Search results for "CV"
nakaC1- -an TACR. this circumfix encodes an intensified passive, past tense; cross-references an object promoted to subject; the first C of the root is geminated when the form of the root is CVCCV(C). Nakallampahuan nan dulung. The floor is very well polished.
nanong₁ 1intrans. to continue unchanged over a period of time; to remain the same. Adika munnanong an muttatyu na. You will not continue to be his servant. Mahapul an munnanong kayun mumbobleh di. It is necessary that you remain living there. Munnanong ka ni-an hitu. Remain here for a while. muN‑/nuN‑. 1C General class. Sim: ta nangamung₂, ta inggana, kanayun, latta. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Stay, remain.) 2advpred. modifies an event, expressing that it is unchanging over a period of time. Ingganad uwani ya nanongnan mumbaki ama takon di nun-iskul handi. Until now, my father continues to be (is still) a pagan priest even though he has gone to school. Ya nanongnan dehdin ang-ang-angok nan bibiyon deh hinangngab ku. And I could still see the fairy standing in front of me. ‑nan. Time. (sem. domains: 8.4.6 - Aspectual time.) 3advpred. to continue forever unchanged; always. Munnananong hi Apu Dios an wada. God will exist forever and ever. Adi munnananong an waday tiempok. I will not always have time. muN‑ CV‑. infl. nunnanong
ngalodngod 1comm. disease of plants resulting in withering; refers to parts of root vegetables which are inedible because of blighting. Sim: galo, bun-o, bilok. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Growing roots.) 2intrans. for a plant to become diseased. Manganak hi aba ya mungngangalodngod nah iwit na ot iwelek. I was eating taro and the tail part was blighted so I threw it away. muN‑ CVC‑.
1this prefix encodes past tense and durative time aspect; it cross references the subject and is the default affix for Class 1 verbal roots. < . TACR > Nip-ot bo te nundogo ot mate. To top it all off, he fell sick and died. Om, te maid di hilhilbi hin ugge ta nun-adal ya maid di ngunu. Yes, because one is as good for nothing without education (lit. have not learned) and without a job. 2past tense, signals a durative aspect activity rather than a punctiliar action when co-occurring with a transitive verbal root, cross references subject. Nuntudokak ke hiya nimpe. 3when the prefix co-occurs with the reduplicant CV(C)-, it encodes past tense, durative-continuative aspect and cross references the subject. 4when this affix co-occurs with Class 6 verb roots, it changes statives to durative processes; it encodes past tense and cross references the subject. 5the prefix derives verbs from nouns; it encodes past tense and cross- references the subject. Man-ut nun-iskul mu ingganah grade four ya abu. He took formal education to grade four only Nun-ampuyo kamin am-in an binabai. All of us women wore the Ifugao skirt. 6the prefix encodes past tense, reflexive and cross references both the subject and object expressed in a single noun phrase. Indani ya naatu da nin nundopap. After a while maybe they were tired of grappling with each other. Morphophonology: The velar consonant in coda position assimilates to the point of articulation of the first consonant in the root.
oha 1quan. one, cardinal number. Oha ya abuy Dios. There’s only one God. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206 - Cardinal numbers.) 2trans. one time; once. Naminghan dakan dinamu. I only met you once. namiN‑. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Number of times.) 3trans. to repeat an action on one thing at a time; one-by-one. Ohhaohhaom didan ayagan. Call them one by one. ‑on/‑in‑ CV(C)CV. 4adv. one each. Hin-oh-ay idat kun dakayu. I’ll give you one each. hin‑. Limiting and maximizing. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168 - Distribution.) 5trans. to do something alone. Mu adik bo pinhod an eka mahmahmok an maoh-ohha. But also, I don’t want you to be pitiful, always alone. ma‑ CV(C)‑. comp. himpulut oha comp. oha bo der. hin-oh-a der. maoh-ohha der. maoh-ohha der. naminghan der. naohha der. numpinghan der. ohhaan der. oh-ohha der. pinghan der. pinghana infl. o-oha
opot (sp. var. oppot) 1comm. the fault of person, implies the assigning of responsibility for something bad. Opot mu te adika magilat. It is your fault because you never learn your lesson. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Bad.) 2intrans. to act together similarly; to collaborate in wrongdoing; to ape or imitate with a negative connotation. Nun-ooppot di pangat yu. All of you act in the same bad way. muN‑/nuN‑ CV‑. 3trans. to imitate others in wrongdoing. Ip-ot mu damdaman adim donglon di kalin amam. You are also imitating them, not listening to your father. i‑/iN‑.
oton trans. to place something on top of another thing. It-on mu nan luta nah holok ta mabuluk. Put the soil over the grass so it will rot. Adika mit-on ke ha-oy te madam-ot ka. Do not lie on me because you’re too heavy. Adiyu pun-oottonon nadan kalga te mabhik nan itlug. Don’t put the boxes one on top of the other because the eggs might break. i‑/iN‑, mi‑/ni‑, puN‑ CV ‑on. 3A Move and position object at site. (sem. domains: 7.5.9 - Put.)
pakaC1- -an this circumfix is an intensifier and cross-references the site-object. <
> Hi Joshua ya pakabbaddangan APU DIOS, kinali nundingngol di ngadanah kabobboble. (Joshua 6:7) As for Joshua, the LORD greatly helped him, that’s why his name was heard in all the villages. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Verb affixes.) This circumfix is an allomorph of the circumfix pakaC2‑ ‑an . It co-occurs with roots with the CVC.CV(C) syllable pattern.
pakaC1- -on this circumfix is an intensifier and cross-references the object of Class 4 roots. <
> Pakabbidbidom ke nan impitudok Apu Dios, maid di kananah malpud Galileen profetas. (Juan 7:52b) Read very carefully what God has caused to be written, there is nothing said about a prophet from Galilee. Hanadan tataguh di ya pakaddonglon day intuttudun Felipe te tinibo day milogron inat na. (Acts 8:6) The people there listened very well to what Felipe was teaching because they saw the miracles that he did. Sim: C2, pakaC2- -on, pakaC2- -an. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Verb affixes.) This circumfix is an allomorph of the circumfix pakaC2‑ ‑on . It co-occurs with roots with the CVC.CV(C) syllable pattern.
paytuk 1intrans. to move, by jumping up and down. Adida ni-an iha-ad hi luta yaden pumaytuk nan himmagabi nah hagabi ta gumpa. Before they place the bench on the ground, the man who is performing the ceremony jumps up on it and makes a speech. Mumpaypaytuk ya mungkuli te hidiyey pinghanan ena nakidilagan hi allama. She jumped up and down and screamed because it was the first time she went to catch crabs with a torch. Kanan Juliey, “Dakol di in-innat mi. Nungkanta kami ya pimmaytuk kami. She said, “We did many things. We sang and we jumped.” ‑um‑/‑imm‑, muN‑ CVC. 2B Movement, change of position. Sim: labtuk, yapa; Sim: dop-a, labtuk, yapa. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206.3 - Jump.) 2trans. to jump over something with the object being jumped over in view. Paytukom din alad hin kayam. Jump over the fence if you can. ‑on/‑in‑.
pingwi₁ trans. turn head sidewards. Mungkalkalli dan hiya ya impingwi na ot ya abu ot mange. They were talking to him and he turned his head and kept on his way. Mamingpingwi an manged da-ul. He was turning his head as he went down. i‑/iN‑, maN‑ CVC‑. 3G Move body or body parts directionally. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Gesture.)