Tuwali Ifugao - English


a


angkikingngan (sp. var. ik-ikingngan) comm. the little finger. Hay angkikingngan di kaittayan hi gamat. The little finger is the smallest finger. Gen: gam’at. (sem. domains: 2.1 - Body.)
angngal intrans. 1to compete in a contest of wealth. [A competition between two families of the same rank by providing pigs and carabao for feasts.] Nun-a-angngal day aammod nadan immuya-uy. The families of the bride and groom competed during the wedding. muN‑/nuN‑. 1C General class. 2to intermarry, involves two rich families who arrange the marriage of their children.
ango crazy; foolish. 1.1intrans. to act in a way that indicates one is out-of-touch with reality; to act in a crazy or foolish manner; to have a mental illness, insane. Mun-ango hidiyen tagu. That person is crazy. muN‑. Sim: bong’ang, himat. (sem. domains: 3.2.1.4 - Stupid, 3.2.1 - Mind.) 1.2caus. to cause to become crazy. Impaangon di pihhu. Money made him crazy. pa/impa. 1.3intrans. to become crazy or to become foolish as though one was crazy. Adika umango-ango. Don’t be foolish. ‑um‑/‑imm‑.
angop sta. indistinguishable, hazy object; barely visible because it is seen from a distance. Deya on maang-angopan an bale. There, a house is barely visible. ma‑ ‑an CVC‑. (sem. domains: 2.3.1 - See, 2.5.4.1 - Blind.)
angyub 1comm. a bellows, usually made of bamboo through which air is blown; used for activating a fire. [Some bellows are still in use today.] Intungu na nan angyub. He used the bellows on the firewood. (sem. domains: 6.7 - Tool.) 2trans. to produce a stream of air by using a bellows, directed to fire. Angyubam nan apuy. Use the bellows on the fire. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5C Goal-oriented sites. (sem. domains: 5.5.2 - Tend a fire.)
ap’a (sp. var. of appa) adjunct. expression of fear, protection and/or compassion. Apa! ta mag-a nan golang. Look out! The child might fall! E apah Pacita an nate. A pity for Pacita who died. (sem. domains: 9.2.7 - Interjections.)
ap’aw (sp. var. of appaw) adjunct. expression of surprise, approval or sympathy; Oh! Yes! Apaw! Ya he-a! Oh! It’s you. (sem. domains: 9.2.7 - Interjections.)
ap’ing comm. cheek. Inumpa on lalog nah aping na. A fly landed on his cheek. (sem. domains: 2.1.1 - Head.)
ap’uy 1comm. the burning of a substance resulting in a chemical reaction which releases heat and light; fire. Nad-op nan apuy. The fire went out. Kanak pe on no abunay apuy ya kanan gayam ot takon hidiyen lata ya mun-anidu ta. I thought that it is only a fire, even though that is a can, and we can be warmed. Sim: banawat. (sem. domains: 5.5.4 - Burn, 5.5 - Fire.) 2trans. to start a fire by specifying the firewood to be used. Em apuyan din itungu ne uggan mu tibon hin maphod di apuy na. Go and build a fire with that firewood and see to it that the fire burns well. Adi matiboy tokona ya kumalat. (apuy) You cannot see its mouth but it bites. (fire)(riddle) ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 3intrans. to build a fire. Mun-apuy ka. You build a fire. muN‑/nuN‑. id. bimmalay apuy da id. inda-i ta bumalay apuy da id. kay naapuyan di tokok
apaladol (sp. var. of aparador)
apangdan₁ 1comm. a backpack, without cover type; knapsack. (sem. domains: 6.7.7 - Container.) 2trans. to place something in a backpack. In-apangdanay uggadiw. He put the small fish into his backpack. i‑/iN‑. 3A Move object and position at site. (sem. domains: 7.3.2.6 - Put in.)
apangdan₂ comm. the wooden part of a slingshot where the elastic sling is tied. Ingkapyaan dah apangdan nan unga. They made a slingshot for him. (sem. domains: 4.8.3.7 - Weapon, shoot.)
apap 1trans. to slap someone on the face. Apapon daka hin mungngohe ka. I’ll slap you if you are obstinate. ‑on/‑in‑. 4B Tactile actions. Sim: amping. (sem. domains: 7.7.1 - Hit.) 2comm. a hit with the open hand. Mahakit di apap nan ha-oy ot apappok bo damdama. His slap hurt me so I also slapped him.
apapet comm. green, bitter gourd; resembles a shriveled cucumber; both its fruit and leaves are edible. [Usually mixed with eggplant to make the favorite Ilocano recipe pinakbet.] Hay apapet di id-um hi itlug. Add egg to bitter gourd. Mikamoy bungan di apapet hi itlug. Bitter gourd fruit can be mixed with eggs. (sem. domains: 5.2.3.1.3 - Food from vegetables.)
aparador (sp. var. apaladol) 1comm. upright, movable wardrobe. Wada nan bulwatim nah aparador. Your dress is in the wardrobe. Nakagganas tun aparador yu. Your wardrobe is very beautiful. (sem. domains: 5.1.1.4 - Cabinet.) 2trans. to place something in a wardrobe or use a wardrobe. Iaparador mu nan bulwatim. Place your clothes in the wardrobe. i‑/iN‑. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish.
apatut 1comm. may refer to any footwear except for thong-type slippers; shoes. Waday tendaan di bulwati, apatut, makan, kaiw ya gumok. There are stores for clothes, shoes, food, lumber and hardware. (sem. domains: 5.3 - Clothing.) 2intrans. to wear shoes. Mun-apatut ka ke. You wear shoes. muN‑/nuN‑. 3trans. to wear a particular pair of shoes. An inapatut nan apatut ku? Did you wear my shoes? ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 5.3.7 - Wear clothing.)
apayo 1comm. fish and crab trap with sharp bamboo prongs pointed inward so fish cannot squeeze out; placed at a point where water exits a rice terrace. Apayoy mahapul hi pangalah yuyu nah payo. A fish trap is needed to be able to get Japanese fish from the field. Ihulbuk mu nan apayo nah dolya. Set the fish trap along the wall of the field. (sem. domains: 6.4.2 - Trap.) 2trans. to use a fish trap for catching fish E nangapyoh Juan. John went to catch fish using the apayo-trap. maN‑/naN‑. Sim: hingihing.
apektal trans. to produce an affect; to influence. Language of Borrowing: English: affect.
apgu comm. bile sac; gall bladder. [In the traditional religion, the bile sac of chickens is an omen-bearing entity that is examined during divination rituals.] Nan apgu di pangitib-an da hin pumhod. The gall bladder is where they see if he will be cured. Ongal di apgun nan manuk. The bile sac of the chicken is big. (sem. domains: 2.1.8 - Internal organs.) id. kay napdit di apgu na
ap-ap 1comm. a cover for a bed or table; e.g. mat, blanket. Eka umalah ap-ap ta iap-ap ta tuh kama. Go and get some sheets so that we can spread them on the bed. (sem. domains: 5.1 - Household equipment.) 2trans. to spread a covering over a surface, such as a bed or table. Ap-apam hi ulo nan abok. Spread a blanket over the mat. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5A Changing state of site by adding something. (sem. domains: 7.3.7 - Cover.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.
ap-ap’at comm. an insect with a segmented body and a pair of legs in each segment; centipede. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.7 - Insect.)
ap-apat comm. fern, generic term; there are both edible and inedible varieties. [The fern fronds may be tied on the stomach of a new mother to help her expel any clotted blood which is causing after-birth painful contractions of her uterus.] Eyak immalah ap-apat ot pangaga dah aliwan Rose. I went and got the fern and they treated Rose’s after-birth pain with it. Humani nan ap-apat. Those big ferns block our view. Filicinae Sim: appaku, paggalat. (sem. domains: 1.5.3 - Grass, herb, vine.)
ap-apid comm. crabgrass, two varieties, one grows in the ricefields, the other on dry ground; leaves are used to make baskets, placemats, mats, or for tying things. Kinan di gulding nan ap-apid nah dalan. The goat ate the crabgrass along the road. Digitaria sanguinalis Sim: balili; Sim: hagaga, balili. (sem. domains: 1.5.3 - Grass, herb, vine.)
ap-apu₁ 1comm. headman; leader; master; ruler. Hiyay ap-apu ketuwen boble. He is the leader of this village. (sem. domains: 4.6.4 - Rule.) 2intrans. to lead; to rule. Hiyay mun-ap-apu. He will be the one to lead. muN‑/nuN‑. der. mun-ap-apu der. pun-ap-apuwan
ap-apu₂ (sp. var. of inap-apu shortened form)