Search results for "wa-el"
wa-el comm. a small body of running water; a brook; a stream; a creek. Adika ume nah wa-el. Don’t go to the brook. Ume bo kanu nah tap-on di wa-el nah alak ya wadaday ngubungubun mangabat da. He went to the place above the creek in the irrigation ditch and there were mumbling voices. Sim: baybay, wangwang, lob’ong. (sem. domains: 1.3.1 - Bodies of water.)
baybay comm. refers to any large body of water, e.g. ocean, sea. [Although the Ifugao do not live anywhere near the ocean the word is used in their oral literature and ritual language.] Dakol di dolog nah baybay. There are many fish in the sea. Maid di baybay hituh boble taku. There is no sea in our province. Sim: wangwang, wa-el, lob’ong. (sem. domains: 1.3.1 - Bodies of water.)
lob’ong 1comm. a body of water; a lake; a pond. Eda mungkeke nah lobong ad Ambuwaya. They are going to swim in the lake at Ambuwaya. Sim: baybay, wangwang, wa-el. (sem. domains: 1.3.1 - Bodies of water.) 2trans. to fill depression in earth with water, e.g. a ricefield, a pond; to flood. Em lobngon din payo taku. Go fill our ricefields with water. Limbong da nan payo ot ha-adan dah tilapia. They flooded the ricefield and placed tilapia-fish. Nal-ot di dinlu kinali nalbong di kanal. There was a strong rain that is why the canal was flooded. ‑on/‑in‑, ma‑/na‑.
abbat 1comm. a nearby place. 1.1comm. a nearby place of the same elevation as the reference point; neighborhood. Umeyak hidid abbat. I will go there (nearby place). Immeh abbat na. He went to the nearby place. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Near.) 2trans. to go to a particular or specified nearby place. Iabbat kuh balen da Kunde. I will go to Kundeh’s house. Tipet umanab-abbatan ka? Why are you going back and forth nearby. In-abat da nan bilau. The runos were taken nearby. i‑/iN‑. 3trans. to go from one house to another; making the rounds of houses nearby. Mun-abbatanak hi balen di tutulang ku. I frequently go from one sister’s house to the others. muN‑ ‑an/nuN‑ ‑an. 4intrans. to go to or be at a nearby place. Ume bo kanu nah tap-on di wa-el nah ho- alak ya wadaday ngu bungubun mangabbat da. He went to the place above the creek in the er...irrigation ditch and there were mumbling voices nearby. maN‑.
ali 1come. 1.1intrans. to move from a place thought of as ‘there’ by a speaker or hearer, to a place thought of as ‘here’; to come. Umaliyak ot hi baleyu ta ialik tun binakle muden immali ka. I was about to come to your house to bring these rice cakes but then you came. Immalih ina an nalpu nah indoggan di bale. Mother came from behind the house. 2A Movement, from one place to another. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 7.2 - Move.) 1.2intrans. progressive aspect of come. Mangali amam. Your father is coming. Indai ot ya abut mangalin nahho- wa-el, inang ay, waday munhuhummangan. Later on, he was approaching the er...creek, he saw..there were voices conversing. maN‑/naN‑. 2trans. to bring; come with something. <
> Iali yu nan babuy hi andani. Bring the pig later. In-ali dah ka-anin pagey. They brought newly-harvested rice. Nate moh apu Casilda ya maid moy oggan mangialih allaman nibayuh puhu. After Grandmother Casilda died, there was no one to bring crabs pounded with banana blossoms. i‑/iN‑, mangi‑/nangi‑. 3F Move something along with oneself. (sem. domains: 7.3.3 - Take somewhere.) The prefix set, i-/iN- , cross-references the object being brought.
anninito (sp. var. anninitu) comm. a kind of spirit. [Believed to live in the east and west; anninitud daya; anninitud lagud.] Kanan day umikodkod di anninitu. They say that anninito-spirits hold peoples’ souls. Kanan day dakol di anninito nah ongal an batu. They say that there are spirits in the big stone. Dakol di adi matibon anninitu nah wa-el. There are many unseen spirits in the creek. Sim: bibiy’o, pinading, bumdang, mabdang. (sem. domains: 4.9.2 - Supernatural being.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano: anito.
battikul 1comm. shellfish; mollusk, aquatic edible species, usually found in the ricefields or flowing water, has bigger hard shell; snail. Dakol di battikul nah wa-el. There are many snails in the creek. Sim: ginga, kuwiwwiw, kohol. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Fish.) 2trans. to pick up snails in the field. maN‑/naN‑. der. mamattikul id. kay ka natuktukan an battikul
bohwat₁ trans. to erect a building; to build. Bohwaton da hi bigat nan alang. They are going to build the granary tomorrow. Bumohwat dah bale nah tap-on di wa-el. They are going to build a house above the stream. Binohwat da mo nan balen da Bugan. Bugan’s house was built already. Mumbohwat dah bale. They are building a house. Adi mabohwat inggana umalih tulang na. It will not be built until his sibling arrives. ‑on/‑in‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑, muN‑/nuN‑, ma‑/na‑. 4A Change the structure of object. (sem. domains: 6.5 - Working with buildings.)
bumdang comm. a class of spirit beings. Wadaday bumdang ad nah wa-el. There are spirit beings in the creek. Indai otto- kanana pay di “Maphod ta hiyo- nan bumdang ya- maule.” Later on er...he added “It’s good that the bumdang-spirits are kind.” Wadada key donglon hi bumdang ya mibakne ta nah luta. If bumdang-spirits are heard, just lay on the ground. Sim: anninito, bibiy’o, pinading, mabdang. (sem. domains: 4.9.2 - Supernatural being.)
1this aspectual reduplicant encodes an habitual or constant aspect. Matukatukal ka an e makitugatugal te mapat-al ya hilong di puntutugalan yu. You are always awake to join in gambling because your gambling goes on day and night. Adina itikod nan mumbaki te wadanwaday takut na an kumpulmin tiempu ya mate. He does not stop doing the rituals because his fear would be constant that he might die anytime. Wadan ustu moy bidbibidbid hi novels I think it’s time to put away the constant reading of novels (sem. domains: 8.4.2 - Take time.) 2to do something continuously over a durative period of time. Tobatbalona diday bagol ya aammod ta dumalay-up da ta hay idatong di hagabi ya maphod dan am-in an hin-am-a ya ta dumakol di babuy da ya manuk da. He continuously calls on the gods and his ancestors to witness the arrival of his hagabi-bench so that with its arrival, it will bring along good health for his family and the increase (become many) of their pigs and chickens. Ume bo kanu nah tap-on di wa-el nah ho- alak ya wadaday ngubungubun mangabat da. He went to the place above the creek in the er...irrigation ditch and there were voices continuously mumbling. . asp
dalan₁ 1comm. a place for walking; path; trail; way. Maid di dalan hitu. There is no path here. Indani ya- ek bo igibok ya pindonak nin ot ieyak nah nuntap-on dalan. Later on, when I became aware, maybe he held me then took me to the upper road. Sim: kalata, kah-on. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Road.) 2to walk. 2.1intrans. to move about on foot; to walk. <
> Mundallan mo nan golang. The child walks now. Ditakun tatagu ya kulugon takun wadaday mundallanan weno muntayyapan an adi matibo. It is a common belief that there are unseen beings who are either walking around or flying in the air. muN‑/nuN‑, muN‑ ‑an/nuN‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206 - Walk.) 2.2intrans. to walk, with a starting point in view. Dumallan mo nan unga. The child can already walk. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 3to walk by, bypass or through a place. 3.1trans. to walk, passing by a place or through a medium. Indaladalan muh di yaden adim pinhod an makihummangan ke hiya. You are always passing there yet you do not like to talk with her. Idalan taku nah wa-el. We will pass through the creek. Daanay pangidalanam? Where will you pass (lit. path/walk)? i‑/iN‑. nangi‑/pangi‑ + ‑an. 3.2trans. to walk on a path, road with prominence given to the thing walked on. Maid di dalanon yuh tu. There is no place to walk here. ‑on/‑in‑. id. kay bakkukul an dumalan id. kay gawgaway pundalan id. kay kabayun dumalan infl. ipadalan Affixation: The circumfix set muN ‑ ‑ an/nuN ‑ ‑ an expresses both a durative aspect and the site-concept of a widely spread area for the walking, i.e. walking around.
dayyu 1intrans. to move in a downward direction; walking or riding down an incline; descend; go down, walk down a mountain or hillside. Dumayyu ka keh tu ta waday ibagak. Come down here (lit. descend) and I will ask you something. Dumayyu kad Pindongan ta em tibon hi Dulyaggan. Come down to Pindongan so that you will go to see Dulyaggan. Mundayyu kat ume kah bale da ta em ayagan hi Kabbigat ta pumbaddang kun mangilagim tuh babuy. Go down (lit. descend), to their house and call for Kabbigat so that I will have someone to help me singe the pig. Indai ot dongdonglona, mundayyu dah wa-el nan ho kali ya- ne kinimit na. Later on, as he was hearing, they were going down to the creek and then he closed his eyes. muN‑/nuN, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Class 1B Movement with a directional component. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Move down.) 2sta. to be sloping, a path or road, descending toward a destination. Madayyu nan dalan an umeh baleda. The path going to their house is sloping. Ya mumpadayyuy ohat mumpaed Kiangan. And one pathway goes down towards Kiangan. ma‑. 3to descend with the path or site in view. 3.1trans. the direct object refers to a specific path or something along the path. Dayyuwon yu nan madopla ta ahi kayu dumatong. You’ll go down/descend the cliff before arriving. ‑on/‑in; dayyuwon. 3.2trans. the direct object refers to a specific site for starting the descent Hidiy dayyuwan yu. There (is the place) where you will go down. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 3.3trans. the direct object refers to an object along the path of descent. Idayyu yu nah kad-an di mangga. You’ll go down/descend where the mango tree is. i‑/iN‑.
gibok 1comm. perception of sensations related to the physical being, the body; a feeling. Nganney gibok mud uwani? What is your feeling now? Ad-adiy gibok kud uwani. I am not feeling well now. Sim: mama-uwan. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168 - Notice.) 2trans. to feel a sensation; to be conscious of sensations; to become aware. An igibok muy kotol?/An gibokom di kotol? Do you feel cold? Inggibok mu nan kolyog? Did you feel the earthquake? Indani ya- ek bo igibok ya pindonak nin ot ieyak nah nuntap-on dalan. Later on, when I became aware, maybe he held me then brought me to the upper road. i‑/iN‑. 3sta. to be aware; to sense something. Magibok nan wadan nah pingngit di wa-el mu adina maibaga nu daan hidiy kad-ana te mun-hihhilong ni-an. He could sense that he was by a river but he couldn’t tell exactly where he was as it was still dark. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Alert.)
halop trans. to catch fish by diverting the river current by building a small dike of stones; the fish are then very visible and easy to catch. Manalop da kinali pumbongbong da nan wa-el. They are catching fish by diverting the water that is why they are blocking the water in the creek. An dakol di hinalop yuh dolog? Did you catch plenty of fish? ‑on/‑in‑, maN‑. (sem. domains: 6.4.5 - Fishing.)
humang to answer or converse. 1.1to answer a comment or question. 1.1.1intrans. to answer; to reply. <
> Nomnomom on ahika himmumang. Think before you answer. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Speech verbs. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199.1 - Answer, 188.8.131.52 - Ask.) 1.1.2trans. to answer. < The infix gives prominence to the action of answering. > An hinaey ihumang mun ha-oy? Is that your answer to me? “Mapopotangan ka ya abuh di,” inhumang amana. “You will just be standing in the sun,” answered his father. “Om, mama” inhumang nadan iimbabalena. “Yes, mama,” the children answered. i‑/iN‑. 1.1.3trans. to answer someone. < The prefix cross-references the object, the words used to answer. > Ek ot humangon mu uggek te tinibok an bimmoh-ol. I was about to answer him but I didn’t because I saw that he was angry. Humangom nan kinalina. Answer what he said. ‑on/‑in‑. 1.2trans. to converse; talk together; to make an agreement. Munhummangan kayu. You converse with each other. “Makulug, ina. Tinibo mi. Nakihummangan pay ke dakami,” kanak. “It’s true, mother! I saw her. She even talked to us,” I said. Nakihummangan hi uncle ot magibbuy nunhummanganan da ot tumayan kamih di. My uncle spoke to him about his woodcarvings and when they finished their conversation, we left there. Indai ot ya abut mangalin nahho- wa-el, inang ay, waday munhuhummangan. Later on, he was approaching the er...creek, he saw...there were voices conversing. muN‑ ‑an/nuN‑ ‑an, maki‑ ‑an/naki‑ ‑an. infl. hummangan infl. munhuhummangan The object is cross-referenced with either the person or his words having referential prominence.
kugit trans. to circumcise. Iek tun imbabalek ta kugiton da nah wa-el. I’m bringing my son to be circumcised in the creek. An inilan nan inayam an mungkugit? Does your husband know how to circumcise? Imme da nah wa-el ot pungkugit na nadan linalaki. They went to the river and he circumcised the boys. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑, puN‑. (sem. domains: 7.8.3 - Cut.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.