nona 1comm. a collection of yellowish fluid resulting from the infection of a wound; pus. Waday nona nah nahbit hi huki na. His foot with a splinter has pus. Pipiyom nan sugat na ta bumuddu di nona na. Press his wound to remove its pus. (sem. domains: 2.2 - Body functions.) 2intrans. the process of forming pus. Munnonona nan nag-od hi taklena. The cut on his hand has pus. Manonaan nan nahbit hin adim kaanon nan hubit. Pus will form on the wound if you do not remove the splinter. muN‑/nuN‑, ma‑ an/na‑ ‑an.
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di₂ det. a determiner that marks indefinite reference of nouns and noun phrases. Takon di gawan di hilong ya paka-ang-angona ya pakadopapponay gando ya ulog an hidiyey kanona. Even if it is very dark it (an owl) sees clearly and catches rats and snakes for food. In-anamut di dakol di inangang da. Many came home hungry. Nalgom di pinhod mun gattangon mipalpun nah kaitayan ingganah nah kaongngalan ya wadan wada. Anything that you want to buy, from the smallest item to the largest is available. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Demonstrative pronouns.)
dubli trans. to do something twice; to double the amount of something. Dubliyon yuy idat yu. Give double the usual. Indubli nan e immala kanona. He doubled the food that he got. ‑on/‑in‑, i‑/iN‑, muN‑/nuN‑. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish.
gawan quan. may refer to the middle of night or day. Takon di gawan di hilong ya paka-ang-angona ya pakadopapponay gando ya ulog an hidiyey kanona. Even if it is the middle of the night it sees clearly and catches rats and snakes for food. (refers to an owl) Ta hin-uddum on gawan di hilong on ahi immanamut. So he would sometimes come home in the middle of the night. der. munggawa
hidol 1comm. the edge of an area such as a village or field. Hitu di hidol nan gabutan yu, This is the point where you will stop cutting grasses. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168 - Limit, 22.214.171.124 - Boundary.) 2trans. to go to the edge or border of an area. Ihidol nah on inodnonah punbanogan. He went to the border of the village and then down to the ricefields. i‑/iN‑. 3trans. to stop at the designated boundary. Inhidol nan munggabut. He stopped cutting grasses at the designated point. i‑/iN‑.
hinglip intrans. to make a friction sound of exhaling or inhaling to cool mouth due to hot spicy food; to make a hissing sound. Ugge na inilan napaktiwan nan kanona ot deya humaninglip moh agat na. He did not know that there was pepper in his food and that’s why he is already repeatedly hissing from the spicy hot taste. ‑um‑/‑imm‑ ‑an‑. 2D Vocal sounds expressing feeling. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Types of sounds.)
honhon trans. 1to stack up; to put one thing on top of another in a pile. Ihonhon ku tudan nalugit an bulwati hantuh hulok. I will stack these dirty clothes in the corner. Ihonhon mu nadan ulo nah kaban. Pack the blankets in the box. i‑/iN‑. 3A Move and positiion object at site. (sem. domains: 7.5.9 - Put.) 2(fig) to accumulate; to assemble as a mass; used in a figurative sense. Honhononay bahul na. He is stacking up his faults. Nahonhon takuh tu, kinali maka-atung. We are packed together here and that’s why it’s so hot. ‑on/‑in‑, ma‑/na‑. (sem. domains: 7.5.1 - Gather.)
idat 1to give. 1.1trans. to give something. Idat mun am-in di pinhod na. Give him all that he wants. i‑/iN‑. 3B Move and release object. Sim: idawat. (sem. domains: 7.4.1 - Give, hand to.) 1.2trans. to give something to someone; the person to whom the thing is being given is referentially prominent. <
> Idatam hi kanona. Give him something to eat. Indatan dah Pangkah ittay hi dotag ot kanana ot di mun-iyan ad Mamangan. They gave Pangka a small piece of meat and told him to spend the night at Mamangan. ‑an/iN‑ ‑an. 1.3trans. to give an amount of something; the important component is an unspecified amount of a specified thing to be given. Umidat kah pihhu ta botosan daka. Give out some money and we will vote for you. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 1.4trans. the one giving money is contrasted with others, and referentially prominent. Hiyay nangidat hi pihhuk. He was the one who gave me money. mangi‑/nangi‑. 2sta. to be generous; refers to someone who freely gives to others. Makiddat hi Juan. Juan is very generous. infl. mangidat infl. midatan The recipient is cross-referenced by the affix.
ikut (sp. var. ikot) 1sta. to be selfish. Naikut an adi umidat hi kanona. He is selfish in that he does not share his food. Tipe anhan di ikut mu! How selfish you are. ma‑/na‑. 6B Characteristics of human nature or life situation. Sim: imut, uku. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52.1 - Selfish.) 2trans. to be selfish with a refusal to share with someone. Ikutana hi inana. She is selfish toward her mother. i‑ ‑an/iN‑ ‑an.
kan 1intrans. to eat, indefinite as to what is eaten. <
> Mangan taku. Let’s eat. Hin-uddum an adika mangan. At times you don’t eat. Da Pedro ke Ben di nangan hanah inha-ang mu. It was Pedro and Ben who ate what you cooked. maN‑/naN‑. (sem. domains: 5.2.2 - Eat.) 2to eat. 2.1trans. the food being eaten is specific and cross-referenced. Kanon yun am-in nan ginatang na. Eat everything he bought. ‑on/‑in‑. 2.2trans. to eat a specific food continuously; the food being eaten is cross-referenced. Kanokanona nan inhaad kun tinapay nah basket. He was always eating the bread I placed in the basket. Kanokanon nadan buding nan page. The birds keep eating the palay. ‑on/‑in‑ + CV(C)CV‑. 2.3intrans. to join in eating. Immali da ke nan imbabalek hi baleyu on nakikan da. Whenever my children go to your house they eat there. maki‑/naki‑. 2.4trans. indicates utensil used for eating. Hituwe nan nangikanan min duyu te teyay marka na. This is the plate we used for eating because here is the mark. mangi‑ ‑an/nangi‑ ‑an. 3nom. edible food, usually used for snack, fruit, bread, etc. Imme nah muyung ot e umalah makmakkan. He went to the forest to get some edible food. nganan der. makan der. panganan der. pinnangan id. kay hamutin mangan id. kay ka babuy an mangan id. kay munhabun mangan id. kay nanganan di ahuy nanganan yu id. kay nanganan di gulding id. kay nanganan di kabayu infl. ikan₁ infl. mangan infl. pakan This root is never used alone.
kandelat (sp. var. kandela) 1comm. a candle. Eyak gumattang hi kandelat te maid di dilag. I am going to buy candles because there is no light. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206.1 - Light source.) 2intrans. to use candles for light. Maid ke dilag di kuryente ya mungkandelat ta pundilag. If there is no electricity people use candles for their light. muN‑/nuN‑. 3comm. a riddle. Waday ohan makaphod an babai an kanona di adolna. (kandela) There is beautiful lady who eats her body. (candle)(riddle) Language of Borrowing: English: candle.
mam-a 1sta. to be more so; as a comparative, for something to become more so in degree. Immanamut da kediyen algo ya dakol di istolya da, namam-an Julie. When they went home, they told many stories, especially Julie. Namam-an mahong-o hin udman pay hi gatan di niyug. It is more tasty if coconut milk is used. Mamam-ay dogona te maid kanona. His sickness will become worse because he has had nothing to eat. ma‑/na‑. 6D Descriptives. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Increase.) 2trans. to increase the degree of a condition or event; to make worse. Adim mam-ahon nan hakit di uluna. Do not worsen his headache. ‑on/‑in‑. Sim: lodlod. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168 - Become, change state.) 3proc. to become better or worse. Numpulbus ya immam-anay binlana. She used powder and it enhanced her fairness. Mungkamam-a nan dogo na. His ailment is becoming worse. ‑um‑/‑imm‑, mungka‑. infl. namam-a
numpi- adj > advpred. this prefix is affixed to cardinal numbers to derive an adverbial predicate that means to do the action or activity expressed in the main verb the number of times encoded in the cardinal number; past tense; multiplier. Numpitluy nundasalak ke Apu takut kaanonah tuwen ligat ku...(2 Corinth 12:8) Three times I prayed to our Lord to remove my hardship... (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Derivational affixes, 126.96.36.199 - Number of times.)
payo 1comm. ricefield. Dakol di payo da. They have many ricefields. Maki-eyak nah payon apu kanan Butale. “I will go with you to grandfather’s ricefield,” said Butale. Mu nan dalanona ya hi pingngit diyen payo ot munnomnom an iliglig na. But he was walking at the edge of that ricefield and so he decided to detour. Sim: bananu, pukung₂. (sem. domains: 6.2.9 - Farmland.) 2trans. to cultivate a ricefield; to farm. Pumayo kayu. Cultivate another’s ricefield. Daan di pinayo da? Which one did they farm? muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑, ‑on/‑in‑.
problema comm. a problem. Dakol di problema te matagu taku. We have many problems because we’re alive. Adim baybay-an muntudok ya itudok mun am-in di problemam. Don’t neglect to write regularly; write anything that bothers you. Problemay kanona mu takon di umat hidi, maphod di adol na. His food is a problem but even so, he is fit. (sem. domains: 4.4.2 - Trouble.) Language Of Borrowing: Spanish. der. problemaon
sugat 1comm. a wound. Nihalom nan sugat hi tamel na. The wound on his face is deep. Sim: liput, bongenge. 2trans. to wound or cause a wound on someone. Deket sugatam nan taklena, kaanonay ulum. If you wound his hand, he will remove your head. Sumugat nan naphik an basu. The broken glass will cause wounds. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Language Of Borrowing: Tagalog.
tam-ol 1trans. to soak something in water. Itam-ol mun am-in nan bubulwati. You soak all the clothes. i‑/iN‑. 3A Move and position object at site. (sem. domains: 1.3.4 - Be in water, 5.6.4 - Wash clothes.) 2ref. to soak oneself in water. Eka muntam-ol ta kumudukdul di gibok mu. Go and soak yourself (take a bath) so that you will feel better. 3trans. to mix liquid in food to soften it; to soak food in water. Tam-olam nan golang hi kanona. Mix some soft food for the child. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an.
ton’o 1intrans. to drip, e.g. the dripping of fermented rice on the third day. Tumno ke ne limpo ya it-an mu nah buhi. If the fermented rice starts to drip, transfer it into a jar. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2A Movement from one place to another. Sim: tuliyok, todtod, tudu₁. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Drip.) 2comm. a drop of liquid Tayaom di tononah palanggana o banga. Catch the drops in a basin or pot.