Search results for "page"

Hongan di page (n. ph. of Honga, page) prop. ritual for blessing rice planting. (sem. domains: 4.9.5 - Practice religion.)

page comm. 1rice kernel with hull and stem; unmilled rice. Bayuwom nan page. You pound the rice. Napnu din alang da Juan hi page. The rice granary of Juan is full of rice grain. Mipatibo an dakol di page da. This shows that they have rice to spare. (sem. domains: 5.2.3.1 - Food from plants.) 2refers to rice plants while in the field. Napai nan page handi dimmalalu. The rice was destroyed when it hailed. der. pagena n. ph. Hongan di page

pagekpek₁ intrans. the action and sound of water splashing. Idakig mu nan gulipu te mumpagekpek. Close the faucet because it is splashing. muN‑/nuN‑. 1D Sounds. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

pagekpek₂ (sp. var. paggekpek) comm. a grasshopper with big flapping wings. Hinumgop nan pagekpek handi hilong hi bale te nan dilag. The grasshopper with big wings entered the house last night because of the light. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.7 - Insect.)

pagena (der. of page) comm. a pig given by the buyer of a ricefield; its value must be the same as the value of rice that is raised annually in the purchased ricefield.

alebet intrans. 1to rain in heavy steady drops. Mun-alebet di udan. There’s a steady downpour. (raining cats and dogs) Umalebet di udan kinali umanamut taku. The rain is going to be strong so let’s go home. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 1C General class. (sem. domains: 1.1.3.3 - Rain.) 2to have too much seepage from mud dikes and slopes of ricefield, plants do not grow well. Mun-alebet nan banong kinali naghang. The mud dike is seeping that’s why it’s eroded. muN‑/nuN‑.

abul trans. to drive away, e.g. small animals, birds. Abulon yu nadan manuk ta adida kanon nan page. Drive away those chickens so that they will not eat the rice. Imme dan mun-abul hi buding. They went to drive away the rice birds. Dahdiy e mun-abul hi payo ad uwani? Who will go to drive away (the rice birds) in the ricefield today. Eyak mun-abul hi buding hi payo. I am going to drive away the rice birds in the fields. Abulom nan manuk ta adi na kanon nan boga. Drive the chicken away so it won’t eat the rice. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 4F Adjacency/Adjoining actions. Sim: dog-al, dulun, dugyun. (sem. domains: 7.3.2 - Move something in a direction.)

agtu carry. 1.1trans. to carry something on head. [Women are usually the ones who carry things on their heads.] Iagtu na nan bintok nan page. She will carry the bundle of palay on her head. Agtuwon yu nadan page. Carry the palay on your head. i‑/iN‑, ‑on/‑in‑. 3F Move something along with oneself. Sim: pah-on. (sem. domains: 7.3.1 - Carry.) 1.2trans. to carry an indefinite object or some of an indefinite object on head. Mun-agtuh bulhe hin dumayyu. She will carry beans on her head when she comes down. Umagtu kah page. Carry some rice on your head. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 7.3.1 - Carry.) id. ammunay uluk an in-agtuk id. In-agtunay langkak na.

ahhud trans. to pound alternately with pestles; to remove the husk from rice. [More than one person is pounding in a mortar] Mun-ahhud dan mumbayun nah page. They are alternating the pounding of rice. Ahhudan da nan bayuwon. They are alternately pounding the rice. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 1A Movement with a manner component. (sem. domains: 7.7.1 - Hit.)

alang comm. granary; it is built just like the native house except some have bamboo walls, and there’s no attic support. Inhakyat day pagen nah alang ad nakugab. They brought up the unhusked-rice from the fields to the granary yesterday. (sem. domains: 6.5.1 - Building.) der. mahin-alangan

ali 1come. 1.1intrans. to move from a place thought of as ‘there’ by a speaker or hearer, to a place thought of as ‘here’; to come. Umaliyak ot hi baleyu ta ialik tun binakle muden immali ka. I was about to come to your house to bring these rice cakes but then you came. Immalih ina an nalpu nah indoggan di bale. Mother came from behind the house. 2A Movement, from one place to another. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 7.2 - Move.) 1.2intrans. progressive aspect of come. Mangali amam. Your father is coming. Indai ot ya abut mangalin nahho- wa-el, inang ay, waday munhuhummangan. Later on, he was approaching the er...creek, he saw..there were voices conversing. maN‑/naN‑. 2trans. to bring; come with something. <The prefix set, i-/iN-, cross-references the object being brought.> Iali yu nan babuy hi andani. Bring the pig later. In-ali dah ka-anin pagey. They brought newly-harvested rice. Nate moh apu Casilda ya maid moy oggan mangialih allaman nibayuh puhu. After Grandmother Casilda died, there was no one to bring crabs pounded with banana blossoms. i‑/iN‑, mangi‑/nangi‑. 3F Move something along with oneself. (sem. domains: 7.3.3 - Take somewhere.)

ani harvest. 1.1trans. to harvest a crop. Maphod di luta dat dakol di aniyon da. Their ground is good so they will harvest much ‑on/‑in‑. Sim: apit. (sem. domains: 1.5.6 - Growth of plants.) 1.2intrans. used to refer to the time of harvesting. Hana keh etaku pun-aniyan ya tibon yut maanin am-in nan page. When we harvest, see to it that all the rice is harvested. puN‑ ‑an, ma‑. 1.3n. usually refers to harvesting a rice crop but the word may also be used for harvesting other crops or fruit. comp. ahiani say. Hay itanom mu ya hidiyey aniyom.

baak 1sta. old rice; harvested a year or more ago; rice becomes yellowish. Nabaak nan page mi. Our rice is old. ma‑. (sem. domains: 5.2 - Food.) 2proc. (fig) to become a spinster; bachelor. Mangahawa ka mot adika bumaak. Marry now so that you’ll not become a spinster. ‑um‑. (sem. domains: 2.6.1 - Marriage.)

badi intrans. to pluck a stalk or particle of grain usually rice; young rice grains plucked and skinned and eaten. Adi kayu bumadih page te bumoh-ol di kon payo. Don’t pluck the rice because the field owner will be angry. Tipet ekayu mumbadih page? Why are you plucking young rice grains? ‑um‑/‑imm‑, muN‑/nuN‑. Sim: kuttim. (sem. domains: 7.3.4.4 - Hold.)

bako (sp. var. bakbakko) comm. a weed resembling a rice plant. Mahapul an bagutom didan bako te patayon day page. You must pull out those weeds because they will crowd the rice plants. (sem. domains: 1.5.3 - Grass, herb, vine.)

batawil 1comm. a pole placed on the shoulder to carry rice bundles, on both ends, to and from the granary. Em alan nan batawil nah alang. Go and get the pole for carrying rice bundles to the granary. (sem. domains: 7.3.1 - Carry.) 2trans. to carry on a pole on one’s shoulder, usually produce that can be hung such as rice bundles. Ibatawil yu nan page. Carry the bundles of rice grain on poles. Ekayu ta batawilon yu nan page. Go and carry the rice bundles. Gakodam nan balat ta ibatawil mu. Put a tie on the hands of bananas so that you can carry them. Eda mumbatawil hi page hi bigat. They are going to carry rice bundles on poles tomorrow. Bumatawil kah hindalan. Carry on the pole twenty rice bundles . Dakol nan page an nibatawil. Many bundles of rice were carried (on the batawil). i‑/iN‑, ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑.

bayuhabu comm. the bloom or flower of a rice plant; no grains yet. Bayuhabu moy page. The rice plants are blooming. (sem. domains: 1.5.5 - Parts of a plant.)

bayyube (sp. var. bayube) 1comm. a cane-grass symbol of prohibition; no trespassing symbol. Eyak makimmah balen da Gabina ya numbayyube da ot adiyak humgop. I was going to chew betelnut at Gabina’s house but they had placed the prohibition sign so I did not enter. Adika gumawah na te neyay bayube/pudung. Don’t step into that part for there’s a keep-off sign. Sim: pudung, pile. (sem. domains: 3.5.6 - Sign, symbol.) 2trans. to prohibit an action. Bayubeyan yu nadan page nah pingngit di kalata. Put a keep-off sign on the rice grains along the path. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an.

bingay 1comm. share of a harvest of rice grain, fruit, coffee beans, etc. [Usually two-thirds of the produce goes to the owner and one-third to the laborer or tenant. Farm inputs are usually provided by the owner of the land.] Idag-um nan bingay nan kon luta. Drop the share of the landowner. Syn: dowa. (sem. domains: 6.2 - Agriculture, 8.1.6.1 - Part.) 2trans. to give people a share of produce. Bingayon yu nan irik. Divide the lowland rice grain. Biningay da Mara nan page mo. Mara and her side have already divided the rice grain. Maid di mabingay ad uwani. There is nothing to be shared now. Eyak makibingay na inani da. I’m going to have my share of the rice grain that they gathered. Takon di idat yuy bingay ku hanadah ma-ma-idan. You may give my share to those who are poor. Bingayan dakah makan. We will share food with you. ‑on, ‑um‑, ma‑, ‑an. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

bon’al trans. to throw something, usually stones, with the intention of hitting someone or something. Numbonal ku hanadan gulding an nangan hi page. I threw (stones) at the goats that ate the palay. Ugge mi inilay binumnal ke he-a te dingkug mi nan panto. We do not know who threw (stones) at you because our backs were against the door. Ibnal mu nan od-odnam. Throw the thing which you are holding. Inibnal na nan pakko. He threw the spoon at someone. Bonalom nan manuk ta adi na kanon nan page. Throw something at the chicken so it will not eat the palay. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑inum‑, i‑/ini‑. 3B Move and release object. Sim: wele, boka, tongba, gayang, balnu, alo, top-’al, wengngak; Sim: tongba, gayang, baladung, balnu, boka, alo, balabal. (sem. domains: 7.3.1.1 - Throw.)

bongtit 1comm. feces-like odor; bad smell of an insect called dango. Ag-agam di bongtit di dango! What a bad smell the dango has! (sem. domains: 2.3.4 - Smell.) 2intrans. to emit a bad odor. Mumbongtit nan nihap-en page. The rice grains being dried stink. muN‑/nuN‑.

bot’ok 1comm. a bundle of small things, e.g. rice stalks, green beans. Kaatnay ohan botok nah bulhe? How much is one bundle of beans? Kaatnan botok nan inani yun page. How many bundles of rice did you harvest? Ohan botok an balluy indawat na. He gave one bundle of immature rice grain. (sem. domains: 8.1.3.3 - Group of things.) 2trans. to bundle things that can be held in the hand. Mumbotok bulhen eda iggattang. They are bundling beans for them to sell. Bumtok kah al-alam. Bundle some for you to bring home. Botkom nan bulligan ta eta igattang. You bundle the wingbeans so we can sell them. Kaatnay nabtok? How many were bundled? ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑, ma‑/na‑. 4A Change the structure of object. (sem. domains: 7.5.4 - Tie.) der. bintok

bud’ing (sp. var. budding) comm. ricebird; two species. Eka mun-abul hi buding nah payo. You go to drive away the rice birds in the fields. Naligat di mun-abul hi buding. It’s hard to drive rice birds away. Upuwon di buding di page hin adi adugan hanan page hin mamunga. The ricebirds will consume the grains of rice if the rice is not guarded when the grains begin to form. Sim: banukung, bikongkong; gen: hamuti. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.2 - Bird.) id. kay nomnom di buding

budbud trans. to crush, especially grains; rotten wood which is grasped. Budbudon yu nan guk-ang di anggudung. Crush the empty shell of the snails. Nabudbud nan boga te ugge namag-anan nan page. The rice grains were ground to pieces because the palay was not dry enough. ‑on/‑in‑, ma‑/na‑. 4A Change the structure of object. Sim: bukli, gudu, ubud. (sem. domains: 7.8.1 - Break.)

buhbu intrans. to blossom, specifically rice or corn plants; to tassel. Mumbuhbu day page. The rice plants are starting to blossom. Bumuhbu da key page ya umali ka. When the rice starts to blossom, that’s the time for you to come. Bimmuhbuy page. The rice grain has blossomed. ‑um‑/‑imm‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 2G Processes. (sem. domains: 1.5.5 - Parts of a plant.)

butod 1comm. a vine that is used to bundle rice; a climbing vine with nodes around the palm. Handih done ya usalon day butod an pamobod hi page. In the olden days, they used butod-vine to bundle rice. (sem. domains: 1.5.3 - Grass, herb, vine.) 2intrans. to get vine and make strips for bundling rice grains. maN‑.

C2 this form symbolizes the gemination of the medial consonant of the root word; when it co-occurs with the circumfixes paka- -on and paka- -an, it intensifies the ability of the agent-subject to perform something very well or completely. Pakabayyuon dah maphod nan page. They will pound the rice very well. Sim: pakaC2- -on, pakaC2- -an, pakaC1- -on.

dadiye demonstrative. the plural form of the Set 3; those over there (away from speaker and listener); anaphoric (back reference) in text. Dadiye nan in-alik an page. Those over there are the palay I brought. Dadiye ya abuy Ippangyol an niha-ad ad Kiangan. So those were the only Spaniards who came to Kiangan. Inilam met an sigud an adik pinhod dadiye. You know also that I don’t like those. Binungbungan dan am-in dadiyen babatu. They blasted all those rocks using dynamite. (sem. domains: 9.2.3.5 - Demonstrative pronouns.) der. dadiyey n. ph. ke dadiye

dalan₂ comm. measuring unit for ten bundles of rice. Gumawatak hi hindalan an page. I will borow ten bundles of rice. general: can be combined with other numbers e.g. duwan dalan; tulun dalan; etc. hiN‑. Sim: bainti, duwampulu; Meas: bongle, dalan, upu. (sem. domains: 6.2 - Agriculture, 8.1.1.1 - Cardinal numbers.) comp. hindalan

dalu trans. to spade off the grass on the dike top and slope. Etaku manalu te namahig di holok ya nahalman di utut an pungkakan da nan page. Let’s go to scrape off with a spade because it’s grassy and the rats are eating the rice grains. Daluwan yu nadan banong. Spade off the grasses from the rice field dikes. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, maN‑/naN‑. 5B Changing state of site by removal of something. (sem. domains: 6.2.4.1 - Cut grass.)

dowa 1comm. share of harvest. Opat an sakun page ya abuy dowak. My share was only four sacks. Syn: bingay. 2trans. to divide the share of the harvest. Dowa-on taku nan pageh bigat. We divide the rice by tomorrow. ‑on/‑in‑.

gatut adj. hundred; the cardinal number 100. Indat kuy hinggatut an botok di page ke hiya. I gave one hundred bundles of rice to him. Duwan gatut di pihhuk. I have two hundred pesos. hiN‑. Number quantifier. (sem. domains: 8.1.1.1 - Cardinal numbers.) comp. hinggatut

gikod sta. long-lasting food; plenty of food for a long time. Magikod di page da. Their rice is long-lasting. Magikod peman di baya da. Their rice wine really is long-lasting. Munhonga da ta gumikod di page da. They offered sacrifices so that their rice will become long-lasting. ma‑, ‑um‑. 6C Process or state of inanimate objects. (sem. domains: 5.2 - Food.)

gimuk trans. to crush a hard substance into pieces. Gimukom nan batu. Crush the stone to pieces. Magimuk nan page te ugge nahap-ayan. The rice will be crushed because it has not been dried. ‑on/‑in‑, ma‑/na‑. 4A Change the structure of object. (sem. domains: 7.8.1 - Break.)

gukkudan (der. of gukud) comm. a place for piling grain; a matting made of bamboo, rattan or canegrass to hold rice on top of the hearth. Inhay-ung na nan page nah gukkudan. He dried the rice on the bamboo matting over the hearth. ‑an. (sem. domains: 5.1 - Household equipment.)

gukud trans. to pile rice bundles in granary. Eyu igukud nan pageh alang. Go pile the rice bundles in the granary. i‑/iN‑. 3A Move and position object at site. (sem. domains: 7.5.9 - Put.) der. gukkudan

gul-ut trans. to thresh young rice by hand or with a spoon; to remove kernels of rice from stalk. Gul-uton yu nan page ta ihanglag. Scrape off the rice grains from the straw then roast it. Mangul-ut da nadan u-unga kapyaon dah ballu. The children are threshing young rice for them to make into ballu. ‑on/‑in‑, maN‑/naN‑. (sem. domains: 5.2.1.2 - Steps in food preparation.)

hakmo trans. to put something on top of another thing. Em ihakmo nan balat nah page ta gagalan mal-um. You put the bananas on top of the rice grains so that they will easily ripen. Hakmoan hi batu nan papel ta adi mitayap. Place a stone over the paper so that it will not be blown away. i‑/iN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 3A Move and position object at site. Sim: gat-un. (sem. domains: 7.5.9 - Put.)

hakyat 1trans. to bring or take something home. Ihakyat muh tuwe. Bring this home. Inhakyat Pedro nan page dih bale. Pedro brought the rice up to the house. i‑/iN‑. 3F Move something along with oneself. (sem. domains: 7.3.3 - Take somewhere.) 2intrans. to go home. An humakyat kayu mo? Are you leaving for home? ‑um‑/‑imm‑.

hap-e trans. to dry something under the sun. Ihap-e mi nan page te natina. We will dry the rice because it is wet. Ekayu munhap-eh kape. Go dry the coffee. i‑/iN‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 3D Move object with a resulting change. Sim: langu. (sem. domains: 1.3.3.1 - Dry.) der. hap-ayan

haping 1intrans. for a plant to germinate; to sprout. Himmahapping nan kolet. The cabbage sprouted many shoots. Manaping nan ka-itanom kun palawer. The flower I just planted is sprouting. ‑um‑/‑imm‑, maN‑. (sem. domains: 1.5.6 - Growth of plants.) 2comm. shoot of plant; sprout. Dakol di haping nan page. The rice has many shoots.

hay-ung 1intrans. to dry rice bundles or wood on a shelf above the fireplace. Ihay-ung mu nan page ta bayuwon takuh bigat. Dry the rice-bundles so we will pound it tomorrow. i‑/iN‑. (sem. domains: 1.3.3.1 - Dry.) 2comm. a shelf above fireplace for drying firewood and rice which is bundled, first or lowest shelf of 3-tiers. wh: huguhug. (sem. domains: 5.1.1 - Furniture.) der. hay-ungngan

higup₁ 1intrans. to go into a sheltered place; used more frequently about sheltering animals or things other than people. Deyan umudan, humigup kayu mo. There, it is going to rain, come to the shelter. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 7.3.7 - Cover.) 2trans. to enter into shelter; to shelter something; to bring something inside. Ihigup yu di page. Bring in the rice. Higupon di udan tun batalan mi. The rain comes into our porch. i‑/iN‑, ‑on/‑in‑.

hiN- -on TACR. this circumfix encodes a non-past modal that adds the meaning of ‘to pretend’ to the verbal root; the suffix part of the circumfix cross-references the object in the clause. <With a statement, rather than imperative, a ka- prefix is also added to the affix combination.> Himbaybayuom nan page. Pretend to be pounding the rice. Kahindongdongollona hi kinalik. He pretends to be listening to what I have said. (sem. domains: 9.4.2 - Agent-oriented modalities.)

hindalan (comp. of dalan, hiN-) adj. ten bundles of rice, one unit of ten bundles. Imbatawil nay hindalan an page. He carried on a carrying-pole ten bundles of rice. Number quantifier. (sem. domains: 8.1.1 - Number.)

holdang proc. to have become the reddish gold color of ripening rice; implies that the rice is nearly ready for harvest. Himmoldang di page. The rice has become reddish gold. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 1.5.6 - Growth of plants.)

hongol comm. measure unit for five bundles of rice. Hinhongol nan pagen inagtuk. I carried five bundles of rice on my head. (sem. domains: 8.2.8 - Measure.) comp. hinhongol

huguhug (sp. var. huguhugan) 1comm. a rack above the fireplace used for drying wood and rice. [Some racks have three tiers.] Maid di huguhug di balemi. Our home doesn’t have a rack above the fireplace. Hanan pagen deh huguhugan di em ibayu. Take the rice bundle on the upper part of the rack to pound. pt: wan’an, hay-ung, pal’a. (sem. domains: 6.7.7 - Container.) 2trans. to put firewood or rice bundles on the rack above the fireplace for drying. Ihuguhug mu nan itungu. Put the firewood on the rack. Ihuguhug nan kaiw ta mamag-anan. Put the wood on the firewood rack so that it will dry. i‑/iN‑. 3A Move and position object at site. 3intrans. for the rack to be full, generally full of firewood. <Morphology: nahuguhugan> na‑ ‑an. infl. nahuguhugan

ilag 1comm. yellowish, reddish color as of rice ripening or any other fruit. Maang-ang moy ilag dih page. Now, we can see the yellowish-reddish color of the rice grains (nearing harvest time). (sem. domains: 8.3.3.3 - Color.) 2proc. to become yellow-red in color, describes rice or fruit that is becoming ripe. Umilag di kantol ten munkal-um. The santol-fruit becomes yellowish-reddish when about to be ripe. Mun-iilag nan bugan di kantol. The santol-fruit is reddish. ‑um‑/‑imm‑, muN‑. 2G Processes.

inatu comm. fruit or results of one’s labors or efforts, e.g. money, property, produce. Datuwen pagey inatun ama yu. These ricegrains are the fruit of your father’s labors. (sem. domains: 6.1 - Work.)

ingkap-at (der. of kap-at) trans. to divide something into four equal parts. Ingkap-at da nan page. They divided the rice-grains into four equal parts. iN‑. 3I Direct an action toward an object. (sem. domains: 7.8 - Divide into pieces.)

kalloong comm. a trough for threshing rice or pounding dried bean seeds with two places to pound. Tinaltag da nan page nah kalloong. They threshed by pounding the rice grains in the wooden trough. Sim: atangwe. (sem. domains: 6.7.7 - Container.)

kan 1intrans. to eat, indefinite as to what is eaten. <This root is never used alone.> Mangan taku. Let’s eat. Hin-uddum an adika mangan. At times you don’t eat. Da Pedro ke Ben di nangan hanah inha-ang mu. It was Pedro and Ben who ate what you cooked. maN‑/naN‑. (sem. domains: 5.2.2 - Eat.) 2to eat. 2.1trans. the food being eaten is specific and cross-referenced. Kanon yun am-in nan ginatang na. Eat everything he bought. ‑on/‑in‑. 2.2trans. to eat a specific food continuously; the food being eaten is cross-referenced. Kanokanona nan inhaad kun tinapay nah basket. He was always eating the bread I placed in the basket. Kanokanon nadan buding nan page. The birds keep eating the palay. ‑on/‑in‑ + CV(C)CV‑. 2.3intrans. to join in eating. Immali da ke nan imbabalek hi baleyu on nakikan da. Whenever my children go to your house they eat there. maki‑/naki‑. 2.4trans. indicates utensil used for eating. Hituwe nan nangikanan min duyu te teyay marka na. This is the plate we used for eating because here is the mark. mangi‑ ‑an/nangi‑ ‑an. 3nom. edible food, usually used for snack, fruit, bread, etc. Imme nah muyung ot e umalah makmakkan. He went to the forest to get some edible food. nganan der. makan der. panganan der. pinnangan id. kay hamutin mangan id. kay ka babuy an mangan id. kay munhabun mangan id. kay nanganan di ahuy nanganan yu id. kay nanganan di gulding id. kay nanganan di kabayu infl. ikan infl. mangan infl. pakan

kidlo 1comm. any scarecrow objects, used to frighten rice birds. [Clothing, pieces of plastic, or cans are connected to strings that can be pulled to move the object or make noise.] Dakol kidlo an intattayun mih payo. We have hung many things in our fields to scare rice birds. Sim: taktakut. (sem. domains: 6.2 - Agriculture.) 2trans. to place objects in rice fields to frighten rice birds. Kidlowam nan mamuhbun page ta adi tiptipon nadan buding. Place things to scare away rice-birds in the places where the rice-grains are blooming so that they will not suck them. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an.

kupo 1sta. to be empty of content, e.g. the husk of grain or nits. Nakupo nan page te tiniptip di buding. The rice-grains are empty because the ricebirds sucked them. Nakupo nan kinaan dan ilit na. The nits they removed were empty. na‑. 6C Process or state of inanimate objects. (sem. domains: 8.1.8.1 - Empty.) 2comm. may refer to a bile sac which is white not green, observed during a ritual.

kuttim (sp. var. kutim) 1comm. young rice grains picked and skinned by fingers to be eaten. Umala ka nah kuttim. Get some of the young-rice. Sim: badi. (sem. domains: 5.2 - Food.) 2trans. to remove the husk of young rice grains with fingernails. Kuttimon nadan u-unga hituwen page. The chidren will pick and skin this young-rice with their fingernails. ‑on/‑in‑.

lah-un 1intrans. to go outside of confined area such as a building, room, car; to exit. [Formerly, all Ifugao houses were built up off the ground on posts; therefore, to exit from a house involved climbing down a ladder.] Lumah-un ka ta mumpatte ta. Come out (of the house) and we’ll fight. Munlah-un da nadan tatagud dola. The people were coming out to the yard. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2A Movement, from one place to another.. Sim: buddu, bud’al. (sem. domains: 7.2.2 - Move in a direction.) 2trans. to bring or take something outside of an enclosed space; the prefix cross-references the object taken outside. Ilah-un mu nan page ta mihap-e. Bring out the rice so that it will dry. Ilah-un mu tun gangha. Go out with this gong. Inlah-un da nan ubunan. They brought out the chair. i‑/iN‑. (sem. domains: 7.3.3 - Take somewhere.)

lai (sp. var. laik) 1comm. the old leaves of rice plants. Dakdakol di bungan di page hin makaan di lai na. There will be more rice grains if the old leaves of rice plants are removed. (sem. domains: 1.5.3 - Grass, herb, vine.) 2intrans. to remove old leaves of rice plants. Munlai da hi bigat nah payon Bugan. They are going to remove the old leaves of the rice plants in Bugan’s field. muN‑/nuN‑. 1B Movment with a directional component. comp. ahilai

lamon 1comm. the seeds of legumes. Maid ni-an di lamon di bulhe. The beans have no seeds yet. (sem. domains: 1.5.5 - Parts of a plant.) 2comm. edible roots. Wada moy lamon nan gatawwa. The cassava has roots. 3proc. to bear seeds or roots; to bear produce inside pods or husks, e.g. beans, rice. An lumamoy gattuk hi mitanom hitu? Do sweet potatoes that are planted here bear a root-crop? Nalamhanan nan page mo. The rice has grain-seeds now. ‑um‑/‑imm‑, ma‑/na‑. 6C Process or state of inanimate objects. (sem. domains: 6.2.1 - Growing crops.)

layut₂ comm. algae. [Great care is taken in removing the algae from ricefields so that rice plants are not damaged; it is lifted up rather than pulled horizontally.] Deket kaanon nan layut hi payo ya tapayaon ta itag-e ten waday page. If you remove algae from the ricefield, lift it high on th palms when there are rice plants. Gen: bagiw. (sem. domains: 1.5.4 - Moss, fungus, algae.)

liggu trans. to turn head to the side; to turn away; to face sideways. Iliggum hitut ang-angngon da di tamel mu. Turn your face this way so that they will see your face. Oggan mu ligguwon nan inhap-ek an page. Once in a while turn your head to see the rice I set out to dry. Munliggu kah tu. Turn your head this way. i‑/iN‑, ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 3G Move body or body parts directionally. Sim: ligu; Sim: wingi, atuwingwing, balungango. (sem. domains: 7.2.2.6 - Turn, 7.1.9 - Move a part of the body.)

maal-algo (der. of algo) sta. noon; midday. Deket maal-algo ya em ihap-e nan page ta mamag-anan. At noontime, spread the palay so that it will dry. Dimmatong dah maal-algo ot ipayu dan e mampap mu tultulluy dimpap da. They arrived at noon and went directly to the river to catch crabs, but they only caught a few. Tuwe da te mungkamal-algo. Here they come because it is almost noon. ma‑ CVC‑. (sem. domains: 8.4.1.2.3 - Time of the day.)

manginudan (der. of udan) nom. refers to the period of time when it rains nearly every day. Adi namag-anan di page nah manginudan. Plants will not dry up during rainy season. mangin‑.

mohmo 1comm. a big bundle of rice grains. 2trans. to make big rice grain bundles. Adiyu imohmoy pamtok yu. Do not make your rice bundles big. Namohmo di numbotok da nadah page. They made big bundles of rice grains. i‑/iN‑, na‑. 3comm. bundled dried tobacco leafs, around three inches in diameter. Kaatnay himmohmo? How much is a bundle? hiN‑. (sem. domains: 8.1.3.3 - Group of things.) 4trans. to bundle dried tobacco leaves, around three inches in diameter. Aga, ta mohmohon taku tun tabaku. Come, let us bundle these tobacco leaves. ‑on/‑in‑.

nalimuy algo (ph. v. of algo) sta. noon; the time when the sun is highest in the sky. Deket maal-algo ya em ihap-e nan page ta mamag-anan. At noontime, spread the rice so that it will dry. Dimmatong dah maal-algo ot ipayu dan e mampap mu tultulluy dimpap da. They arrived at noon and went directly to the river to catch crabs, but they only caught a few. Tuwe da te mungkamal-algo. Here they come because it is almost noon. na‑, mungka‑. (sem. domains: 8.4.1.2.3 - Time of the day.)

naN- -an top. this circumfix topicalizes and cross-references a time or place; past tense. Ad Kiangan di nangayan da. Kiangan is the place where they went. Daanay em nangamungan ketuwen pagey? Where did you gather this rice? Sim: maN- -an; Sim: paN- -an. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.)

ngamol comm. the natural jelly-like yellowish substance in ricefields that acts as a fertilizer. Kanan day maphod kanuy ngamol hi tomolan di page. They say the ngamol is good (fertilizer) for the growth of rice. (sem. domains: 6.2.2.3 - Fertilize a field.)

onan intrans. to occupy a big space; crowded around a place; blocking the way. Nun-onan nan ongal an kama da. Their big bed took all the space. Nun-oonan di page nah alang. The rice in the granary occupied the whole floor area. Kumiwang kayu ya adi kayu mun-oonan nah dalanon. Give way and don’t block the way. muN‑/nuN‑. 1C General class. (sem. domains: 8.1.8 - Full.)

otong 1mature. 1.1sta. for rice to be mature, ready for harvest. Nat-ong nan page. The rice-grains are mature. Nat-ong moy page yu. Your rice is ready for harvest. ma‑/na‑. 6C Process or state of inanimate objectss. (sem. domains: 1.5.6 - Growth of plants.) 1.2n. refers to a particular stage of growth. Deket adi maani ya luma-uy otong na. If it is not harvested, then it will be overripe. 2sta. (fig) to be a mature person Nat-ongan ka mo yaden kapyanan adika dumngol. You are already old, yet you do not heed advice. na‑ ‑an.

pa- caus. this prefix encodes a causative agent involvement in the action or activity; it is the basic causative form. <This causative prefix co-occurs in combination with many other affixes.> Adim mo painnay-ayyam te mahapul an mun-istudy kah ustu. You are not going to squander your time. Mipatibo an dakol di page da. This shows that they have rice to spare. Sim: pa- -on. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.)

pakaC2- -on TACR. this circumfix is an intensifier and cross-references the object of Class 4 roots. Pakabayyuon dah maphod nan page. They will pound the rice very well. Sim: C2, pakaC2- -an, pakaC1- -on. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.)

pokol₁ to hold. 1.1trans. to cup hand and fingers for holding; to hold something round in hand; to hold. Poklom tun gattuk. Hold this sweet potato. Kaatnay pingkol mu? How much are you holding in your hand? ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 7.3.4.4 - Hold.) 1.2to mold or shape something. 1.2.1trans. to cup hand and fingers around something in order to form into a round shape; to shape; to mold. Pumpokolonay hinamal. He is shaping the cooked rice into mounds. Ong-ongalom di poklom ta hay balantinay itanom mu. You mold the mounds bigger so that you can plant eggplant on them. Pinokkopokkol kuy holok on ahik tinab-unan hi pitok. I molded mounds of grass before I covered them with mud. ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 9.1.2.5 - Make.) 1.2.2trans. to stack harvested rice bundles in a mound; the bundles are then covered with plastic to protect from the rain. Em ipkol ad uwani nadan page. Go now and stack the rice. i‑/iN‑. (sem. domains: 7.5.9 - Put.) der. pingkol

ponpon trans. to arrange rice bundles in orderly stacks in the granary to make the best use of space and allow air to circulate; may be used generally to stack or arrange other produce. Hi amay nangiponpon nah page hi alang mi. Father was the one who stacked the rice in our granary. Iponpon mu nadan gattuk nah gampa. Arrange the sweet potatoes in the basket. i‑/iN‑, mangi‑/nangi‑. 3A Move and position object at site. (sem. domains: 7.5.9 - Put.)

pudung 1comm. a sign of prohibition; no trespassing sign. Waday pudung nah pingngit di munkat-og an page. There is a prohibition sign beside the maturing rice grains. Sim: pile, bayyube. 2trans. to place the prohibition sign. [In the past, this was a sign that a pile-spirit guarded the area and if people disregarded the prohibition sign, the spirit would cause sickness. The sign was also placed outside of a home with a newborn baby to prohibit visitors until the amung-ritual was performed.] Pudungam tun tabuyug ta maid di umalah bungana. Place a knotted reed on this pomelo tree so no one will pick its fruit. Adim idalan hina te deyan napudungan. Don’t pass there because there’s a knotted reed there. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an. 5A Changing state of site by adding something. (sem. domains: 7.5.9 - Put.)

tag-e 1adj. having an extension upward, vertically; high, tall. Atag-e nan alad da. Their fence is high. Nakattag-e nan ek pinaytuk, kinali nahpung tun hukik. The thing I jumped from was very high, that’s why I sprained my ankle. Hidiyen bilid di katagtag-yan hitu. That mountain is the tallest here. a‑/an‑, naka‑ C, ka‑ CV(C) ‑an. Dimension quantifier. ant: akhop; Sim: banawe, tayag. (sem. domains: 8.2.6.3 - High, 8.2.2.2 - Tall.) 2nom. height. Hay kinatag-en di balemi ya umat nah kinatag-en di katagtag-eyan an tagu. The height of our house is like the height of the tallest person. Athituy kinatag-en nan alad an ek pinaytuk. The height of the fence I jumped over was like this. ka‑, kina‑. 3trans. to raise something to a higher position. Itag-em nan page. Lift up the rice-stalks. Itagtag-em nan paul ta paytukok. Raise the stick higher so that I will jump over it. i‑/iN‑. 3A Move and position object at site. (sem. domains: 7.3.2.4 - Lift.) 4sta. to have a high status. Ipadayaw kuy kinatag-em ta inggana. I will honor/praise your inherent high status forever. (referring to God’s status) Natag-e saad tuwen tagu. This person’s rank is high. kina‑, na‑. (sem. domains: 4.5.6.1 - High status.) 5proc. refers to the process of becoming tall. Immongal ka mo gayam ya timmag-e ka pay. You are grown now and have also become tall. der. kinatag-e id. muntag-etag-e infl. atag-e

tedeya (comp. of te, deya) conj. a compound expressing strongly the idea that the reason for an action is obvious, visible or understood in the context; because, see there. Ihigub mu nan page tedeyan umaliy udan. Bring in the palay because see there, it is about to rain. Maka ot tedeyan umudan! Come on because see there, it’s going to rain. Compounding conjunctions and adjuncts. (sem. domains: 9.6.2.5 - Cause, 9.6.2.5.1 - Reason.)

toktok trans. to partially remove husk from rice to feed poultry, using a mortar and pestle to pound. Toktokon yu nan pagen ka-itikid da. Partially pound the rice which they just brought up. ‑on/‑in‑. 4D Release, remove or detach object. (sem. domains: 7.5.2.4 - Remove, take apart.)

tomol 1comm. a sprouting seed; a seedling. Natey tomol na. Its sprouts died. Manamak ka nah tomol di abukadu. Look for a sprouting avocado seed. (sem. domains: 1.5.6 - Growth of plants.) 2intrans. to sprout; to germinate; for a plant to begin to grow. Tinummol nan page te natina. The rice seeds have germinated because it is wet. Tummol nan intanom mu hin uggan mu danuman. Your plants will grow if you water them often. Ipatmol mu. Let it germinate. ‑um‑/‑imm‑, ipa‑.

ulut 1comm. rice stalks without grain; straw. Em alan nan ulut ta punhunul ta. Get the grain-stalks to use in starting the fire. (sem. domains: 6.2.5.4 - Plant product.) 2trans. to pluck grains of rice from stalk. Ulutom nan page. Pluck the grains from the rice-stalks. Nadan u-ungay nangulut te umat hitu. It was the children who detached the rice grains from the straw because it is like this. Mun-ulut dah mabayu hi bigat. They are detaching the rice grains from the straw for tomorrow’s pounding. ‑on/‑in‑, maN‑/naN‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 4D Release, remove or detach object.

utut₁ comm. a rat. Dakol di utut nah payo an kanon da nadan page. There are many rats in the ricefield that eat the rice grains. Sim: gando, gelew, i-inggi; Sim: lomok. (sem. domains: 1.6.1 - Types of animals.)

waga trans. to bless by waving the hand. Wagahan nan mumbaki nan page ta wada ot dakol di maani. The shaman is blessing the rice plants for a bountiful harvest. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5C Goal oriented sites. Sim: bendisyon. (sem. domains: 4.9.4.3 - Bless.)

wigit (sp. var. weget) comm. 1a rat, field species. Kinan nadan wigit nan page. The field-rats ate the rice-grains. (sem. domains: 1.6.1 - Types of animals.) 2the sound made by a rat.