Tuwali Ifugao - English



pangiayan (sp. var. of pangieyan)
pangieyan (sp. var. pangiayan) (infl. of ie) trans. a place where something or someone is taken. Ad Lagawe di pangieyan yu nah mundogo. Lagawe is where you should take the sick person. pangi‑ ‑an.
pangi- -an₁ top. this circumfix cross-references a topicalized place, instrument or beneficiary semantic roles or modal word or phrase; non-past tense. Deket palhu di pangiha-angam, mahapul an uggan mu ikiwa ta mun-iingngoy lutu na. If a skillet is used, it is necessary to stir the rice from time to time so that it will be cooked evenly. Intibon ama nah pottok nan pumpangituludan dan hiya ya inang-ang na. My father looked in the direction where they were pushing him and he saw it. Nagibbu ke nan kapkapyan di hagabi, kalyon day algoh pangihakyatan da. When the hagabi-bench is completed, they set the day that it will be brought home. Dahdiy pangidatan nah pihu? To whom will the money be given? Sim: nangi- -an.
pangi- -an₂ dervN. this circumfix is a clausal nominalizer; non-past tense. Takon ad uwani ya hay pangaan hi dogoy pangipuunan di dakol an tataguh pangulug da. Even now healing (lit. removal of sickness) is the foremost reason that many people have faith. Hopdam di lopohhan hi daun ta pangilpoham. (In the meantime, get some banana leaves and ) spread these over a fermentation container for the purpose of your fermenting.
pangi-e (der. of e) nom. refers to the way of doing things; customs; culture. Hay ke pangi-en di ammod ya bakiyan day mumpundogo. The custom of our ancestors was to perform rituals for the sick. Mahapul an iunud takuh pangi-en Apu Dios. We must follow the ways of God. pangi‑. Sim: e-e, pangat. (sem. domains: - Custom.)
pangipa- top. this prefix encodes a topicalized causative. Ong-ongal di pangipaamlang di pamhod mun ha-on mu hay mainum. (Song of Songs 4:10b) Your love for me causes greater happiness then wine. Takon nin di kanan yuy nahalman di pangipadayaw mih kalebbengan min muntuttudu ya adiyak bumain te hituwen kalebbengan mi ya pamaddang min dakayu, bokon hay kadadagan yu. (2 Corinth 10:8) Even should you think that our authority to teach gives too much honor to us, I am not ashamed because this authority is meant to help you, not destroy you. (sem. domains: - Verb affixes.)
pangipa- -an caus. this circumfix has a topicalized agent, a causative agent in the subject position in the clause, and a definite cross-referenced object. Dahdiy pangipaalian da nadah liblu? Who will they have bring those books here? Hi Juan di pangipadikhalak nah ongal an kaiw. Juan will be the one that I will have split the big piece of wood. Sim: nangipa- -an. (sem. domains: - Verb affixes.)
pangipuunan (der. of puun) nom. refers to the basis or reason for what people do or believe. Takon ad uwani ya hay pangaan hi dogoy pangipuunan di dakol an tataguh pangulug da. Even now healing is the foremost reason that many people have faith. pangi‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: - Basis.)
pangngel₁ 1comm. a portion; a piece. Idat mu nan pangngel di tinapay hi tulang mu. Give your brother a portion of the bread. (sem. domains: - Part.) 2trans. to remove a portion. Pangngelam nan balat ta idat mun hiya. Remove a portion of the banana and give it to him. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5B Changing state of site by removal of something. (sem. domains: 7.8 - Divide into pieces.)
pangngel₂ comm. a part of, refers to the side of an object. Ihukbung mu nan papangngel di daun an niphod. Fix the sides of the leaves to cover the top well. Inumbun da nah pangngel nan lobong. They sat at the side of the lake. (sem. domains: 8.6 - Parts of things.)
pangok 1comm. pestilence in animals; a type of spreading infectious disease of animals. Immaliy pangok kinali nap-uy manuk. A pestilence came that is why the chickens are gone. (sem. domains: - Animal diseases.) 2sta. to be killed by pestilence. Adina pinhod an ihda te napangok. He does not want to eat it because it died from a pestilence. ma‑/na‑. 6D Descriptives.
pangu sta. to be toothless. Mahakit nan pangu na te nigalgal hi gunit. His toothless gums are painful because he chewed bones. Napanguwanak mu maid pustisuk. I am toothless but have no false teeth. Napangu nan bob-a na handi dinuntuk da. His tooth was removed when they socked him. ma‑/na‑. 6A Physiological Process - State. (sem. domains: - Tooth.)
pangulu (der. of ulu) adj. refers to anything that is before another in sequence or importance; to be first. paN‑. Number quantifier. (sem. domains: - Numbered group.) der. impangulu der. mangipangpangulu
pangulug (der. of kulug) nom. a belief in someone or something; used particularly for Christian faith. Takon ad uwani ya hay pangaan hi dogoy pangipuunan di dakol an tataguh pangulug da. Even now healing is the foremost reason that many people have faith. (sem. domains: - Believe.)
panguluwan (der. of ulu) comm. first born child. (sem. domains: - Related by birth.)
pao-a (sp. var. of paw-a) comm. bird species, goes alone; small, light yellow breast, other parts are green. Linattik nan unga on pao-a. The child hit a pao-a-bird with a slingshot. (sem. domains: - Bird.)
paok sta. to have a hoarse voice. Tinaganay koga kinali napaok. He has been crying so much that now he has a hoarse voice. ma‑/na‑. 6D Descriptives. (sem. domains: - Voice, 2.2.2 - Cough, sneeze.)
paot trans. to carve wood. Paotom nan akasya hi tagtaggu. Carve the acacia tree into a figure of a man. Mumpaot da hi gawgawa. They are carving a duck. Pumaot kah duwan poltan. Carve two roosters. Paotam hi gulding tun unga. Carve a goat for this child. Paotan yu tun onob hi tatagun manayo. Carve people who are dancing on this door. ‑on/‑in‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 4A Change the structure of object. (sem. domains: 7.8.3 - Cut, 6.6.4 - Crafts.)
papa comm. refers to a father; may be used as an address. Immeh payo hi papa. Father went to the fields. Syn: ama. (sem. domains: - Related by birth.) Language Of Borrowing: English.
papak comm. bamboo clappers used in the ricefield to drive away rice birds. Linikkud mih papak nan payo. We surrounded the field with bamboo clappers. (sem. domains: 6.2.8 - Agricultural tool.)
papan 1comm. bullet. An waday papan nae? Does that have a bullet in it? Mahapul an yuduwon dat bumudal nan guk-ung di papan ta ahida bo ha-adan hi ohan papan. They needed to push out the empty shell with a stick and insert another one. Syn: bala. (sem. domains: - Weapon, shoot.) 2trans. to use bullets. Ipapan mu nan indat kun he-a. Use the bullets I gave you. Batu di pamapan hi lattik. Stones are used for bullets in slingshots. i‑/iN‑, paN‑. 3trans. to load a gun with bullets. Papanam nan palattug mu te dakol day hamuti hitu. Load your gun because there are many birds here. Kanak on ugge napapanan kinali kinalbit. I thought that it was not loaded that is why I squeezed the trigger. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an.
papas trans. to be diligent; to do something exhaustively. Ipapas nan munggarden. He gardens diligently. i‑/iN‑. Sim: hapot. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.
papel comm. paper. Hay papel di puntolog mu. Start the fire by burning paper. Punha-adan yuh papel hanadan ubunan. Put papers on your seats. (sem. domains: - Plant product.) Language of Borrowing: English.
papom comm. bird species. (sem. domains: - Bird.)
pappahluk (sp. var. of pahpahluk) a wasp. Sim: alig, babayung, balingog, pahok, iyyukan.