Search results for "ustu"

kipustuwan nom. an assigned post, e.g. a soldier who is assigned to stand guard at a certain place. Handih mungkabigat ya imme da nadah kipustuwan. When dawn came, they took their posts (in strategic places). (sem. domains: 4.8.3 - War.)

pustu comm. refers to an assigned position, e.g. soldiers assigned to guard or attack. Handih mungkabigat ya imme da nadah kipustuwan. When dawn came, they took their posts in strategic places. ki‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 8.5.3 - Be at a place, 4.5.3.4 - Appoint, delegate.)

ustu 1advpred. describes something that satisfies a requirement or need; enough; adequate. An ustuh tuwe? Is this enough? Evaluative. (sem. domains: 8.1.7 - Enough.) 2adequacy. 2.1intrans. to have a satisfactory fit; to be adequate. Umustu nan pantalon an ginatang mun ha-oy. The pants you bought fit me. ‑um‑. 2.2trans. to make something adequate. Ustuwom tun pihhu ingganah tapus. Make do with this money until the end of the month. on/in. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: justo.

ayyam 1recreation time. 1.1intrans. refers to spending recreational time with others; may be used in regard to both children and adults. 2friend. 2.1comm. playmate; friend. Immali nan ayyam ku. My friend came. Syn: gayyum. (sem. domains: 9.7.1 - Name of a person.) 2.2intrans. to befriend someone. Ayyamon yu nadan udum an u-unga. Play with/Befriend the other children. ‑on. ayyamon. 3intrans. Adim mo painnay-ayyam te mahapul an mun-istudy kah ustu. You are not going to squander your time because you must study. (sem. domains: 4 - Social behavior.) ayyamon der. mangay-ayyam

balin₁ advpred. refers to the possibility of an action or process. Nu mabalin ya hay mo informative books di bidbidom If possible, you should already prefer to read informative books Adi mabalin an eta mabiyag hin maid di ustuh ngunuh pangal-an hi pumbiyagan. It isn’t possible to live if we don’t have adequate work to provide our livelihood. Adi mabalin nan batu. The stone cannot be overturned. ma‑ . Modality. (sem. domains: 9.4.2.1 - Can, 9.4.4.4 - Possible.) infl. mabalin

baliw 1intrans. to change, transform one’s attitude, behavior, mind, physical appearance and things. Mumbaliw ka mo te naam-ama ka. Reform/Change your ways because you are already old. Ug-ugge numbaliw. He didn’t change at all. Dih nun-ahawa da Bugan ke Jose ya numbaliw hi ustu Jose. Adi mo makanginnum ya adi pay muntugal ot maan-anla Bugan. When Maria and Jose got married, Jose reformed. He stopped drinking and gambling and that made Maria very happy. muN‑/nuN‑. 1C General class. Sim: lumman. (sem. domains: 4.3.8 - Change behavior.) 22.1trans. to change something, e.g. change and twist someone’s words or the truth. Adim balbaliwan nan kinalik. Don’t be changing/twisting what I have said. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 2.2pass. refers to something that has been or will be changed. Nabaliwan di nun-ubuna. His sitting position changed. Pinhod kun mabaliwan di pangi-em. I want your life-style to change. ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an. infl. mangibaliw

bidbid intrans. 1to read. Mumbidbid kayu. You read. Bumanidbid hi Jose on ahi na kinaliy mahakit di mata na. Jose keeps on reading; then he complains of eye pain. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 4E Perception and Cognition. (sem. domains: 3.5.7.3 - Read.) 2to read with what is being read highlighted as prominent information. Bidbidon yu nan nitudok. Read what is written. Wadan ustu moy bidbibidbid hi novels. I think you have read enough novels. ‑on/‑in‑.

big’at (fr. var. bigbigat; sp. var. biggat) 1comm. the following day; tomorrow. <The co-occurring determiner hi is obligatory.> Ahika umalih bigat. You come here tomorrow. Pumtang hi bigat te dakol di bittuwon ad uwani. The sun will shine tomorrow because there are many stars now. (sem. domains: 8.4.1.2.2 - Yesterday, today, tomorrow.) 2proc. becoming light in the morning; dawning. Mungkabigat handih dimmatong kami. It was about to be daylight when we arrived. Handih mungkabigat ya imme da nadah kipustuwan. When dawn came, they took their posts in strategic places. mungka‑. Sim: pat-al, algo, dilag, potang. (sem. domains: 8.4.1.2.3 - Time of the day.) der. kabigabigat der. kabigatana der. mabigat der. mungkabigat infl. nabigat

biyag 1comm. life. Pumhod di biyag hin waday dinol ke Apu Dios. Life will be better if we put our trust in God. Te mama-id key manuk ya hidiyey poppog di biyag nah punnomnom na. Because without chickens, he thinks that would be the end of his life. Sim: nitaguwan. 2sta. to be alive; to live. Mabiyag kaya nadan intanom mu. Those you planted will definitely live. Adi mabalin an eta mabiyag hin maid di ustuh ngunuh pangal-an hi pumbiyagan. It isn’t possible to live if we don’t have adequate work to provide our livelihood. ma‑. 6A Physiological Process - State. 3nom. refers to making a living; supporting oneself and dependents. Adi mabalin an eta mabiyag hin maid di ustuh ngunuh pangal-an hi pumbiyagan. It isn’t possible to live if we don’t have adequate work to provide our livelihood. puN‑ ‑an. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano. der. biyagon der. mabiyag der. mumbiyag

CV(C)CV-₂ asp. 1this aspectual reduplicant encodes an habitual or constant aspect. Matukatukal ka an e makitugatugal te mapat-al ya hilong di puntutugalan yu. You are always awake to join in gambling because your gambling goes on day and night. Adina itikod nan mumbaki te wadanwaday takut na an kumpulmin tiempu ya mate. He does not stop doing the rituals because his fear would be constant that he might die anytime. Wadan ustu moy bidbibidbid hi novels I think it’s time to put away the constant reading of novels (sem. domains: 8.4.2 - Take time.) 2to do something continuously over a durative period of time. Tobatbalona diday bagol ya aammod ta dumalay-up da ta hay idatong di hagabi ya maphod dan am-in an hin-am-a ya ta dumakol di babuy da ya manuk da. He continuously calls on the gods and his ancestors to witness the arrival of his hagabi-bench so that with its arrival, it will bring along good health for his family and the increase (become many) of their pigs and chickens. Ume bo kanu nah tap-on di wa-el nah ho- alak ya wadaday ngubungubun mangabat da. He went to the place above the creek in the er...irrigation ditch and there were voices continuously mumbling.

dalogat intrans. to deprive someone of something by deception or fraud. Dumalogat kayu te bokon ustuy kilowan yu. You defraud (people) because your weighing (of things) is not correct. Sim: haul. (sem. domains: 6.8.9.2 - Cheat.) Language of Borrowing: Ilocano.

dulhuk 1trans. to extinguish fire or embers by pouring water on it. Dulhukam nan apuy hin magibbu kan mana-ang. Extinguish the fire by pouring water on it after you finish cooking. Idulhuk mu nan liting nah paldi. Use the water in the pail to extinguish the fire. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5A Changing state site by adding something. Sim: hipyat. (sem. domains: 5.5.3 - Extinguish a fire.) 2pass. water will be or has been poured on something. Natinay bulwatik te nadulhukanak ustun malauwak tu tawang. My dress is wet because someone poured water on me out of a window as I passed by. ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 1.3.2 - Movement of water.) infl. dulhukan

ha-ang (sp. var. haang) 1to cook. 1.1trans. to cook food. Nganney inha-ang mu? What did you cook? Na-ala ot ikamom nan asukar nah arina ot ihaang mu You just mix the sugar with the flour and then you cook it. i‑/iN‑. Class 3D Move object with resulting change of state. Sim: bang-ot, apin. (sem. domains: 5.2.1.1 - Cooking methods.) 1.2intrans. the activity of cooking is in view, rather than the specific thing being cooked. Munha-ang kah ihda. You cook viand. 1.3trans. to cook in a particular utensil. Deket palhu di pangiha-angam, mahapul an uggan mu ikiwa ta mun-iingngoy lutu na. If a skillet is used to cook, it is necessary to stir the rice from time to time so that it will be cooked evenly. pangi‑ ‑an . 2nom. cooking. <The circumfix puN- -an derives a nominalized form.> Hay bangan nakai-ustuy hukap nay maphod an punha-angan hi pihing. A well-covered pot is best for cooking gabi. puN‑ ‑an. der. hina-ang infl. mana-ang

hadak 1trans. to say something to clarify or to simplify; to speak truthfully. Ihadak muy ustu. Tell the truth. Haddakom nan intalum. Bring out what you have hidden. i‑/iN‑, ‑on/‑in‑. Speech Verbs - Manner of speaking. Sim: uh-u. (sem. domains: 3.5.8 - Interpreting messages.) 2pass. what is being said is clear, understandable. Mihadak moy kalim gayam. I see, your talk is clear now. mi‑/ni‑. (sem. domains: 3.2.4 - Understand.)

hamma sta. 1to be lost; to have lost one’s way in situations or circumstances. Ya kon wada key tagun nahamma ya kon adina ibangngad ta idalan nah ustun dalan? As for a person who has lost his way, won’t he return to walk on the correct path? ma‑/na‑. 6D Descriptives. Sim: tama. (sem. domains: 3.2.3.1 - Known, unknown.) 2to be ignorant; to lack knowledge about the right way to go or do something.

hili₁ intrans. 1(fig) to dazzle the eyes. [This is probably a figurative sense of hili - ‘pepper’ with the extended meaning that a bright light stings the eyes like a pepper stings the mouth.] Hiliyom nan puha nah hilong ot uggena inilay payuwana. Dazzle the cat at night and it does not know where it will go. ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 8.3.3 - Light.) 2glaring light. Humihhiliy potang. The glaring sunlight hurts the eyes. Nahiliyak hi potang kinali adiyak pakaang-ang hi ustu. The glare of the sun hurt my eyes so that I cannot see clearly. ‑um‑, na‑.

hilip 1trans. to sight an object or target along a straight line; to look through a camera lens or telescope; to sight along a plane; to aim. Hilipom ni-an ne ahim binduk. Sight at it first before firing. Hilipom ke ta tibom hi ustu. Sight it so you’ll see very well. ‑on/‑in‑. 4E Perception and Cognition. (sem. domains: 2.3.1 - See.) 2intrans. to sight in order to aim. Munhilip kinali op-opya ka. He is sighting a target that is why you must keep quiet. muN‑/nuN‑.

huk’ap 1comm. a lid; the cover of a container, e.g. bottles, pots, baskets, jars. Kaanom di hukap nan butilya. Remove the cap of the bottle. Hay bangan nakai-ustuy hukap nay maphod an punha-angan hi pihing. A well-covered pot is best for cooking pihing-vegetable. Sim: kalub, hukbung. (sem. domains: 6.7.7 - Container.) 2trans. to cover something Hukapam nan hinamal. Cover the rice. Hukapom nan botelya. Cover/cap that bottle. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 7.3.7 - Cover.)

istudy intrans. to study, generally refers to subjects or courses offered in formal schooling. Adim mo painnay-ayyam te mahapul an mun-istudy kah ustu. You are not going to squander your time because you must study well. muN‑/nuN‑. 1C General class. (sem. domains: 3.2.2.1 - Study.)

kakon-ana (sp. var. kon-ana) int. when; an interrogative pronoun used to ask about the time of an event or action. Kakon-anay pangialian dah bulwatik. When will they bring my clothes? Kakon-anat ahiyu nomnomon di ustu? When will you adequately think about it? Em hanhanan ten kakon-anay pangayan da ad Manila. Go ask him when they will go to Manila. (sem. domains: 8.4.3 - Indefinite time.)

kina- 1mod. this prefix expresses the concept of a quality or characteristic being inherent or evident. Hi Apu Dios ya impatibo na kinaDios na. As for God, he has shown his Godness. Bumobboh-ol damdama ke dadiyen tulun gayyum Job te uggeda kinabaelan an hinumang hi Job hi ustu ta kay mo hi Apu Dios di nihalla an bokon hi Job. (Job 32:3) He was also very angry with Job’s three friends because they did not have the ability to adequately answer Job so that it was like God was mistaken, not Job. Deket mundama kayun tulang mu wenu hay udum an tatagu ya adi nalgom di kalyon hi kinagaga-iho da. When you quarrel with your brother/sister or other people, don’t tell about their evil. (sem. domains: 9.2.9 - Affixes.) 2dervN. the prefix derives a noun. Impakiala da nadan limmu da ya am-in di kinadangyan da. They got their property and all of their riches. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.3 - Derivational affixes.)

kudang (sp. var. kulang) 1sta. to be insufficient; inadequate; not enough; lacking. ma‑. Measure quantifier. (sem. domains: 8.1.7.2 - Lack.) 2to be insufficient. 2.1trans. to cause something to be insufficient or inadequate in amount or number. Kudangona nan indat mun igattang nah boga. He thinks the amount you gave him to buy rice is insufficient. Ustu nan ihaad ku mo kinudangan Maria. What I placed is enough but Maria removed some of it (made it insufficient). ‑on/‑in‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 8.1.7.2 - Lack.) 2.2intrans. for something to be insufficient with the implication that the insufficiency is due to agentive mishandling. Kumudang tun indat mu. What you gave is not enough. Deke on kumudang di kilon nan gatas an in-alim. Sometimes the milk that you bring is lacking in weight. Mungkudang nan in-aliyun kaiw. Something is missing in the lumber you brought.(count not right) ‑um‑/‑imm‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 2.3sta. to be insufficient, in amount or number. Makudang di pihuk an immed Manila kinali uggeyak gimmatang hi pinhod ku. I did not have enough money when I went to Manila and that’s why I didn’t buy what I wanted. 3adj. to be immature in reference to legumes. Kudang nan bulhe na yaden pinuga na. His beans are immature yet he harvested them. infl. makudang

kuug (sp. var. ku-ug) 1sta. to be thin; skinny, characteristic of a person. Mangan kah ustu teden nakuug ka. Eat well because you are thin. Ingkuug nay natayan inana. She is thin because of the death of her mother. ma‑/na‑. 6A Physiological Process - State. Sim: pigut, kuttung. (sem. domains: 2.4 - Body condition.) 2proc. refers to the process of becoming thin. Kimmuug te mundogo. He became thin because he was sick. ‑um‑/‑imm‑.

mabiyag (der. of biyag) sta. to be alive; to live. Adi mabalin an eta mabiyag hin maid di ustuh ngunuh pangal-an hi pumbiyagan. It isn’t possible to live if we don’t have adequate work to provide our livelihood. ma‑. (sem. domains: 2.6 - Life.)

maid 1negative predicate. 1.1negpred. a negative predication; the negative opposite of the existential predicate. Maid di inat kuh gaga-iho. I did not do anything bad. Adi mabalin an eta mabiyag hin maid di ustuh ngunuh pangal-an hi pumbiyagan. It isn’t possible to live if we don’t have adequate work to provide our livelihood. (sem. domains: 9.4.6.1 - No, not.) 1.2negpred. negative predication expressing the non-existence of an agent. Maid di mun-ay-ayyam hi banting. Nobody will play with matches. Ek ang-angon, munhidhid-ipak te nahilong ya- maid hi Lammooy I went to see, I was straining my eyes because it was dark, Lammooy was not around. 1.3negpred. negative predication expressing the non-existence of a thing or possession. Maid di pihuk. I have no money. Mungngunu kayu te maid di poppog di tiempo. Work, because time is without end. Maid moy ena igattang. He had nothing more to sell. Maid, tumakut kamin e mangala mu maka-i-imin nangidat ot alan mi mo. “Nothing. We were afraid to take the candy but she was smiling as she gave it so we took it.” 2sta. to become non-existent; mama-id, the reduplication expresses the process of disappearance, i.e. becoming non-existent. Athidi bon gulatnat mama-id am-in di mumbaki ta hiya ya abuy matdaan. Like that also, if there are no longer pagan priests except for him. (sem. domains: 9.1.1.1 - Exist.) der. ma-idon der. ma-ma-idan der. mama-id id. Ma-ma-idan di nitaguwak. ph. v. maid di poppog na
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