deke bo udot conj. if; marks a dependent conditional clause expressing a continuing situation or action that will probably result in the situation or action expressed in the main clause; the udot form adds a sense of perplexity to the meaning. <
> Deke bo udot ya kahinlullokon da ot inila takun adida unudon intugun taku. If they keep pretending to be deaf, then, we know that they will not follow what we advised. Compounding conjunctions and adjuncts. Sim: deke on peman. (sem. domains: 9.6.2 - Dependency relations, 188.8.131.52 - Condition.) This is a phrasal compound of a conjunction deke , an adverb bo and an adjunct udot .
Search results for "udot"
mah-udot (der. of udot) adjunct. expresses the certainty with which something unexpected has happened or will happen. Maid di mabalin an makihanggan dakayu tep dakayu mah-udot di manadag hi dahdin buhul yu. No one will be able to stand against you because you, with certainty, will destroy whoever is your enemy. Attitudinal. (sem. domains: 9.2.6 - Particles.)
udot adjunct. 1expressing perplexity. An daana udot di pangal-am hi em itugatugal? Where do you get the money to be continuously gambling. Kon adita udot mundogoh athitu? Why, won’t one get sick that way? Uggek bo udot inila nan kali da. I didn’t even know their language. Attitudinal. (sem. domains: 3.2.4 - Understand.) 2expression of what is contrary to expectation; something is unusual. Tipe udot ta em alan di bulwatik. Why in the world do you take my clothes? Tibom ke udot din ungan nala-ing an munsala. You see, that child is unusually good in dancing. 3envious expression of displeasure; displeased. [The udot in this sentence expresses some sarcasm and jealousy. The true English equivalent would be a sarcastic intonational contour.] Inay udot man-un he-a te dakol di pihhum. It’s fine for you because you have plenty of money! 4expression of surprise. Kayang udot waday payung mu! Hey! Good for you, you’ve got an umbrella! der. mah-udot
deke on peman (comp. of deke on, peman) conj. affirms that an event or action is contingent or dependent on another action or event; the phrase has an added emphatic meaning component with the addition of peman. <
> Compounding conjunctions and adjuncts. Sim: deke bo udot. (sem. domains: 9.6.2 - Dependency relations.) This is a compound of a conjunction, linker-determiner, and an adjunct.
daan (sp. var. da-an) int. where; interrogative pronoun; asking for the location of something. Daanay nalpuwam. Where did you come from? Daan nan kanam an kihkihdiyam? Where did you say you are living? An daana udot di pangal-am hi em itugatugal? Where do you get the money to be continuously gambling. (sem. domains: 8.5 - Location, 184.108.40.206 - Question words.) andaan comp. daana mo
hi det. 1a determiner that marks any noun referring to a person, including kin terms and proper names. <
> Hi Juan di nangidat ketuwe. It was Juan who gave this. Takon maka-atung on kinawot da ta ialo dah ibba da. Even if it’s very hot, they grab it and throw it at their companions. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Demonstrative pronouns.) 2marks a definite place that is not a proper noun. Kay anhan ya idatong dah boble ta inay-un dah dolan di himmagabi. Sooner or later, the hagabi-bench will arrive in the village brought by the men and to the yard of the man performing the ceremony. 3marks an indefinite direct or indirect object noun; the marked noun is not cross-referenced by the affix on the verb. Tawagam hi Tayaban ta bumano kah pihhuna. Call Tayaban and borrow money from him. “Maule ot di bibiyo te umidat hi kendi, hiya ina,” an kanak bo. “Fairies are kind because they give candy, isn’t that right, mother?” I said again. 4marks an embedded nominalized clause that expresses a reason for a condition or state in the main clause. An daana udot di pangal-am hi em itugatugal? Where do you get the money to be continuously gambling? hantuh hidiye Morphophonology: When the preceding word ends in a vowel, the vowel ‘i’ of the determiner is reduced, and the consonant ‘h’ is attached to the preceding word.
hibit 1sta. the violation of a taboo. [When a taboo is violated, a tragedy occurs; animals die or human sickness occurs; during a time of ritual, a sick person worsens or even dies because the shaman, or the household members of the sick person did not observe proper taboos, e.g. not eating certain food such as fish, climbing plants, etc.] Nahibit nadan impan di gawgawa mi te tanomyawon yu. Our ducklings died because you kept on commenting about them. ma‑/na‑. (sem. domains: 4.9.9 - Irreligion.) 2trans. to speak disparagingly of someone or something Ya hinibit na bo udot ahan nan simbaan. He spoke disparagingly of the church. ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 3.5.1 - Say.)
hitu 1dem. Class 4 demonstrative pronoun; refers to spatial area: here, near speaker. <
> Dahdiy wadah tu? Who is in here? Handih nun-ap-apuwan di Ippangyol hitud Pilipinas ya waday immalid Kiangan. During the Spanish rule here in the Philippines, some of them came to Kiangan. Hitu ke ya danum an maid di poppog nay maang-ang. Here, all you see is water without an end. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168 - Demonstrative pronouns.) 2comm. refers to someone who is from the place,where the speaker is talking; from here. Ihitu da. They are from this place. 3nom. the place where someone resides; home; speaker’s house. Indani udot ya wada on tagun nanibon hiya ot baddanganan ianamut hi nunhituwan mid Longnga. Fortunately, a man was passing by and saw him and brought him to our house in Longnga. muN‑ ‑an/nuN‑ ‑an. athitu comp. athituy comp. dehtu comp. deyahtu comp. wadahtu der. ihtu der. nunhituwan ph. v. dedah tu Morphophonology: the h of the demonstrative attaches to a previous word ending in a V ; the i vowel of the demonstrative drops, and the tu remains.
hukuk trans. to corner something; to surround something or someone with the intention of catching so it/he will not be able to get away. Hinkukak udot nah alad ot pulhona nan tinapay an pungkan ku. He cornered me at the fence and grabbed the bread I was eating. Hukukon taku din babuy ta dopapon taku. Let us surround the pig so that we can catch it. ‑on/‑in‑. 4F Adjacency/Adjoining actions. (sem. domains: 7.2.2 - Move in a direction.)
id’o comm. snake, brownish-green python. [It is said that it comes to the village at night to catch chickens, and then goes back to its hiding place. It is edible and tastes like chicken.] Kinan nan idon ulog nan manuk min mango-ob-ob bo udot. The ido-snake ate our mother hen that was even brooding. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Reptile.)
kahiN- -on mod. this modal circumfix adds the concept of pretense to a verb. Kahinhuyhuyopona pangalinat ha-oy di manaang. He pretended to be sleeping, hoping that I’ll be the one to cook. Deke bo udot ya kahinlullokon da ot inila takun adida unudon intugun taku. If they keep pretending to be deaf, then, we know that they will not follow what we advised. Kahindongdongollona hi kinalik. He pretends to be hearing what I said. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Verb affixes.)
kali 1comm. language. 1.1comm. human speech: may refer to any unit of utterance such as a word or sentence; may refer to a particular language or dialect. Hinnatkon di kali dah bale da. They speak a different language in their house. Am-in di kalin amam ya un-unudom. Obey all the words of your father. Binalonay nay kalim te inlot mu yaden dakol day tatagu. He didn’t like the way you told him because you said it loudly and there were many people. Uggek bo udot inila nan kali da. I didn’t even know their language. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Word.) 1.2comm. (fig) refers to the vocal mechanism and the sounds produced; voice. Mababol di kali na. His voice is bassy. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206 - Types of sounds.) 2speak. 2.1to speak; to say. Sim: hapit. 2.1.1trans. to say something with a focus on what is said. Handih 25th di Aplil kinalin Mayor an umali kanu da Apu Paredes ke Apu Datumanong hitu ad Ifugao. On the 25th of April, the Mayor said, it is reported, that Sir Paredes and Sir Datumanong will come here to Ifugao. Hay pinhod kun kalyon ya piliyom di maphod an barkadom. What I want to say is that you should choose good friends. ‑on/‑in‑. Speech verbs. (sem. domains: 3.5.1 - Say.) 2.1.2intrans. to talk; to utter words; to communicate ideas and thoughts. An kimmali ka? Did you talk? Ugge mi dingngol di nangikalim hi kalida. We did not hear how you talked in their language. Tinuttuduwak an kumali kali da. They taught me how to speak their language. Nih-up da kanu nadan no- mungkalkali ot itikod na. According to him, those who were talking came near him and he stopped. ‑um‑/‑imm‑, muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 3.5.1 - Say.) 2.1.3nom. A nominalization that focuses on the manner of speaking. Hay pungkalim an pabinnugtak. Your manner of speaking is abrupt and angry. puN‑. 2.1.4trans. to scold or warn. Kinalyana nadan imbabalena ta adida mangun-unud ke hiya. He warned his children so that they will not follow him. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Warn.) 2.2trans. to say something by calling to someone. Kaliyam aga din mangen unga. Do call back the boy who is going. Hituwen makalin hagabi di katbalan di tagu peman. This so-called prestige feast hagabi entitles a man to due respect by his co-villagers. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 3.5.1 - Say.) 3think. 3.1trans. to use the mind to process or consider information or data; to think. Handi pinghanan umeyak hidi ya kalyok on matalakak. When I went there for the first time, I thought I would get lost. Pangalik pe on attiken tagu mu handi immomwa ya atag-e. I thought he was a short man but when he straightened up he was tall. ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 3.2 - Think.) der. makali id. kay kidul di kalim id. malumii di kali na id. nidallom an kali infl. pangali
ke₃ det. a determiner that marks an indirect object that is not cross-referenced by the verb. the form ‘ke’ has an allomorph form. <
> Kalyom ke hiyan nangamung ak an mumbayad ya ipainilana ke ha-on. Tell him that I will pay it back and he should let me know. Makulug, ina. Tinibo mi. Nakihummangan pay ke dakami, kanak. “It’s true, mother! I saw her. She even talked to us,” I said. Indani udot ya wada on tagun nanibon hiya ot baddanganan ianamut hi nunhituwan mid Longnga. Fortunately, a man was passing by and saw him and brought him to our house in Longnga. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.) der. n The form ‘ke’ has an allomorph form, the ‘n’ attached to a preceding word that ends in a vowel.
lapuy trans. 1to think something is easy to do; to regard something lightly. Lapuyom udot di ngunum. You take your work in an easy manner. ‑on/‑in‑. 4E Perception and Cognition. Sim: langkuyya. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168 - Attitude.) 2to disregard the competence or ability of an opponent. An laplappuyonak ke he-a? Do you take me lightly? (You think you can challenge me?) ‑on/‑in‑.
lulok 1sta. to be deaf; refers to the inability to hear. Nalulok hi apu. My grandmother is deaf. Deke bo udot ya kahinlullokon da ot inila takun adida unudon intugun taku. If they keep pretending to be deaf, then, we know that they will not follow what we advised. ma‑/na‑, kahin‑ ‑on. 6A Physiological Process - State. Sim: pukit. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Deaf.) 2proc. refers to the process of becoming deaf. Mungkalulok te naam-ama. He is becoming deaf because he is getting old. mungka‑. 3caus. the affix gives prominence to the cause of becoming deaf. Lumulok nan buduk di palattug. The burst of guns causes deafness. ‑um‑/‑imm‑.
mahang-an sta. to be spared from a disaster. Mahang-an po udot di edaka patayon. They will not go to the extent of killing you. Mahang-an ken bokon he-a eyak immalih tu. Were it not for you I would not be here.
nuN- -an₁ 1TACR. this circumfix cross-references a time or place noun phrase. Handih nun-ap-apuwan di Ippangyol hitud Pilipinas ya waday immalid Kiangan. During the Spanish rule in the Philippines, some of them to Kiangan. Nakaluggit nan eyu nungkekeyan. The place you went swimming is very dirty. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Verb affixes.) 2TACR. this circumfix encodes the concept of distributing an action or activity over time, space, or participants; non-past tense; cross-references agent-subject. Nuntotobbalan dah diyen aton da ot gutudon day algo. They agreed to do that and set a date. 3nom. nominalizes a non-noun form. Indani udot ya wada on tagun nanibon hiya ot baddanganan ianamut hi nunhituwan mid Longnga. Fortunately, a man was passing by and saw him and brought him to our house in Longnga.
paN- -an₂ TACR. this circumfix encodes non-past tense and cross-references a topicalized time or place; it co-occurs with Class 4 transitive verbs and some members of Class 1 and Class 2 intransitive movement verbs. An daana udot di pangal-am hi em itugatugal? Where do you get the money to be continuously gambling? Pinhod mu ke bon mun-ang-ang hi sini ya dakol di damanah pangayam. If you want to see a movie, there are many places you can go. Takon di hay dangli na ya maid ta daana mo peman di e pangal-an nan inayana? Because they had nothing, he was not even given the customary death ritual for how could his poor wife afford it? Kinali kediyen eda panggopan ke dida ya inila da moy aton da ya hay eda kipustuwan. That’s why on the day of the raid, they knew what to do and where to post themselves. Em hanhanan ten kakon-anay pangayan da ad Manila. Go ask him when they will go to Manila. Sim: naN- -an. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Verb affixes.)
talan-u intrans. to crow; the cry of a rooster. [Old folks say that the ido-snake also crows.] Muntatalan-u day poltan. The roosters are crowing. Adi tumalan-u nan poltan ku. My rooster can’t crow. Makatallan-u udot tun poltan ku yaden iittay. My rooster crows well although it is still small. Muntatalan-u ke on imme kamih payo. At dawn (lit. when the rooster crows) we go to the fields. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑, maka‑. 1D Sounds. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206 - Sound.) id. muntatalan-u
tonna conj. instead of, implies that the alternative is better. Tipet e hiya udot tonnay ha-on. Why is he the one instead of me.(Why him; not me.) Makahhang-an nadiy he-an wadwada-an di e midattan hi relip, tonnay hanadan maligligatan. Of all people, why should you who have enough be given relief instead of those who are hard-up in life. Tonnay mun-abroad ka ot deyan waday kayam mu nan eka mihmihhaad hituh boble takun naligat di nitaguwan. Why don’t you go abroad instead of staying here in our town where life is hard? Tipet hiyay homkom? Tonnay ha-on! Why is she the one you pity. Why not me! (lit. instead of me) Sim: deman, imbes. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11.2 - Instead.)
tugal 1comm. a gambling game with cards. (sem. domains: 4.2.6 - Entertainment, recreation.) 2intrans. to gamble in a card game. Uggek inilan muntugal. I don’t know how to gamble. muN‑/nuN‑. 1C General class. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168.1 - Card game.) 2.1trans. to give prominence to the opponent in gambling. Etaku tugalon nadan iLagawe. Let us go and gamble against the people from Lagawe. ‑on/‑in‑. 2.2trans. to give prominence to what is being used for gambling. Intugal na nan payo nad Linda. He gambled his ricefield in Linda. Inggatang nay payo da ya odon da ta hay ahan itugal na. He sold their ricefields and heirlooms just to have money with which to gamble. An daana udot di pangal-am hi em itugatugal? Where do you get the money to be continuously gambling. i‑/iN‑. 3comm. a gambling place. Adika umen nah puntugalan. Don’t go to the gambling place. puN‑ ‑an. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: jugar. id. itugal di nitaguwan id. kay ku intugal di inatuk infl. makattugal
tugun 1comm. advice; instruction. Dakol di tugun din hi aman ha-oy. My late father had a lot of advice. Toan ten makulug, mu deket makulug, ikabing mu anhan tun tugun ku. Whether or not this is true, I don’t know, but if it is, then, heed my advice. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Advise.) 2to advise. 2.1trans. to give specific advice. Intugun inada an mun-ule dah dalan ya mundongol dah iskul ta waday inilaon da. Their mother instructed them to be careful on the way and to listen in class so they would learn something. i‑/iN‑. 2.2trans. to advise a particular person. Tugunon yu nan imbabale yu ta adida mun-ay-ayyam nah kalata. Advise your children not to play in the streets. ‑on/‑in‑. 4G Tactile - Touch contact. 2.3comm. refers to the activity of giving advice. Adida maphod di iin-inan tumugun te naduti da. It isn’t fitting for old women to advise because they just keep repeating the same thing. Makannugun ka udot yaden mummumutog ka. So, you are advising and yet are inexperienced. ‑um/‑imm‑‑, makaC‑.
ugge neg. the negative form used with verbs in the past tense. Uggek bo udot inila nan kali da. I didn’t even know their language. Takon nadan enungkanta ya nanayo ya uggeda nangan. Even those who participated in the songs and dances did not (eat). Uggek ni-an inilan kumayat handi te ittayak. I didn’t know how to climb trees then because I was small. Sim: bokon. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - No, not.) der. ug-ugge