Search results for "takut"

hulni comm. worm, a hairy species that causes itching of the skin when touched. Makattakutak hi hulni. I’m very afraid of hulni-worms. Gen: bigi. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.3 - Reptile.)

immipa- caus. this prefix encodes a causative concept; it co-occurs with emotion verbal roots and cross-references the causer-agent-subject; past tense. Immipaamo ka. You caused me to be jealous. Immipatakut ka. You caused me to be afraid. Sim: umipa-. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.)

iN- TACR. 1this prefix encodes past tense, a punctiliar time aspect and cross-references the direct object with the conveyed semantic role; it is a member of the default affix set for Class 3 verbal roots. Inha-ad da nan basket hi bale. They placed the basket in our house. Sim: i-. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.) 2this prefix encodes past tense and punctiliar aspect; it derives a transitive verb when it co-occurs with Class 1A intransitive movement verbal roots and cross-references an object that moves with the agent, e.g. to bring something or to take something. In-alik nan liblum. I brought your book. 3this prefix encodes past tense, punctiliar aspect, and cross-references an instrument object with Class 4 verbal roots. Indikhal na nan matadom an wahe. He used the sharp ax to split wood. 4this prefix encodes past tense, punctiliar aspect and expresses a manner component related to the phrase or clause in the direct object NP position of the main clause. Initpol nay takut nan kananah nomnom nay kapyana nin. He endured/controlled his fear and thought maybe that’s just its nature. Indalan da Bugan nah papayo. Bugan and her mother walked through the ricefields. 5this prefix encodes past tense; co-occurs with a time aspect adverbial predicate and cross-references the clause embedded in the object NP position of the main clause. Intuluy nan mangan inggana nabhug. He continued to eat until he was satisfied. Intikod nan muntugal te binungotan ama na. He stopped gambling because his father scolded him. 6this prefix encodes non-past tense, derives a verb from a noun, and the object is usually incorporated though a specific object may be explicit and cross-referenced. In-akbut na nan bulwati na. He backpacked his clothes. 7this prefix encodes past tense and punctiliar aspect; it co-occurs with speech verbs and cross references the object that refers to what is said. “Mapopotangan ka ya abuh di,” inhumang amana. You will just be standing in the sun,” answered his father. Inun-unud day imbagan Pablo ot ahi pumhod nan unga. They did what Pablo told them and the child got well.

ka- CV- this prefix combination encodes the tendency to become the characteristic expressed in the root or the tendency to go through a process. Katatakut pay an e bumah-el te dakol di talak an muntutun-ud. It is even dangerous (frightening) to cross the street since there are many buses lined up one after the other. Kapupuhik nan basu. That cup is breakable (easily broken). (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.)

ka-₁ 1nominalizer. this prefix nominalizes an adjective or verb. Handih kaittay na ya ammunay Clinic an wadad Kiangan. When he was young/little, there was only a clinic in Kiangan. Nah kadakol di tatagu ya mahapul an halipat-an di pihhu With the large number of people, you have to be careful with your money. Katatakut pay an e bumah-el te dakol di talak an muntutun-ud. It is even very dangerous/frightening to cross the street since there are many buses lined up one after the other. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.3 - Derivational affixes.) 2dervN. the affix renominalizes a noun, changing the meaning. Manomnom kun handi keh kau-unga mi ya wadaday nihag-on kediyen ob-ob hi o-ongal an batu I remember that when we were children (lit. childhood), there were big rocks beside the same spring Nipalpun dih kagolang na inggana kediyen kimmat-agu ya maphod di pangi-ena. From the time of his childhood until he was a young man, his nature was good.

kaCV- mod. to have a tendency toward certain behavior or have the characteristic encoded in the root. <The prefix ka- requires the cooccurence of the CV- reduplication to encode the ‘tendency’ modal concept. > Katatakut pay an e bumah-el te dakol di talak an muntutun-ud. It is even dangerous to cross the street since there are many buses lined up one after the other. Kapupuhik nan basu. The cup is breakable. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.)

kamata 1comm. eye infection; sore eyes; conjunctivitis. Waday kamatan nadan u-ungad Linda. The children in Linda have conjuctivitis. (sem. domains: 2.5.2 - Disease.) 2intrans. to have sore eyes; have eye infection. Katatakut di mih-up hi mungkamata. It’s scary to get close to those who have sore eyes. muN‑/nuN‑.

kapyana (der. of kapya) 1advpred. refers to the way things are traditionally or by nature. Nakahillong mo ya kapyanan maid pay hi Juan an dumdumattong. It was already night, in spite of that fact, Juan hadn’t come yet. Kapyanah tuwe. This is customary. Kapyana tuwalin waday punhahallaan di tagu mu takomboy athina ya ip-iphod yun munhuhummangan. It’s natural to have differences between people but even if that’s the case, you should discuss differences diplomatically. Manner. Sim: gagangay. (sem. domains: 8.3.5.1 - Nature, character.) 2nom. the natural characteristic or essence of something. Initpol nay takut nan kananah nomnom nay kapyana nin. He endured/controlled his fear and thought maybe that’s just its nature.

katagu (der. of tagu) 1nom. to have the physical stature of a human being. Ongal di katagu nan manatakut. He is big of stature which is frightening. (sem. domains: 9.1.3.1 - Physical, non-physical.) 2nom. refers to the characteristics of having a human nature. (sem. domains: 2 - Person.)

kipuunan nom. refers to the foundation or the logical basis for something described or explained. Kinali halipat-an takut maphod am-in di aton taku ya kalyon taku te ketuwen tugun di kipuunan di ahina punhumalyaan ke ditaku. (James 2:12b) That’s why we should be careful about everything that we do and say because this advice is based on the fact that he (God) will judge us. Sim: nipuunan. (sem. domains: 3.2.1.5 - Logical.)

kolyog 1comm. the movement of the earth’s surface, having to do with geologic faults; earthquake. Tumattakutak hin waday kolyog. I am so afraid whenever there is an earthquake. (sem. domains: 1.2.1.7 - Earthquake.) 2intrans. to shake the earth; to have an earthquake. Kimmolyog dih hilong. We had an earthquake last night. (lit. The earth shook last night.) Mungkolyog ya mun-udan kinali timmattakutak. The earth was shaking and it was raining that’s why I was terrified. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2F Meteorological. Amkolyog

kumpulmi (sp. var. kumpulna) dem. refers to an indefinite time, place or thing; any. Hin itikod nan mumbaki ya wadanwaday takut na an kumpulmin tiempu ya mate. If he stopped doing the rituals, his fear is that he might die anytime. Indefinite pronoun. Sim: logom. (sem. domains: 9.2.3.2 - Indefinite pronouns.)

labtuk 1intrans. to jump or leap over something. Lumabtuk ka ta adika mapupuyok. You jump over so you won’t be muddied. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Sim: paytuk, yapa; Sim: dop-a, paytuk, yapa. (sem. domains: 7.2.1.1.3 - Jump.) 2trans. to jump over something that is specified and cross-referenced. Labtukon nan kabayu nan alad te timmattakut. The horse will jump over the fence because it is very scared. ‑on/‑in‑.

leprosi 1comm. leprosy. Katatakut nan dogon leprosi. The leprosy disease is scary. Sim: kulit. (sem. domains: 2.5.2 - Disease.) 2intrans. to be sick with leprosy. Wadaday munleprosi ad Pindongan. There are people sick with leprosy in Pindongan. Tinaynana nan inayan na te naleprosi. She left her spouse because he has leprosy. muN‑/nuN‑, ma‑/na‑. (sem. domains: 2.5.1 - Sick.) Language Of Borrowing: English: leprosy.

lomam 1comm. a being that appears in nightmares. Tumakutak hi lomam. I’m afraid of a nightmare ghost. Sim: bangungut. (sem. domains: 4.9.2 - Supernatural being.) 2sta. to have a nightmare and experience chest heaviness. Muntigging kan mahuyop ta adika malmam. Sleep on your side so you won’t have a nightmare. 3trans. to be terrified with nightmares. Dakol di patibom ke ha-on hi katatakut ya lomamonak ke he-a. (Job 7:14) There are many things that you cause me to see that are fearful, and you terrify me with nightmares. (sem. domains: 3.4.2.4 - Afraid.) id. kay lomam

makigubat (infl. of gub’at) intrans. to participate in armed conflict; join in fighting in a war. Man-uket takutan di Ippangyol nadan iKiangan ya natuled dan makigubat. The reason the Spaniards were afraid of the people of Kiangan is that they were brave to fight. Ot e makigubat da David ke dida. (2 Samuel 21:15b) And so David and his soldiers went to fight them. maki‑. (sem. domains: 4.8.3 - War.)

matagu (der. of tagu) sta. to be living; alive. Naligat di matagu te munligat ta. It’s hard to be alive because we experience hardship. Ya hay mamangulun maat ya mamahuwan nadan nungkakaten mangulug ke Kristo, ta ditaku ken matagu kediyen tiempo ya maki-e takun dida e manamu ke Apu taku nah kulabut ta makiha-ad takut nangamung ke hiya. (1 Tesalonika 4:16b-17) The first thing to happen is the resurrection of the believers in Christ who have died so that we who are alive at that time will join them to go to meet our Lord in the clouds so that we all will stay forever with him. ma‑. (sem. domains: 2.6 - Life.)

muN- TACR. 1this prefix encodes non-past tense, durative time aspect; it cross-references the subject and is the default affix for Class 1 verbal roots. <Morphophonology: The velar consonant in coda position assimilates to the point of articulation of the first consonant in the root.> Mungngahngahak yaden mungkaliyak hi bale mi. I gasped for breath and yet I shouted at our house. Itikod mun muntugal an ap-apuk. Stop gambling, grandson. An mun-in-inop ka? Inid-onah nunhina-ob an pukol ku. “Are you dreaming?” She held me by my shoulders. 2non-past tense, signals a durative aspect activity rather than a punctiliar action when co-occuring with a transitive verbal root, cross-references subject. Dakol kami an naamung nah plaza an munhood kamih lugan. Many of us gathered at the plaza to wait for a ride. Ta mundadaan dah ibaddang dan hiya. So that they will prepare whatever they will give to help. Katatakut pay an e bumah-el te dakol di talak an muntutun-ud. It is even dangerous to cross the street since there are many buses lined up one after the other. 3when the prefix co-occurs with the reduplicant CV(C)-, it encodes non-past tense, durative-continuative aspect and cross-references the subject. Deket palhu di pangiha-angam, mahapul an uggan mu ikiwa ta mun-iingngoy lutu na. If a skillet is used, it is necessary to stir the rice from time to time so that it will be cooked evenly. Mumpaypaytuk ya mungkuli. She was jumping up and down and screaming. 4when this affix co-occurs with Class 6 verb roots, it changes statives to durative processes; it encodes non-past tense and cross-references the subject. Mihmihdi nah munhihilong ya nah kakaiw an dakol di hapang nan mahdol di tubuna. It stays in dark places (becoming dark) or in trees with thick, leafy branches. Deket dakol di binokbok na ya mapul-ukan an mumpait. When too much binokbok-yeast is used, the wine will become bitter. 5the prefix derives verbs from nouns; it encodes non-past tense and cross-references the subject. Ya pinhod ot Mayor ya dakol day binabain mun-ampuyo. What the Mayor wanted was that many women would wear the Ifugao skirt. Mumboga da ya mungkail da. They prepare rice and make wine. Adina itikod an mumbaki te wadanwaday takut na an kumpulmin tiempu ya mate. He does not stop doing the rituals because his fear is that he might die at anytime. 6the prefix encodes non-past tense, reflexive and cross-references both the subject and object expressed in a single noun phrase. Mahapul an mamitlu kan mun-amo ohan algo. You have to take a bath three times a day (bathe yourself). Imme dah hilong ot muntalu da nah e-elena. They went while it was dark and hid themselves outside of the camp.

naapput (infl. of apput) pass. for someone to be defeated. Naapput da te makadinnol da te hay inila da ya makattakut di Ipugao. They were defeated because they were unsuspecting because they thought the Ifugao were cowards. ma‑/na‑.

numpi- adj > advpred. this prefix is affixed to cardinal numbers to derive an adverbial predicate that means to do the action or activity expressed in the main verb the number of times encoded in the cardinal number; past tense; multiplier. Numpitluy nundasalak ke Apu takut kaanonah tuwen ligat ku...(2 Corinth 12:8) Three times I prayed to our Lord to remove my hardship... (sem. domains: 9.2.9.3 - Derivational affixes, 8.1.1.3 - Number of times.)

pakaC2- -an this circumfix intensifies the action of the agent-subject and cross-references a definite object. Ot pakaguwwalyaan da ot maid moy oggan madngol nadah bibilid ad Israel hi katatakut an olmom na. (Ezekiel 19:9a) They carefully guarded him and so never again would his fearful roar be heard in the mountains of Israel. Sim: C2, pakaC2- -on, pakaC1- -on. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.)

pokaw intrans. to scream due to fear. Mumpokaw nan babai hi takut na. The woman was screaming in fear. Pumkaw man hin itaktakut mu nan bigi. She will scream if you scare her with the worm. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 1D Sounds. Sim: kuli, puki. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

punhopnakan (der. of hopnak) comm. a rice seedbed. Hina-adan dah taktakut nan punhopnakan. They placed a scarecrow in the rice seedbed. puN‑ ‑an.

talak₂ (sp. var. tolak) comm. any motorized vehicle; car; truck; bus; jeep. Katatakut pay an e bumah-el te dakol di talak an muntutun-ud. It is even dangerous to cross the street since there are many buses lined up one after the other. Dandani olas singku ya inla-u da boh diyen intakke da nah talak padin pun-itikid da te nate. It was almost 5:00 o’clock when they passed again, riding in the priest’s jeep going up because he is dead. (sem. domains: 7.2.4.1.1 - Vehicle.) infl. taltallak

tiempu (sp. var. tiempo) comm. refers to a time period. Hin itikod nan mumbaki te wadanwaday takut na an kumpulmin tiempu ya mate. If he stopped doing the rituals because his fear is that he might die anytime. (sem. domains: 8.4.1 - Period of time.)