Tuwali Ifugao - English


p


paya trans. to abandon or neglect children or older relatives. Impaya day imbabaleda. They neglected their children. i‑/iN‑. (sem. domains: 3.2.6 - Remember.)
payadda comm. bird species. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.2 - Bird.)
payagpag intrans. to flap wings; to struggle by flapping wings. Mumpapayagpag din manok. The hen is flapping her wings. Pimmayagpag ya adi pakad-on hi Juan. The chicken struggled by flapping its wings and Juan could not hold it. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 1A Movement with a manner component. Sim: kayabkab. (sem. domains: 7.2 - Move.)
payak 1comm. the wings of birds or poultry. Nagi-uy payak nan hamuti an linattik nan unga. The wing of the bird that the child hit with a slingshot is broken. (sem. domains: 1.6.2.1 - Parts of a bird.) 2proc. refers to the process of growing wings. Mungkapayakan nan gawgawa. The wings of the duck are starting to grow. mungka‑ ‑an.
payapay trans. to signal; waving gesture with hands. Payapayam aga din unga ta ibangngad na. Wave your hand at the child so he’ll come back. Mampayapay da handi mala-u da. They were waving when they passed by. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, maN‑. 5C Goal oriented sites. Sim: way-a, wakgi. (sem. domains: 3.5.6.1 - Gesture.)
payo 1comm. ricefield. Dakol di payo da. They have many ricefields. Maki-eyak nah payon apu kanan Butale. “I will go with you to grandfather’s ricefield,” said Butale. Mu nan dalanona ya hi pingngit diyen payo ot munnomnom an iliglig na. But he was walking at the edge of that ricefield and so he decided to detour. Sim: bananu, pukung. (sem. domains: 6.2.9 - Farmland.) 2trans. to cultivate a ricefield; to farm. Pumayo kayu. Cultivate another’s ricefield. Daan di pinayo da? Which one did they farm? muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑, ‑on/‑in‑.
paypay 1comm. a fan. Waday paypay mu? Do you have a fan? Sim: yabyab. 2trans. to fan someone or something. Paypayam nan imbabalem tedeyan munlilingot. Fan your child because he is perspiring. Ipaypay mu nan ligau. Use the winnower in fanning. Mumpaypay te maka-atung. She is fanning herself because it is very hot today. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, i‑/iN‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 5C Goal-oriented sites. (sem. domains: 7.3.4.5 - Actions of the hand.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.
paytuk 1intrans. to move, by jumping up and down. Adida ni-an iha-ad hi luta yaden pumaytuk nan himmagabi nah hagabi ta gumpa. Before they place the bench on the ground, the man who is performing the ceremony jumps up on it and makes a speech. Mumpaypaytuk ya mungkuli te hidiyey pinghanan ena nakidilagan hi allama. She jumped up and down and screamed because it was the first time she went to catch crabs with a torch. Kanan Juliey, “Dakol di in-innat mi. Nungkanta kami ya pimmaytuk kami. She said, “We did many things. We sang and we jumped.” ‑um‑/‑imm‑, muN‑ CVC. 2B Movement, change of position. Sim: labtuk, yapa; Sim: dop-a, labtuk, yapa. (sem. domains: 7.2.1.1.3 - Jump.) 2trans. to jump over something with the object being jumped over in view. Paytukom din alad hin kayam. Jump over the fence if you can. ‑on/‑in‑.
payu trans. to go directly somewhere. Impayu na nah payo. He went directly to the fields. Nah pun-ay-ayyaman da di payuwan nan liting. The water goes directly to the playground. Hi balen da tulang mu di payuwom ad Lagawe. Go directly to the house of your brother in Lagawe. i‑/iN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, ‑on/‑in‑. 3G Move body or body parts directionally. (sem. domains: 7.2.3 - Move toward something.)
payung 1comm. umbrella. Maid payung na kinali nakattina. She had no umbrella that is why she was very wet. E appa, naka-liwan Fely payung na. Oh dear, Fely forgot her umbrella. (sem. domains: 6.7.7 - Container.) 2trans. to use an umbrella. Mumpayung ka te mun-udan. Use an umbrella because it’s raining. Payungam nan imbabalem ta adi matina. Use an umbrella over your child so that he will not be wet. Ipayung mu nan payung na. Use her umbrella. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, i‑/iN‑. Language Of Borrowing: Tagalog.
payyad intrans. to extend hands when dancing. Deya da nan manayon mamaypayyad da. There, they are dancing with extended hands. maN‑. (sem. domains: 4.2.4 - Dance.)
payyukut comm. a plant variety, has small leaves, pink flowers and weeds with stickers. [The fiber was used as thread for weaving and sewing in earlier times.] (sem. domains: 1.5 - Plant.)
pe₁ adjunct. 1expresses the quality of being dependent on chance or uncertain conditions; modifies a statement of a happening to indicate that it was unintentional or unplanned; expresses an event that is contingent on another event. Pinalang na pey adol na. He accidentally cut himself. Nag-a pe. He just fell. (no apparent cause) Nganne pe nan hamuti an ib-ibbaag nay ngadana? What is the bird that keeps calling its name? Attitudinal. (sem. domains: 3.3.1.4 - Intend.) 2modifies a statement by expressing empathy; expressing understanding of a situation. Kay ke pe kanak ya bokon bahul Apu. But as for me, I say that it was not the fault of Sir. Umanoklang ka te mun-uk-uk ka pe kattog. You are having phlegm because you are pitifully coughing. Interpersonal. comp. bope comp. peman
pe₂ adjunct. adds a courteous non-dogmatic tone to making a statement or giving an opinion. Kanak pey kay tubung, mu dumangdang met. As for me, I say it’s like a tube, but it can give heat. Interpersonal. comp. deke pe nin ta comp. mampe
pekpek trans. to pat and form dough-like substance; mold clay with a paddle. Pekpekom hinae kapyaon ta makapyah ah-ahhu. Mold what you are making into a dog. Munpekpek nadan u-unga hi tinattaggu. The children are molding figurines. Pinekpek nah puhpuhha nan pitok. He molded the mud into a figure of a cat. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 4A Change the structure of object. (sem. domains: 7.7.4 - Press, 6.6.2.4 - Working with clay.)
pelma 1comm. signature. Inhaad nay pelma na nah da-ul di papel. He placed his signature at the bottom of the paper. (sem. domains: 3.5.7.1 - Write.) 2trans. to sign a paper; affix signature. Pelmaam tun papel an inalida. Sign this paper that they brought. Adina pinhod an mumpelma. He does not want to sign. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, muN‑/nuN‑. 5C Goal oriented site. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: firma.
peman (comp. of pe, man) adjunct. the compound adds certainty to a statement that is contingent, i.e. dependent on other information in context. Hukapona ya hiya peman an dumangdang. He covered it and yes, it really can give heat. Matbal da mo peman! Now the couple is certainly respected! Ot hiya peman an naganganas. It is really very enjoyable. Attitudinal. (sem. domains: 9.4.4.1 - Certainly, definitely.) comp. deke on peman
peman ot (fr. var. man ot) adjunct. a modal combination that emphasizes the certainty of something that was uncertain, but contingent on the situation or circumstances; unquestionably, unmistakably. Indani peman ot mahilong ya immaliy dakol an hamuti nah kampu da. (Exodus 16:13) Unquestionably, when it was evening, many birds came to their camp. Inlaput da peman ot apputon da nadan holag Israel. (1Samuel 4:10) Unmistakably, they began to defeat the descendants of Israel. (sem. domains: 9.4.4.1 - Certainly, definitely.)
pensil (sp. var. of pintil) pencil. Syn: lapis.
pensiyon 1comm. pension; retirement pay; disability pay. Waday dawdawwatonah pensiyon te tindalu handih gubat. He is receiving a pension because he was a soldier during the war. (sem. domains: 6.8.6 - Money.) 2intrans. to receive a pension. Mumpensiyon te nan imbabalenan tindalu. He receives a pension because his son was a soldier. muN‑/nuN‑. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish. der. pensiyonado
pensiyonado (der. of pensiyon) comm. one who receives a pension. Pensiyonado hi apuna. His grandfather is a pensioner.
perlas comm. pearl. Nunbanggol hi perlas. She had a necklace of pearls. (sem. domains: 1.2.2.5 - Jewel.) Language Of Borrowing: Spanish.
permi adv. to a greater degree; very. Permi an kotol handi hilong. It was very cold last night. Limiting and maximizing. (sem. domains: 9.6.3.2 - Markers of emphasis.)
persiyento comm. a number based on a whole divided into 100 parts; percent. (sem. domains: 6.8.6 - Money.)
petchay (sp. var. of pitchay) comm. Chinese cabbage, green leafy vegetable planted in grass mounds, at the side of ricefields and gardens. Maluwab nan intanom nan petchay. The cabbage he planted is robust. Sim: kangkong; Sim: wombok, buttata, kangkong, gatgatang. Brassica pekinesis (sem. domains: 5.2.3.1.3 - Food from vegetables.)