Tuwali Ifugao - English


nadan (nan) det. the plural form of the determiner nan; the form marks either a grammatical subject or object that is cross-referenced by the affix on the verb; the noun referent is definite or specific. Ipabaul mu nadan buding. You cause those birds to be driven way. Adim ilagat nadan binabai. Don’t involve those women. hanadan
nadandani (der. of dani) advpred. refers to indefinite intervals of time related to actions or events. Nadandani on immalih tu. Every now and then, he comes here. Nadandani on ingkiwam ta gagalan mabao. Now and then, stir it (the rice) so that it will cool quickly. Nadandani on in-ohnong na ta ang-angona nadan oggan tumul-un dolog nah liting. From time to time, Bugan would stop walking and look at the fish that came to the surface of the water. ma‑/na‑. Time. (sem. domains: - Sometimes.)
nadanuman nan bale (id. of danum) an idiom that implies that although a lot of water was used to put out a fire, the house was completely destroyed by fire (lit. the house was watered).
nae demonstrative. shortened form of hinae; that. Ya kanan nadan ap-apuy “Nangamung ka pe, maid di bibiyang min nae.” (Matthew 27:4b) And the leaders said “It’s up to you, we have nothing to do with that.” hinae
nagalo (infl. of galo) sta. tubers are blighted and unusable.
naganag intrans. to sink down; settle down, e.g. sediments in water; may also refer to the charred remains of something that has been cooked in a pot. Nunnaganag din lugit nah botelya. The dirt sank down to the bottom of the bottle. muN‑/nuN‑. 1B Movment with a directional component.
nah det. a determiner that marks a definite indirect object or a definite place or time noun. Mumpaha-ad kah basket nah ubunan. Have the basket placed on the seat. Miha-ha-ad dah nah muyung ta nangamung di magibbuy hagabi. They camp in the forest until the hagabi-bench is finished. Athidi bon nah hilong ta adi ka pakahuyop. The same is true at night so that you cannot sleep. Mun-ay-ayam kamih did dola ya timmaddog on bibiyo nah hinangngab mi, inhumang ku. “We were playing in the yard and a fairy stood in front of us,” I answered. (sem. domains: 9.2.4 - Prepositions, postpositions.) nadah
nahalman di toko (id. of tok’o) an idiom expressing the idea of talkativeness (lit. mouth is excessive). Nahalman di tokom. You are very talkative.
nahamad (infl. of hamad) pass. describes something that is strong, settled and stable; can refer to something concrete, e.g. fence or abstract, e.g. friendship. Nahamad di punggayyuman da. Their friendship is strong and stable. Nahamad di binattun alad an nanlinikweh hi bale da. The stone fence surrounding their house is strong. na‑. (sem. domains: 8.3.7 - Good.)
nahgatan (id. of hogat) idiom. to be hardened like the heartwood of a tree. Tibom ot ta adi madikhal nan hukim te nahgatan ka? Be careful so that you don’t split your leg because are you heartwood?
nahiyam (der. of hiyam) quan. refers to the cardinal number ninety.
nahkolak nah kinali na (id. of hokol) an idiom meaning a rejection or disapproval of something said (lit. what he said choked). [The equivalent English idiom might be ‘what he said stuck in my craw’.]
nahngang (infl. of hong’ang) sta. to be surprised; to feel surprise or shock. Nahngang hi Jose. Jose was shocked. na‑.
nahuguhugan (infl. of huguhug) sta. states that a firewood rack is full. Mahlu nadan imbabalena kinali nahuguhugan ta nangamung hi bale da. Their children are industrious that is why their firewood rack is always full. na‑ ‑an.
nahulitan di tokona (id. of tok’o) an idiom that describes someone who is very judgmental and critical (lit. her mouth is pointed). Nahulitan di tokona. She is critical.
na- 1pass. this prefix derives the past tense passive form of Class 4 verbal roots. Dakol kami an naamung nah plaza an munhood kamih lugan. Many of us gathered at the plaza to wait for a ride. 2sta. past form of stative, co-occurs with stative verb roots.
na- -an pass. this circumfix derives the past tense passive form of Class 5 verbal roots. Indani ya nadatngan hidiyen nagtud an algo. Then, the appointed day came. Impundallan da nan nasugatan. They let the wounded person walk. Natanoman hi kaiw nan bilid. The tree was planted on the mountain. Sim: ma- -an. (sem. domains: - Verb affixes.)
na-ala (sp. var. naala) advpred. 1without any reason; no other requirement; simply. Na-ala ya dinuntukak. Without any reason he hit me. Na-ala ot ikamom nan asukar nah arina ot iha-ang mu. Just mix the sugar with the flour and then cook it. Manner. Sim: bigla, maid maptok, hingkatang, maag. 2refers to an action or happening that is unexpected; suddenly. Na-ala ya inhawwang nah tu. Suddenly he showed himself here.
na-iho (sp. var. of mina-iho)
na-ud₁ 1intrans. to be the same as before. Nunna-ud an dehdi nan baya nah buhi. The rice wine is still there (as before) in the jar. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: - Same.) 2trans. to do something beforehand; refers to an action or activity that precedes another. Na-udom an tapilyaon ne ahim impatak. Plane the wood first before nailing it. Ina-ud mun gaudon ne ahim intanom nadan bulhe. Dig the soil first before planting the beans. ‑on/‑in‑, i‑/iN‑. 4F Adjacency/Adjoining actions. (sem. domains: - Before.)
na-ud₂ adj. for something to be described as inherent or intrinsic; there is a meaning component of certainty about the truth of the statement. Dayawok hi APU DIOS hi am-in di kabaelak te hiya ya nunna-ud an maphod. (Psalm 103:1) I will praise the LORD with all my ability because he is inherently good. Qualifier. infl. nunna-ud
naiho (infl. of iho) comm. (fig) used to refer to blood in particular communication situations. [When relatives are gathered they never say the word dala ‘blood’ but instead use naiho.] Dakol di naihoh nalpuh adol na. He shed a lot of blood. (lit. a lot of blood came from his body) Dakol di impabuddunah naiho. He shed a lot of blood. (lit. a lot of blood came out) (sem. domains: 2.2.5 - Bleed, blood.)
nain-ina (der. of ina) sta. old woman. Indikhalan Juan nan nain-ina. Juan split wood for the old woman.
nak (sp. var. of an’ak) comm. child of; the form co-occurs with the name of a parent.
nakaC1- mod. this prefix is an intensifying modal affix; past tense. Nakal-ot di bungug nan duplanu ten munda-ul. The plane produces a very loud noise when it is about to land. Adiyak pakah-od ke Talakka te nakakkableyak mon muntattattayun. I couldn’t wait for Talakka because I was so tired from hanging. Deket mo ta nakaggibu ya matibo nan duwan kapkapyan di ulun di nuwang nah numbinnongwa. When it (the bench) is really finished, it looks like a misshapen animal with two carabao heads, one on each end. Sim: makaC1-. (sem. domains: - Verb affixes.)