Search results for "nuwang"

kay bolat di nuwang di bolat na (id. of bol’at) refers to skin that is rough and unattractive (lit. his skin is like the skin of a carabao).

kay hinunggop di nuwang (id. of nuwang) someone stomps feet on floor; to walk heavily (lit. like a carabao has entered the house).

kay hubil di nuwang di otak (id. of otak) dull bolo blade (lit. bolo like the lips of the carabao).

kay ta makiboklan nuwang (id. of bokla) We two are working hard for wages. (lit. It’s like we two are joining to work with a carabao.)

nuwang 1comm. carabao; water buffalo, native to tropical Asia; used to pull carts, plows, etc. Kaatnay nuwang yu? How many carabao do you have? Dakol di longonah nuwang ya babuy. Many carabao and pigs are butchered. Sim: duwog, tamaraw, hidug. (sem. domains: 1.6.1 - Types of animals.) 2intrans. to raise carabaos. Naligat di munnuwang hin maid di kudal. It is difficult to raise carabaos if one has no pastureland. muN‑/nuN‑. 3trans. to butcher a carabao during wedding or burial feast. Nuwangan da nan nate. They will butcher a carabao during the third day of the death. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. id. kay hinunggop di nuwang

duwog comm. a short-horned water buffalo that is no longer around. Maid di duwog ad Kiangan. There are no duwog-water-buffalo in Kiangan. Sim: tamaraw, nuwang, hidug. (sem. domains: 1.6.1 - Types of animals.)

hidug comm. the carabao sacrificed on the last day of hagabi celebration feast. Mangin-innum da moy tagu ya hamulon da nan ongngal an nuwang an makalin hidug. After the free-for-all rice-throwing, the people go on with the merrymaking, drinking and feasting on a big carabao called a hidug. Sim: duwog, tamaraw, nuwang. (sem. domains: 1.6.1 - Types of animals.)

tamaraw comm. a water buffalo species. Sim: duwog, nuwang, hidug. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.1 - Mammal.)

‑on TACR. 1this suffix is a default affix for Class 5 verbal roots; encodes non-past tense and punctiliar aspect; cross-references the patient-object. Pinhod mun inilaon di Manila. Do you want to know about Manila? Handi pinghanan umeyak hidi ya kalyok on matalakak. When I went there for the first time, I thought I would get lost. Nu mabalin ya hay mo informative books di bidbidom. You should already prefer to read informative books. Sim: ‑in‑. (sem. domains: 9 - Grammar.) 2this suffix encodes non-past tense, punctiliar aspect, and cross-references an object that is either a path or destination. Namahig di hona da ta ihalhalla day dalan, ihinghingngi day dalan, namam-a ten waday iiban nadan himmagabi nah dalnon da. They go the wrong way, they go out of the way, especially if they know of a relative of the one performing the hagabi-ceremony who lives along the way. Nundodollop dat eda hogpon hidiyen kuwantel di Ippangyol. They became allies to enter the camp of the Spanish. 3this suffix encodes non-past tense, punctiliar aspect and cross-references an object that is an experiencer. 4this suffix derives a verb from a noun. Hukapona ya- hiya peman an dumangdang nan no; toan an kay tubung. He covered it and yes, it really can give heat; what I don’t know, it’s like a tube. Mangin-innum da moy tagu ya hamulon da nan ongngal an nuwang an makalin hidug. After the free-for-all rice-throwing, the people go on with the merrymaking, drinking and feasting on a big carabao called a hidug. general: Both of the above sentences are from texts. The first is from a text about a kerosene heater, and the second is from a text about the hagabi-bench and the celebration associated with it. pa- -on

ampa (sp. var. ompa) 1comm. tick of cows, carabaos, dogs. Mabaga na ampan nan nuwang. The tick of the carabao is satisfied-full. Sim: kultut. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.7 - Insect.) 2sta. to have ticks. Naampaan nan babuy. The pig has ticks. na‑ ‑an.

atu 1sta. to be tired; fatigued. Adi maatu nan nuwang. The carabao does not tire. Naka-atuwak an pinhod kun mun-iyatu ni-an. I am so tired, I want to rest for a while. Indani ya naatu da nin an nundopap. Later on, maybe they were tired from grappling. ma‑/na‑ . 6A Physiological Process - State. Sim: bol’e. (sem. domains: 2.4.4 - Tired.) 2proc. refers to the process of becoming tired; tiring. Umatuy umeh baleyu. Going to your house is tiring. Adika mun-atu. Don’t tire yourself. ‑um‑/‑imm‑, muN‑/nuN‑.

bakante 1comm. vacant; empty. Bakante tun ubunan. This seat is vacant. 2trans. to vacate; to unoccupy. Bakanteyan yu nan ubunan. Vacate the chair. Nabakanteyan nan ubunan. The chair is empty/unoccupied. ‑an, ma‑‑an. 3comm. idle; free time. Bakante ad uwanin algo nan nuwang. The carabao is idle today. Language Of Borrowing: English: vacant.

Ballihung (sp. var. ballihong) 1prop. a ritual of prestige that shows wealth and status, particularly performed by an unmarried person; involves a feast. [This ritual feast was formerly celebrated to share wealth; a bulul god was considered to be the partner of the unmarried person; occasionally it was performed because no other rituals had been effective in removing the sickness of a child.] Sim: uya-uy, got’ad. (sem. domains: 4.9.5 - Practice religion, 4.2.2 - Social event, 4.3.9.1 - Custom.) 2trans. to perform the ritual feast. Mumballihung hi Jose hi bigat. Jose is going to perform the prestige feast for unmarried people tomorrow. Bumallihung te binugtung. They’ll perform the prestige ritual feast for him because he is an only child. Naligat di bumallihung ad uwani te naginay nuwang ya babuy. It’s difficult to have the ballihung feast nowadays because carabaos and pigs are so expensive. Bimmalihung nan imbabalen da Juan ke Marta ot eyak manayottayo. Juan and Marta held a festival for their child and I danced and danced. ‑um‑/‑imm‑, muN‑/nuN‑.

bawwot (sp. var. bowwot) 1comm. a toy top. [The top is carved of wood; made up of adol na ‘body’ and tadom na ‘blade’ made of a nail used to wrap a string on it called alittan.] Madiing nan bawwot. The top spins beautifully. Madiing nan bawwot an nakapya nah hakgud di nuwang. The top made out of carabao horn spins beautifully. (sem. domains: 4.2.6 - Entertainment, recreation.) 2intrans. to play with a top. Mumbowwot kayu nah dola. Play with your tops in the yard. Mumbawwot taku. Let us play tops. muN‑/nuN‑. infl. mabawwot

binaang intrans. to glow; to glitter, e.g. stars, fire. Mumbinaang nan matan di nuwang nah hilong. The eyes of a carabao glow when it’s night. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 8.3.3.1 - Shine.)

bituka comm. 1gizzard. Napnu nan bitukan nan manuk hi gahhilang. The chicken's gizzard is full of corn. (sem. domains: 1.6.2.1 - Parts of a bird.) 2stomach, in quadrupeds. Napnu nan bitukan di nuwang hi holok. The stomach of the carabao is full of grass. (sem. domains: 1.6.2 - Parts of an animal.)

bolwang comm. a plant with a trunk and large stem with brown furry bark. [Boys use the large stem for the trunk of the carabao and place cane for the legs of the carabao figure; then, they attack the figure with bamboo knives.] Hay ke linalakin u-unga ya pumbalinon dah nuwang nan pikiyokon di bolwang. Boys make carabao-like figures from the stem and unopened leaves of the bolwang-plant. (sem. domains: 1.5 - Plant.)

bughi 1trans. to split or cut open. Bughiyon yu nan putun di nuwang. Cut open the carabao’s stomach. Nihipag di tokona ot mabughiy hubil na. His mouth was hit and his lip was split open. ‑on/‑in‑, ma‑/na‑. 4A Change the structure of object. (sem. domains: 7.8.3 - Cut.) 2sta. to burst open Nabughi nan putun di gulding dih pun-ilagim da. The stomach of the goat burst open when they were singeing it. ma‑/na‑. (sem. domains: 7.8.4 - Tear, rip.)

buk’a 1trans. to set/let loose; to let go; release; to free; to untie. Ibukam nan ahu ta waday innunan mun-adug tuh bale. Release the dog so it can guard the house. Bukaan yu nadan manuk ta mun-ay-ayyam da. Set the chickens free so they can roam around. i‑/iN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 3B Move and release object. Sim: bulus. (sem. domains: 7.2.6.4 - Set free.) 2intrans. an animal frees itself form a pen or from its tethering rope. Numbuka nan nuwang ot ume nah payo. The carabao set itself loose and went to the ricefield. Tibon yu te bumuka nan ahu. Be careful because the dog might free itself.

bulug comm. 1male carabao; bull carabao. Gumattang keh naen tagu hi nuwang on bulug di gatangona. Whenever that person buys a carabao, he buys a male. Sim: laki. (sem. domains: 1.6.1 - Types of animals.) 2(fig) a stocky male person. Ipipah-on yun hiya nan bulhe takon ot bulug. Let him carry the beans anyway he is stocky. (sem. domains: 8.2 - Big.)

buwang comm. anus. Kaanom nan buwang di nuwang. Remove the anus of the cow. (sem. domains: 2.1 - Body.) comp. bimmudal di buwang

CV(C)CV-₁ mod. this modal reduplicant intensifies the meaning of an adjective; extremely; very. Hay kibalinana ya kaddakaddangyana te dakol di longonah nuwang ya babuy. The meaning of this is that he is very, very rich because he will butcher many carabao and pigs. Ambiambilog ya dakkodakkol di tatagu. It is very wide and there are many, many people. Abunay hukik an nangipakkid nah adol di kaiw, mu ongnga-ongngal ot muntattayunak nah hapang. It was only my legs that held on around the trunk of the tree; but it was very big so I had to hang from a branch. (sem. domains: 9.3.1.3 - To a larger degree.)

dalom₁ (sp. var. dalum) 1to sue. 1.1intrans. to sue; to report. Mundalom ka te natalak nan nuwang mu. Report it to the authorities that your carabao is missing. Mundalom da te inako yu nan nuwang da. They are going to sue you because you stole their carabao. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 4.7.5.3 - Accuse, confront.) 1.2trans. to sue someone. Idalom daka hin adim kalyon di makulug. You will be sued if you do not tell the truth. Edaka idalom te iningotanak hi otak. I will sue you because you were about to strike me with your bolo. i‑/iN‑. 2comm. a case filed in court. Waday dalom dan he-a. They have filed a case against you in court. (sem. domains: 4.7.4 - Court of law.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano: darum.

Dangli 1prop. a funeral ritual, generally performed by the wealthy, aristocratic Ifugao. pt: hablag. (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.) 2comm. animals butchered during a wake with baki funeral rituals. Nuwang di Danglin nan nate. A carabao is the animal butchered during the wake. (sem. domains: 4.9.5.5 - Offering, sacrifice.) 3trans. to provide sacrificial animals during the wake of a relative. Dangliyan dah inada. They will produce the necessary animals for the wake of their mother. Kababain mo ahan hin adika pakadanglin amam. It is particularly shameful if you cannot afford your father’s funeral ritual. (i.e. produce the minimum number of animals to be butchered) ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. Lourdes S. Dulawan: Ifugao Culture and History

daplug (sp. var. duplug) knock over. 1.1trans. to knock over by bumping or overrunning as a flood. Kumaan kah na te idaplug dakan hiya. Get out of there because he will knock you over. Nidaplug nan ung-ungngan um-umbun te munhihilong an adi matibo. The child sitting there was knocked over because it was night and she couldn’t be seen. Nan olwang ya indaplug nah baleda. That flood, it overran their house. i‑/iN‑, mi‑/ni‑. (sem. domains: 7.7.1 - Hit.) 1.2trans. to knock over, involves the manner or reason for the action. Ikiwangan yu ot din mangali te kay nuwang an umidaplug. Give way to the one coming because he will knock you over like a carabao. Pun-idaplug muy ubunan te adim tibon di dalanom. You knock the seat over because you don’t look where you are going. Mamtikak ya wada da nan nitanom nah pangidalanak ot pun-idaplug ku. I was running and there were plants in my way so I knocked them over. umi‑, puN‑ i‑. 1.3trans. to bump someone or something. Immali ot daplugonak ot bumtik. He came and bumped me and ran away. ‑on/‑in‑.

dohdo press down. 1.1trans. to press down long grass, done with hands or feet. Dohdohon yu nan dalnon da. Press down the grasses where they will pass. ‑on/‑in‑. 4B Tactile actions. (sem. domains: 7.7.4 - Press.) 1.2pass. for grasses to be pressed down. Nalakan mahamak nan e mitaluh mahlok te mainnilay kad-ana hin un-unudon nan nadohdon holok. It’s easy to find someone who is hiding among the grasses because it can be determined by following the grasses that have been pressed down. ma‑/na‑. 1.3trans. to press down with a distributive action. Pundohdon nan nuwang nadan nitanom. The carabao is pressing down/stepping-on the plants. puN‑.

duy-a₂ trans. to pour wine on the back of a carabao or pig during a ritual. [A ritual of blessing an animal before a sacrifice.] Deket adida duy-ahan ya pinate day nuwang weno babuy ya panio. If they don’t pour wine on the carabao or pig when they kill it, it’s a bad omen. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.)

gakod (sp. var. takod) 1comm. anything used for tying, e.g. vine, rope, cord. [Vine is commonly used for bundling; cord and rope are commonly used for tying an animal.] Nakaan nan gakod di gulding ot bumtik. The tethering rope of the goat was removed and it ran away. Dukkeyom nan gakod na. Lengthen its rope. Sim: bobod, kawad. (sem. domains: 6.7.5 - Fastening tool.) 2tie something. 2.1trans. to tie an animal to a fence, post, or stake. Igakod mu nan nuwang nah posten di alad. Tie the water buffalo to the post of the fence. Umala da nan tataguh andukken hapang ta ihamad dan igakod nan hagabih di. The men get a long branch and they securely tie the hagabi bench there. i‑/iN‑. 3C Move, combine or attach object. (sem. domains: 7.5.2 - Join, attach.) 2.2trans. to place a tie on or at a specified place; the site-object is cross-referenced. Gakodan yu nan hukin di babuy ta adi bumtik. Tie the feet of the pig so that it will not run away. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 2.3trans. to tie a specified number or amount of something. Gumakod kah duwan manuk. Tie two of the chickens. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2.4trans. to tie with a specified type of tie. Hay wakal di punggakod mu nah tingting. Use the vine to tie the sweet potato leaves. Al-an da wakal an ahida punggakod nah hagabi ten magibbu. They get vine to use in tying the bench to a pole when it’s completed. puN‑/impuN‑.

galgal trans. to chew something; to masticate. Galgalom nan kankannom ne ahim inukmun. Chew your food well before swallowing it. Gumalgal kan nah inhaang dan makan. Chew some of the food they cooked. (a form of an invitation to eat). Munggalgalgal da nadan u-ungah bolat di nuwang. The children are chewing boiled carabao skin. Pakaggalgalom di kanom. Chew your food well. ‑on/‑in‑. 4A Change structure of object. spec: kotkot, taptap, kutmu. (sem. domains: 5.2.2.1 - Bite, chew.)

gehhel trans. to grab carabao meat. [The grabbing for carabao meat tends to be a free-for-all fight among those participating.] Igehhel da nan nuwang. They will grab (the meat of) the carabao. Munggegehhel da nadan tatagu. The people are all grabbing at once. i‑/iN‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 3I Direct an action toward an object. Sim: gennat. (sem. domains: 7.3.4.5 - Actions of the hand.)

gennat 1trans. to grab, particularly used in regard to carabao meat or money used in gambling. Inggennat da nan nuwang. They had (the meat of) the carabao as the free-for-all. i‑/iN‑. 3I Direct an action toward an object. Sim: gehhel. (sem. domains: 7.3.3.1 - Take something from somewhere.) 2rec. to grab each other's meat or money. Munggegennat da nadan muntutugal handih nama-id di dilag. The gamblers were grabbing each other’s bets when the lights went off. muN‑/nuN‑.

guyud trans. to pull or drag something. Adim guyudon nan linubid. Don’t pull that rope. Adi maguyud nan nuwang. The carabao can’t be pulled away. ‑on/‑in‑, ma‑/na‑. 4C Convey/bring object toward agent. Sim: galeled, lapdit. (sem. domains: 7.3.2.8 - Pull.) der. guyyudan id. maguyguyud di yahyana

hakgud 1comm. horn of animals like carabao, cow, goat. Andukkey hakgud din nuwang yu. The carabao’s horn is long. (sem. domains: 1.6.2 - Parts of an animal.) 2trans. to gore with the horns. Bumtik ka ot te hakgudon daka man nah baka. Better run because the cow will gore you with his horns. ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 7.8.3 - Cut.)

ham’ak trans. 1to look for something; to search. Hamakom nan natalak an nuwang. Look for the lost water buffalo. Humamak kah babai ta malahin ka. Look for a girl so that you will marry. Eyak manamak hi ngunu. I am going to look for a job. ‑on/‑in‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑, maN‑/naN‑. 4E Perception and Cognition. Sim: anap. (sem. domains: 2.3.1.1 - Look.) 2refers to having found something that was looked for. Himmamakak hi dakol an pihhu. I found much money. ‑imm‑.

hanan (han) dem. the; that; a member of Set 1; co-occurs with a noun, and refers to specific people or things. <This form must co-occur with a noun; nan is shortened form> Hanan mittulu mi ke ya impakainnila nay mungkanta. The teacher knows how to sing well. Mahapul an hanan himmagabi ya taganah kolong hi nuwang o babuy ta pihdana nadah deh muyung ya nadan udum an bumadbaddang. The man performing the Hagabi-ceremony must go on butchering carabao and pigs to feed the people in the forest and all the others who are helping him. Hanan it-itay hidiyey appit di babai. While the side with the smaller head represents the woman. (sem. domains: 9.2.3.5 - Demonstrative pronouns.)

ho adjunct. word used to stop a ridden animal. Ho kanam ta umohnong nan nuwang. Shout ho so that the carabao will stop. Interjection. (sem. domains: 9.2.7 - Interjections.)

huh’ut trans. to tighten the knot of ropes and strings. Huhutom di wanom. Tighten your g-string. Tibom ta adi mahuthut di gakod nan nuwang te mabitkol man. See that the tie of the carabao is not tightened as it might be strangled. ‑on/‑in‑, ma‑/na‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. (sem. domains: 7.5.4 - Tie.)

kabli 1comm. large chain; used to secure big, heavy loads on truck beds, e.g. logs. Makahapul di kabli pun-odon dih oongal an kaiw. Chains are necessary for holding big loads of logs. (sem. domains: 6.7.5 - Fastening tool.) 2trans. to bind with a log chain to secure. Kabliyan yu nan talutu ta iguyud nan nuwang. Bind the logs with a log-chain so that the carabao will pull it. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5A Changing state of site by adding something. (sem. domains: 7.5.4 - Tie.)

kaddug trans. to run after; to chase. Kaddugom hi tulang mu ta idat mu tun tudok. Run after your sister and give her this letter. Kinaddug na nan nuwang mu nakattaynan. He ran after his carabao but he was left behind. ‑on/‑in‑. 4F Adjacency/Adjoining actions. Sim: pudug. (sem. domains: 7.2.1.1.1 - Run.)

kapun 1comm. a castrated animal. Nan kapun an poltan di ilagim taku. The castrated rooster will be the one we will singe. (understood butcher) Nal-ot di kapun an pun-aladuwon. A castrated carabao is strong for plowing. Sim: kubhil, pulin. (sem. domains: 1.6.1 - Types of animals.) 2trans. to castrate an animal. Kapunon yu nan nuwang ta pun-aladuwon taku. Castrate the carabao so that we will use it for plowing. Kinapun da nadan manuk. They castrated the roosters. Mungkapun da hi balen da Jose. They are castrating in the house of Jose. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 4D Releast, remove or detach object. (sem. domains: 6.3.8.2 - Castrate animal.) Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: capon.

kapuy 1proc. to become weak; diminish in strength; for something to lessen. Kimmapuy nan nuwang an mun-aladu. The carabao has become slower in plowing. Kimmapuy di pangana. His appetite has lessened. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2G Processes. (sem. domains: 2.4.2 - Weak.) 2sta. to be weakened in strength. Nakapuy di dibdib. The wind is weak. Ya adi mungngalat hin adi nakapuy di apuy an punha-angan. And it is cooked well in strong fire (lit. not weak fire) so it doesn’t become pungent and itch. ma‑/na‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

katbalan (der. of tobal) nom. refers to one who is respected, approved or honored. Hituwen makalin hagabi di katbalan di tagu peman te kibalinana ya kaddakaddangyana te dakol di longonah nuwang ya babuy. This so-called prestige feast hagabi entitles a man to due respect (by his co-villagers) because its very performance shows that he is very rich indeed since he can afford to butcher many carabao and pigs. (sem. domains: 4.5.5 - Honor.)

kibalinana (der. of balin) nom. the meaning of a figure of speech or obscure saying; interpretation. Hituwen makalin hagabi di katbalan te kibalinana kaddakaddangyana te dakol di longonah nuwang ya babuy. This so-called prestige feast hagabi entitles a man to due respect from his co-villagers because its meaning is he is very rich because he butchers many carabao and pigs. (sem. domains: 3.5.8 - Interpreting messages.)

kodot 1comm. poison. Dakol day imminum hi kodot ad Baguinge. There are many who drank poison in Baguinge. Sim: lom’ok. (sem. domains: 2.6.6.1 - Kill.) 2pass. refers to something that has been poisoned. Nakdotan nan impakan da nah ahu. The food they gave the dog was poisoned. Adim painuman nan nuwang hina te nakdotan nan liting. Don’t let the carabao drink there because the water is poisoned. ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an.

kuliwangwang (sp. var. kaliwangwang) 1comm. hind quarter; leg and hip of animal. [This part is usually for the brothers and sisters of the person performing the munhonga ritual.] In-anamut na nan kuliwangwang di nuwang. He brought home the leg of the carabao. (sem. domains: 1.6.2 - Parts of an animal.) 2trans. to butcher an animal and separate the hind quarter from the rest of the body. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an.

lahla₂ trans. to cut with a sharp blade; to slash. Lahlaom nan putun di gulding. Slash open the goat's stomach. Linahla na nan ulpun di nuwang. He slashed the carabao’s thigh. Nalahla nan takle na handi nakiawwit. His hand was slashed when he had a fight. ‑on/‑in‑, ma‑/na‑. 4A Change the structure of object. (sem. domains: 7.8.3 - Cut.)

lapa comm. the upper part of the legs of a quadruped; thigh, shoulder. Inalanay lapan di nuwang an kinlong tulang na. He got the thigh part of the carabao that his brother butchered. (sem. domains: 1.6.2 - Parts of an animal.)

longo₂ trans. to butcher animals particularly for the purpose of providing a feast. Kaddakaddangyana te dakol di longonah nuwang ya babuy. He is very rich because he will butcher many carabao and pigs. ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.)

lubid 1comm. a string or rope. Nangiayam nah lubid? Where did you take the rope? Sim: tali. (sem. domains: 7.5.4.1 - Rope, string.) 2trans. to make a rope by twisting fibers. Lumubid kah pangakod nah nuwang. Make a rope for the carabao’s tether. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano. der. linubid

luddun trans. to roll up something, e.g. mat, paper; to coil rope or wire. Luddunom nan nahyupam. Roll up your mat. Linuddun na nan gakod di nuwang. He coiled the carabao’s tethering rope. ‑on, ‑um‑, ma‑. (sem. domains: 7.3.2 - Move something in a direction.)

luki trans. to remove the skin of a quadruped’s head. Lukiyam nan nuwang ta ipal-it taku. Remove the skin of the carabao’s head and we will cook it in a bamboo tube. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an.

mahapul it is necessary. 1.1pred. having a need for something. Mahapul kuy ulo. I need a blanket. Nganney mahapul? What is needed? (sem. domains: 8.1.7.3 - Need.) 1.2sta. to be necessary; predicates necessity; it must be; it is needed. Mahapul an mamitlu kan mun-amo ohan algo. You have to take a bath three times a day. Mahapul an hanan himmagabi ya taganah kolong hi nuwang o babuy ta pihdana nadah deh muyung ya nadan udum an bumadbaddang. The man performing the Hagabi-ceremony must go on butchering carabao and pigs to feed the people in the forest and all the others who are helping him. Mahapul an ume ka. You must go. Sim: kinwani, importante. (sem. domains: 9.4.2.3 - Necessary.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano: masapul.

makali (der. of kali) pass. to give a name to something; for an item to be called by a particular name or title. Hituwen makalin hagabi di katbalan di tagu peman. This so-called prestige feast hagabi entitles a man to due respect by his co-villagers. Mangin-inum da moy tagu ya hamulon da nan ongngal an nuwang an makalin hidug. The people go on with merrymaking, drinking and feasting on a big carabao called a hidug.

malka (sp. var. marka) 1comm. any identifying mark, e.g. brand on animal. Inilana di malkan nan baka da. He knows the brand of their cow. Hituwey marka an inha-ad da nah baka. This is the brand they placed on the cow. (sem. domains: 3.5.6 - Sign, symbol.) 2trans. to brand or place an identifying mark on something. Malkaan yu nadan baka. Brand the cows. Mummalka dah nuwang nah pastu. They are branding carabao in the pasture. Minalkaana nan saku. He placed an identifying mark on the sack. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, muN‑/nuN‑. 5A Changing state of site by adding something. (sem. domains: 7.7.7 - Mark.) Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: marca.

meyor (sp. var. mayor) 1comm. the chief executive of a municipality or town, elected or appointed. Dakol di nuwang nan meyor. The mayor has many carabao. (sem. domains: 4.6.1.2 - Government official.) 2intrans. to be mayor; to serve as mayor. Hi Pio di mummeyor ad uwani te numbakasyon hi meyor. Pio will act as the mayor because the mayor has taken a leave. muN‑/nuN‑. Language Of Borrowing: English.

mumbalud (infl. of balud) ref. to entangle oneself in ropes. Numbalud nan nuwang ot mate. The carabao entangled itself in its tethering rope, then it died. muN‑/nuN‑.

nakaC1- mod. this prefix is an intensifying modal affix; past tense. Nakal-ot di bungug nan duplanu ten munda-ul. The plane produces a very loud noise when it is about to land. Adiyak pakah-od ke Talakka te nakakkableyak mon muntattattayun. I couldn’t wait for Talakka because I was so tired from hanging. Deket mo ta nakaggibu ya matibo nan duwan kapkapyan di ulun di nuwang nah numbinnongwa. When it (the bench) is really finished, it looks like a misshapen animal with two carabao heads, one on each end. Sim: makaC1-. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.)

ne₁ conj. 1and then; then; expresses a chronological time sequence of events. Painumam nan nuwang ne in-anamut. Let the carabao drink, then bring it home. Coordinating conjunctions. 2and so; expresses a logical result connection to a preceding sentence in context. Ne daan nan kabayu an etaku alan? And so, where is the horse that we came to get? (sem. domains: 9.2.5.2 - Clause conjunctions.)

ni-ahan (infl. of ahan) adjunct. expresses hope for a good outcome; to defer to someone; do something for the good of another; expressing that it is good that something bad did not happen. Iyam ni-ahan nan otak. At least hand me the machete. Ugge ni-ahan nate nan nuwang. At least the carabao did not die. Kon baliwan mu di ninomnom mun aton ta iunnud mu ni-ahan hi pinhod na. Will you change what you had decided to do, so that you will follow what he wants? Attitudinal. (sem. domains: 9.2.6 - Particles.)

nuN- -inn- rec. this circumfix encodes a reciprocal action or activity; past tense; cross-references subjects. Deket mo ta nakaggibu ya matibo nan duwan kapkapyan di ulun di nuwang nah numbinnongwa. When it (the bench) is really finished, it looks like a misshapen animal with two carabao heads, one on each end. Numbinnalbal dah bulwati. They washed each other’s clothes. Nunkinnaan da hi apatut. They removed each others’ shoe. Sim: muN- -inn-. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.)

nunbinnongwa (der. of bongwa) intrans. refers to the two ends of something that is whole, but may be thought of as being in halves; derived from the root meaning to be cut in half. Deket mo ta nakaggibu ya matibo nan duwan kapkapyan di ulun di nuwang nah numbinnongwa. When it (the bench) is really finished, it looks like a misshapen animal with two carabao heads, one on each end.

o conj. conjoins alternative choices. Mahapul datuwe ten mungkail ka: boga, dayakkot an pummayume, ongngal an banga o palyuk, binokbok ya buhi. These are needed in the making of rice wine: ordinary rice, glutinous rice to be mixed with it, a big pot or vat, native yeast (leaves of the binokbok- plant) and a wine jar. Mahapul an hanan himmagabi ya taganah kolong hi nuwang o babuy ta pihdana nadah deh muyung ya nadan udum an bumadbaddang. The man performing the hagabi-ceremony must go on butchering carabao or pigs to feed the people in the forest and all the others who are helping him. Coordinating conjunctions. Sim: weno. (sem. domains: 9.2.5.2 - Clause conjunctions.)

obay comm. female carabao. Nate nan obay an nuwang nan hinag-on mi. The female carabao of our neighbor is dead. (sem. domains: 1.6.7 - Male and female animals.)

og’a₁ 1trans. to drop something. Inggana nan banga ot maphik. He dropped the pot and it broke. (sem. domains: 7.3.2 - Move something in a direction.) 2to fall. 2.1intrans. to lose balance and fall off or fall down. Mun-oga kah na hin mipinggit ka. You will fall off there if you stay on the side. An pinatnaam di mag-ah nitag-e? Have you ever fallen from a high place? Impakakkag-an nan dibdib nah nihap-e. The wind caused all the clothes in the clothesline to fall. muN‑/nuN‑, ma‑/na‑. Sim: balintuwag, lotwad, tu-un, uhbung. (sem. domains: 7.2.2.5.1 - Fall.) 2.2pass. for an inanimate thing or animal to fall off or down. Nag-a day bungan di mangga te maid udan. The mango blossoms fell off because there has been no rain. Nag-a nan nuwang ot mate. The carabao fell off and it died. ma‑/na‑. 2.3trans. refers to something falling; the place where it falls is in view. Daanay nag-ahan nan talak? Where did the truck fall off? Adida mag-ahan nadah batun mungkakag-a. They can be safe from the falling pieces of rocks. ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an.

ongngal (ongal) quan. quantifies by size, any noun referent, i. e. person, place or thing. Manibo dah ohan magangan ongngal an kaiw. They search for a large, hardwood tree. Mangin-innum da moy tagu ya hamulon da nan ongngal an nuwang an makalin hidug. After the free-for-all rice-throwing, the people go on with the merrymaking, drinking and feasting on a big carabao called a hidug. (sem. domains: 8.2 - Big.) infl. kaongngalan

otak 1comm. large single-edged knife tool, used in agricultural tasks, splitting wood, etc.; bolo An inalam nan otak? Did you bring along the bolo? Matadom nan otak mu. Your bolo is sharp. Sim: hinalung, kulukul, uwa. (sem. domains: 6.2.8 - Agricultural tool.) 2intrans. to bring along a bolo. Nun-inotak an e nanibo nah natalak an nuwang. They brought along thier bolos to look for the lost carabao. muN‑ iN‑/nuN‑ iN‑. id. kay hubil di nuwang di otak id. Maid di hilbin di adi tumadom an otak.

pae (infl. of e) 1trans. to free something; to set loose; to release, may be used of release from jail. Ipaem nan manuk. Set the chicken free. Paeyam nan linubid ta adi mabitkol nan babuy. Release some of the rope so the pig will not be strangled. i‑/iN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 3B Move and release object. (sem. domains: 7.2.6.4 - Set free.) 2intrans. to set oneself free. Mumpae nan nuwang hin adim ihamad di gakod na. The carabao will set itself free if you do not fix its rope. muN‑/nuN‑.

pastu 1comm. pasture. Wadaday gulding nah pastu. There are goats in the pasture. Syn: kudal. (sem. domains: 6.2.9 - Farmland.) 2trans. to graze animals in pasture. Ena impastu nan nuwang. He went to have the carabao graze. i‑/iN‑. (sem. domains: 6.3 - Animal husbandry.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

pattol 1intrans. to graze; to pasture. Immen e numpattol hi nuwang nan imbabalem. Your child went to pasture the water buffalo. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 6.3 - Animal husbandry.) 2trans. to pasture animals. Ipattol mu nan gulding. Graze the goat. i‑/iN‑. der. pumpattolan

pi- caus. this prefix encodes the presence of a causative agent in the action. Mahapul an hanan himmagabi ya taganah kolong hi nuwang o babuy ta pihdana nadah deh muyung ya nadan udum an bumadbaddang. The man performing the hagabi-ceremony must go on butchering carabao and pigs to feed the people in the forest and all the others who are helping him. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.)

pikiyoko comm. stem and unopened leaves of the bolwang tree. Pikiyoko nan inhaad da nah nuwnuwang. It is the stem and unopened leaves of the bolwang-tree that they place on the toy carabao.

pongpong trans. to hold something tightly; to grasp; to grip, e.g. the handle of a machete, ax, etc. Nganne ahan hinaen popongpongam? What is that you are grasping? Pinongpong na nan otak ot ipalang na nah tongod di nuwang. He held the machete tightly and cut the carabao’s neck. Pakappongpongom ta adi nalakan maplo. You hold it tightly so it won’t be snatched easily. ‑on/‑in‑, ‑an, paka‑ ‑on. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. (sem. domains: 7.3.4.4 - Hold.)

posten comm. the post of a fence. Igakod mu nan nuwang nah posten di alad. Tie the water buffalo to the post of the fence. (sem. domains: 6.5.1.5 - Fence, wall.)

tai 1comm. the excrement of man or animal; feces. Inwahit nan golang di tai na. The baby scattered his feces. Syn: galiho. (sem. domains: 2.2 - Body functions.) 2defecate. 2.1intrans. to excrete waste material from intestines; to defecate. Tumai nan unga te pun-ununay pantalon. The child will defecate because he is pulling down his pants. Muntatai nan nuwang yaden mundallanan. The carabao is defecating while walking. ‑um‑/‑imm‑ . 2E Physiological functions. (sem. domains: 2.2 - Body functions.) 2.2trans. to defecate on someone or something. Nipottok nan banbanaggo ke Pedlo ot ta-iyana. The lizard was directly over Pedlo and it defecated on him ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. der. taim

takke 1intrans. to ride on an animal or in a vehicle. Muntakke ka nah nuwang. Ride the carabao. Muntakke dah talak an umed Asipulo. They will ride a vehicle going to Asipulo. muN‑/nuN‑. 1A Movement with a manner component. Sim: lugan. (sem. domains: 7.2 - Move.) 2trans. to mount and sit astride a horse or carabao. Takkayam nan kabayu. Mount the horse. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 3trans. for a person or cargo to ride in a vehicle. Itakkem nadan saku nah pingngit di kalata. Load those sacks beside the road. Dakol di damanan mitakke adi ya abuh ginattut mo udum nat linibu pay. Many people can ride and it is not only the hundreds but sometimes by the thousands even. (on an airplane) i‑/iN‑, mi‑/ni‑.

tali 1comm. a rope. Alam nan tali ta gakodan ta tun kalton. Get the rope and we will tie this box. Sim: lubid. (sem. domains: 7.5.4.1 - Rope, string.) 2trans. to tie using a rope. Taliyam nan nuwang ta adi ume nah payo. Tie the carabao so that it will not go to the ricefield. Italim nan gulding nah puun di be-et. Tie the goat to the base of the guava tree. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, i‑/iN‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

uka trans. to untie a rope. Ukaom nan gakod di nuwang. Untie the carabao’s tether. Nauka nan tali te babaiy nangakod. The rope was untied because it was a woman who tied it. ‑on/‑in‑, ma‑/na‑. 4D Release, remove or detach object. (sem. domains: 7.5.2.4 - Remove, take apart.)

ulu comm. 1the head. Punggung-uwak di uluk te uggek inilay itudok kuh tu. I am scratching my head because I do not know what to write here. Ammunay uluk an in-agtuk. I have nothing. (lit. I’m only carrying my head.) Deket mo ta nakaggibu ya matibo nan duwan kapkapyan di ulun di nuwang nah numbinnongwa. When it (the bench) is really finished, it looks like two carabao heads, one on each end. (sem. domains: 2.1.1 - Head.) 2riddle Waday ohan bilid an pituy uwang na. (ulu) There is a mountain that has seven holes. (head) der. mamangulu der. pangulu der. panguluwan der. ulluwan id. nimamantuk hi ulu

uwang 1comm. an opening in or through something; a hole. Waday uwang nah banga kinali mundagay danum. There’s a hole in the pot; that’s why the water seeps through. Nabituy hukin nan nuwang nah uwang nah pingngit di wangwang. The water buffalo’s leg got stuck in a hole along the river bank. Sim: lokong, butbut, abut, guk-ang. 2trans. to make holes. Uwangam nadan lata ta tanman tah kolet. Make holes in the cans so that we can plant cabbage in them. Nauwauwangan di dingding mi. Our wall has holes. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an. 5B Changing state of site by removal of something. (sem. domains: 7.8.5 - Make hole, opening.)

wahe 1comm. a small ax. [This is an old term for ax, but it is still used today.] Nan wahey panikhal mu. Use the axe for splitting wood. Nganney pundikhal muh kaiw? Hay wahe. With what do you split wood? With an axe. Syn: putaw, wasay. (sem. domains: 6.7.1 - Cutting tool.) 2trans. to chop with ax. Winahe na nan tongod nan nuwang. He chopped the neck of the water buffalo with an axe. ‑on/‑in‑. 4A Change the structure of object. (sem. domains: 7.8.3 - Cut.)

watok trans. to chop with an ax. Winatok day bagang nan nuwang. They cut the neck of the water buffalo. (lit. axed; method of slaughter) Winatok kuy hukik ot teyan munhaggeyak. I struck my foot (with an axe) and now I’m limping. ‑on/‑in‑. 4A Change the structure of an object. (sem. domains: 7.8.3 - Cut.)