Search results for "uku"

alikudukud 1comm. sound of stamping feet, done in anger or vexation. Sim: alidogdog, anikdul. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.) 2intrans. rumbling noise of thunder. Mun-alikudukud di kidul an kay da mumpupuddug hi kabunyan. The thunder made a rumbling noise as if there were people running after each other in the sky. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 1.1.3.6 - Lightning, thunder.) 3intrans. to make a rumbling noise from stamping feet, e.g. children running around the house. [Ifugao houses are built off the ground so that running feet create a reverberating sound.] Mun-alikudukud/Umalikuddukud day u-unga. The children are making a stamping noise. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 1D Sounds.

bakkukul comm. turtle [A turtle can be eaten and also used as a toy.] Waday ohan itaktakinay abung na. (bakkukul) There is one who always carries it’s house whenever it goes. (turtle) Kay ka bakkukul an dumallan. You walk like a turtle. (Slowly or with bent back) general: There is only one kind of turtle in the language area. Terrapene (sem. domains: 1.6.1.3 - Reptile.) id. kay ka bakkukul

banukung comm. a bird like a sparrow; builds its nest especially in granaries, or in churches or big buildings; light brown in color. Pinpinhod kun dongdonglon di kalin datuwen banukung. I like the tweet sounds of the banukung-bird. Sim: bud’ing, bikongkong. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.2 - Bird.)

buku comm. the young coconut fruit. Kinapya dan kindi nan buku. They made the young coconut into candy. Sim: bitnung. (sem. domains: 5.2 - Food.) Language Of Borrowing: Tagalog: buko.

bukud trans. take everything for oneself; do a task by oneself. Am-in pe on pinhod mun bukudan. You always want everything for yourself. Bukudak an bayadan. I’ll shoulder the paying of all of it. Bukudan nan munggabyon nah garden na. He will hoe his garden all by himself. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5C Goal-oriented sites. Sim: am-am; Sim: ohhaan. (sem. domains: 7.4.3 - Get.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano: bucud.

dayyukung sta. 1to be concave, a part of a curve; particularly refers to a landscape or a road. Hay kad-an nan payo da ya nah nadayyukung. Their field is in the curve of the road. ma‑/na‑. 6D Descriptives. (sem. domains: 8.3.1.6.1 - Concave.) 2to be a valley; refers to the hollow place between mountain ridges. (sem. domains: 1.2.1.4 - Valley.)

dukug trans. to turn one’s back on someone. Mungkalkalliyak ken he-a ya adiyak dukugon. When I am talking to you, do not turn your back on me. Painghaom di mungkalkalli ta ken he-a ya idkug mu. Every time I talk to you, you turn your back. Dingkug nah Pedro handi mungkali. He turned his back on Pedro when he was speaking. ‑on/‑in‑, i‑/iN‑. 4F Adjacency/Adjoining actions. (sem. domains: 3.5.6.1 - Gesture.)

dukut trans. to remove clothing. ‑on/‑in‑. 4D Release, remove or detach object. (sem. domains: 7.5.2.4 - Remove, take apart.)

guku trans. to wrap in cloth, like a pouch. Igukum nan ginatang mu. Wrap all that you bought. i‑/iN‑. 3I Direct an action toward a site. (sem. domains: 7.3.7.2 - Wrap.)

gukud trans. to pile rice bundles in granary. Eyu igukud nan pageh alang. Go pile the rice bundles in the granary. i‑/iN‑. 3A Move and position object at site. (sem. domains: 7.5.9 - Put.) der. gukkudan

hakuku comm. snake species, like a cobra; a poisonous, big, spitting snake; strikes by lifting its head. [Old people say if you see a spitting cobra you or someone in your family will die; they believe that it sends out a vapor of invisible poison.] Maid di ek inang-ang hi hakuku. I haven’t sees a hakuku-snake. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.3 - Reptile.)

hukuk trans. to corner something; to surround something or someone with the intention of catching so it/he will not be able to get away. Hinkukak udot nah alad ot pulhona nan tinapay an pungkan ku. He cornered me at the fence and grabbed the bread I was eating. Hukukon taku din babuy ta dopapon taku. Let us surround the pig so that we can catch it. ‑on/‑in‑. 4F Adjacency/Adjoining actions. (sem. domains: 7.2.2 - Move in a direction.)

hukup comm. a basket, small and square used primarily as a container for cooked rice made of bamboo or rattan. Lokahom nan hukup ta mangan taku. Get down the rice basket and we will eat. (sem. domains: 6.7.7 - Container.)

ilukut (der. of lukut) comm. to smoke a cigarette. Maid di tamtam nan ilukut na. There is no taste to the cigarette he is smoking. i‑/iN‑. 3E Move an object directionally.

kay bakkukul an dumalan (id. of dalan) idiom. to walk slowly (lit. like a turtle walking).

kay ka bakkukul (id. of bakkukul) You are slow moving. (lit. You’re like a turtle.)

kuhhukuhhu sta. 1to go en masse. Nakuhhukuhhu dan e nanibon meyor. They went en masse to see the mayor. ma‑/na‑. (sem. domains: 7.2.5.4 - Move together.) 2to separate and regroup; refers to the breaking up or separating of a group participating in a ritual. [This is often related to the breaking up of the hapad ceremony in the uya-uy marriage ceremony. The group then goes en masse to a relative’s house for further drinking and dancing.] {hist}

kuku comm. fingernails; toenails. Kaanak nadan kukum teden dimmuke da bo. I’ll trim your fingernails because they are too long again. Nakaan di kukuk te nihipag nah batu. My nail was removed because it was hit against a stone. (sem. domains: 2.1.3.3 - Finger, toe.)

kukub comm. feet of hoofed animal, e.g. pig, cow, carabao; hoof. Kukub di babuy hinae ya mahong-on ihda. Those are pig’s feet and are delicious for viand. (sem. domains: 1.6.2 - Parts of an animal.)

kukut intrans. to curl up, an animal or person; fetal position. Nungkukut nan puha nah ubunan. The cat is curled-up on the chair muN‑/nuN‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

kulukul comm. a type of knife used by old men and women who scrape betelnut for chewing. Sim: hinalung, otak, uwa.

littuku (sp. var. lituku) 1comm. rattan fruit with scale-like rind. Maid di littuku hi udum an boble. There is no rattan-fruit in other places. Syn: ampait. (sem. domains: 5.2.3.1.2 - Food from fruit.) 2n. refers to the leaf of the rattan fruit vine. [The leaf is used in the kulkulibag childbirth ritual.]

lituku (sp. var. of littuku)

luku (sp. var. luko) 1comm. fool. Luku hi amam te duway inayana. Your father is a fool because he has two wives. (sem. domains: 3.2.1.4 - Stupid.) 2sta. to be foolish or naughty; describes one whose behavior is senseless or irrational. Naluku hi tulang mu hi iskul. Your brother is naughty in school. Nakallukuh naen unga muden nalaing. That child is very naughty but he is intelligent. na‑, nakaC1‑. (sem. domains: 4.3.1.3.1 - Immature in behavior.) 3trans. to deceive; to fool or mislead so that behavior is unreasonable or foolish. Adim kulugon hinaen tagun te lukuwon daka ya abu. Do not believe that person because he will just deceive you. ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 4.3.5.5 - Deceive.) Language Of Borrowing: Spanish.

lukud 1comm. measurement. Nganne di lukud na? What are its measurements? Kaatnay lukud nan luta? What are the measurements of the land? (sem. domains: 8.2.8 - Measure.) 2trans. to make measurements. Etaku lukudon nan lutami. Let us go to measure our land. Lukudom di kadalom nan puhung. Measure the depth of the pool. Ilukud taku nah pingngit di kalata. Let us measure it from the side of the road. Munlukud dah kalata. They are measuring a road. Lumukud kah duwan metron linubid. Measure out two meters of rope. ‑on/‑in_, i‑/iN‑, muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

lukumba comm. beetle, edible ricefield species, metal-blue in color; comes out at night. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.7 - Insect.)

lukun 1sta. to be pregnant; refers to the pregnancy/conception of quadrupeds. Nalukun nan ahu mi. Our dog is pregnant. Nilukun di ohan linggu. It conceived last week. ma‑/na‑, ni‑. (sem. domains: 2.6.3 - Birth.) 2trans. to impregnate. Lukunon nan laki nan mangitit an babuy. The boar will impregnate the black sow. Maphod hin nan ongla an laki di munlukun nah laba. It will be good if the big boar will be the one to impregnate the sow. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑.

lukung 1comm. hole, circular or oblong. Nag-a nan bulintik nah lukung nan dulung. The marble fell into the hole in the floor. (sem. domains: 8.3.1 - Shape.) 2trans. to make a circular or oblong hole. Lukungan yu nan gawwan di tabla. Make a hole at the middle of the board. Nalukungan nan pakko. The wooden plate has a hole. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an. infl. malukung

lukut₁ trans. to roll a cigar or cigarette. Lukutom nan tabaku. Roll the tobacco. Munlukut nan am-ama hi tabaku. The old man is rolling a cigar. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 4A Change the structure of object. Sim: baggi, dinubla. (sem. domains: 8.3.1.5.1 - Roll up.) der. ilukut der. munlukut

lukut₂ trans. for those taking a corpse to the grave to stop by a relative’s house along the path to the grave; the people drink and then proceed. Punlukuton da nan nate hi balen da Juan. They will stop with the dead in the house of Juan. (sem. domains: 2.6.6.3 - Funeral, 2.6.6.5 - Bury.)

malukung (sp. var. malukong) (infl. of lukung) 1comm. wooden bowl for soup or viand. Nah malukung di pangibanowak na ihda. I’ll put the viand in the bowl. ma‑. (sem. domains: 6.7.7 - Container.) 2intrans. to use a wooden bowl. Mummalukung kan mangan te maid di duyu. Use the wooden bowl in eating because there are no more plates. muN‑/nuN‑. 3trans. to place something in the malukung wooden bowl. Imalukung mu nan danum di dotag. Place the meat’s broth in the wooden bowl. i‑/iN‑.

mukud comm. back of human foot; heel. (sem. domains: 2.1.3.2 - Leg.)

mungkukuhipit (infl. of kuhipit) to be shy. [This word is a figurative meaning extension of kuhipit a word that describes a dog with his tail between his legs.] Mungkukuhipit day aammod ten mikamkamo dah nungkaadalan. The old folks are shy when they are among the educated. muN‑/nuN‑ CV‑.

munlukut (der. of lukut) intrans. to smoke a cigarette. Munlukut yaden munyaki. He is smoking despite having tuberculosis. muN‑/nuN‑.

payyukut comm. a plant variety, has small leaves, pink flowers and weeds with stickers. [The fiber was used as thread for weaving and sewing in earlier times.] (sem. domains: 1.5 - Plant.)

puku intrans. 1to lie or sit down curled up with knees close to chest. Mumpuku day aam-ama te maktol da. Old men lie curled up because they are cold. muN‑/nuN‑. 1A Movement with a manner component. Sim: bakilang, bakne, baktad. (sem. domains: 7.1 - Posture.) 2to sit with hands covering the head which is bent down toward knees; to cower; to cringe.

pukul sta. to be blistered; a thin, watery sac under the skin due to friction. Napkul di taklek te hay nunggabutak. My hands were blistered because I’ve been cutting grass. ma‑/na‑. 6A Physiological Process - State. (sem. domains: 2.5.3 - Injure.)

pukung₁ 1comm. cage; pen. Ambilog di pukungan di babuy da. Their pigpen is wide. ‑an. 2trans. to lock up; to put in cage; to pen up. Ipukung yuy babuy yu ta adi da humubang hi nitanom. You put your pigs in their pigpens so that they will not eat what is planted. Ipukung tun manuk. Cage this chicken. Pukungon yuy manuk yu ta adida matalak. Put your chickens in their cages so that they will not get lost. Impukung da nan inayam te gumulu. They put your husband in jail because he makes trouble. i‑/iN‑, ‑on/‑in‑. 3A Move and position object at site. Sim: kulung. (sem. domains: 7.2.6.2 - Prevent from moving.)

pukung₂ comm. a small ricefield, a strip of ricefield. Adi maphod nan pukung te adi maaladu. The small ricefield is not good because it cannot be plowed. Sim: payo, bananu. (sem. domains: 8.2 - Big, 8.2.1 - Small.)

pukupuk (sp. var. pukkupuk) comm. white bean seeds. Waday pukupuk hi igattang na. He has some white bean seeds for sale. (sem. domains: 5.2.3.1.3 - Food from vegetables.)

suku intrans. to surrender, as in war. Mapilit kayun munsuku nadah buhul yu. You will be forced to surrender to your enemies. muN‑/nuN‑. 1C General class. Sim: solendel. (sem. domains: 4.5.4 - Submit to authority.)

tabukul 1comm. a large fishing net with bamboo frame. 2trans. to fish with net. Maid day muntabukul hitu te maid di wangwang hitu. No one fishes with large nets here because there are no rivers here. Tabukulon da nadan dolog nah adalom an payo. They will use a net in getting the fish in the deep field. Eda manabukul ad Ibulao. They are going to fish with nets in Ibulao River. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑on/‑in‑, maN‑. (sem. domains: 6.4.5.3 - Fishing equipment.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

tukud (sp. var. tukkud) 1comm. a post, usually refers to house posts, made from galiwgiwon tree; the post includes the base roots of the tree. Nihamad di tukud na. The post is firm. Hay maphod an tukud ya hay makulhin kaiw. The houseposts that are good are those that are hardwood. Sim: poste. (sem. domains: 6.5.2 - Parts of a building.) 2trans. to place house posts. Tukudan dah semento nan balen pungkapya da. They will place concrete for posts in the house they are building. Itukud mu nan galiwgiwon. Use the galiwgiwon-tree for posts. ‑an/‑in‑, i‑/iN‑. 5A Changing state of site by adding something. (sem. domains: 6.5 - Working with buildings.)

tukuk 1to shout. 1.1intrans. to speak with a loud cry or call; to shout usually because of fear or drunkenness, but may also be done to make oneself heard. Muntutukuk da nan tatagu te mungkapuulan di babale da. The people are shouting because their houses are burning. Muntukuk hi Daulayan te timmakut nah ongal an puha. Daulayan is shouting because he was frightened by the big cat. muN‑/nuN‑. Speech Verbs - Manner of speaking. Sim: tudodan. (sem. domains: 3.5.1.1.1 - Shout.) 1.2intrans. to call loudly once; to give a single shout. Tumukutukuk nan nabutong. The drunk keeps shouting. Tumkuk man hin ipatibom ke hiya nan bigi. She will surely shout if you show her the worm. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2D Vocal sounds, expressing feeling. 2to shout at. 2.1trans. to shout at someone; the person being shouted at is highlighted by the affix. Tukukam nadan u-unga ta adida mun-ay-ayyam nah payo. Shout at the kids so that they will not play in the field. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 2.2trans. to shout in order to make oneself heard; to relay a message to people within a cluster of houses or even the next village by shouting, e.g. rest day, the first thunder, etc.; the message itself is prominent rather than the loudness of the shout. [Ifugao houses were built in clusters around their fields.] Initkuk dan tungo ad uwani kinali umeyak hi habal. They shouted a message that it is a rest day today so I am going to the swidden plot. Nagibbuy programa ot waday nangitkuk hi daanay epangenan di tatagu. After the program, someone shouted out the places where the different groups will eat their lunch. i‑/ini‑, mangi‑/nangi‑. 3trans. to cry loudly in a manner that resembles shouting. Itkuk nay koga na. He is crying loudly. i‑/iN‑. 4comm. a loud cry or call ; a shout. Madngol nah bobley tukuk na handi natalak nah muyung. His shout could be heard in the village when he got lost in the forest. Sim: ingal.

uku 1trans. to refuse to do something because one is self-centered and selfish. [One reason for a refusal to help is to prevent another person from profiting from what one does.] Ukuwona anhan an mangitudok nah ek pitudok ke hiya. He refused to write what I begged him to write. ‑on/‑in‑. Sim: ikut, imut. (sem. domains: 4.3.4.4.1 - Selfish.) 2sta. to be selfish. Maka-uku ka. You are so selfish. maka‑. 6B Characteristics of human nature or life situation.

duyu 1comm. plate; platter; generic dish, wooden plates. Nah ambibilog an duyuy pangiakudam. The largest plate is for dishing out the cooked rice. general: Normally the people use the hukup basket for dishing out cooked rice. (sem. domains: 6.7.7 - Container.) 2intrans. to use wooden plates. Munduyu kayu ta adi miwahwahit di makan. Use plates so that the food will not be scattered about. muN‑/nuN‑. 3trans. to place something on a plate. Nganne iduyum? What have you placed in your plate (lit. what have you plated)? Iduyum nan ginatang inam. Use the plate your mother bought. i‑/iN‑. 3A Move and position object at site. (sem. domains: 7.3.2.6 - Put in.)

alidogdog intrans. rumbling noise; reverberating, pounding noise. Mun-alidogdog di pumbayu da. Their pounding is reverberating. muN‑/nuN‑. 1D Sounds. Sim: anikdul, alikudukud. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

am-am trans. to get almost everything for oneself regardless of the needs of others; greed causes one to get all of something; characteristic of selfish children. Inam-am na nan tinapay. He got almost all the bread. ‑on/‑in‑. 4C Convey/bring objects toward agent. Sim: bukud. (sem. domains: 6.8.2.5 - Greedy.)

ampait (pait) comm. rattan fruit. Restrictions: Hudhud epic. {literary} Syn: littuku.

anikdul intrans. to make a pounding noise on floor or walls, often done by children playing. Tipe bot mun-anikdul day u-unga? Why are the children making all that noise? Umanikdul da nadan u-unga hin ipukung yu dida. The children will make noise if you lock them up. muN‑, ‑um‑. Sim: alidogdog, alikudukud; Sim: kudu. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

baggi 1trans. to roll up tobacco leaves for cigar or cigarette; the leaf itself is used to wrap the ground tobacco. Mumbaggi kah ilukut amam. Roll some tobacco leaves for your father to smoke. Binaggi na nan tabaku. He rolled the tobacco leaf into a cigar. Ibaggim di oha ta ilukut ku. Roll one for me to smoke. ‑on/‑in‑ i‑/iN‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 4A Change the structure of object. Sim: lukut, dinubla. (sem. domains: 7.3.7.2 - Wrap.) 2nom. hand-rolled cigar or cigarette. der. binaggi

bakilang 1intrans. to lie down on back; recline on back. Naka-atuwak ta pinhod kun mibakilang. I am so tired so I want to lie down. mi‑/ni‑. Sim: bakne, puku, baktad. (sem. domains: 7.1.3 - Lie down.) 2trans. to make someone lie down. Ibakilang mu nan mundogo nah kama. Make the sick person lie down on the bed. i‑/iN‑.

bakne trans. to lie down. Ibaknem nah daulon. Lie down under the house. Mibakne ka hin ad-adiy gibok mu. Lie down if you’re not feeling well. i‑/iN‑, mi‑. 3I Direct action toward object. Sim: bakilang, puku, baktad; Syn: idda. (sem. domains: 7.1.3 - Lie down.)

baktad trans. to lie down, Imme an bumaktad te nundogo. She went to lie down because she is sick. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2B Movement, change of position. Sim: bakilang, bakne, puku. (sem. domains: 7.1.3 - Lie down.)

bananu comm. a metaphor for ricefield. Indalanah bananu. She passed through the ricefields. {ritual} Sim: payo, pukung. (sem. domains: 6.2.9 - Farmland.)

bikongkong comm. ricebird species, brown and white spotted. Nakalligat an abulon di bikongkong. It is very hard to drive the bikongkong-bird away. Sim: banukung, bud’ing. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.2 - Bird.)

bitnung comm. young coconut. Malumiiy danum di bitnung. The juice of a young coconut is sweet. Sim: mutog; Sim: niyug; Sim: buku. (sem. domains: 5.2 - Food.)

bud’ing (sp. var. budding) comm. ricebird; two species. Eka mun-abul hi buding nah payo. You go to drive away the rice birds in the fields. Naligat di mun-abul hi buding. It’s hard to drive rice birds away. Upuwon di buding di page hin adi adugan hanan page hin mamunga. The ricebirds will consume the grains of rice if the rice is not guarded when the grains begin to form. Sim: banukung, bikongkong; gen: hamuti. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.2 - Bird.) id. kay nomnom di buding

dinubla (der. of dubla) 1comm. tobacco wrapped in paper. Mataba nan kinapya nan dinubla. The cigar he rolled is fat. ‑in‑. Sim: ginayat; Sim: baggi, lukut. 2trans. to roll tobacco in paper. Dublaom nan namag-anan an tabaku. Roll the dried tobacco in paper (to make a cigar). Mundubla ka ta ilukut amam. Roll a cigar so your father can smoke it. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑.

hinalung (sp. var. hinalong) comm. a large, double-edged knife; bolo. [This knife is not used for cutting grass unless it is old; it is preferred for wearing during ceremonial performances.] Haitom nan hinalong. You sharpen the double-edged bolo. Makataddom din hinalong din lakay. The old man’s bolo is very sharp. Sim: kulukul, otak, uwa. (sem. domains: 6.7.1 - Cutting tool.)

ikut (sp. var. ikot) 1sta. to be selfish. Naikut an adi umidat hi kanona. He is selfish in that he does not share his food. Tipe anhan di ikut mu! How selfish you are. ma‑/na‑. 6B Characteristics of human nature or life situation. Sim: imut, uku. (sem. domains: 4.3.4.4.1 - Selfish.) 2trans. to be selfish with a refusal to share with someone. Ikutana hi inana. She is selfish toward her mother. i‑ ‑an/iN‑ ‑an.

imut 1sta. to be selfish with one’s possessions; characterizes one who is unwilling to share; to be stingy. Naimut da tuwalin hintutulang. They really are all selfish, those brothers and sisters. ma‑/na‑. 6B Characteristics of human nature or life situation. Sim: ikut, uku. (sem. domains: 4.3.4.4.1 - Selfish.) 2trans. to be unwilling to share with someone in particular. <The affix cross-references the person with whom there is an unwillingness to share.> Adim imutan nan ibam. Do not be stingy with your brother. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an.

ingal 1comm. shouting noise. Donglom di ingal din u-unga. Listen to the shouts of the children. Sim: tukuk. (sem. domains: 3.5.1 - Say.) 2trans. to express excitement by cheering in competitive play or exhibition. Nganney ingaingalan di tatagu di hilong? What were the people cheering about last night? CVCV ‑an. 3intrans. to make a shouting noise. Tipet ekayu umingal? Why do you make noise? ‑um‑/‑imm‑.

kulung 1trans. to imprison. Hanadan makipattey ikulung yu hin mabutong. Those who are looking for a fight you should imprison when they are drunk. Nganney atom hin mikulung ka? What will you do if you are imprisoned? Dahdiy nangikulung ke dakayu an impattit na nan panto. Who imprisoned you (locked you in) by padlocking the door. i‑/iN‑, mi‑/ni‑, mangi‑/nangi‑. 3A Move and position object at site. Sim: pukung. (sem. domains: 4.7.7.3 - Imprison.) 2nom. an enclosure; cage, prison, jail. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano. der. kulungan

ohhaan (der. of oha) trans. to do something alone. Adim ohhaan an kanon. Do not eat it all yourself. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. Sim: bukud.

otak 1comm. large single-edged knife tool, used in agricultural tasks, splitting wood, etc.; bolo An inalam nan otak? Did you bring along the bolo? Matadom nan otak mu. Your bolo is sharp. Sim: hinalung, kulukul, uwa. (sem. domains: 6.2.8 - Agricultural tool.) 2intrans. to bring along a bolo. Nun-inotak an e nanibo nah natalak an nuwang. They brought along thier bolos to look for the lost carabao. muN‑ iN‑/nuN‑ iN‑. id. kay hubil di nuwang di otak id. Maid di hilbin di adi tumadom an otak.

payo 1comm. ricefield. Dakol di payo da. They have many ricefields. Maki-eyak nah payon apu kanan Butale. “I will go with you to grandfather’s ricefield,” said Butale. Mu nan dalanona ya hi pingngit diyen payo ot munnomnom an iliglig na. But he was walking at the edge of that ricefield and so he decided to detour. Sim: bananu, pukung. (sem. domains: 6.2.9 - Farmland.) 2trans. to cultivate a ricefield; to farm. Pumayo kayu. Cultivate another’s ricefield. Daan di pinayo da? Which one did they farm? muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑, ‑on/‑in‑.

poste 1comm. a post of a building. Katibanglan di poste an inhaad na. He placed a fern tree for posts. Sim: tukud. (sem. domains: 6.5.3 - Building materials.) 2trans. to place a post. Posteyan dah semento nan balen kapyaon da. They will place a concrete post in the house they are making. Iposte da nadan kaiw an nalpud Linda. They will use the wood which came from Linda for posts. Mumposte da mo ad uwani. They are placing the posts now. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, i‑/iN‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 5A Changing state of site by adding something. (sem. domains: 7.5.9 - Put.) Language Of Borrowing: Spanish.

tudodan trans. to shout to someone. Sim: tukuk. (sem. domains: 3.5.1.1.1 - Shout.)

uwa comm. a type of knife. Uwa nan ingkub-it na. The thing he stuck in his waistband is a knife. Sim: hinalung, kulukul, otak. (sem. domains: 6.7.1 - Cutting tool.)

ahuk 1comm. smoke. Ibughul mu nan panto ta ume nan ahuk. Open the door so that the smoke will go out. Munluluwaak te nan ahuk. I am shedding tears because of the smoke. (sem. domains: 5.5.4 - Burn, 5.5.5 - What fires produce.) 2intrans. for a fire to be smoking. Mun-ahuk nan apuy. The fire is smoking. Umahuk nan ilukut. The cigarette emits smoke. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 3trans. to direct smoke toward something. Ahukan yu nan iyyukan. Direct the smoke towards the honeybees. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an.

alad 1comm. fence; enclosure of ground. Napa-i nan alad taku. Our fence was destroyed. Inyapana nah kad-an di alad. He jumped into a place near the fence. Sim: iya, luhud. (sem. domains: 6.5.1.5 - Fence, wall.) 2intrans. to build a fence. Mun-alad hi Jose. Jose is building a fence. Umalaka hi lappao ta pun-alad ku. Get some Jerusalem artichoke so that I can use to make a fence. Umalad kah pukungan di gawgawa. Fence a space for a duck pen. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 3trans. to focus is on what is used for building a fence or what is being fenced. Ialad mu nan bilau. Use the canegrass for in building a fence. Aladon yu nan dola. Build a fence around your yard. i‑/iN‑, ‑on/‑in‑. 4pass. to be fenced. Naaladan nan ek pangidalanan. The way I will pass by is fenced. ma‑/na‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

amit intrans. to climb or scale houses, trees, stonewalls; to climb expertly. Nan mun-ammitan di ayagan yun mangala nah littuku. The one who loves to climb is the one you call to gather the rattan fruit. Mun-amitan nan tagu nadah niyug. The man climbs from coconut tree to coconut tree. muN‑ ‑an/nuN‑ ‑an. Sim: kayat, kallehke. (sem. domains: 7.2.2.4 - Move up.)

amugawon comm. a yellowish, hardwood tree variety. Amugawon di tukud di bale na. His house posts are of amugawon-wood. Numpagolgolak hi amugawon ta panulung ku. I let somebody saw amugawon-wood for my flooring. Sim: amuyuwon, labi, molave. (sem. domains: 1.5.1 - Tree, 6.2.5.4 - Plant product.)

ane 1comm. an insect that lives in colonies and eats wood; termite. Dakol di ane tuh tukud. There are many termites in this post. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.7 - Insect.) 2sta. to be eaten by termites;; termite damage. Maane nan posten di baleda. The post of their house will be eaten by termites. ma‑/na‑. 6C Process or state of inanimate objects. (sem. domains: 7.9.1 - Damage.)

ano₁ comm. bamboo, small with thick walls variety; more pliant than ugo variety, usually cut into strips for bundling rice stalks; used for flooring or water container; sometimes the shoots are eaten. Nakapyah ano nan hukup. The rice basket is made from ano-bamboo. Gen: kawayan.

antipe (fr. var. antipet) (comp. of tipe, an) int. why; interrogative pronoun; used in asking the reason for something. <Morphology: This word is a compound consisting of the general question marker, an, and the why question marker, tipe.> Antipe ta maid di tagu? Why is it that there is nobody around? Antipet idihhan muy tukuk mu ten mungkaliyak. Why do you coincidentally shout while I’m talking? general: It seems to be a matter of preference as to when the compound or the 'why' word only is used. (sem. domains: 9.6.2.5 - Cause, 9.6.2.5.1 - Reason.)

api 1comm. a mat to sleep on. Bitibitom nan api ta mahuyopak. You spread the mat so I can go to sleep. Hilong ke ya tubu, mapat-al ke ya tukud. (api) At night it is a leaf, at day time, it is a post. (mat)(riddle) Syn: abok. (sem. domains: 5.1 - Household equipment.) 2trans. to use something as a sleeping mat. Iapim nan ulo. Use the blanket for a mat. i‑/iN‑.

aw’al trans. to embrace; to hug; to put arms around someone or something. Awalom hi inam ta adi ume. Embrace your mother so that she will not go. Iawal mu nah tukud. Embrace the post. Inawal Joseh amana ot ahina bo awalon hi inanan mungkokkogga. Jose hugged his father after which he also hugged his mother who was crying. Mangali nan mun-ango an umawal. The crazy person who embraces people is coming. Adi maawal te makatabba. She cannot be embraced because she’s so fat. ‑on/‑in, i‑/iN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑, ma‑/na‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. (sem. domains: 7.1.9 - Move a part of the body.)

bala₁ 1comm. embers; live charcoal. Hobhobam din bala te andani ya gumanab. Pour water over the live embers because it might create a fire. Tutungam nan ilukuk mu nah bala nah dalikan. Light your cigarette from the glowing charcoal in the hearth. (sem. domains: 5.5.4 - Burn, 5.5 - Fire.) 2intrans. glowing embers; for embers to produce glowing light, indicating they are still alive. Mumbabala din uling dih dalikan. The charcoal on the hearth is glowing. Bumala ke nan uling ya ihongbam nan dotag. When the charcoal glows, roast the pork. Mabala nan itungu da. Their firewood glows vigorously. Mabala nan tuwol hin mauling. The tuwol-tree glows well (produces great heat) when made into charcoal. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑, ma‑.

balit’i (sp. var. balitti) comm. tree variety; big, tall tree; must be dried thoroughly before being used for firewood. Kimmayat nan littuku nah baliti. The littuku-vine climbed the baliti-tree. (sem. domains: 1.5.1 - Tree.)

bangtinon comm. tree, hardwood variety, similar to the narra and mahogany. Kudukdul di bangtinon hi itukud mu hay udyo te makulhi. Bangtinon-wood is better for house posts than the narra because it is harder wood. Sim: bannutan. (sem. domains: 1.5.1 - Tree.)

bano trans. to dish out viand; to ladle viand. Ibano yu nan ihda nah malukung. Ladle out the viand into the wooden bowl. Banowon yu nan ihdad nakugab. Dish out the leftovers from yesterday. Mumbano hi tulang na. His sibling is ladling out food from the pot. Bumano ka nah ka-ihaang. Ladle out some from the newly cooked food. Umibano kan nah ihda ne umakud ka bon nah hinamal. You ladle some viand and dish out also some cooked rice. i‑/iN‑, ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 3A Move and position object at site. Sim: ak’ud, haklung, hoklad, ado. (sem. domains: 5.2.1.5 - Serve food.)

batnong trans. 1to coat a dike with mud; to plaster mud on a dike for maintenance or repair. Em batnongon din banong. Go and coat the dike with mud. ‑on/‑in‑. 4A Change the structure of object. Sim: kiggad, koltog, pat-ok. (sem. domains: 7.3.7 - Cover.) 2to place a dike boundary between ricefields. [The word may also be used for placing rocks or wood to mark a boundary line.] Batnongon da Dimmuluy ke Balajo nan ohan pukung. Mr.Dimmuluy and Mr. Balajo will divide the small ricepond by building a dike. ‑on/‑in‑. Syn: koltog.

battanan 1trans. to set apart creating an interval of time or space. Battanan yuh duwan algo ne ahiyu inhaad nan kodot. Leave it for two days then place the poison. Battanam hi duwan dopa nadan tukud di alad. Put the post at intervals of two arm lengths. Mabattanan hi tulun algo on ahim kinan nan agam. Take (lit. eat) your medicine at intervals of three days./Take your medicine every three days. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an. 5C Goal oriented sites. (sem. domains: 8.4.5 - Relative time, 8.5.5 - Spatial relations.) 2intrans. to be absent on a pre-arranged date. Battanak hi duwan algo ta ahiyak umali. I will absent myself for two days.

bay comm. an inlet of the sea containing a body of water contiguous with the sea. Ingkuyukuyugak ot e kami nunhawhawang ad Cubao, Makati, Pasay ya Manila Bay. They accompanied me and we went to Cubao, Makati, Pasay and Manila Bay. Dakol di tatagun umed Manila Bay ten himbatangan te da tibon nan kalimuhan nan algo. Many people go to Manila Bay in the afternoon because they go to see the setting of the sun. (sem. domains: 1.3.1 - Bodies of water.) Language of Borrowing: English.

bay-un 1comm. a basket; woven out of plastic strips or buri leaves; a sack of cloth. Alam nan bay-un an natalwan hi littuku ta ie tad da-ul. Get the basket full of rattan fruit so we will bring it down. (sem. domains: 5.3 - Clothing.) 2trans. to place something in a basket or bag. Ibay-un mu nan ginattang inam. Place in a basket the things your mother bought. i‑/iN‑. 3intrans. to use a basket. Mumbay-un ka hin ume kah payo. Use the woven basket if you go to the field. muN‑/nuN‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

bine 1comm. fish roe. [caviar] Maphod di bine ad ihda. Fish roe is good for viand. Sim: iple. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.5 - Fish.) 2sta. to have roe. Nabineyan nadan dolog nah pukung. The fish in the small rice pond have roes. na‑ ‑an.

binting 1comm. a coin worth twenty-five centavos. Idattanak hi binting ya abu. Give me twenty-five centavos only. (sem. domains: 6.8.6 - Money.) 2sta. to be worth twenty-five centavos. Gumatang kah mabinting an ilukut. Buy twenty five centavos worth of cigarettes. ma‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

bulayyu comm. a large owl. [The owl’s call is believed to be an omen of death.] Deket tumukutukuk di bulayyu on wada kanuy mate. If the owl keeps on calling (lit. shouting), someone will die, so they say. Strigformes gen: akup. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.2 - Bird.)

bungul₂ 1comm. a cluster of things grouped which could be counted; grouped closely. Gumattang kah ohan bungul di littuku. Buy a bunch of rattan-fruit. Sim: bingil, amung, alimungmung, kampeg, panu. 2sta. to be in clusters. Nabungul nadan mungngunu nah pingngit di kalata. The workers where gathered in clusters on the street side. ma‑.

buttigi 1comm. white stones with yellow or brownish grains. Buttigi nan intuping da. They used the buttigi-stone for riprapping. Kanak pen on buttigi kanan ot bakkukul. I thought it was a buttigi-rock but no, it was a turtle. Gen: dulmug. 2sta. to be full of buttigi stones. Mabuttigi nan dalan an umed Haliap. There are lots of buttigi-stones on the road to Haliap. ma‑.

da₂ quan. plural quantifier; co-occurs with demonstratives, nouns and the existential predicate. <Morphology: The quantifier form becomes an enclitic on Set 1 demonstratives and the existential predicate; it becomes a proclitic on Set 2 and Set 3 demonstratives; it stands alone as an independent form when co-occuring with nouns, common and proper.> Maid ke handidan aammod an kimmalikali an kanan day matongaal tan mun-itkul ya wada ot an ohaak damdama hanadah natag-ey adal na. If it hadn’t been for those old folks who kept discouraging me and saying that studying is distracting and has no value, I could have been one of those highly educated now. Wada da Apu Paredes ya Datumanung nah stage ya Sir Paredes and Sir Datumanung were on the stage together Loktat bo kaya ya wadaday inin-innilak an gagayyum ku. Then, I met some people who became my friends. Ingonay kay da gugutul di tatagu ten mundaldallanan ka nah kalata. You are compared to ants when you are walking along the road. Dakamin da Bugan ke da Kabbigat ya hi Hinayyup di nungkukuyyug. We were together with the group of Bugan, Kabbigat and Hinayyup. Daan da nan iibbam? Where are your companions? (sem. domains: 8.1.1 - Number.) comp. dayyada

dangkig trans. to place something by propping it against something else; to prop. Idangkig mu nan patanong mu nah tukud. Prop your walking stick against the wooden post. Idangkig ku nan payung nah panto. I propped the umbrella against the door. Adika midangkig ke ha-oy te madam-ot ka. Don’t lean against me because you are heavy. i‑/iN‑, mi‑/ni‑. 3A Move and position object at site. Sim: handag. (sem. domains: 7.5.9 - Put.)

dihhan advpred. 1to coincide; simultaneous; do at the same time; occupying the same space and time. Idihhan ta hin mungngangala da ta adi dita donglon ke dida. We will coincide it with them when they are noisy so they will not hear us. Antipet idihhan muy tukuk mu ten mungkaliyak. Why do you shout while I’m talking? i‑/iN‑. 3I Direct action toward object. Sim: paddi. (sem. domains: 8.4.3 - Indefinite time.) 2to do something at the same time. Ahita mundihhan an mangan ta muntinnamtam tah ihda. Let’s eat together so that we can taste each other’s viand. muN‑/nuN‑. Time.

duking trans. to sit and lean against someone or something. Iduking mun tulang mu hin uma-aliy hinuyop mu. You sit and lean against your brother if you feel so sleepy. Miduking kan nah kad-an the tukud. You sit and lean against the wooden post. i‑/iN‑, mi‑/ni‑. 3G Move body or body parts directionally. (sem. domains: 7.1.2 - Sit.)

dulung 1comm. floor. Kakukudli nan dulung da te udyo. Their floor is slippery because it’s of narra-wood. Tablay dulung di baleda. The floor of their house is of boards. 2trans. to place floor boards or strips; to place flooring. Dulungan yu nan balen di maunk. Place flooring strips on the chicken house. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an.

dunghul trans. to hit with force; to ram something. Tibom ta adi daka dunghulon nah babuy. See to it that the pig won’t ram you (usually with snout). Idunghul mu nan tukud. Use the wooden post in ramming. Dumunghul nan babuy da Juan. The pig of Juan rams people. ‑on/‑in‑, i‑/iN‑, ‑um‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. (sem. domains: 7.7.1 - Hit.)

dunut sta. to be rotten, refers to wood. Nilubhutak nah dulung da te nadunut. I broke through their floor because it’s rotten. Mungkadunut nan tukud da te matinatina. Their post is becoming rotten because it is always being wet. ma‑/na‑, mungka‑. 6C Process or state of inanimate objects. (sem. domains: 8.3.7.8 - Decay.)

gadigad (dial. var. gidigid) 1trans. to rub something. Igadigad mu nan igud nah odog na. Rub the stone against his back. i‑/iN‑. 3I Direct an action toward an object. (sem. domains: 7.7.5 - Rub.) 2intrans. to rub against something. Deyan munggadigad din babuy nah tukud. There, the pig is rubbing himself on the post. muN‑/nuN‑.

ganga sta. to be hard; durable; referring to wood. Maganga nan tukud di baleda. The post of their house is hard. Maganga nan kaiw an kinapya nah ubunan. The chair he made is from a durable wood. ma‑. 6C Process or state of inanimate objects. (sem. domains: 8.3.2 - Texture, 6.5.3 - Building materials.)

giha trans. to split wood into small pieces; either an ax or bolo may be used. Gihaon yu tun tukud. Split this post. Ekah muyung ta eka munggiha. Go to the forest to split wood. Gumiha kah itungun da apum. Split some wood for your grandparents’ use. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 4A Change structure of object. Sim: gihgi; Sim: dikhal, gihgi, potw’ak. (sem. domains: 7.8.1 - Break.)

gim’a 1comm. mark on wood. Waday giman nan tukud. The post has a mark on it. Sim: gitagit. 2trans. to place marks on wood; to cut out wood from sketch on wood. Ginimaan da nan kaiw ad Ala ot bohwaton dah alang. They cut out the marks on the wood in the Ala mountain and so they will assemble it into a granary. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an.

golgol 1comm. tool with toothed metal blade for cutting; a saw tool. Waday golgol yu? Do you have a saw? Sim: lagadi. (sem. domains: 6.7.1 - Cutting tool.) 2trans. to saw wood. Munggolgol hi kaiw. He is sawing wood. Golgolonay tukud da. He is sawing off their post. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 3trans. to saw off a part. Golgolam nan tukud tedeyan adukke. Saw off the end of the post because it is long. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an.

gug-u trans. to scratch the body, usually because of an itch. Gug-uwam tun odog ku te makiyaki. Scratch my back because it is itchy. Igug-um nan kukum. Scratch with your fingernails. Uggena inilay atona kinali mungguggug-uh uluna. He did not know what to do that is why he is scratching his head. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, i‑/iN‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 5C Goal oriented sites. Sim: gadut, kik-i. (sem. domains: 7.3.4.5 - Actions of the hand.)

guhugu 1comm. grater made of rattan thorns. Kinapya nah gughugu nan adi bumungan littuku. He made the non-bearing rattan into a grater. 2trans. to grate; scrape into small pieces. Mungguhugu kah laya. Grate some ginger. Guhuguwon yu nan mangga. Grate the unripe mango. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 7.8.3 - Cut.)

gut’i 1comm. designs embossed on wood carvings or bamboo products, either for beauty or practical use. Ha-adam hi guti na nan paotom an tagtaggu. Place an embossed design on the figurine you are going to carve. (sem. domains: 8.3.5.4 - Pattern, model.) 2sta. embossed. Nagtiyan di tukud da. Their posts have embossed designs. ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an.

hak-ot (sp. var. huk-ot) 1trans. to hang up something. Ihak-ot mu nan ulom nah tukud. Hang up your blanket on the post. Ihak-ot mu ya- tun basket ku dih patak. Please hang my basket on the nail above. i‑/iN‑. 3A Move and position object at site. Sim: hab-ut. (sem. domains: 7.3.2 - Move something in a direction.) 2pass. to be hooked and hanging on something; get caught on something protruding. Handih binumtik hi Absalon an nuntakkeh kabayu ya nihak-ot di buuk na nah hapang di kaiw nah dalan ot muntattayun mo. (2 Samuel 18:9) When Absalon ran away riding a horse, his hair was caught in a branch of a tree and so he was left hanging there. Nihak-ot din bolak dih kaiw. My ball got caught in the tree. mi‑/ni‑.

handag trans. to place something by leaning it against something else; to lean something. Ihandag mu nan patanong mu nah tukud. Let your cane lean against the post. Handagan dah batu nan panton di lubuk ta adi malukatan. They leaned a stone on the door of the grave so that it will not be opened. Adika mihandag hi tete. Don’t lean on the ladder. i‑/iN‑, ‑an/ ‑in‑ ‑an, mi‑/ni‑. 3A Move and position object at site. Sim: dangkig. (sem. domains: 8.3.1.4.2 - Leaning, sloping.)

hawang (sp. var. hawwang) 1intrans. to come out; to emerge from a building or enclosure of some kind. Nganney himmawang? What came out? Ihawwang muh tu. Come out here. Himmawwang nadan tatagun e manggop ke dida ot pumpate da dida. The raiding people came out and started to attack them to kill them. ‑um‑/‑imm‑, i‑. 2A Movement from one place to another. (sem. domains: 7.2 - Move.) 2intrans. to emerge or show up in various places. Ingkuyukuyugak ot e kami nunhawhawang ad Cubao, Makati, Pasay ya Manila Bay. They accompanied me and we went to Cubao, Makati, Pasay and Manila Bay. muN‑/nuN‑. 3trans. place where someone or something emerges. Daanay hawwangon hin idalan ad Banaue? Where will we emerge when we pass through Banaue? ‑on. der. hawwangan id. humawang di langkak na. infl. munhawwangan

hawili comm. tree, hardwood variety with fruit that looks like black pepper. [The fruit is used as an antidote for poison; the lumber is used for house beams.] Maphod an panukud di hawili. Hawili-wood is good for posts. Tinaganah kakan hi hawili te kinanay nakdotan an hinamal ot deyan timmagu. He ate plenty of hawili-fruit because he ate poisoned rice and now he is well. (sem. domains: 1.5.1 - Tree.)

hikat (sp. var. hitak) trans. to insert something underneath another thing; to put something under or between. [The word is usually used in relation to inserting something to raise or make another thing level. ] Ha-adam hi hikat nan dulung. Insert something between the floor boards. Hikatam nan tukud ta tumagtag-e. Insert something under the post to raise it. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 3A Move and position object at site. (sem. domains: 7.3.2.6 - Put in.)

hiN- CV- quan. when this prefix and reduplicant combination co-occurs with numbers, it functions to divide and distribute whatever is being modified by the affixed number, e.g. one each, two each Ohan algo ya inayagan Jesus nadan himpulut duwan disipulos na ot hindudwa on intud-ak nah kabobboblen e muntuttudu...(Marcos 6:7) One day, Jesus called his twelve disciples and then, he sent two each to the villages to teach... Am-in dadiyen kuwartu ya nun-iingngon himpupulun piyey lukud di kadukkena ya kabilog na. (Ezekiel 40:7b) All of those rooms were the same in measurement, each one was ten feet in length and width. (sem. domains: 9.2.9 - Affixes, 8.1 - Quantity.)

hodhod trans. to compress something into a container to accommodate more; to stuff full a container. Hodhodom hi pihing nan saku. Compress the sack with vegetables. Ihodhod mu tuwali nan luput ta maalan am-in nah kaban. Press down the clothes so that the box can contain all. Nakahhodhod nan sakuh bulhe ta adiyak pakaitag-e. The sack of beans was so full (lit. compressed) that I couldn’t lift it up. Adim pun-ihodhod nan luluput ku nah kalton te makusukusu da. Don’t press my clothes together in the carton because they will be wrinkled. Ag-agam, hodhodom di putum! Gosh, are you going to pack food tightly into your stomach! (Gosh, you are eating too much!) ‑on/‑in‑, i‑/iN‑, puN‑ i‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. (sem. domains: 7.7.4 - Press.) id. hodhodon di putu

holok comm. marijuana. Nunlukutak hi holok. I smoked marijuana. (sem. domains: 1.5 - Plant.)

hunghung 1intrans. to sniff; to smell something by putting face close to the object. Ad-adi nunhunghung ku nah nihaad nah palunggu. I was smelling something bad in the container. muN‑/nuN‑. Sim: hamuy. (sem. domains: 2.2.1 - Breathe, breath.) 2trans. to smell or sniff something specific. Hunghungom nan ahuk di ilukut. Smell the smoke of the cigarette. ‑on/‑in‑. 4E Perception and Cognition. (sem. domains: 2.3.4 - Smell.)

iklo 1comm. earth or chicken lice; either red or light in color; other than being found on chickens, the lice are particularly found in a dry, grassy place. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.7 - Insect.) 2sta. to have chicken lice. Naiklohan din manok kinali adi e mihahaad hi pukungan da. Chickens have lice so its best not to stay long by their coops. ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an. Sim: kime.

impakaiC1- this affix combination is an intensifying modal; when affixed to Class 3 transitive verbs, it intensifies the action encoded in the root; past tense. <The C1 geminate is not always pronounced or written.> Hanan tagun mangngol hi kalik ya un-unudona ya miingngo nah nanomnoman an tagun nangapyah balenan impakaihammad nay tukud na. (Mateo 7:24) The person who hears what I say and follows it can be compared to the intelligent person who has built his house and strongly stabilized its posts. Sim: pakaiC1-. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.)

ingha intrans. 1to become accustomed to something; to be used to something; adjusted. Adim oggan ipatnan munlukut te umingha. Don’t ever try smoking because you will become used to it. Immingha mon hiya nan hamuy di ahuk. He is accustomed to the smell of smoke. Imi-ingleyak an pinhod kun umanamut mo indani bo kaya ya uminghaak. I felt so lonely that I wanted to return home, but after a while I became adjusted. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 3.2.3 - Know.) 2to be acquainted with someone. Immingha kamin Estrella. We are acquainted with Estrella. ‑um‑/‑imm‑.

kaltib 1comm. scissors. Matadom nan kaltib na. His scissors are sharp. (sem. domains: 6.7.1 - Cutting tool.) 2trans. to cut something with a scissors. Kaltibom nan papel. Cut the paper. Kaltibom di kukuk. Cut my fingernails. ‑on/‑in‑. 4A Change the structure of object. (sem. domains: 7.8.3 - Cut.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano: kartib.

kimit intrans. to close the eyes. Kimitom ta adi umey sabon hi matam. Close your eyes so that the soap will not go in. Handih nangikimitak di binuddalan yu. It was when I slept for a moment that you went out. Pungkimit ku ot kuma mu muntukuk ka. I was about to close my eyes when you were shouting. Kon ahan di pinhod kun mahuyop ot adi makimit di matak. Though I wanted so much to sleep, I could not close my eyes. ‑on/‑in‑, ma‑, muN‑. 4F Adjacency/Adjoining actions. (sem. domains: 2.1.1.1 - Eye.) infl. mungkimikimit

kodkod trans. to tie an animal close to a post. Adim ikodkod nan ahu dih tukud. Don’t tie the dog so close to the post. Adika makangohe te ikodkod daka man di tukud. Don’t be foolish or I’ll tie you close to the post. i‑/iN‑. 3A Move and position object at site. (sem. domains: 7.5.4 - Tie.)

kom’ong trans. 1refers to the sharp curved nail on the toe of an animal or foot of a bird; claw. Ya deke on madudulnu ya dimmukkey buuk nan umat hi dutdut di tuldu ya dimmukkey kukunan umat hi komong di hamuti. (Daniel 4:33b) And he was drenched with dew and his hair grew long like an eagle’s feathers and his fingernails were like the claws of a bird. (sem. domains: 1.6.2.1 - Parts of a bird.) 2may refer to the foot of an animal; paw. Hanadan naten aggayam an opat di huki dan waday komong da ya mibilang dan adi malinit.....(Libiticus 11:27a) Those dead animals that have four legs and paws are counted as unclean... (sem. domains: 1.6.2 - Parts of an animal.)

kotkotlang comm. winged red ant; eats house posts and builds nests in it, does not sting but it does bite. Nunbalayan di kotkotlang nan tukud. The winged-ants built a nest in the post. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.7 - Insect.)

kudu comm. stamping sounds on the floor or ground; rumbling noise, e.g. children running on floor boards, a number of hoofed animals running. Nganneh naen kudu? What is that stamping sound? Mungkukudu da bo nadan u-unga nah bale. The children are making rumbling noises again in the house. Sim: anikdul. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

kuhipit intrans. 1for a dog to be scared and have its tail between its legs. Mungkukuhipit nan ahun Boy handi nala-uh tu. The dog of Boy had its tail between its legs when it passed by here. muN‑/nuN‑. 1A Movement with a manner component. (sem. domains: 3.4.2.4 - Afraid.) 2(fig) to be shy; timid. Mungkukuhipit day aammod ten mikamkamo dah nungkaadalan. The old folks are shy when they are among the educated. muN‑/nuN‑. infl. mungkukuhipit

kukkug trans. to knock on a door; to rap on a door. Kukkugom ni-an di panto ta ahika hunggop. Knock at the door first before you enter. Kinugkug na ya maid di mangibukat. He knocked on the door and no one opened it. Mungkugkug kat ibukat da. You knock so that they will open up. E mangukug hi gatanganah ilukut. He is going to knock (to wake up someone) so he can buy cigarretes. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑, maN‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. (sem. domains: 7.7.1 - Hit.)

kulab’ut 1comm. cloud. Ahi umalih Jesus hi udum hi algo an mid-um hi kulabut. One day Jesus will come amidst the clouds. (sem. domains: 1.1.3.2 - Cloud.) 2intrans. to be cloudy. Mungkukulabut kinali wada bo nin di nal-ot an udan. It is cloudy that is why there might be a strong rain again. muN‑/nuN‑ CV.

kuleng sta. to be withered, referring to plants. Makuleng di intanom ku te namahig di potang. What I planted will wither because it’s too sunny. Nakuleng nan buttatan inalan nan ungah payo. The chinese cabbage that the child got from the field is withered. Uggem dinanuman nan flower te inang-ang ku ya mungkakuleng. You did not water the flower because I saw it and it was withering. Nanginkukuleng nan intanom kuh tu kaiw. The tree that I planted here withered easily. ma‑/na‑. 6C Process or state of inanimate objects. Sim: malyo. (sem. domains: 1.5.6 - Growth of plants.) infl. mungkakleng

kuyug₁ 1trans. to take someone along with; to go along with someone. Waday ikuyug nah di. He took someone with him there. Mikuyug kan tulang mu hin umed Lagawe. Go along with your sister when she goes to Lagawe. i‑/iN‑, mi‑/ni‑. 3F Move something along with oneself. Sim: kadwa, ibba. (sem. domains: 7.2.5 - Accompany.) 2trans. to accompany someone. Ingkuyukuyugak ot e kami nunhawhawang ad Cubao, Makati, Pasay ya Manila Bay. They accompanied me and we went to Cubao, Makati, Pasay and Manila Bay. i‑/iN‑. 3nom. friendship. Maphod di kuyyugan dan tulu. The friendship of the three is good. ‑an. (sem. domains: 4.1 - Relationships.) der. kuyyugan

ladakan comm. a shelf underneath the eaves of a native house. Ipatuk mu tun hukup dih ladakan. Put this rice basket on the shelf. (sem. domains: 6.5.2 - Parts of a building.)

lagadi 1comm. a saw tool. Ibangngad mu nan lagadin Alfredo. Return the saw of Alfredo. Sim: golgol. (sem. domains: 6.7.1 - Cutting tool.) 2trans. to saw wood. Munlagadi dah tukud. They are sawing posts. Lagadiom nan kaiw ta munduwa. Saw the wood into two parts. Lumagadi kah duwan piye. Saw a length of two feet. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑on/‑in‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Language Of Borrowing: Tagalog: lagare.

lanaw comm. bamboo, big trunk variety; not native to Ifugao. Nan lanaw di panukud mu. Use the big trunk bamboo for the post. Sim: bay’ug. (sem. domains: 1.5.3 - Grass, herb, vine.)

langu sta. to dry out, e.g. tobacco leaves; to be matured and dried, e.g. coconuts. Languwon di tabaku on ahi inlukut. Dry out the tobacco leaf before smoking it. Eyu mo oghon didan niyug te nalangu da. Go gather those coconuts because they are already matured. Linangu na nan bulhe. He dried the beans.(meaning he made into seeds for planting) ‑on/‑in‑, ma‑/na‑. Sim: hap-e. (sem. domains: 1.3.3.1 - Dry.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

lidi 1comm. carved wooden rings on house and granary posts; the rings are placed there to prevent rats from climbing the posts to enter into houses or granaries. Kaongaongal di lidin di tukud da. They have large rat protector rings on their posts. (sem. domains: 6.5.2 - Parts of a building.) 2trans. to place wooden rings on house or granary posts. Lidiyan yu nan alang te hay gando. Place wooden rings on the posts of the granary because of the rats. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an.

lok’a 1trans. to bring down something; to take something down from shelf. Lokahom nan hukup ta mangan taku. Bring down the rice basket (from the shelf) so we’ll eat. ‑on/‑in‑. 4C Convey/bring objects toward agent. (sem. domains: 7.3.2.5 - Lower something.) 2intrans. to come down; alight from a vehicle or animal; dismount. Munloka ka nah lugan. Come down from that vehicle. Lumka ka nah kabayu te nable. Dismount from the horse because it is tired. ‑um‑/‑imm‑, muN‑. (sem. domains: 7.2.2.5 - Move down.)

longo₁ trans. to fell trees; to cut down trees. Immeh muyung an e munlongoh kaiw. He went to the forest to cut down trees. E munlongo hi panukud na. He is going to cut down a tree for his posts. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 4A Change the structure of an object. (sem. domains: 7.8.3 - Cut.)

makan (der. of kan) sta. to be edible; refers to any substance which may be eaten without harmful effects; food. Hay lituku ya makan. The rattan fruit is edible. Imme nah muyung ot e umalah makmakkan. He went to the forest to get some edible food. Waday tendaan di bulwati, apatut, makan, kaiw ya gumok. There are stores for clothes, shoes, food, lumber and hardware. ma‑. (sem. domains: 5.2 - Food.) infl. makmakan

mamongbong (infl. of bongbong) intrans. the person who builds or blocks a waterway. Hi amay namongbong nah guhing nan pukung. Father was the one who blocked the water outlet of the small rice pond. maN‑/naN‑.

pagpag trans. to beat on something with the palm of the hand. Pagpagam nan gampa ta makakkaan nan nihudu. You beat on the basket so that it will be empty. Pagpagom nan panto te nakahhuyop da. Beat on the door because they are fast asleep. Eka mamagpag hi gumattangam hi ilukut. Go and beat on someone’s door to buy cigarettes. (understood that storekeeper is asleep) ‑on/‑in‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, maN‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. (sem. domains: 7.7.1 - Hit.)

palikutkut comm. millipede. Deket dinapa nan palikut ya nunkukut wenu nunlikku. If you touch the millipede, it coils or curls itself. Diplopoda Sim: gayyaman. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.7 - Insect.)

pinghanadi (der. of pinghan) adv. suddenly; all of a sudden. Pinghanadi ya immali da. Suddenly, they arrived. Pinghanadi ya muntukuk. Suddenly he was shouting. Time. (sem. domains: 8.4.8.3 - Sudden.)

podpod₁ comm. bush, the leaves are used for smoking; the bush has a sweet, edible, violet fruit and juice. [When the leaves are used for smoking, the smoke smells like marijuana.] Binilut na nan podpod ot ilukut na. He rolled the podpod-leaves into a cigar and smoked it. Sim: gutmu. (sem. domains: 1.5.3 - Grass, herb, vine.)

pogo 1comm. sour juice of citrus fruits, used as a sauce or ingredient. Maphod an pogo di kalamansi. Kalamansi-juice is good for a sour sauce. (sem. domains: 5.2.3.3 - Cooking ingredients.) 2trans. to add a sour juice as an ingredient to food. Adi, te pinggohak moh santol. No, because I already used santol-juice to sour it. Adi ot nan maphod di littukun ipgo. The rattan fruit juice is not good as a sour ingredient. Hay pumpogam ya nan ugge nal-um an mangga. Flavor it with an unripe mango. Man salumagi ot ya abuy inipgo da. But it is the tamarind that they used as a sour ingredient. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, i‑/ini‑puN‑ ‑an. 5A Changing state of site by adding something. (sem. domains: 5.2.1 - Food preparation.)

porma comm. to shape something; to form or mold. Nun-ingngoy da lukud ya nun-ingngoy da porma. They made the measurement the same and they made the form the same. (sem. domains: 9.1.2.5 - Make.) Language Of Borrowing: English: form.

potang 1comm. refers to the light of the sun. Mahapiit di potang. The sunshine is causing a stinging sensation. Maid di potang te mungkukulabut. There’s no sunshine because it’s cloudy. Sim: big’at, pat-al, algo, dilag. (sem. domains: 8.3.3 - Light.) 2intrans. the sun gives light; the sun shines. Pumtang hi bigat di dakol di bittuwon ad uwani. The sun will shine tomorrow because there are many stars now. Ugge pinumtang dih biggatna. The sun didn’t shine this morning. Em ihap-e nan kape te deyan pinumtang. Go dry the coffee for the sun is now shining. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2F Meteorological. 3sta. to be in the sunlight; this implies the sun will have an affect on a person. “Mapopotangan ka ya abuh di,” inhumang amana. “You will just be standing in the sun.” answered his father. Nakaptang nan golang te ugge imme nah hidum. The child stayed under the sun too long because he did not go under the shade. ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an, naka‑.

pug-uy trans. to exhale smoke; blow smoke. Ipug-uy mu nan ahuk nan ilukut nah inga na ta lumah-un nan gutul. Blow the smoke of the cigarette into his ears so that the ant will come out. Iang-ang kun he-a on mumpugpug-uy ka. Whenever I look at you, you are exhaling smoke. i‑/iN‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 3E Move an object directionally. (sem. domains: 2.2.1 - Breathe, breath.)

pukpuk₂ trans. 1to drive a nail into something. Pukpukom nan patak ta mihamad tun kaiw. Drive in the nail so that the wood will hold firm. Ipukpuk mu nan mantiyu. Use the hammer in driving the nail in. ‑on/‑in‑, i‑/iN‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. (sem. domains: 7.7.1 - Hit.) 2to hit someone on the head. Pukpukon dakn dida te linukum dida. They will hit you in the head because you fooled them. Ipukpuk da nan dinikhal. They will use the split firewood in hitting you in the head. Pinukpuk day uluna ot mundadala. They hit him in the head and it is bleeding. ‑on/‑in‑, i‑/iN‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

pulngut comm. a cluster of fruit. [This word particularly refers to rattan fruit.] Adiyak pakakan nah himpulngut an littuku. I can’t eat a cluster of rattan fruit. Sim: habungul. (sem. domains: 5.2.3.1.2 - Food from fruit.)

puun (sp. var. puu) 1comm. the base of something, may be used of the base of a tree, post, or mountain. Inumbunak nah puun di tukud ot midangdangkigak. I sat at the base of the post and leaned (against it). Pukyaham nan tabuyug an inhum-ok kun nah maholok nah puun di alad. Uncover the pomelo I hid in the grass at the base of the fence. (sem. domains: 8.5.5 - Spatial relations.) 2trans. to cut near the base of something. Ipuum an munggaat ta adi gagala ya tummol. Cut the grasses near the base so that they will not grow fast. i‑/iN‑. 3I Direct an action toward an object. (sem. domains: 7.8.3 - Cut.) der. mipuun der. nipuunan der. pangipuunan der. puunan

tabangawon comm. a tree variety, used for studs, posts, etc. Tabangawon di tukud nan bale da. Their house posts are of tabangawon-wood. (sem. domains: 1.5.1 - Tree.)

tabayag 1comm. a container for lime. [Lime is combined with betelnut for chewing.] Takon di maid di nihudu nah tabayag ku ya itabtabin kut deket waday kindok on inhukuk hidi. Even if my lime container is empty, I usually bring it with me so that when I ask for some, I’ll have a container for it. (sem. domains: 6.7.7 - Container.) 2trans. to put lime in container. An waday intabayag mu? Do you have lime in your container? (lit. placed in) i‑/iN‑.

tangguyub (sp. var. tangguyup) 1comm. an animal horn used as a single note trumpet; used for calling assemblies or sounding alarms. Ipagangom nan tangguyub ta mamanug da nadan tataguh tu. Sound the animal horn so that the people will assemble here. (sem. domains: 3.5.1.4.1 - Call, 3.5.1.4.2 - Contact.) 2intrans. to blow the horn. Muntangguyup day ammod dih done. Our ancestors used to blow the animal horn. muN‑. 3intrans. a trumpet instrument. [This is the word used to translate the instrument used to call together people in the Tuwali Ifugao Bible.] Hantuh aliyanan malpuh langit ya wada donglon takuh nal-ot an kalin mun-ayag ke ditaku ya muntukuk bo nan ap-apun di anghel ya midihhan an gumango nan tangguyub Apu Dios. Then he (Jesus) will come from heaven and we will hear a loud voice calling us and a shout from the leader of angels and at the same time the sounding of the trumpet of God.

tap-il trans. to crave for something. [Pregnant women and sick people often have a craving for a certain food.] Muntap-il hi littuku. She craves rattan fruit. Tinap-il nay littukun ihda. She craved rattan fruit as her viand. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 3.3 - Want.)

ten (sp. var. tehin) conj. 1the shortened form of tehin ‘because, when’. Ingonay kay da gugutul di tatagu ten mundaldallanan ka nah kalata. You are compared to an ant when you are walking along the road. Nakal-ot di bungug nan duplanu ten munda-ul. The plane produces a loud noise when it is about to land. Antipet idihhan muy tukuk mu ten mungkaliyak. Why do you coincidentally shout while I’m talking? (sem. domains: 9.6.2.8 - Condition.) 2the shortened form of tehin ‘because, if’ which combines a reason and condition; in case that. Maid umali ten adika umayag. Nobody will come if you do not invite anyone. Toan ten makulug, mu deket makulug, ikabing mu anhan tun tugun ku. I don’t know if it is true, but if it is true, you heed my advice. Namahig di hona da ta ihalhalla day dalan, ihinghingngi day dalan, namam-a ten waday iiban nadan himmagabi nah dalnon da. They go the wrong way, they go out of the way, especially if they know of a relative of the one performing the hagabi-ceremony who lives along the way.

tibi₁ 1comm. tuberculosis. Waday tibi nan kinali athidy uk-uk na. He has tuberculosis, that is why his cough is like that. Sim: ngiyo, yaki. (sem. domains: 2.5.1 - Sick, 2.5.2 - Disease.) 2intrans. to be sick with tuberculosis. Muntibi yaden taganah lukut. He is sick with tuberculosis yet he keeps on smoking. muN‑/nuN‑. Language Of Borrowing: English: T.B. tuberculosis.

tongba trans. to throw a large, heavy thing. Intongbak nan batu nah banniya mu nihalla. I threw a large stone at the forest lizard but I missed. Intongba na nan hinsakun boga. He threw the sack filled with rice. Tongbaom nan muntattattayun an tabuyug. Throw a large object at the hanging pomelo. Mitongtongba nan hakuku hin madlig. The hakuku-snake throws itself when it moves. i‑/iN‑, ‑on/‑in‑, mi‑/ni‑. 3B Move and release object. Sim: wele, boka, gayang, balnu, bon’al, alo, top-’al, wengngak; Sim: gayang, baladung, balnu, bon’al, boka, alo, balabal. (sem. domains: 7.3.1.1 - Throw.)

tudkang 1comm. a diagonal supporting pole or brace. Damanan nan kawayan di ihaad mun tudkang. You could place the bamboo as a diagonal brace. (sem. domains: 6.7.6 - Holding tool.) 2trans. to place a diagonal brace. Tudkangam nan tukud ta ahi taku patakon. Place a diagonal brace on the post before we nail it. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an.

tunod 1trans. to transplant rice seedlings. Itunod mun nan ihopnak nah pukung. Plant the rice seedlings in the small rice pond. Tunodan taku ni-an nan ambilog ta ahi nadan pukung. Let us plant the wide ricefield first before the small rice ponds. Muntunod ka. Transplant the rice seedlings. i‑/iN‑, muN‑/nuN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 3A Move and position object at site. (sem. domains: 6.2 - Agriculture.) 2comm. the season for planting rice. <Morphology: ahi tunod> ahitunod

tutung trans. to light a cigarette; to start a fire from coals. Tutungam tun ilukut ku. Light my cigarette. Itutung mu nah bala. Light the cigarette on the coals. Muntutung kan nadah mala-u. Light your cigarette from those who pass by. ‑an/‑in‑, i‑/iN‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 5C Goal oriented sites. (sem. domains: 5.5.1 - Light a fire.)

ulaw 1sta. to be dizzy; to have motion sickness. Maul-ulawak. I’m feeling dizzy. ma‑. 6A Physiological Process - State. Sim: aliwot. (sem. domains: 2.4 - Body condition.) 2proc. to become dizzy. Umulaw nan hamuy di ilukut. The smell of cigarette smoke causes dizziness. 3trans. (fig) to confuse. Adiyu bo ulawon nan golang an munggattang. Do not again confuse the child who is selling. ‑on/‑in‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

uwe₂ 1comm. a rattan vine which is non-fruit bearing. [Rattan vines, including those of giwi, and the non-fruit bearing ones used for home industry purposes are disappearing from our forests.] Mungkap-u moy uwe hituh boble taku. The rattan-vine is now vanishing from our forests. Laggaom nan uwe ta makapyah pahiking. Weave the rattan strips into a backpack. (sem. domains: 1.5.3 - Grass, herb, vine.) 2trans. to cut rattan vine into strips for tying and weaving. Uweyom ot din littuku te adi damdama bumunga. Make this littuku-vine into strips because it’s not going to have fruit anyway. ‑on/‑in‑. 4A Change the structure of object. (sem. domains: 7.8.3 - Cut.)