Search results for "yaden"

yaden (den) (comp. of ya, den) conj. 1connects a clause with information that expresses contraexpectation and is antithetical to that encoded in the preceding clause; and yet. Maid inat kun hiya yaden dumuntuk. I did nothing to him and yet he wants to box me. Pituy toona yaden makangngun-unud ya makabbaddang. He was only seven years old, and yet he was obedient and helpful. Wada da nan munhona ta kanan di bumaddang da yaden mungkulkullawing da ot ya aabu ta mid-um di dam-ot da. There are those naughty ones who say they will help carry the load, and yet instead they hold on to the pole and swing from one side to the other, thereby adding to the load. Ugge nabubungan yaden ahi udan mo. It’s not roofed, and yet it’s almost rainy season. Ammunay katem yaden mabungot ka. You are about to die, and yet you are angry. Compounding conjunctions and adjuncts. (sem. domains: 9.6.2.9 - Concession.) 2connects a clause encoding an event that takes place at the same time as the one in the preceding clause; frequently, there is also a contraexpectation concept expressed in the context of the conjunction use; while. Munha-ang yaden mangan. He is cooking while eating. Man-un dakami te nakangngan kami yaden toattoan da peman di udum. Good for us because we ate while the others did not. Mungngahngahak yaden mungkaliyak hi bale mi. I gasped for breath while I was shouting at our house. (sem. domains: 8.4.5.2.2 - At the same time.)

yaden deman ot conj. this phrase is a combination of conjunctions and adjuncts that connect two clauses; it combines the idea of contraexpectation or contradiction related to the first statement, along with the emphatic modal idea that the truth of the second statement should be obvious; and yet, see there; instead, see there. Kay makaphod di aton da ya kalyon da yaden deman ot an gaga-ihoy wadah nomnom da. (Psalm 26:4) It is as though what they do and say is very good, and yet, see there, what is in their mind is bad. Kay makakullug an makaphod da yaden deman ot an hauhaulon da nadan nabalun binabait pun-ala day limmu da. (Mark 12:40) It is as though they are truly very good, instead see there, they are deceiving widows so that they can get their property. Compounding conjunctions and adjuncts. (sem. domains: 3.5.1.3.3 - Contradict.)

‑um‑ ‑an TACR. 1this circumfix encodes a non-past tense process and cross-references a specific object. Ya hay importanten punggastuwam ya nadan liblum mahapul mu ta maid di humlun hi bumabaan di grades mu. And the most important thing is to spend (your money) on those books you need so that nothing will cause your grades to be lowered. Oha bo ya nakalligat di pumalattugan. Another reason is, their guns were hard to shoot (not automatic). Bumanidbidak hi liblu nah bakasyon. I do nothing but read books during vacation. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.) 2non-past tense, reciprocal action. Pumanuddugan da yaden nahuyop hi inada. They keep running after each other while their mother is asleep.

abtu (sp. var. aptu) to anticipate. 1.1trans. to look forward to something; eagerly await someone or something; the affix cross-references that which is anticipated. Abtuwan day aliyana. They are eagerly anticipating her arrival. Abtuwan nay ayan da. He was eager for them to leave. Naabtuwan ka yaden ugge ka immali. You were waited for eagerly, yet you did not come. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, na‑ ‑an. Class 2C, Emotion and sensation . (sem. domains: 3.2.7.1 - Hope.) 1.2intrans. to anticipate something with impatience; the negative component of waiting and time passing is highlighted; the person feeling the impatience is cross-referenced by the affix. Uma-abtuh Bugan an nunhood ke he-a. Bugan was impatiently waiting for you. Umabtuwak hi kahilongana. I am waiting impatiently for nighttime. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. infl. umab-abtu

ahibungaan (comp. of bunga, ahi) nom. refers to the time of maturing fruit. Maid pey bungana yaden ahibungaan. It had no fruit even though it was fruit season. Gen: ahi. (sem. domains: 1.5.6 - Growth of plants.)

ahihopnak (comp. of hopnak, ahi) nom. season for sowing rice seeds; making seed beds. Ahihopnak yaden ugge naaladu nan payo. It is the season to sow rice yet the field is not yet plowed. (sem. domains: 8.4.1 - Period of time, 6.2 - Agriculture.)

ak pers. 1I; first person, singular pronoun; a member of Set 2 subject pronouns, cross-referenced by verbal affixes. <Morphophonology: When a verb ends in a vowel, this pronoun attaches to the verb as an enclitic, and a consonant will be inserted between the verb and the pronoun.> Handi pinghanan umeyak hidi ya kalyok on matalakak. When I went there for the first time, I thought I would get lost. Immi-ingleyak an pinhod kun umanamut mo indani bo kaya ya uminghaak. I felt so lonely that I wanted to return home, but after a while I became adjusted. Mungngahngahak yaden mungkaliyak hi bale mi. I gasped for breath and yet I shouted at our house. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.) 2me; first person, singular pronoun; a member of Set 3 object pronouns; cross-referenced by verbal affixes. Adiyak danugon te mahakitanak Don’t hit me because I easily feel pain. Tinuttuduwak an kumali kali da. They taught me how to speak their language.

an-anu trans. to do something harmful. Ugge da ot inan-anu yaden kinumga. They did not do anything and yet he cried. ‑on/‑in‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

ba-ba adv. expresses that it will be a short time until an event occurs. Restrictions: Hudhud epic. Maid ba-ba yaden immalih Bugan. In a short time Bugan came. {literary} Time. (sem. domains: 8.4.3 - Indefinite time.) Language of Borrowing: Keley-i Kallahan.

balin₂ (sp. var. ballin) change. 1.1intrans. to change position, generally a reversal; to turn over or upside down. Iwagot muh apu ta mumballin ta adi mundanggok. You shake grandfather so that he’ll change his position and he’ll stop snoring. Makabayyag an mabigat yaden bumalibalinak. Morning is a long time in coming while I toss and turn (trying to sleep). muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 9.1.1.2 - Become, change state.) 1.2trans. to reverse the position of an object. Balinom nan inha-ang mut adi mageeng. You turn over what you are cooking so that it will not be charred. ‑on/‑in‑. 1.3nom. expresses the meaning or interpretation of words or something symbolic. Te kibalinana ya kaddakaddangyana te dakol di longona. Because the meaning is that he is very rich because he butchers many (animals to feed people). ki‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 3.5.8 - Interpreting messages.) der. kibalinana infl. balibalinon

ballahiwe intrans. to bypass inadvertently; there is a simultaneity component which gives the meaning that two people were in the same place at the same time. Ek damuwon hi Maria ad Lagawe yaden numballah-iwe kami ot ya abu. I was going to meet Maria at Lagawe but we bypassed each other inadverdently. (As I was going, she was coming and we met on the way without knowing.) muN‑/nuN‑. Sim: kalah-iwang.

ban-ule sta. embarassment related to not sharing what one has. Kababan-uley manganak hi tinapay yaden adida nan inap-apuk. It is embarassing that I am eating bread and my grandchildren are not. (The person should be sharing.) general: Lambrecht, in his dictionary, states that this is a Hudhud word-base, and defines it simply as ‘the notion of embarassment’. Although it may not be restricted to the epic, it may not be used in the common language. ka‑ CV‑. Sim: bain. (sem. domains: 3.4.2.2.1 - Ashamed.)

bang-al 1comm. hips and upper buttocks. Ong-ongal di bang-al di binabai mu hay linalaki. The hips of women are bigger than those of men. Nan babai an ittay di bang-al na an mumpaligat an muntungo. The woman who has small (narrow) hips will have difficulty in childbirth. Hanada ken aammod ya adida pihday bang-al di babuy hi u-unga te hay kanan da ya adida maam-ama weno main-ina ya humakit di bang-al da. The old folks prohibit the young people from eating the hip part of the pig because they say they will suffer backache if they do. Sim: tim-uy, tipa. (sem. domains: 2.1 - Body.) 2sta. to have wide hips. Namag-al hi Jose yaden lalaki. The hips of Jose are wide yet he is a man. na‑.

bidade trans. to scrutinize something by holding and turning, usually done when buying something. Bidabidadeom yaden adim gatangon. You are turning it over and over and yet you will not buy it. ‑on/‑in‑. 4E Perception and Cognition. Sim: bilibili, binbin, biling. (sem. domains: 2.3.1 - See.)

biggabiggatna (infl. of biggatna) comm. very early morning; dawn. Biggabiggatna yaden umutang ka pihhu It is early morning, and yet you are borrowing money. (sem. domains: 8.4.1.2.3 - Time of the day.)

boh-ol 1comm. to feel displeasure or indignation; anger. Adika ni-an mih-up inggana mabaoy boh-ol na. Don’t go near him yet until his anger cools off. (sem. domains: 3.4.2.3 - Angry.) 2trans. to be angry and scold. Boh-olan daka ke ya adika humumang. If they scold you, do not answer back. Mumboh-ol hi amana yaden limmah-un. His father was scolding yet he went out. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, muN‑/nuN‑. Sim: bungotan. (sem. domains: 4.8.4.1 - Rebuke.) 3intrans. feeling or showing anger; to be angry. Adika bumoh-ol te langlangkak ya abu. Don’t be angry because I was only teasing. Bimmoh-ol mo kanuh Pangka ya ho- mundopap da. So, according to Pangka, he got mad and er...they grappled. Bimmoh-ol hi ama ot pumboh-olan dakami. My father was so angry that he scolded us. Ek ot humangon mu uggek te tinibok an bimmoh-ol I was about to answer him back but I didn’t because I saw that he was angry. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Class 2C, Emotion and sensation. infl. bimmoh-ol

boses comm. sound uttered by the mouth of a living creature especially man. Mababol di boses na yaden babai. Her voice is low yet she is a girl. (sem. domains: 3.5.1 - Say.) Language Of Borrowing: English: voice.

boye adj. immature fruit; unripe fruit. Boye nan mangga yaden pungkan da. The mango is unripe and yet they are eating it. Qualifier. (sem. domains: 1.5.6 - Growth of plants.)

bugit sta. the skin responds to fear, causing goose bumps. Dalanona yaden nabugibbugit. He will walk on and yet he is having many goose bumps. ma‑/na‑. 6A Physiological Process - State. (sem. domains: 2.1.4 - Skin.)

busina 1comm. a vehicle’s horn. Napai di businan nan tolak na. The horn of his vehicle is destroyed. (sem. domains: 7.2.4.1.1 - Vehicle.) 2intrans. honking of vehicles. Mumbusina da yaden mihahhaad ka nah gawwan di kalata. They are honking their horns yet you continue to stay in the middle of the road. Bumusina ka hin waday tagu nah kalata. Blow your horn if there is a person on the street. muN‑, ‑um‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

CV intensifier. the reduplication of the first syllable of a verbal root is the form of a morpheme that encodes intensity; very. Mihmihdi nah munhihilong ya nah kakaiw an dakol di hapang nan mahdol di tubuna. It stays in very dark places or in trees with thick, leafy branches. Anakkayang peman hi Bugan tipet eka humahallaman an ume yaden maid ni-an di lugan. Wow (how excited you must be) Bugan, why do you go very early when there are no jeepneys yet. Gadgadam nan bila te dakol di lamut na ya napipitok. Scrape the tubers because they have many roots and they are very muddy.

dalan₁ 1comm. a place for walking; path; trail; way. Maid di dalan hitu. There is no path here. Indani ya- ek bo igibok ya pindonak nin ot ieyak nah nuntap-on dalan. Later on, when I became aware, maybe he held me then took me to the upper road. Sim: kalata, kah-on. (sem. domains: 6.5.4.1 - Road.) 2to walk. 2.1intrans. to move about on foot; to walk. <Affixation: The circumfix set muN‑ ‑an/nuN‑ ‑an expresses both a durative aspect and the site-concept of a widely spread area for the walking, i.e. walking around. > Mundallan mo nan golang. The child walks now. Ditakun tatagu ya kulugon takun wadaday mundallanan weno muntayyapan an adi matibo. It is a common belief that there are unseen beings who are either walking around or flying in the air. muN‑/nuN‑, muN‑ ‑an/nuN‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 7.2.1.1 - Walk.) 2.2intrans. to walk, with a starting point in view. Dumallan mo nan unga. The child can already walk. um/imm. 3to walk by, bypass or through a place. 3.1trans. to walk, passing by a place or through a medium. Indaladalan muh di yaden adim pinhod an makihummangan ke hiya. You are always passing there yet you do not like to talk with her. Idalan taku nah wa-el. We will pass through the creek. Daanay pangidalanam? Where will you pass (lit. path/walk)? i‑/iN‑. nangi‑/pangi‑ + ‑an. 3.2trans. to walk on a path, road with prominence given to the thing walked on. Maid di dalanon yuh tu. There is no place to walk here. on/in. id. kay bakkukul an dumalan id. kay gawgaway pundalan id. kay kabayun dumalan infl. ipadalan

dam-ot 1proc. to become heavy. Dumam-ot nan inpah-on da. The thing they are carrying will become heavy. Dumam-ot hin naupol. It will become heavy if it is soaked. Dimmam-ot. It became heavy. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 6C Process or state of inanimate objects. (sem. domains: 8.2.9.1 - Heavy.) 2trans. to cause to be heavy. Idam-ot na nan kinana. The food he ate will make him heavy. i‑/iN‑. 3sta. to be heavy in weight. Madam-ot nan karga. The cargo is heavy. Hingkalton mu makaddam-ot. It’s only one-box-full but very heavy. ma‑/na‑, makaC‑. 4nom. weight. Wada da nan munhona ta kanan di bumaddang da yaden mungkulkullawing da ot ya aabu ta mid-um di dam-ot da. There are those naughty ones who instead of helping carry the load, hold on to the pole and swing from one side to the other, thereby adding to the weight.

damuna advpred. 1to delimit time by expressing the simultaneity of two different events; meantime; meanwhile. Um-umbun taku ni-an ta damunay kalutuwan nan kanon. Let us sit while the food is being cooked. Idadaan mu nan panganan ta damunay datngan da. Set the table, while waiting for them to arrive. Time. (sem. domains: 8.4.5.2.2 - At the same time.) 2to delimit an amount; enough or more than enough; may relate to quantifying space, amount, accomplishment. Damunay ginastum yaden uggem pay ginibbuy adal mu. You spent much yet you still haven’t finished your studies. Damunay nginunum. You have accomplished more than enough. Damunay ginabutam. You cleared enough, a wide space. (sem. domains: 8.1.7 - Enough.)

dapig trans. to change shape by pressing; to flatten. Dapigom nan kapyaom an tinapay. Flatten the bread you are to bake. Mangapya kah gampa mu dapigom ta nalaka an miagtu. Make a gampa-basket, but make it flat so that it’s easy to carry on the head. Nadapig di nangat mu yaden kanak di mukkolom. You made it flat, yet I told you to round it. Hay nadapig an batuy ialim hitu. Bring a flat stone here. Mungkadapig nan uluna. Its head is becoming flat. ‑on/‑in‑, ma‑/na‑, mungka‑. 4A Change the structure of an object. (sem. domains: 7.7.4 - Press.)