maya 1intrans. to be in heat; characteristic of a female animal in heat. Mummaya nan babuy da. Their pig is in heat. muN‑. 2trans. to copulate, of animals. Em banhon nan laki da ta mayaona tun babuy taku. Go and borrow their boar so that it will mate with our sow. ‑on/‑in‑. 4F Adjacency/Adjoining actions. (sem. domains: 1.6.4 - Animal actions.)
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mismu adv. emphasizing the fact that a certain person is the very person who did or will do an action. Hiya mismu di nanuntuk ke ha-on. He was the one who actually hit me. Kon makulug an ihik nan mismun imbabalek an mamaten ha-on? Is it true that my very own son is eager to kill me? Limiting and maximizing. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168 - Certainly, definitely.) Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: mismo.
1this prefix encodes non-past tense, durative time aspect; it cross-references the subject and is the default affix for Class 1 verbal roots. < . TACR > Mungngahngahak yaden mungkaliyak hi bale mi. I gasped for breath and yet I shouted at our house. Itikod mun muntugal an ap-apuk. Stop gambling, grandson. An mun-in-inop ka? Inid-onah nunhina-ob an pukol ku. “Are you dreaming?” She held me by my shoulders. 2non-past tense, signals a durative aspect activity rather than a punctiliar action when co-occuring with a transitive verbal root, cross-references subject. Dakol kami an naamung nah plaza an munhood kamih lugan. Many of us gathered at the plaza to wait for a ride. Ta mundadaan dah ibaddang dan hiya. So that they will prepare whatever they will give to help. Katatakut pay an e bumah-el te dakol di talak an muntutun-ud. It is even dangerous to cross the street since there are many buses lined up one after the other. 3when the prefix co-occurs with the reduplicant CV(C)-, it encodes non-past tense, durative-continuative aspect and cross-references the subject. Deket palhu di pangiha-angam, mahapul an uggan mu ikiwa ta mun-iingngoy lutu na. If a skillet is used, it is necessary to stir the rice from time to time so that it will be cooked evenly. Mumpaypaytuk ya mungkuli. She was jumping up and down and screaming. 4when this affix co-occurs with Class 6 verb roots, it changes statives to durative processes; it encodes non-past tense and cross-references the subject. Mihmihdi nah munhihilong ya nah kakaiw an dakol di hapang nan mahdol di tubuna. It stays in dark places (becoming dark) or in trees with thick, leafy branches. Deket dakol di binokbok na ya mapul-ukan an mumpait. When too much binokbok-yeast is used, the wine will become bitter. 5the prefix derives verbs from nouns; it encodes non-past tense and cross-references the subject. Ya pinhod ot Mayor ya dakol day binabain mun-ampuyo. What the Mayor wanted was that many women would wear the Ifugao skirt. Mumboga da ya mungkail da. They prepare rice and make wine. Adina itikod an mumbaki te wadanwaday takut na an kumpulmin tiempu ya mate. He does not stop doing the rituals because his fear is that he might die at anytime. 6the prefix encodes non-past tense, reflexive and cross-references both the subject and object expressed in a single noun phrase. Mahapul an mamitlu kan mun-amo ohan algo. You have to take a bath three times a day (bathe yourself). Imme dah hilong ot muntalu da nah e-elena. They went while it was dark and hid themselves outside of the camp. Morphophonology: The velar consonant in coda position assimilates to the point of articulation of the first consonant in the root.
nomnom 1comm. refers to the mind, both the intellect and emotions reside in the mind; the mind thinks and feels. Mahakit di nomnom na. His feelings are hurt. Maid di nomnom mu. You have no sense at all. Ta hay mamangulun umalih nomnom na ya nunna-ud an mate. So the first thing that comes to his mind is he is sure to die. Sim: laing. (sem. domains: 3.2.1 - Mind.) 2sta. to be intelligent; mature in thought. Nanomnoman te inilanay kalkalyona. He is mentally matured because he knows what he is talking about. ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Mature in behavior.) 3think. 3.1intrans. to think; to recall; durative aspect in the thinking. Munnomnomnom hi kalyona. He is thinking on what to say. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 3.2 - Think.) 3.2trans. to think about something specific. Nomnomom ta ahika kumali. Think before you talk. Nomnomom di kinalim ke hiya. Recall what you told him. Ninomnom nay imbagan amanan din hi Antonio. He remembered what his late father, Antonio, told him. Bahul nadan nangipunduwana te uggeda ninomnom di aton da It was the fault of those who were put in-charge because they didn’t think about what they will do. ‑on/‑in‑. 4E Perception and Cognition. 3.3nom. refers to the knowledge which results from thinking. Maid di ena id-um hi kanomnoman ya mumbalin tan kay hiyyahiyya. Nothing is added to your wisdom/knowledge and we may become proud and boastful. ka‑ ‑an. 3.4trans. to do something in remembrance of something or someone. Inomnom mu nah inat dan he-a handi Do it in remembrance of what they did to you before. i‑/iN‑. 3.5nom. refers to a noun-like thought process. Hay punnomnom ku ya wada nin an dakdakkol di naat mu, mu hituwe. My thinking was that you would have done much more than this. Ya hay gapunah adina pangitikodan ya alanganin di biyag na hi punnomnom na. And the reason he does not stop is he thinks his life would be uncertain. puN‑. der. kanomnoman id. had-om ta maba-oy nomnom da id. mahakit di nomnom. id. maid nomnom na. id. malumman di nomnom id. nabuluk di nomnom id. nalatiyan di nomnom id. napat-alan di nomom id. natalak di nomnom id. ugge nanomnoman infl. manomnom infl. nomnomon
1this prefix encodes past tense and durative time aspect; it cross references the subject and is the default affix for Class 1 verbal roots. < . TACR > Nip-ot bo te nundogo ot mate. To top it all off, he fell sick and died. Om, te maid di hilhilbi hin ugge ta nun-adal ya maid di ngunu. Yes, because one is as good for nothing without education (lit. have not learned) and without a job. 2past tense, signals a durative aspect activity rather than a punctiliar action when co-occurring with a transitive verbal root, cross references subject. Nuntudokak ke hiya nimpe. 3when the prefix co-occurs with the reduplicant CV(C)-, it encodes past tense, durative-continuative aspect and cross references the subject. 4when this affix co-occurs with Class 6 verb roots, it changes statives to durative processes; it encodes past tense and cross references the subject. 5the prefix derives verbs from nouns; it encodes past tense and cross- references the subject. Man-ut nun-iskul mu ingganah grade four ya abu. He took formal education to grade four only Nun-ampuyo kamin am-in an binabai. All of us women wore the Ifugao skirt. 6the prefix encodes past tense, reflexive and cross references both the subject and object expressed in a single noun phrase. Indani ya naatu da nin nundopap. After a while maybe they were tired of grappling with each other. Morphophonology: The velar consonant in coda position assimilates to the point of articulation of the first consonant in the root.
nunna-ud (infl. of na-ud₂) adjunct. expressess certainty on the part of the speaker in regard to an action or event. Hanan tagun ipaanhanan mangat hi pinhod APU DIOS ya nunna-ud an ipaptok APU DIOS hiya ya nan pamilyana. (Proverbs 14:16) As for the person who priortizes doing what pleases the LORD, it is certain that the LORD will care for him and his family. Ta hay mamangulun umalih nomnom na ya nunna-ud an mate. So the first thing that comes to his mind is he is sure die. Attitudinal.
pa- -an this circumfix encodes non-past tense and a causative concept; it cross-references the site-object relation rather than the causative agent. Ne nganne, kon pangali yu on paamlonganak kediyen at-atton yu? (Isaiah 57:6c) So what about it, do you think that what you are doing makes me happy? Hin waday mumbagan dakayuh baddang ya idat yuy ibagana ya pabanhan yu nadan bumanon dakayu. (Mateo 5:42) If someone asks you for help, give what they ask for and loan to those who ask to borrow from you. Sim: impa- -an. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Verb affixes.)
pahang 1comm. ritual for the dead, the final ritual for seeking the blessing of living relatives. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Bless, 184.108.40.206 - Religious ceremony.) 2comm. a ritual of thanksgiving or asking for a blessing or help. Ibaki day pahang te mangemangeh nan imbabale da. They will perform the pahang-ritual because their child keeps roaming. 3trans. to ask for a blessing for someone. Pahangon dah Juan te innang an pumate. They will perform a blessing ritual for Juan because he almost killed a person. ‑on/‑in‑.
tagu₂ 1sta. (prim) to be alive, to live. 1.1sta. (prim) to be alive, living in contrast to dead; may refer to human, animals and plants. Kanan day nakatte ka, mu tibom an makattagu ka kaya. They say that you are dead but you see that you are very much alive. Handih mataguh apu ya dakol di umalin e mangidung-on hiya. When grandfather was alive, there were many who came to visit him. Kapyanan munligat taku te matagu taku. It’s natural to have hardships because we are alive. Naligat di puhan mate, te inibtikna nan ohan kilon dotag ot punhoplat tun kon puha ot kanan mi pe on nakatte mu kabigatanat emi tibon ya matagu. It’s hard for that cat to die because it ran off with one kilo of meat and its owner beat it and we thought it was dead but the next day we saw it and it was alive. ma‑. 6A Physiological Process - State. (sem. domains: 2.6 - Life.) 2comm. source of living. Nganney kitaguwam hin maid di em punhapulan? What is the source of your livelihood if you don’t earn money? ki‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Make profit, 18.104.22.168 - Earn.) der. kitaguwan der. matagu der. tumagu say. Deket numballin di kabunyan ya maid kitaguwan.
takut 1to be afraid. 1.1intrans. to feel anxiety or dread due to impending danger; afraid. Tumakut hi banig. He is afraid of ghosts. Maid moy udum an Ippangyol an nangipatnan immalin niha-ad ad Kiangan te tumakut da. No other Spaniard ever tried again to come to stay in Kiangan because they were afraid. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Class 2C, Emotion and sensation. Opp: tulid; Sim: kol-o, kobkob. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Afraid.) 1.2sta. to be very afraid. Makattakut hi Juan nah ahu. Juan is very afraid of the dog. makaC1‑. 2to fear something. 2.1trans. to fear something with the thing feared cross-referenced by the affix. Takutan di mangalanay ahu. It’s the dog that night prowlers are afraid of. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 2.2trans. to cause someone to feel frightened; the affix cross-references the person who is being frightened. Taktakuton da dakayu ya alan day diyen limmu yu. They will frighten you and get your property. CVC‑ ‑on. 3sta. to be frightening; to have characteristics that cause fear. Katatakut pay an e bumah-el te dakol di talak an muntutun-ud. It is even dangerous (lit. frightening) to cross the street since there are many buses lined up one after the other. kaCV‑. 4comm. refers to the emotion that someone experiences. Adina itikod nan mumbaki te wadanwaday takut na an kumpulmin tiempu ya mate. He doesn’t stop doing the rituals because his fear is that he might die anytime. der. katatakut der. matakutan infl. makattakut
tilon 1trans. to turn something; to twist something. Itilon muy uluna ta mate. Twist its head so it will die. Tilonom nan ubunan ta inhangga nah tu. Turn the seat so that it will face here. Tinilonay uluk. He turned my head. i‑/iN‑, ‑on/‑in‑. 3E Move an object directionally. Sim: tilitil. (sem. domains: 7.3.5 - Turn something.) 2intrans. to rotate; to twirl. Muntillonan nan golang nah kalata, indai ya natu-i. The child was twirling around and around in the street then he dropped to the ground. Muntillonan tun luta. The earth is rotating. muN‑ ‑an/nuN‑ ‑an. 1B Movement with a directional component. der. manilonda