Tuwali Ifugao - English



panniki comm. large bat species. Dakol di panniki nah hilong. There are a lot of big bats at night. Spec: hablayan, uttukan. (sem. domains: 1.6.1 - Types of animals.)
panot trans. to stick a sharp object into something; to pierce. Ipanot mu nah balat nan uwa. Stick the knife into the banana trunk. Nipanot nan hubit tuh taklek. The thorn got stuck in my hand. i‑/iN‑, mi‑/ni‑. 3I Direct an action toward an object. (sem. domains: 7.8.3 - Cut.)
pantal comm. sand or gravel. Iwahit mu nan pantal nah mapitok an dalan. Spread the sand on the muddy path. Sim: lon’a, dalat. (sem. domains: - Rock, - Soil, dirt.)
pantalon 1comm. pants. Iusar mu nan balun pantalon mu hantu graduation yu. Use your new pants on your graduation day. (sem. domains: 5.3 - Clothing.) 2trans. to wear pants. Mumpantalon ka hin umalikad nabagtu. Wear pants when you come to the town center. Ipantalon mu nan ka-gattang. Use the newly bought pants. Pantalonan yu nan golang te maktol. Have the child wear pants because he feels cold. muN‑/nuN‑, i/‑in‑‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an.
panti 1comm. panty; female undergarment. Maingit di panti na. Her panty is red. (sem. domains: 5.3 - Clothing.) 2trans. to wear a panty. Mumpanti ka te ongal ka mo. Wear a panty because you are already old. Pantiyam nan golang te pamga nah ubun nah luta. Have the child wear a panty because she just sits on the ground. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. Language Of Borrowing: English.
panto 1comm. doorway; doorway frame. Deyay panto mi. There is our door. (sem. domains: 6.5.2 - Parts of a building.) 2trans. to make a door frame. Pantowam nan balem hi udyo. Use mahogany wood for the door frame of your house. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. id. umipot hi panto
panu₁ trans. 1to gather together; to collect together. Panuwon yu nadan inwahit yu. Gather the litter you scattered. ‑on/‑in‑. 4C Convey/bring object toward agent. Sim: bingil, bungul, amung, alimungmung, kampeg. (sem. domains: - Load, pile, 7.5.1 - Gather.) 2to gather and pile what is gathered. Ipanu yu nadan lugit nah puun di kaiw. Pile the litter under the tree. i‑/iN‑. 3A Move and position object at site. (sem. domains: 7.5.9 - Put.)
panu₂ trans. to mediate and settle differences between and among people; to arbitrate. Ipanum nadan hintutulang. Settle the differences between the relatives. He-ay mangipanu ke dida te he-ay donglon da. You will be the arbiter. i‑/iN‑, mangi‑/nangi‑. 3I Direct an action toward an object. (sem. domains: - Negotiate.)
panuyu trans. to blame someone; to accuse someone of being at fault. Impanuyu dan Jose nan natalak an otak. They blamed Jose for the lost machete. Panuyuwon dan hiya nan natalak an pihhu. They blamed him for the lost money. ‑on/‑in‑, i‑/iN‑. (sem. domains: - Accuse, confront.)
panyuk 1comm. handkerchief. Pinhod kuy ambilbilog an panyuk. I like a wider handkerchief. Humong-ot kah panyuk mu. Blow your nose in your handkerchief. (sem. domains: 5.3 - Clothing.) 2intrans. to pocket a handkerchief. Mumpanyuk ka hin ume kad Lagawe te maka-atung hidi. Pocket a handerchief if you go to Lagawe because it is very hot there. muN‑. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: panyu.
pangabak (der. of abak) comm. winnings; refers to the money won in gambling. Kaatnay pangabak yu? How much are your winnings? paN‑. Syn: pangapput. (sem. domains: 4.2.6 - Entertainment, recreation.)
pangal comm. the cartilage and bony structure surrounding the mouth; jaw, chin. Dinnuntuk da di pangal na ot mipangel di gunit na. Somebody socked his jaw and his bone was dislocated. Sim: pahung. (sem. domains: 2.1 - Body.)
pangali (infl. of kali, paN-) v. to think. Pangalik pe on attiken tagu mu handi immomwa ya atag-e. I thought he was a short man but when he straightened up he was tall. (sem. domains: 3.2 - Think.)
panganan (der. of kan) nom. a place for eating; a dining room, a table or a designated area outdoors during feasts. An umustu taku tuh panganan? Are we enough at this table?
pangapput (der. of apput) nom. the winnings in gambling. Ongal di pangapput na handi hilong. His winnings last night were big. Syn: pangabak. (sem. domains: 4.2.6 - Entertainment, recreation.)
pangat (der. of at) 1nom. refers to a custom, a particular way of doing something. Athituy pangat di ibaliwon. This is the way lowlanders do things. Athituy pangat di aammod dih done. This is a custom of our ancestors. Sim: e-e, pangi-e. (sem. domains: - Custom.) 2comm. facility or skill; know-how; the means to do things. Maid di pangat da. They do not have the means to do things. (sem. domains: 3.2.3 - Know.)
pangayan (infl. of e) 1intrans. used as a greeting, hello, literally means ‘where are you going’. Daanay pangayam? / Pangayam? Where are you going? paN‑ ‑an. 2trans. a form used to topicalize the place one is going. Hay pangayan da ya ad Lagawe. The place where they are going to is Lagawe.
pangdal trans. 1to shore up or prop something up; may be diagonal or horizontal positioning. Pangdalam hi nunhina-ob ta adi matu-i. Shore it up on both sides so that it will not fall down. Ipangdal mu nan kawayan Use the bamboo in shoring it up. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, i‑/iN‑. 5A Changing state of site by adding something. (sem. domains: 7.5.9 - Put.) 2to lean something against another thing. Ipangdal mu nah kaiw nan hinogpat. Lean the bundle of canegrass sticks against the tree. i‑/iN‑.
pangdo comm. protruding stones in a mud dike for access to a higher terrace. Idalan mun nah pangdo hi em alan nan gaud ta gagala. Pass through the protruding stones when you go to get the spade so that it will be faster.
pangel sta. does not fit properly; unaligned. Nipangel nan hukap na. The cover does not fit properly. mi‑/ni‑.
panggep (fr. var. mipanggep) rel. with reference to; about; concerning something; with regard to. Kalyom ke ha-oy di panggep nah naat. Tell me about what happened. Kalkalyonay mipanggep ke Kristo. He is telling things about Christ. mi‑. (sem. domains: - Limitation of topic.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.
pangha sta. describes a spoiled tuber that is hardened with an acrid odor. (sem. domains: - Plant product.)
pang-o 1comm. a necklace made of agate or amber beads. Waday pang-on da apu handi kanu. My grandparents had agate necklaces before, it is said. (sem. domains: 5.4.1 - Jewelry.) 2trans. to have someone wear a necklace. Pang-owan yu nan imbabale. Have your child wear a necklace. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 3intrans. to wear necklace. Mumpang-o ka te manayo kayu. Wear a necklace because you are going to dance. muN‑/nuN‑.
pangi trans. to remove a piece from a bunch or cluster. Pangiyom nadan balat ta idat mun tudah u-unga. Remove the bananas from the hand and give them to these children. Pumangi ka agah ohan balat. Please get a banana for me. ‑on/‑in‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 4D Release, remove or detach object. (sem. domains: - Separate, scatter.)
pangi- dervN. this prefix is a clausal nominalizing affix. Dida boy mangiat nadah mahapul hi pangipaptok ke datuwe. They are the ones who will do what is necessary in caring for those things. Iphod muy pangiha-ad mu nadah karga. Place the baggage nicely (lit. placement of baggage) Sim: impaN-, impangi-. (sem. domains: - Derivational affixes.)