true or fulfillment of a predicted event or happening. Kimmulug nan kinalim. What you said became true, (it happened) ‑um‑/‑imm‑. der. kakulugana der. makulug der. pangulug infl. mangulug

kuug (sp. var. ku-ug) 1sta. to be thin; skinny, characteristic of a person. Mangan kah ustu teden nakuug ka. Eat well because you are thin. Ingkuug nay natayan inana. She is thin because of the death of her mother. ma‑/na‑. 6A Physiological Process - State. Sim: pigut, kuttung. (sem. domains: 2.4 - Body condition.) 2proc. refers to the process of becoming thin. Kimmuug te mundogo. He became thin because he was sick. ‑um‑/‑imm‑.

lamang advpred. 1to be unafraid of the possible consequences of an action. Lamang anhan ya nundag-u kat indat mu nan indat dan he-a an nidat ke dida. If only you had been brave and dropped by to have given the thing to be given to them. Manner. (sem. domains: 4.3 - Behavior.) 2to dare to do something risky out of despair, extreme need or importance; to risk. Ilamanganan ume te mundogoh amana. He will risk his life to go because his father is sick. Inlamanganan enangako te naagangan. He risked stealing because he was hungry. i‑ ‑an/iN‑ ‑an.

lubwat intrans. to prepare to leave for a journey. Munlubwat taku nah mungkabigat. We will prepare to leave at dawn. Ilubwat da nan mundogo nah biggatna. They will prepare to leave with the sick person in the morning. muN‑/nuN‑, i‑/iN‑. Sim: umga, baat, dewet. (sem. domains: 6.1.2.6 - Prepare.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

maid di adi hikmaton (id. of hikmat) an idiom expressing the idea a person will try anything to help in a troubling situation, particularly in the case of a serious illness (lit. there is nothing not to hold on to) Mundogo ke di tagu ya maid adina hikmaton. A sick person will try anything to survive.

malarya 1comm. an illness characterized by intermittent fever, body chills and shakes; malaria. Dakol di mundogo hi malarya. Many are sick with malaria. Syn: daku. (sem. domains: 2.5.2 - Disease.) 2intrans. for the body to shake due to malaria; to have malaria. Munmalarya te ugge na bo ininum nan aga na. He is sick with malaria again because he did not take his medicine. Namalarya handi imme dad baliwon. He had malaria when they went to the lowlands. muN‑/nuN‑, ma‑/na‑. (sem. domains: 2.5.1 - Sick.) Language Of Borrowing: English: malaria.

mangulug (infl. of kulug) trans. refers to one who believes in something or someone, particularly used of Christians. Datuwen nadan mangulug nah tuttudun Kristo. These are those (people) who believe in Christ’s teachings. Gulatna nin ta maid di mundogo nadah mangulug ke Apu Dios ya maid da nin di mumbaki Maybe if none of those who believe in God would become ill, there would be no more pagan priests. maN‑. (sem. domains: 3.2.5.1 - Believe, 4.9.7.1 - Religious person.)

matibo (infl. of tibo) trans. something can be seen. Matibon mundogo. It could be seen that she was sick. Kon matiboy bibiyo? Can a fairy be seen? ma‑.

mumbagol (der. of Bag’ol) intrans. to perform the Bagol ritual. Mumbagol da te mundogoh amana. They are performing the bagol-ritual because his father is sick. muN‑/nuN‑.

mumbulul (der. of Bulul) intrans. to perform the Bulul-ritual. Mumbulul da te mundogoh apu da. They are performing the Bulul-ritual because their grandfather is sick. muN‑/nuN‑.

namahig advpred. an intensifying modal predicate; to a high degree. Istolyaon dan handi kanu ka-gibbun di gubat ya namahig di banig. They say that after the second world war there were many incidences of ghost appearances. Uggena pinadas an mundogoh namahig. He has never experienced a serious illness. Comparative. Sim: namam-a. (sem. domains: 9.3.1.3 - To a larger degree.)

ngunu 1comm. using the body or mind to do or make something; work. Nganney ngunum? What is your work? Sim: ganal, tangdan, bokla, suweldu. (sem. domains: 6.1 - Work.) 2to work. 2.1intrans. to work. Mungngunuwak hi payo hi bigat. I will work in the field tomorrow. muN/nuN. 2.2trans. to work on a particular thing; the object being worked on is prominent. Ingunu yu nan onob di bale te napai. Work on the door of the house because it is destroyed. Ingunum tun pingunuk ke he-a. Work on this which I am assigning you to do. i/iN. 2.3pass. for something to be worked on. Maid di mingunu ad uwani. There is nothing to work on today. mi‑/ni‑. 2.4trans. to work for something or someone; the beneficiary or the thing being worked for is prominent. Ingunuwak hi tulang ku ad uwani te mundogo. I will work for my brother today because he is sick. Ingunuwak nan binanok an pihhu. I will work for the money I borrowed. i‑ ‑an/iN‑ ‑an. say. Hin pinhod takun munhidah itlug, mumpaptok kah manuk.

olot 1comm. the state of being strong; strength. Maid olot na te mundogo. He has no strength because he is sick. Sim: kilog, bika, kuhog. (sem. domains: 2.4.1 - Strong.) 2trans. to strengthen something or to strengthen one’s body. Oltom di kalim ta madngol. Make your voice loud so it can be heard (lit. strengthen your voice). Kaatna anhan di inlot mu? By the way, how strong are you? ‑on/‑in‑. 3sta. to be strong. Nal-ot hi Juan. Juan is strong. na-.

padas trans. to attempt to do or experience something. Uggena pinadas an mundogoh namahig. He has never experienced a serious illness. ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 6.1.2.1 - Try, attempt.)

pangieyan (sp. var. pangiayan) (infl. of ie) trans. a place where something or someone is taken. Ad Lagawe di pangieyan yu nah mundogo. Lagawe is where you should take the sick person. pangi‑ ‑an.

pokod trans. refers to the hold that spirits may have on a person’s life. Datuwen bibiyo ya damanan ipkod day tagu. Those bibiyo-spirits can take hold of a person’s life. Hana ken tagun inipkod di bibiyo ya mundogoh dogon adi maagahan di doktor. And a person whose life is held by a bibiyo-spirit gets sick with an illness that cannot be cured by a doctor’s prescription. i‑/ini‑. 3I Direct an action toward an object. (sem. domains: 4.9.4 - Miracle, supernatural power.)

udot adjunct. 1expressing perplexity. An daana udot di pangal-am hi em itugatugal? Where do you get the money to be continuously gambling. Kon adita udot mundogoh athitu? Why, won’t one get sick that way? Uggek bo udot inila nan kali da. I didn’t even know their language. Attitudinal. (sem. domains: 3.2.4 - Understand.) 2expression of what is contrary to expectation; something is unusual. Tipe udot ta em alan di bulwatik. Why in the world do you take my clothes? Tibom ke udot din ungan nala-ing an munsala. You see, that child is unusually good in dancing. 3envious expression of displeasure; displeased. [The udot in this sentence expresses some sarcasm and jealousy. The true English equivalent would be a sarcastic intonational contour.] Inay udot man-un he-a te dakol di pihhum. It’s fine for you because you have plenty of money! 4expression of surprise. Kayang udot waday payung mu! Hey! Good for you, you’ve got an umbrella! der. mah-udot