bungug intrans. rumbling noise made by water, strong winds, airplane, landslide, river; or strong rain heard from a distance; the sound of a motor or engine of running vehicles. Maid maptok ya waday dingngol kuh mumbungug, indait ilung-ak nah tawang ya tinibok an mungkagdey Atade. All of a sudden I heard a rumbling noise and when I looked out of the window, I saw a landslide on Atade mountain. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Sim: gango. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Types of sounds.)
Search results for "wada"
busina 1comm. a vehicle’s horn. Napai di businan nan tolak na. The horn of his vehicle is destroyed. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199.1 - Vehicle.) 2intrans. honking of vehicles. Mumbusina da yaden mihahhaad ka nah gawwan di kalata. They are honking their horns yet you continue to stay in the middle of the road. Bumusina ka hin waday tagu nah kalata. Blow your horn if there is a person on the street. muN‑, ‑um‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.
buta sta. speck in eye; foreign material in the eye. Tibom ta adi mabuta nan golang. See to it that he child doesn’t get a speck in his eye. Nadandani on waday nibutah matak. Every now and then a particle accidentally enters my eye. Maingit mo anhan di matak te mabutabuta. My eyes are already red because often times particles acccidentally enter my eyes. Inhabuwag na nan pantal ot hididyey numbutah matan Felisa. He threw the sand that went inside the eyes of Felisa. ma‑. mi‑, muN‑. 6A Physiological Process - State. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Eye.)
buya₁ 1comm. nest of fowls; bird’s nest. Wada on inakhupak hi buya nah magulun mu maid di itlug. I came across a bird’s nest where there was a lot of cogon grass but it did not have an egg in it. 2intrans. to build a nest. Waday numbuya nah akasya. There is a bird that built its nest in the acacia-tree. muN‑/nuN‑.
CV(C)₂ mod. when prefixing a form that is not functioning as an active verb, e.g. passive, or quantifying adjective, it intensifies by maximizing. Hay punnomnom ku ya wada nin an dakdakkol di naat mu, mu hituwe. My thinking was that you would have done much more than this. Ta mamangulun ipulitu ta deket nage-geengngan hi ittay ne inid-um di amput ya danggu And fry first until it is brown and add garlic and onions.
1this aspectual reduplicant encodes an habitual or constant aspect. Matukatukal ka an e makitugatugal te mapat-al ya hilong di puntutugalan yu. You are always awake to join in gambling because your gambling goes on day and night. Adina itikod nan mumbaki te wadanwaday takut na an kumpulmin tiempu ya mate. He does not stop doing the rituals because his fear would be constant that he might die anytime. Wadan ustu moy bidbibidbid hi novels I think it’s time to put away the constant reading of novels (sem. domains: 8.4.2 - Take time.) 2to do something continuously over a durative period of time. Tobatbalona diday bagol ya aammod ta dumalay-up da ta hay idatong di hagabi ya maphod dan am-in an hin-am-a ya ta dumakol di babuy da ya manuk da. He continuously calls on the gods and his ancestors to witness the arrival of his hagabi-bench so that with its arrival, it will bring along good health for his family and the increase (become many) of their pigs and chickens. Ume bo kanu nah tap-on di wa-el nah ho- alak ya wadaday ngubungubun mangabat da. He went to the place above the creek in the er...irrigation ditch and there were voices continuously mumbling. . asp
CVC- dim. this reduplicant expresses the meaning of small size; it co-occurs with nouns; diminutive. Waday dakol di ka-kaiw hi bale mi. There are many bushes (small trees) by our house. Pina-i na nan taltalak an indat ku. He destroyed the toy truck that I gave him.
da₂ quan. plural quantifier; co-occurs with demonstratives, nouns and the existential predicate. <
> Maid ke handidan aammod an kimmalikali an kanan day matongaal tan mun-itkul ya wada ot an ohaak damdama hanadah natag-ey adal na. If it hadn’t been for those old folks who kept discouraging me and saying that studying is distracting and has no value, I could have been one of those highly educated now. Wada da Apu Paredes ya Datumanung nah stage ya Sir Paredes and Sir Datumanung were on the stage together Loktat bo kaya ya wadaday inin-innilak an gagayyum ku. Then, I met some people who became my friends. Ingonay kay da gugutul di tatagu ten mundaldallanan ka nah kalata. You are compared to ants when you are walking along the road. Dakamin da Bugan ke da Kabbigat ya hi Hinayyup di nungkukuyyug. We were together with the group of Bugan, Kabbigat and Hinayyup. Daan da nan iibbam? Where are your companions? (sem. domains: 8.1.1 - Number.) comp. dayyada Morphology: The quantifier form becomes an enclitic on Set 1 demonstratives and the existential predicate; it becomes a proclitic on Set 2 and Set 3 demonstratives; it stands alone as an independent form when co-occuring with nouns, common and proper.
dadaan prepare something. 1.1trans. to prepare something for use. Idadaan muy kanon taku. You prepare our food. An waday ahim idadaan hin umali kami. Do you have something to prepare if we come? Idadaanan dakayu hi makan. We’ll prepare food for you. i‑/iN‑, i‑ ‑an/iN‑ ‑an. 3A Move and position object. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206 - Prepare.) 1.2pass. something has been prepared. Nidadaan nan panganan. The table is ready. Tinibo mi an hay nidadaan ya abu ya duwan palangganan hinamal We saw that what was prepared for us were two basins of rice mi‑/ni‑. infl. mundadaan
dadag destroy. 1.1trans. refers to the destruction of concrete objects; may also refer to people or their reputations; to ruin; to destroy; to damage. Adim dadagon nan intanom ku. Do not destroy what I planted. Wada boppoy ginattang kuh ay-ayyam on dinadag mu. Whatever toy that I buy, you destroy it. ‑on/‑in‑. 4A Change the structure of an object . (sem. domains: 7.9.3 - Destroy.) 1.2pass. the passive form refers to the state of being damaged or destroyed, without an agent. Madadag am-in di nitanom te itotool nay udan. All the plants will be damaged because it keeps raining. Nadadag nan ingkail ku te makudang di inha-ad kun binokbok. The rice wine I prepared is ruined because I did not put enough yeast into it. ma‑/na‑. 1.3mod. expresses the facility with which an undergoer-object can be put into a condition or state; easily destroyed. Kadinaddag tun payung te nalakay nangatang ku. This umbrella is easily destroyed because I bought it for a low price. ka‑ ‑inn‑. 1.4nom. the derived noun refers to the concept of destruction. Hay tumbuk di kadadagan di dakol an tagu. It is gossip that is the destruction (reputation) of many men. ka‑ ‑an. 1.5trans. to destroy, with an added component of having the ability to do this. Dumadag hi bale nan puwok an umali. The storm that is coming can destroy houses. ‑um‑/‑imm‑.
dag-u 1intrans. to stop by someone’s residence or business place; drop-by, for a reason, not just to visit. [In Ifugao culture, people may stop by for eating or sleeping or other reasons.] Ahika dumag-uh gattak tun golang. Drop by a store for this baby’s milk. Nundag-uwak hi bale yu handi mu maid ka. I stopped by your house before but you were not there. Deket malpu kad Lagawe ya nundag-u kah tut waday ipaad kun ahim kalyon ke amam. When you come from Lagawe, you come here so I can tell you the message which you are to tell your father. muN‑/nuN‑,‑um‑/‑imm‑. 1C General class. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Visit.) 2trans. to stop by to leave something or pick up something. Idag-u yu nan ginattang kuh bale. Drop/Leave the things I bought at home. Dag-uwom nan libluk hi balen da Ana. Stop by the house of Ana and get my book. i‑/iN‑, ‑on/‑in‑. der. pundag-uwan
dagga v. to go beyond a given place. Deket ume kah balen da ya madagga ka ni-an hi Shrine ta eka mangala nah lappaw ta waday ahi ta idecorate nah simbaan. If you are going to their house, go beyond to the Shrine first to get sunflowers so we will have something to decorate the church. ma‑/na‑. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168 - Move past, over, through.) Daggana
dahida trans. to rub something on a surface. Idahidam ke tun colgate nah naatungan ta adi dumanum. Rub this Colgate on the burned skin so that it won’t blister. Deket waday kinalat di imuk tuh golang ya dahidaham hi Vicks ta mapoy-an. If ever there is a mosquito bite on this child, rub Vicks on it so it will be cured. Dahidaham aga tun odog kuh alkohol. Please rub my back with alcohol. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, i‑/iN‑. 5A Changing state of site by adding something. (sem. domains: 7.7.5 - Rub.)
dakal 1intrans. to come out of water, implies that one steps on to the bank or ricefield dike. Dimmakal hi Kabbigat ya waday inodnanah ongngal an bakbak. Kabbigat came out of the water and he was holding a big frog. Dumakal ka ot te kalaton daka man hi bilabil. Come out of the water because a water leech might bite you. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2A Movement, from one place to another.. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124.1 - Out, outside.) 2trans. to bring something or someone out of the river to the bank; the prefix cross-references the object brought out. Idakal yu nan nalting. Bring the drowned person to the riverbank. Indakal da nadan batu. They brought the stones to the riverbank. i‑/iN‑. 3E Move an object directionally.
dalan₁ 1comm. a place for walking; path; trail; way. Maid di dalan hitu. There is no path here. Indani ya- ek bo igibok ya pindonak nin ot ieyak nah nuntap-on dalan. Later on, when I became aware, maybe he held me then took me to the upper road. Sim: kalata, kah-on. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Road.) 2to walk. 2.1intrans. to move about on foot; to walk. <
> Mundallan mo nan golang. The child walks now. Ditakun tatagu ya kulugon takun wadaday mundallanan weno muntayyapan an adi matibo. It is a common belief that there are unseen beings who are either walking around or flying in the air. muN‑/nuN‑, muN‑ ‑an/nuN‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Walk.) 2.2intrans. to walk, with a starting point in view. Dumallan mo nan unga. The child can already walk. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 3to walk by, bypass or through a place. 3.1trans. to walk, passing by a place or through a medium. Indaladalan muh di yaden adim pinhod an makihummangan ke hiya. You are always passing there yet you do not like to talk with her. Idalan taku nah wa-el. We will pass through the creek. Daanay pangidalanam? Where will you pass (lit. path/walk)? i‑/iN‑. nangi‑/pangi‑ + ‑an. 3.2trans. to walk on a path, road with prominence given to the thing walked on. Maid di dalanon yuh tu. There is no place to walk here. ‑on/‑in‑. id. kay bakkukul an dumalan id. kay gawgaway pundalan id. kay kabayun dumalan infl. ipadalan Affixation: The circumfix set muN ‑ ‑ an/nuN ‑ ‑ an expresses both a durative aspect and the site-concept of a widely spread area for the walking, i.e. walking around.
dalom₁ (sp. var. dalum) 1to sue. 1.1intrans. to sue; to report. Mundalom ka te natalak nan nuwang mu. Report it to the authorities that your carabao is missing. Mundalom da te inako yu nan nuwang da. They are going to sue you because you stole their carabao. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206 - Accuse, confront.) 1.2trans. to sue someone. Idalom daka hin adim kalyon di makulug. You will be sued if you do not tell the truth. Edaka idalom te iningotanak hi otak. I will sue you because you were about to strike me with your bolo. i‑/iN‑. 2comm. a case filed in court. Waday dalom dan he-a. They have filed a case against you in court. (sem. domains: 4.7.4 - Court of law.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano: darum.
dam-ot 1proc. to become heavy. Dumam-ot nan inpah-on da. The thing they are carrying will become heavy. Dumam-ot hin naupol. It will become heavy if it is soaked. Dimmam-ot. It became heavy. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 6C Process or state of inanimate objects. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Heavy.) 2trans. to cause to be heavy. Idam-ot na nan kinana. The food he ate will make him heavy. i‑/iN‑. 3sta. to be heavy in weight. Madam-ot nan karga. The cargo is heavy. Hingkalton mu makaddam-ot. It’s only one-box-full but very heavy. ma‑/na‑, makaC‑. 4nom. weight. Wada da nan munhona ta kanan di bumaddang da yaden mungkulkullawing da ot ya aabu ta mid-um di dam-ot da. There are those naughty ones who instead of helping carry the load, hold on to the pole and swing from one side to the other, thereby adding to the weight.
dangdang trans. to place something near the fireplace to heat or warm. Idangdang mu nan bangan waday danum ta umatung. Place the pot that has water near the fire so that it will be heated. Mundangdang kah liting. Place the water near the fire. Mundangdangak te naktolak. I will sit by the fire because I’m cold. Dinangdang nan apuy nan plastik ot mapai. The fire heated the plastic glass and it was destroyed. Dumangdang nan apuy ten mih-up ta. The fire warms when we are near it. i‑/iN‑, muN‑/nuN‑, ‑in‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 3A Move and position object at site. Sim: anidu. (sem. domains: 7.3.2 - Move something in a direction.)
daplug (sp. var. duplug) knock over. 1.1trans. to knock over by bumping or overrunning as a flood. Kumaan kah na te idaplug dakan hiya. Get out of there because he will knock you over. Nidaplug nan ung-ungngan um-umbun te munhihilong an adi matibo. The child sitting there was knocked over because it was night and she couldn’t be seen. Nan olwang ya indaplug nah baleda. That flood, it overran their house. i‑/iN‑, mi‑/ni‑. (sem. domains: 7.7.1 - Hit.) 1.2trans. to knock over, involves the manner or reason for the action. Ikiwangan yu ot din mangali te kay nuwang an umidaplug. Give way to the one coming because he will knock you over like a carabao. Pun-idaplug muy ubunan te adim tibon di dalanom. You knock the seat over because you don’t look where you are going. Mamtikak ya wada da nan nitanom nah pangidalanak ot pun-idaplug ku. I was running and there were plants in my way so I knocked them over. umi‑, puN‑ i‑. 1.3trans. to bump someone or something. Immali ot daplugonak ot bumtik. He came and bumped me and ran away. ‑on/‑in‑.
dayyu 1intrans. to move in a downward direction; walking or riding down an incline; descend; go down, walk down a mountain or hillside. Dumayyu ka keh tu ta waday ibagak. Come down here (lit. descend) and I will ask you something. Dumayyu kad Pindongan ta em tibon hi Dulyaggan. Come down to Pindongan so that you will go to see Dulyaggan. Mundayyu kat ume kah bale da ta em ayagan hi Kabbigat ta pumbaddang kun mangilagim tuh babuy. Go down (lit. descend), to their house and call for Kabbigat so that I will have someone to help me singe the pig. Indai ot dongdonglona, mundayyu dah wa-el nan ho kali ya- ne kinimit na. Later on, as he was hearing, they were going down to the creek and then he closed his eyes. muN‑/nuN, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Class 1B Movement with a directional component. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168 - Move down.) 2sta. to be sloping, a path or road, descending toward a destination. Madayyu nan dalan an umeh baleda. The path going to their house is sloping. Ya mumpadayyuy ohat mumpaed Kiangan. And one pathway goes down towards Kiangan. ma‑. 3to descend with the path or site in view. 3.1trans. the direct object refers to a specific path or something along the path. Dayyuwon yu nan madopla ta ahi kayu dumatong. You’ll go down/descend the cliff before arriving. ‑on/‑in; dayyuwon. 3.2trans. the direct object refers to a specific site for starting the descent Hidiy dayyuwan yu. There (is the place) where you will go down. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 3.3trans. the direct object refers to an object along the path of descent. Idayyu yu nah kad-an di mangga. You’ll go down/descend where the mango tree is. i‑/iN‑.
di₁ lk. 1the di form has an allomorph y that links the existential, demonstrative and adjectival predicates and interrogative pronouns to the other constituents of the clauses. Waday duwan tulang Pedro mu nate da. Pedro had two brothers but they died. Nganney oras di punlukatan nan tendaan yu? What is the hour of the opening of your store? Daanay pangipab-unam hanadan bisitam? Where will you let your visitors sit? 2the di form links a preposed clausal constituent to the predicate and remaining constituents of the clauses. Hi Juan di mangigakod nah ahu. Juan will be the one to tie the dog.