Search results for "takut"

katatakut (der. of takut) nom. something that causes fear; frightening. Dakol di atonan katatakut. He did many frightening things. (sem. domains: 3.4.2.4 - Afraid.)

makattakut (infl. of takut) sta. to be very afraid; may describe someone who is too afraid to do an expected action, i.e. a coward. Naapput da te makadinnol da te hay inila da ya makattakut di Ipugao. They were defeated because they were unsuspecting (lit. trusting) because they thought the Ifugao were cowards (lit. very afraid). makaC1‑. (sem. domains: 3.4.2.4 - Afraid.)

matakutan (der. of takut) pass. refers to something that frightens people; frightening. Matakutan di ongal an tagu. A big person is frightening. ma‑ ‑an.

taktakut (sp. var. tattakut) comm. scarecrow, made of old clothes, old hat and grasses. Dakol di nitattayun hi taktakut nadah papayo. There are a lot of scarecrows in the ricefields. Sim: kidlo. (sem. domains: 3.4.2.4 - Afraid.)

takut 1to be afraid. 1.1intrans. to feel anxiety or dread due to impending danger; afraid. Tumakut hi banig. He is afraid of ghosts. Maid moy udum an Ippangyol an nangipatnan immalin niha-ad ad Kiangan te tumakut da. No other Spaniard ever tried again to come to stay in Kiangan because they were afraid. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Class 2C, Emotion and sensation. Opp: tulid; Sim: kol-o, kobkob. (sem. domains: 3.4.2.4 - Afraid.) 1.2sta. to be very afraid. Makattakut hi Juan nah ahu. Juan is very afraid of the dog. makaC1‑. 2to fear something. 2.1trans. to fear something with the thing feared cross-referenced by the affix. Takutan di mangalanay ahu. It’s the dog that night prowlers are afraid of. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 2.2trans. to cause someone to feel frightened; the affix cross-references the person who is being frightened. Taktakuton da dakayu ya alan day diyen limmu yu. They will frighten you and get your property. CVC‑ ‑on. 3sta. to be frightening; to have characteristics that cause fear. Katatakut pay an e bumah-el te dakol di talak an muntutun-ud. It is even dangerous (lit. frightening) to cross the street since there are many buses lined up one after the other. kaCV‑. 4comm. refers to the emotion that someone experiences. Adina itikod nan mumbaki te wadanwaday takut na an kumpulmin tiempu ya mate. He doesn’t stop doing the rituals because his fear is that he might die anytime. der. katatakut der. matakutan infl. makattakut

tattakut (sp. var. of taktakut) a scarecrow.

kidlo 1comm. any scarecrow objects, used to frighten rice birds. [Clothing, pieces of plastic, or cans are connected to strings that can be pulled to move the object or make noise.] Dakol kidlo an intattayun mih payo. We have hung many things in our fields to scare rice birds. Sim: taktakut. (sem. domains: 6.2 - Agriculture.) 2trans. to place objects in rice fields to frighten rice birds. Kidlowam nan mamuhbun page ta adi tiptipon nadan buding. Place things to scare away rice-birds in the places where the rice-grains are blooming so that they will not suck them. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an.

kobkob intrans. 1for the heart to beat fast; palpitations of the heart. Maid maptok ya mungkobkob di puhuk. Suddenly my heart started beating fast. Kimmobkobak handi kanak on mag-ahak. My heart beat fast when I thought I would fall. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Sim: takut, kol-o. (sem. domains: 2.1.8.1 - Heart.) 2to feel nervous; usually used regarding intensified heart beating because of fear or nervousness. Kumanobkobak an e makitest. I feel nervous when I take a test. ‑um‑/‑imm‑ ‑an‑. (sem. domains: 3.4.2.4.1 - Worried.)

kol-o intrans. fear, sudden and unexplainable; may be a premonition accompanied by a fear that can’t be explained. Tipe nin ta kumanol-owak. Why do I have this unexplained feeling of fear? Handi ek igatin ya kimmol-owak te innang an eyak mag-a. When I tried to step down I became frightened because I almost fell. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Sim: takut, kobkob. (sem. domains: 3.4.2.4 - Afraid.)

‑inum‑ TACR. this infix is an allomorph of the past tense infix -imm-. It is used when there is a loss of the vowel ‘u’ in the first syllable of a root. Binumtik kanu te tumattakut. He ran away because he is afraid. Deke bot immatung, immeyak inumbun tat immatung, immat-atung ta, hay bo odog di indangdang. When it became hot again, I went and sat so that I became very warm again; I would turn so that I can feel the heat on my back. This infix is an allomorph of the past tense infix imm. It is used when there is a loss of the vowel ‘u’ in the first syllable of a root. ‑inum‑. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.)

ag-agawat sta. dreams resulting from memory, not related to omens given by spirit-beings. Katatakut di banig an istoryaon nah hilong te miag-agawat hi hinuyop. It’s frightening to tell stories about ghosts at night because dreaming may result while sleeping. mi‑/ni‑. Sim: in-in’op, mamayabbayang. (sem. domains: 5.7.2 - Dream.)

ahu 1comm. refers to any type of dog. Kinalatak nah ahu yu. Your dog bit me. Takutan di mangalanay ahu. A dog frightens raiders. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.1 - Mammal.) 2trans. to get possession of dog. Iahum tun ahuk. You get my dog as your dog. i‑/ iN‑. 3intrans. to care for/raise a dog(s). Mun-ahu taku. Let’s raise a dog. muN‑/nuN‑. id. kay ahu infl. a-ahhu

an₁ lk. 1this form links a main clause and a complement clause. Naka-ang-ang ku an pungkiting daka. I actually saw that you were being pinched. Tinuttuduwanak an kumalih kali da. They taught me how to speak their language. Katatakut pay an e buma-el na kalata. It is very dangerous to cross the street. 2this form links a relative clause to noun and verb heads. Handih 25th di Aplil kinalin Mayor an umali kanu da Apu Paredes ke Apu Datumanong hitu ad Ifugao. On the 25th of April, the Mayor said, it is reported, that Mr. Paredes and Mr. Datumanong would come here to Ifugao. 3this form links quantifiers and adjectives to noun heads. <Morphophonology: When the preceding word ends in a vowel, the vowel of the linker is reduced and the n attaches to the word.> Nun-ampuyo kamin am-in an binabai. We, all of us women, wore the Ifugao-skirt. comp. deya ot an

bangungut 1comm. nightmare. Sim: lomam. 2sta. have a nightmare. Katatakut di mabangungut te indani ya impayun mate. It’s scary to experience nightmares for it might lead to death. Adi tagan hi kakan ta adi ta mabangungut. Don’t eat too much so you won’t have nightmares. ma‑. Language Of Borrowing: Tagalog.

bigi 1comm. worm, generic term; larva; slug. Makattakutak hi bigi. I am so afraid of caterpillars. Adik pinhod di bigi. I don’t like worms. Spec: kamkamil-at. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.3 - Reptile.) 2sta. to have worms. Mabigiyan nan bulhe hin adiyu ha-adan hi kodot. The beans will be wormy/full of worms if you don’t apply insecticide. ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an. Spec: kolang, hulni, babangngo.

bumah-el intrans. to go to the other side of a boundary or barrier. Katatakut pay an e bumah-el te dakol di talak muntutun-ud. It is frightening to cross the street because there are so many vehicles lined up.

CV(C)-₁ mod. this modal reduplicant functions to intensify the meaning of a predication. <Morphophonology: The modal form reduplicates the first syllable of a root. For that reason, the syllable pattern of the root dictates whether the reduplicant form is CV- or CVC-.> Katatakut pay an e bumah-el te dakol di talak an muntutun-ud. It is very dangerous to cross the street since there are many buses lined up one after the other. Miha-ad nan hagabi nah dola ta nangamung mo nan kon hagabi an ahi mangip-iphod. The hagabi-bench is placed in the yard and it is up to the owner to finish it (lit. make it very good) . (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.)

CV(C)CV-₂ asp. 1this aspectual reduplicant encodes an habitual or constant aspect. Matukatukal ka an e makitugatugal te mapat-al ya hilong di puntutugalan yu. You are always awake to join in gambling because your gambling goes on day and night. Adina itikod nan mumbaki te wadanwaday takut na an kumpulmin tiempu ya mate. He does not stop doing the rituals because his fear would be constant that he might die anytime. Wadan ustu moy bidbibidbid hi novels I think it’s time to put away the constant reading of novels (sem. domains: 8.4.2 - Take time.) 2to do something continuously over a durative period of time. Tobatbalona diday bagol ya aammod ta dumalay-up da ta hay idatong di hagabi ya maphod dan am-in an hin-am-a ya ta dumakol di babuy da ya manuk da. He continuously calls on the gods and his ancestors to witness the arrival of his hagabi-bench so that with its arrival, it will bring along good health for his family and the increase (become many) of their pigs and chickens. Ume bo kanu nah tap-on di wa-el nah ho- alak ya wadaday ngubungubun mangabat da. He went to the place above the creek in the er...irrigation ditch and there were voices continuously mumbling.

dakol 1adj. may refer to either number or quantity; ‘much’ is the English equivalent when referring to mass nouns; ‘many’ is the English equivalent when referring to count nouns. Dakol di ingkuyag muh liting. You poured much water. Katatakut pay an e bumah-el te dakol di talak an muntutun-ud. It is even dangerous to cross the street since there are many buses lined up one after the other. Number quantifier. Sim: dakog. (sem. domains: 8.1.3.1 - Many, much.) 2increase 2.1intrans. to increase in number or amount; to multiply. Tuwen dumakol day manuk ku. My chicken’s are increasing in number. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 8.1.4.2 - Increase.) 2.2sta. to increase in number or amount. Madakol di gulding taku hin ipaptok taku. Our goats will increase in number if we take care of them. ma‑. (sem. domains: 8.1.4.2 - Increase.) 2.3trans. to increase something in number or size. Dakkolom di indat mun hiya. Give him more. (lit. Increase what you have given him.) ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 8.1.4.2 - Increase.) der. kadaklan der. kadakol infl. dakdakol infl. dakkodakkol

dalluyun comm. the waves of the sea or ocean. [There are no bodies of water in the Ifugao area that have waves. The current or movement of water is called kibyayung.] Ongal di dalluyun nah baybay ad uwani. The waves in the sea are big now. Katatakut hin-uddum nan dalluyun te alan dita. The waves are at times fearful for they tend to carry one. Sim: kibyayong. (sem. domains: 1.3.2 - Movement of water.)

dinol 1rely on. 1.1trans. to trust someone or something; to believe in the reliability of another. (sem. domains: 3.2.5.1.1 - Trust.) 1.2trans. to rely on; depend on. Gapu bot mauleyak ya pundinlam ta hay pinhod muy at-attom. Just because I am kind, you depend on that and do whatever you like. Pundindinlam hi inam an mangingunuh kanom. You are always depending on your mother to provide your food. Idinol muh kalyon da inam. Trust in what your mother says. i‑/iN‑, puN‑ ‑an. Sim: piyal. 2trustworthy. 2.1sta. to be worthy of confidence; to be trustworthy, one who can be relied on. Adi midinol te hinaulak. He is not trustworthy because he deceived me. mi‑. 2.2sta. to be and feel confident; to trust in someone or something. Madinol kami an hi Apu Dios an mamaddang dakami. We are confident that God will help us. Naapput da te makadinnol da te hay inila da ya makattakut di Ipugao. They were defeated because they were unsuspecting because they thought (were confident that) the Ifugao were cowards. ma‑, maka‑. 3comm. trust. Maid dinol kun he-a. I have no trust in you. (sem. domains: 3.2.5.1.1 - Trust.) der. madinol infl. idinol infl. makadinnol infl. mangidinol infl. midinol

dudun comm. a large, edible locust; a jumping species. Hanada ken aammod handi ya takutan day dudun te bumitil da. Long ago, our forefathers were afraid of locusts because they cause famine. Adi kumpulmiy kawad-an di dudun. Locusts are not found just anywhere. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.7 - Insect.)

gappat 1pass. to be included, related to a group, e.g. kin; to be a part of a group. Nigappat kami ke dakayu te hintulang di apu taku. We are related because our grandparents are siblings. mi‑/ni‑. Sim: laggat, hayyup, lak-am, lanud, sakup. (sem. domains: 4.2.1.7 - Crowd, group.) 2trans. to include. Aton takuy kabaelan takut igappat ditakun dida. We’ll do our best to include ourselves with them. i‑/iN‑.

gayonggong intrans. to tremble; to shiver; due to fear, coldness or possession by a spirit. Gumayonggong nan mumbaki. The shaman will tremble. Munggagayonggong hi ina hi takut na. Mother is trembling with fear. ‑um‑/‑imm‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 2E Body/Physiological functions. (sem. domains: 7.3.1.3 - Shake.)

hulliwot₂ comm. a big green grasshopper with a pointed head. Katatakut di tibon di hulliwot. The appearance of a hulliwot-grasshopper is scary. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.7 - Insect.)

hulni comm. worm, a hairy species that causes itching of the skin when touched. Makattakutak hi hulni. I’m very afraid of hulni-worms. Gen: bigi. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.3 - Reptile.)

immipa- caus. this prefix encodes a causative concept; it co-occurs with emotion verbal roots and cross-references the causer-agent-subject; past tense. Immipaamo ka. You caused me to be jealous. Immipatakut ka. You caused me to be afraid. Sim: umipa-. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.)

iN- TACR. 1this prefix encodes past tense, a punctiliar time aspect and cross-references the direct object with the conveyed semantic role; it is a member of the default affix set for Class 3 verbal roots. Inha-ad da nan basket hi bale. They placed the basket in our house. Sim: i-. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.) 2this prefix encodes past tense and punctiliar aspect; it derives a transitive verb when it co-occurs with Class 1A intransitive movement verbal roots and cross-references an object that moves with the agent, e.g. to bring something or to take something. In-alik nan liblum. I brought your book. 3this prefix encodes past tense, punctiliar aspect, and cross-references an instrument object with Class 4 verbal roots. Indikhal na nan matadom an wahe. He used the sharp ax to split wood. 4this prefix encodes past tense, punctiliar aspect and expresses a manner component related to the phrase or clause in the direct object NP position of the main clause. Initpol nay takut nan kananah nomnom nay kapyana nin. He endured/controlled his fear and thought maybe that’s just its nature. Indalan da Bugan nah papayo. Bugan and her mother walked through the ricefields. 5this prefix encodes past tense; co-occurs with a time aspect adverbial predicate and cross-references the clause embedded in the object NP position of the main clause. Intuluy nan mangan inggana nabhug. He continued to eat until he was satisfied. Intikod nan muntugal te binungotan ama na. He stopped gambling because his father scolded him. 6this prefix encodes non-past tense, derives a verb from a noun, and the object is usually incorporated though a specific object may be explicit and cross-referenced. In-akbut na nan bulwati na. He backpacked his clothes. 7this prefix encodes past tense and punctiliar aspect; it co-occurs with speech verbs and cross references the object that refers to what is said. “Mapopotangan ka ya abuh di,” inhumang amana. You will just be standing in the sun,” answered his father. Inun-unud day imbagan Pablo ot ahi pumhod nan unga. They did what Pablo told them and the child got well.

ka- CV- this prefix combination encodes the tendency to become the characteristic expressed in the root or the tendency to go through a process. Katatakut pay an e bumah-el te dakol di talak an muntutun-ud. It is even dangerous (frightening) to cross the street since there are many buses lined up one after the other. Kapupuhik nan basu. That cup is breakable (easily broken). (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.)

ka-₁ 1nominalizer. this prefix nominalizes an adjective or verb. Handih kaittay na ya ammunay Clinic an wadad Kiangan. When he was young/little, there was only a clinic in Kiangan. Nah kadakol di tatagu ya mahapul an halipat-an di pihhu With the large number of people, you have to be careful with your money. Katatakut pay an e bumah-el te dakol di talak an muntutun-ud. It is even very dangerous/frightening to cross the street since there are many buses lined up one after the other. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.3 - Derivational affixes.) 2dervN. the affix renominalizes a noun, changing the meaning. Manomnom kun handi keh kau-unga mi ya wadaday nihag-on kediyen ob-ob hi o-ongal an batu I remember that when we were children (lit. childhood), there were big rocks beside the same spring Nipalpun dih kagolang na inggana kediyen kimmat-agu ya maphod di pangi-ena. From the time of his childhood until he was a young man, his nature was good.

kaCV- mod. to have a tendency toward certain behavior or have the characteristic encoded in the root. <The prefix ka- requires the cooccurence of the CV- reduplication to encode the ‘tendency’ modal concept. > Katatakut pay an e bumah-el te dakol di talak an muntutun-ud. It is even dangerous to cross the street since there are many buses lined up one after the other. Kapupuhik nan basu. The cup is breakable. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.)

kamata 1comm. eye infection; sore eyes; conjunctivitis. Waday kamatan nadan u-ungad Linda. The children in Linda have conjuctivitis. (sem. domains: 2.5.2 - Disease.) 2intrans. to have sore eyes; have eye infection. Katatakut di mih-up hi mungkamata. It’s scary to get close to those who have sore eyes. muN‑/nuN‑.

kapyana (der. of kapya) 1advpred. refers to the way things are traditionally or by nature. Nakahillong mo ya kapyanan maid pay hi Juan an dumdumattong. It was already night, in spite of that fact, Juan hadn’t come yet. Kapyanah tuwe. This is customary. Kapyana tuwalin waday punhahallaan di tagu mu takomboy athina ya ip-iphod yun munhuhummangan. It’s natural to have differences between people but even if that’s the case, you should discuss differences diplomatically. Manner. Sim: gagangay. (sem. domains: 8.3.5.1 - Nature, character.) 2nom. the natural characteristic or essence of something. Initpol nay takut nan kananah nomnom nay kapyana nin. He endured/controlled his fear and thought maybe that’s just its nature.

katagu (der. of tagu) 1nom. to have the physical stature of a human being. Ongal di katagu nan manatakut. He is big of stature which is frightening. (sem. domains: 9.1.3.1 - Physical, non-physical.) 2nom. refers to the characteristics of having a human nature. (sem. domains: 2 - Person.)

kipuunan nom. refers to the foundation or the logical basis for something described or explained. Kinali halipat-an takut maphod am-in di aton taku ya kalyon taku te ketuwen tugun di kipuunan di ahina punhumalyaan ke ditaku. (James 2:12b) That’s why we should be careful about everything that we do and say because this advice is based on the fact that he (God) will judge us. Sim: nipuunan. (sem. domains: 3.2.1.5 - Logical.)

kolyog 1comm. the movement of the earth’s surface, having to do with geologic faults; earthquake. Tumattakutak hin waday kolyog. I am so afraid whenever there is an earthquake. (sem. domains: 1.2.1.7 - Earthquake.) 2intrans. to shake the earth; to have an earthquake. Kimmolyog dih hilong. We had an earthquake last night. (lit. The earth shook last night.) Mungkolyog ya mun-udan kinali timmattakutak. The earth was shaking and it was raining that’s why I was terrified. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2F Meteorological. Amkolyog

kumpulmi (sp. var. kumpulna) dem. refers to an indefinite time, place or thing; any. Hin itikod nan mumbaki ya wadanwaday takut na an kumpulmin tiempu ya mate. If he stopped doing the rituals, his fear is that he might die anytime. Indefinite pronoun. Sim: logom. (sem. domains: 9.2.3.2 - Indefinite pronouns.)

labtuk 1intrans. to jump or leap over something. Lumabtuk ka ta adika mapupuyok. You jump over so you won’t be muddied. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Sim: paytuk, yapa; Sim: dop-a, paytuk, yapa. (sem. domains: 7.2.1.1.3 - Jump.) 2trans. to jump over something that is specified and cross-referenced. Labtukon nan kabayu nan alad te timmattakut. The horse will jump over the fence because it is very scared. ‑on/‑in‑.

leprosi 1comm. leprosy. Katatakut nan dogon leprosi. The leprosy disease is scary. Sim: kulit. (sem. domains: 2.5.2 - Disease.) 2intrans. to be sick with leprosy. Wadaday munleprosi ad Pindongan. There are people sick with leprosy in Pindongan. Tinaynana nan inayan na te naleprosi. She left her spouse because he has leprosy. muN‑/nuN‑, ma‑/na‑. (sem. domains: 2.5.1 - Sick.) Language Of Borrowing: English: leprosy.

lomam 1comm. a being that appears in nightmares. Tumakutak hi lomam. I’m afraid of a nightmare ghost. Sim: bangungut. (sem. domains: 4.9.2 - Supernatural being.) 2sta. to have a nightmare and experience chest heaviness. Muntigging kan mahuyop ta adika malmam. Sleep on your side so you won’t have a nightmare. 3trans. to be terrified with nightmares. Dakol di patibom ke ha-on hi katatakut ya lomamonak ke he-a. (Job 7:14) There are many things that you cause me to see that are fearful, and you terrify me with nightmares. (sem. domains: 3.4.2.4 - Afraid.) id. kay lomam

makigubat (infl. of gub’at) intrans. to participate in armed conflict; join in fighting in a war. Man-uket takutan di Ippangyol nadan iKiangan ya natuled dan makigubat. The reason the Spaniards were afraid of the people of Kiangan is that they were brave to fight. Ot e makigubat da David ke dida. (2 Samuel 21:15b) And so David and his soldiers went to fight them. maki‑. (sem. domains: 4.8.3 - War.)

matagu (der. of tagu) sta. to be living; alive. Naligat di matagu te munligat ta. It’s hard to be alive because we experience hardship. Ya hay mamangulun maat ya mamahuwan nadan nungkakaten mangulug ke Kristo, ta ditaku ken matagu kediyen tiempo ya maki-e takun dida e manamu ke Apu taku nah kulabut ta makiha-ad takut nangamung ke hiya. (1 Tesalonika 4:16b-17) The first thing to happen is the resurrection of the believers in Christ who have died so that we who are alive at that time will join them to go to meet our Lord in the clouds so that we all will stay forever with him. ma‑. (sem. domains: 2.6 - Life.)

muN- TACR. 1this prefix encodes non-past tense, durative time aspect; it cross-references the subject and is the default affix for Class 1 verbal roots. <Morphophonology: The velar consonant in coda position assimilates to the point of articulation of the first consonant in the root.> Mungngahngahak yaden mungkaliyak hi bale mi. I gasped for breath and yet I shouted at our house. Itikod mun muntugal an ap-apuk. Stop gambling, grandson. An mun-in-inop ka? Inid-onah nunhina-ob an pukol ku. “Are you dreaming?” She held me by my shoulders. 2non-past tense, signals a durative aspect activity rather than a punctiliar action when co-occuring with a transitive verbal root, cross-references subject. Dakol kami an naamung nah plaza an munhood kamih lugan. Many of us gathered at the plaza to wait for a ride. Ta mundadaan dah ibaddang dan hiya. So that they will prepare whatever they will give to help. Katatakut pay an e bumah-el te dakol di talak an muntutun-ud. It is even dangerous to cross the street since there are many buses lined up one after the other. 3when the prefix co-occurs with the reduplicant CV(C)-, it encodes non-past tense, durative-continuative aspect and cross-references the subject. Deket palhu di pangiha-angam, mahapul an uggan mu ikiwa ta mun-iingngoy lutu na. If a skillet is used, it is necessary to stir the rice from time to time so that it will be cooked evenly. Mumpaypaytuk ya mungkuli. She was jumping up and down and screaming. 4when this affix co-occurs with Class 6 verb roots, it changes statives to durative processes; it encodes non-past tense and cross-references the subject. Mihmihdi nah munhihilong ya nah kakaiw an dakol di hapang nan mahdol di tubuna. It stays in dark places (becoming dark) or in trees with thick, leafy branches. Deket dakol di binokbok na ya mapul-ukan an mumpait. When too much binokbok-yeast is used, the wine will become bitter. 5the prefix derives verbs from nouns; it encodes non-past tense and cross-references the subject. Ya pinhod ot Mayor ya dakol day binabain mun-ampuyo. What the Mayor wanted was that many women would wear the Ifugao skirt. Mumboga da ya mungkail da. They prepare rice and make wine. Adina itikod an mumbaki te wadanwaday takut na an kumpulmin tiempu ya mate. He does not stop doing the rituals because his fear is that he might die at anytime. 6the prefix encodes non-past tense, reflexive and cross-references both the subject and object expressed in a single noun phrase. Mahapul an mamitlu kan mun-amo ohan algo. You have to take a bath three times a day (bathe yourself). Imme dah hilong ot muntalu da nah e-elena. They went while it was dark and hid themselves outside of the camp.

naapput (infl. of apput) pass. for someone to be defeated. Naapput da te makadinnol da te hay inila da ya makattakut di Ipugao. They were defeated because they were unsuspecting because they thought the Ifugao were cowards. ma‑/na‑.

numpi- adj > advpred. this prefix is affixed to cardinal numbers to derive an adverbial predicate that means to do the action or activity expressed in the main verb the number of times encoded in the cardinal number; past tense; multiplier. Numpitluy nundasalak ke Apu takut kaanonah tuwen ligat ku...(2 Corinth 12:8) Three times I prayed to our Lord to remove my hardship... (sem. domains: 9.2.9.3 - Derivational affixes, 8.1.1.3 - Number of times.)

pakaC2- -an this circumfix intensifies the action of the agent-subject and cross-references a definite object. Ot pakaguwwalyaan da ot maid moy oggan madngol nadah bibilid ad Israel hi katatakut an olmom na. (Ezekiel 19:9a) They carefully guarded him and so never again would his fearful roar be heard in the mountains of Israel. Sim: C2, pakaC2- -on, pakaC1- -on. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.)

pokaw intrans. to scream due to fear. Mumpokaw nan babai hi takut na. The woman was screaming in fear. Pumkaw man hin itaktakut mu nan bigi. She will scream if you scare her with the worm. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 1D Sounds. Sim: kuli, puki. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

punhopnakan (der. of hopnak) comm. a rice seedbed. Hina-adan dah taktakut nan punhopnakan. They placed a scarecrow in the rice seedbed. puN‑ ‑an.

talak₂ (sp. var. tolak) comm. any motorized vehicle; car; truck; bus; jeep. Katatakut pay an e bumah-el te dakol di talak an muntutun-ud. It is even dangerous to cross the street since there are many buses lined up one after the other. Dandani olas singku ya inla-u da boh diyen intakke da nah talak padin pun-itikid da te nate. It was almost 5:00 o’clock when they passed again, riding in the priest’s jeep going up because he is dead. (sem. domains: 7.2.4.1.1 - Vehicle.) infl. taltallak

tiempu (sp. var. tiempo) comm. refers to a time period. Hin itikod nan mumbaki te wadanwaday takut na an kumpulmin tiempu ya mate. If he stopped doing the rituals because his fear is that he might die anytime. (sem. domains: 8.4.1 - Period of time.)

tu-ug trans. to throw something in an upward direction; to toss up. Impatu-ug ku nan unga ya tumattakut. I tossed the child up and she was frightened. Timmu-ug nan bola handi niptok hi uluna. The ball was tossed up after it hit his head. Patu-ugom nan bola. Toss the ball up. ‑um‑/‑imm‑, impa‑, pa‑‑on. 2A Movement from one place to another. (sem. domains: 7.3.2 - Move something in a direction.)

tun-ud 1to follow. 1.1trans. to follow someone carrying an object. Ot ituntun-ud mon kattog Malya hanan lata hanadah iibanan linalaki. Malya had to hold the can and be contented in just following her brothers. Itun-ud ku nan pihhu binanok. I will follow you with the money I borrowed. i‑/iN‑. (sem. domains: 7.2.5.2 - Follow.) 1.2trans. to follow someone in a line. Tun-udon taku dida. We will follow them. Natuntun-ud da. They were lined up. ‑on/‑in‑, na‑. 4F Adjacency/Adjoining actions. Sim: haynod. 2intrans. to follow one after the other spatially; to line up; refers to the sequential ordering related to time or space. Muntun-ud kayun umali. You come one after the other. Katatakut pay an e bumah-el te dakol di talak an muntutun-ud. It is even dangerous to cross the street since there are many buses lined up one after the other. Muntutun-ud an algon nate day manuk na. Day after day, his chickens died. muN‑/nuN‑.

ulog comm. snake, generic term. [Snake bites are believed to be caused by an ancestor spirit sending the snake with a message. ] Makattakutak hi ulog. I’m so scared of snakes. Spec: bu-wit, malaganga, ngunguy. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.3 - Reptile.) id. hunggop di ulog hi bale yu

umipa- caus. 1this prefix encodes a causative concept; it co-occurs with emotion verbal roots and cross-references the causer-agent-subject; non-past tense. Umipabungot nan inat Pedrito. The thing Pedrito did makes one angry. Umipatakut ka. You are causing me to fear. Sim: immipa-. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.) 2this prefix may also co-occur with some stative-process verbal roots and then cross-references the cause of a process. Umipatabay dotag. Meat makes one become fat.