dadaan prepare something. 1.1trans. to prepare something for use. Idadaan muy kanon taku. You prepare our food. An waday ahim idadaan hin umali kami. Do you have something to prepare if we come? Idadaanan dakayu hi makan. We’ll prepare food for you. i‑/iN‑, i‑ ‑an/iN‑ ‑an. 3A Move and position object. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Prepare.) 1.2pass. something has been prepared. Nidadaan nan panganan. The table is ready. Tinibo mi an hay nidadaan ya abu ya duwan palangganan hinamal We saw that what was prepared for us were two basins of rice mi‑/ni‑. infl. mundadaan
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dadag destroy. 1.1trans. refers to the destruction of concrete objects; may also refer to people or their reputations; to ruin; to destroy; to damage. Adim dadagon nan intanom ku. Do not destroy what I planted. Wada boppoy ginattang kuh ay-ayyam on dinadag mu. Whatever toy that I buy, you destroy it. ‑on/‑in‑. 4A Change the structure of an object . (sem. domains: 7.9.3 - Destroy.) 1.2pass. the passive form refers to the state of being damaged or destroyed, without an agent. Madadag am-in di nitanom te itotool nay udan. All the plants will be damaged because it keeps raining. Nadadag nan ingkail ku te makudang di inha-ad kun binokbok. The rice wine I prepared is ruined because I did not put enough yeast into it. ma‑/na‑. 1.3mod. expresses the facility with which an undergoer-object can be put into a condition or state; easily destroyed. Kadinaddag tun payung te nalakay nangatang ku. This umbrella is easily destroyed because I bought it for a low price. ka‑ ‑inn‑. 1.4nom. the derived noun refers to the concept of destruction. Hay tumbuk di kadadagan di dakol an tagu. It is gossip that is the destruction (reputation) of many men. ka‑ ‑an. 1.5trans. to destroy, with an added component of having the ability to do this. Dumadag hi bale nan puwok an umali. The storm that is coming can destroy houses. ‑um‑/‑imm‑.
dahda trans. to peel something with a knife; to remove skin of fruit or vegetables with knife; to peel. Dahdaham nan gattuk. Peel the camote. Mundahda kayuh gattuk ta ihaang taku. Peel some camote for us to cook Dumahda kayu nah bingkaan apu yu. Peel some of your grandmother’s sweet potatoes. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 5B Changing state of site by removal of something. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199.1 - Remove shell, skin.)
dalede 1comm. travois; sledge; sled; usually pulled by an animal like a carabao; does not have wheels. Guyudon nan baka nan dalede. The carabao will pull the sled. Sim: kuliton. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52.1 - Vehicle.) 2trans. to transport something on a sled. Idalede yu nan sinakun kape. Take the sacks of coffee in the sled. Mundalede kayun e mangaiw. You will use the sled to go to gather firewood. Mundalede kayu hin umali kayu. You will use a sled when you come. i‑/iN‑, muN‑/nuN‑.
dama₂ 1intrans. to quarrel, may develop into physical abuse. Adi kayu mundama. Don’t quarrel with each other. Dumamah tulang mu. Your sibling wants to quarrel. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Sim: awwit, tutut. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206.2 - Quarrel.) 2trans. to quarrel with someone. Damaon daka ke ya taynam dida. If they quarrel with you, leave them. Adiyu damaon di ibbayu. Do not quarrel with your friends. ‑on/‑in‑.
danggu 1comm. onion. Mun-agub di toko ten kanon di ugge nalutun danggu. The mouth smells when uncooked onions are eaten. Nalakay danggun tummagu. Onions grow easily. Sim: sibuyas. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11.3 - Food from vegetables.) 2trans. to add onions to food for seasoning. Dangguwan yu nan ihda. Place onions in the viand. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an.
daplug (sp. var. duplug) knock over. 1.1trans. to knock over by bumping or overrunning as a flood. Kumaan kah na te idaplug dakan hiya. Get out of there because he will knock you over. Nidaplug nan ung-ungngan um-umbun te munhihilong an adi matibo. The child sitting there was knocked over because it was night and she couldn’t be seen. Nan olwang ya indaplug nah baleda. That flood, it overran their house. i‑/iN‑, mi‑/ni‑. (sem. domains: 7.7.1 - Hit.) 1.2trans. to knock over, involves the manner or reason for the action. Ikiwangan yu ot din mangali te kay nuwang an umidaplug. Give way to the one coming because he will knock you over like a carabao. Pun-idaplug muy ubunan te adim tibon di dalanom. You knock the seat over because you don’t look where you are going. Mamtikak ya wada da nan nitanom nah pangidalanak ot pun-idaplug ku. I was running and there were plants in my way so I knocked them over. umi‑, puN‑ i‑. 1.3trans. to bump someone or something. Immali ot daplugonak ot bumtik. He came and bumped me and ran away. ‑on/‑in‑.
daw-e₂ to hit. 1.1trans. to hit someone on any part of the body. Bumtik ka te daw-eyon dakan tulang mu. Run because your sibling will hit you. Pundaw-e da nan golang. They were hitting the child. ‑on/‑in‑, puN‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. (sem. domains: 7.7.1 - Hit.) 1.2trans. expresses the idea that the agent is one who characteristically hits others. Adiyak pe ume te dumaw-e hi Juan. I will not go because Juan will hit me. Adi kayu mih-up ke hiya te dumaw-e. Do not go near him because he will hit you. 1.3trans. expresses the manner of hitting. Adim idaw-e nan taklem. Do not hit him with your hand.
dawawa intrans. to reach out hand(s) to take something: to extend hand(s) to receive something. Idawawa yuy takle yu ta midatan kayu. Extend your hands so you will be given something. Oh-ohha tun gattuk yaden am-in kayu ya pun-idawawa yuy takle yu. There is only one sweet potato yet you are all reaching out your hands (to get it). i‑/iN‑. 3G Move body parts directionally. (sem. domains: 7.1.9 - Move a part of the body.)
dayu 1comm. visitor. [The word is most commonly used about visitors who come to the market plaza or other public place; usually they come for games, gambling, etc.] Datuwey dayu an nalpud baliwon. These here are the visitors from the lowlands. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168 - Visit.) 2trans. to visit someone or a place. Dayuwon dakayu hi bobleyu. We will visit you in your village. Dumayu dan makiay-ayyam. Their purpose in visiting is to play. ‑on, ‑um‑. Language Of Borrowing: Tagalog: dayuhan.
dayyu 1intrans. to move in a downward direction; walking or riding down an incline; descend; go down, walk down a mountain or hillside. Dumayyu ka keh tu ta waday ibagak. Come down here (lit. descend) and I will ask you something. Dumayyu kad Pindongan ta em tibon hi Dulyaggan. Come down to Pindongan so that you will go to see Dulyaggan. Mundayyu kat ume kah bale da ta em ayagan hi Kabbigat ta pumbaddang kun mangilagim tuh babuy. Go down (lit. descend), to their house and call for Kabbigat so that I will have someone to help me singe the pig. Indai ot dongdonglona, mundayyu dah wa-el nan ho kali ya- ne kinimit na. Later on, as he was hearing, they were going down to the creek and then he closed his eyes. muN‑/nuN, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Class 1B Movement with a directional component. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Move down.) 2sta. to be sloping, a path or road, descending toward a destination. Madayyu nan dalan an umeh baleda. The path going to their house is sloping. Ya mumpadayyuy ohat mumpaed Kiangan. And one pathway goes down towards Kiangan. ma‑. 3to descend with the path or site in view. 3.1trans. the direct object refers to a specific path or something along the path. Dayyuwon yu nan madopla ta ahi kayu dumatong. You’ll go down/descend the cliff before arriving. ‑on/‑in; dayyuwon. 3.2trans. the direct object refers to a specific site for starting the descent Hidiy dayyuwan yu. There (is the place) where you will go down. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 3.3trans. the direct object refers to an object along the path of descent. Idayyu yu nah kad-an di mangga. You’ll go down/descend where the mango tree is. i‑/iN‑.
de (sp. var. de-; sp. var. deh) adjunct. expression of pointing out; There!; See there, may be reinforced with ya. [Expression adjunct that calls the attention of someone to a certain situation and particularly used in cases where there has been a contraindication.] De, immali ka. There, so you came. De kayu mampen na-ala ya pun-ibtik yu nan balat na. There, you are thoughtless, you’re just running away with his bananas. Interjection. (sem. domains: 9.2.7 - Interjections.) comp. dehdi comp. dehna comp. dehtu comp. deman comp. deya ph. v. dedah di ph. v. dedah tu
dewet intrans. to go about without purpose; to roam; to gallivant. Mundewet nan imbabalem. Your child is always roaming around without any purpose. Adi kayu e dumewedewet te dakol di mingunud uwani. Don’t go gallivanting because there is much work to do now. Nadewet hi Maria. Maria is a gallivanter. ‑um‑/‑imm‑, muN‑/nuN‑, ma‑. Sim: umga, lubwat, baat. (sem. domains: 7.2 - Move.)
deya (sp. var. daya₂) (comp. of de, ya) adjunct. see there! expression of confirmation. Deya ot an nun-obbo kayun dimmatong. There, you arrived one after the other. La-uwanay lulug ya deyan umanidu hin tininggadan da. Its height comes to your knee and yet, there, it gives heat when they light it. Interjection. comp. deyahdi comp. deyahna comp. deyahtu
dida pers. 1them; third person, plural pronoun; member of Set 3 object pronouns; cross-referenced by verbal affixes. Idattam dida. Give some to them. Ot uggena inang-ang dida. And he did not see them. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.) 2they; third person, plural pronoun; a member of Set 4 subject pronouns, preposed before the verb and cross-referenced by the verbal affix. Mu dida ke ne hinnatkon. But they are different. Dida kayay kombahul. They are the ones at fault. n. ph. ke dida
dimig trans. to push someone or something against another person or thing. Tipet punduduwa-anan yun idimig tun unga. Why are you both pushing against this child? Anakkayang! Munduduwa kayun mangidimig ke hiya. Goodness! You two are both pushing against him. i‑/iN‑, mangi‑/nangi‑. 3I Direct an action toward an object. (sem. domains: 7.7.4 - Press.)
din-ong 1intrans. to be quiet; to be calm; stillness, to abstain from movement or noise. Dumin-ong kayun u-unga. You children, keep quiet. Dimmin-ong da moy u-unga. The children are already quiet. Mundin-ong kayu ta donglon taku nan pungkalin da. Be quiet so that we can hear what they are saying. ‑um‑/‑imm‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 2H General class. (sem. domains: 4.3 - Behavior.) 2trans. to bring about quietness, calmness. Idin-ong mu nan at-attom. Stop what you are doing. i‑/iN‑.
dongol (sp. var. dongngol) 1to listen. 1.1trans. to listen, giving concentrated attention to specific things being heard; to allow oneself to be persuaded to give heed to and follow a suggestion or advice. <
> Donglon yuy kalyon apuyu. Listen to what your grandfather will say. Dingngol mu? Did you hear it? He-a ken ohan ap-apuk ya donglom tun kalik. My grandson, listen to me. Dingngol ku an makattugal ka. I heard that you are an habitual gambler. ‑on/‑in‑. 4E Perception and Cognition. (sem. domains: 2.3.2 - Hear.) 1.2trans. the affix focuses on the manner of listening. Tipet idngol muh kalin di tatagu? Why do you listen (pay attention) to what people say? i‑/iN‑. 2to hear. 2.1trans. to perceive sound with the ear; to make an effort to hear something with durative aspect. Mundongol kah kanta nah ladyu. You hear music from the radio. Mundongol kayu ke tuwalit maawatan yuy kalkalyona? Why don’t you listen so that you’ll understand what he is saying? Intugun inada an mun-ule dah dalan ya mundongol dah iskul ta waday inilaon da. Their mother instructed them to be careful on the way and to listen in class so they would learn something. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 2.3.2 - Hear.) 2.2pass. refers to what can or cannot be heard. Deya ot an madngol di tatawa da. There, their laughter can be heard. Adi pakadngol di ingak te nahulatan. My ear cannot hear because it’s obstructed. ma‑, paka‑. 3cause to be heard. 3.1caus. to cause something to be heard. Impadngol nay kantana. He caused his song to be heard. Dahdiy nangipadngol? Who let it be heard? ipa/impa‑, mangipa‑/nangipa‑.. (sem. domains: 9.5 - Case.) id. Donglom tun pangiha-adak id. Madngol di bangluna infl. midngolan infl. mundingngol infl. padngol morphophonemics: When infixed, the vowel ‘o’ in the first syllable of the root is deleted.
dopap 1rec. to struggle or contend with by grappling; wrestle. Mundopap dan hintulang. The siblings are grappling with each other. Bimmoh-ol mo kanuh Pangka ya ho- mundopap da. So, according to Pangka, he got mad and er...they grappled with each other. muN‑/nuN‑. 1A Movement with a manner component. Sim: hommol, alibadbad; Sim: tiliw. 2catch; seize; arrest. 2.1trans. to take hold of by catching. Eka dumpap nah manuk ta gogodon taku. Go catch a chicken and we’ll butcher it. Dumpap kayuh ihda takun gawgawa. Catch one of the ducks for our viand. Etaku mampap hi dolog. Let’s go catch fish. 2.2trans. to take hold of with force; seize, arrest. Dopapon yu nan mangako. Arrest the thief. Dimpap da nan mangako. They arrested the thief. Nadpap nan nangako. The thief was arrested. ‑on/‑in‑. 4B Tactile actions. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199.1 - Arrest, 188.8.131.52 - Catch, capture.)
dopog 1comm. heavy footsteps; the sound is prominent. Makainnila ten he-ay mundaldallan te nan dopog mu. It is easily known if you are the one walking because of your heavy footsteps. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206 - Types of sounds.) 2intrans. to walk heavily and loudly. Nadan ded tap-o, adi kayu mundodopog te deyan mungkag-ay dap-ul. Those of you who are upstairs, don’t walk heavily because dust is falling down here. Adi kayu dumopodopog ta adi bumangun hanadan nahuyop. Don’t walk heavily so that those who are sleeping won’t wake up. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑.
duhdu₂ trans. to block the passageway of rats in ricefields by using mud. Duhduwon yu nadan balen di utut. Block the passageways of the rats into their nests. Manuhdu kayu nah loba. Block the entrance to the rats’ nests in the field’s slope. ‑on/‑in‑, maN‑/naN‑. 4A Change the structure of object. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Block, dam up.)