mipalpu (infl. of lappu) pass. refers to the beginning of something that continues in time or sequence. Nalgom di pinhod mun gattangon mipalpun nah kaitayan ingganah nah kaongngalan ya wadanwada. There is anything that you want to buy from (beginning with) the smallest item to the biggest is there. Mipalpud uwani ya iathitu yu ta panginomnoman yun ha-on. (1Corinth 11:25c) Beginning now, you will do like this so that it will be your remembrance of me. mipa‑.
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nipalpu pass. refers to the starting of an event or a time. Dimmatong kami ad Lagawe ya nipalpu mo tuwaliy parada. When we reached Lagawe, the parade had already started. Nipalpu mon diye ya adik pinhod an kumayat takon di niakhop nan kaiw. Since that time (lit. starting at that time), I do not like to climb even small trees. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Start something.)
poppog 1comm. space or time reaches a specified limit; the end. Hituwey poppog di kubu yu. This is the end of your lot. Ta nangamung hi poppog di yahyak ya adiyak kal-iwan. To my last breath, I will not forget you. Hitu ke ya danum an maid di poppog nay maang-ang. Here, all you see is water without an end. (standing on the shore of the ocean) Hay punnomnom na ya hidiyey poppog di biyag na. What he thinks is that would be the end of his life. Opp: palpu. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52.3 - End.) 2trans. to end a condition or action. Napoppog di kinadangyan da handih nateyan amada. Their wealth ended when their father died. Inlappu mih di ot ipoppog mih tu. We started there and ended here. Kon-anay ahi kapoppogan di punliwatan di tagu? When will the sinning of man end? Poppogon takuy nihbutan takun dida. Let’s end our slavery to them. i/iN‑, ‑on/‑in‑, ka‑ ‑an. infl. napoppog
ad uwani (n. ph. of uwani) adv. 1refers to the day at the time of the speech event. Ad uwani aliyan ama an malpud Baguio. Today, Father will come from Baguio. Time. Syn: adn’iman. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206.2 - Yesterday, today, tomorrow.) 2refers to the time at hand. Mipalpud uwani ya adik kulkulugon di kalkalyom. Starting now, I will not believe what you say./From now on I will not believe what you say.
bakag 1comm. the bones of an exhumed person. [The bones are wrapped in a blanket for the exhumation rites bogwa.] Eda inalay bakag amana ta mamogwa da. They went to take his father’s bones so he’ll have the exhumation rite performed. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Custom.) 2sta. the skeleton of a person; no flesh left. Nabakag mo nan gunit te nala-u moy hintoon nipalpu dih natayana. There is no more flesh on the bones because it’s already more than a year after his death. na‑. 6A Physiological Process - State. Sim: gun’it. (sem. domains: 2.1.6 - Bone, joint.)
di₂ det. a determiner that marks indefinite reference of nouns and noun phrases. Takon di gawan di hilong ya paka-ang-angona ya pakadopapponay gando ya ulog an hidiyey kanona. Even if it is very dark it (an owl) sees clearly and catches rats and snakes for food. In-anamut di dakol di inangang da. Many came home hungry. Nalgom di pinhod mun gattangon mipalpun nah kaitayan ingganah nah kaongngalan ya wadan wada. Anything that you want to buy, from the smallest item to the largest is available. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168 - Demonstrative pronouns.)
ka-₁ 1nominalizer. this prefix nominalizes an adjective or verb. Handih kaittay na ya ammunay Clinic an wadad Kiangan. When he was young/little, there was only a clinic in Kiangan. Nah kadakol di tatagu ya mahapul an halipat-an di pihhu With the large number of people, you have to be careful with your money. Katatakut pay an e bumah-el te dakol di talak an muntutun-ud. It is even very dangerous/frightening to cross the street since there are many buses lined up one after the other. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Derivational affixes.) 2dervN. the affix renominalizes a noun, changing the meaning. Manomnom kun handi keh kau-unga mi ya wadaday nihag-on kediyen ob-ob hi o-ongal an batu I remember that when we were children (lit. childhood), there were big rocks beside the same spring Nipalpun dih kagolang na inggana kediyen kimmat-agu ya maphod di pangi-ena. From the time of his childhood until he was a young man, his nature was good.
kaongngalan (infl. of ongngal) nom. a comparative measure of the size of something; largest. Nalgom di pinhod mun gatangon mipalpun nah kaitayan ingganah nah kaongngalan ya wadanwada. Anything that you want to buy from the smallest item to the largest is available. ka‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 8.2 - Big.)
katlu₂ (der. of tulu) 1sta. the third in a sequence of count objects. Ha-oy di mikatlu ke dakamin liman hintutulang. I am the third of us five brothers. Hantuh mikatlu mipalpud uwani ya umalih tulang ku. On the third day from today, my brother will come. (sem. domains: 8.1.1 - Number.) 2nom. one-third share of a crop. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Fraction.) 3trans. to divide into three equal parts. (sem. domains: 7.8 - Divide into pieces.) 4comm. third day of the week. [first day is Monday.] Umali kah bale hi katluna. Come to the house on Wednesday. 5quan. refers to the third entity or event in a sequence. Hi katlun di algo nah biggat na, ihudum mo nan bubud ya tono hi buhi. On the third day in the morning, put the fermented rice and the juice into a wine jar. der. ingkatlu
mipa- caus. this affix encodes both passive and causative, non-past tense. Nalgom di pinhod mun gattangon mipalpun nah kaitayan ingganah kaongalan. There is anything that you want to buy, from (beginning with) the smallest item to the largest. Mu gapu te madinol takun ahi taku ang-angon di kipaannungana ya anusan takun munho-ho-od ingganah nipaannung. (Romans 8:25) But the reason is because we trust that we will see its fulfillment, we will patiently continue waiting until it has been fulfilled. Sim: nipa-. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Derivational affixes.)
mo 1present time. 1.1adv. at the present time; now. Mangan taku mo. We will eat now./Let’s eat now. Miha-ad nan hagabi nah dola ta nangamung mo nan kon hagabi an ahi mangip-iphod. The hagabi-bench is placed in the yard and it is now up to the owner to finish it. Time. (sem. domains: 8.4.5 - Relative time.) 1.2adv. to continue from the present moment; from now on. He-a mo di gumatang. From now on, you’ll have to do the shopping. 2adv. before the present moment; already. Maid nan em hadhad-on te imme mo. The one you are waiting for is not here because he already left. Dimmatong kami ad Lagawe ya nipalpu mo tuwaliy parada. When we reached Lagawe, the parade had already started. comp. daana mo
tuwali adjunct. 1expresses the truth of something; matches objective reality; actually; of course; in fact. Kon ot tuwali ad-adiy nomnom mu kinali in-athinam. Of course, you have an evil mind, that’s why you did it that way. Om ot tuwali. Yes, of course. Ugge na ot tuwali inila. In fact, he doesn’t actually know. Kon ena ot kuma inila mu he-a tuwaliy nanudtudun hiya. He would not have known how to do that; but, you in fact, were the one who taught him. Aga ke tuwalit ha-oy di kumalin hiya ot donglona man. Let me be the one to actually talk to him because, for sure, he will listen to what I will say. Nipalpu tuwali handih kaittay na ya maka-ulle. Ever since he was small, in fact, he has been very kind. Athina tuwali di nanomnoman. That’s the way to be a mature person. Attitudinal. Sim: talaga, sigud. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206 - True.) 2refers to the essential or inherent nature of something; innate. It-ittay ka te ittay ot tuwali damdamah inam. It’s natural that you are small because your mother is also small. Athina ka tuwali. You are like that by nature. comp. ot tuwali