Yakan - English



nDead leaves, withered leaves.leaves, dead; withered leavesMekeseggik dāg kayuhin.Dry leaves of a tree make (the ground) littered.dawendasaˈlanes1.14Parts of plants or fruitParts of plants or fruit
Gaˈi laboˈ dāg nangkaˈin pī diyawaˈ marang.The customs of the children are like those of their parents. (Lit. The dry leaves of the jackfruit do not fall underneath the marang.)
nFear, dread.fear; dreadGaˈniyaˈdāhitne naked.He has no fear to go up to the hills.talew
v. statmagdāhitTo be fearful, be afraid (over a prolonged period of time).Magdāhit meˈ aˈahin peggeˈ niyaˈ panyataˈ.The people are afraid because there are ghosts.Magdāhit meˈ aˈa malaˈihin peggeˈ sōng tinekka siye weˈ ittem.The people there are fearful because they will soon be raided by the blacks.
v. statTo be afraid, terrified, scared.afraid; terrified; scaredKadāhitanku si asu.I am terrified of dogs.Kadāhitanku maglengngan sangem.I am scared to go out at night.(ka)umāgad(an)t(in)alew
nExcess cloth (in a garment).It is taken in or cut off when clothes are made smaller.excess cloth in garmentLadjabdāhut badjuˈnen.The excess cloth of her blouse is wide.
vsubjectN-#-an, mag-object-anngan-To take in, make s.t. smaller (of clothes that are too big).clothes, make smallerDināhutan sawalnen peggeˈ hadje.Her pants were taken in because they were big.Gaˈikutaˈungandāhutan sawalku inin.I don’t know how to make these pants of mine smaller.(nga)dikiˈlaˈit23.6Verbs and adjectives used in connection w/ sewing and dressingVerbs and adjectives used in connection w/ sewing and dressing
nChest (body).chest, bodypartSinuntuk ku weˈ ne si dākanku.He punched me in the chest.11.1External body partsExternal body parts
v. statTo be dejected; be sulking; to have self-pity, to be upset.
nDouble meaning (of speech).double meaning (of speech)Aˈa miyaˈan niyaˈ dāˈutan bissānen.What that person says has double meaning.Niyaˈdāˈut (dāˈutan) bissāne ley.What he said had double meaning.andigtudjan30WAYS OF SPEAKING AND THINKINGWAYS OF SPEAKING AND THINKING
vsubjectN-, mag-nga- or ngan-To waste s.t.; use s.t. wastefully.waste s.t.Daˈakewmagdāsboheˈpeggeˈtala boheˈin.Don’t waste water because the water source is far.Imutun sīnnun, daˈa dāsun.Use your money only little by little; don’t waste it.imut
vsubjectmag-To stand up and face each other (on a swing).standing up on swingMagdāyung mākanakin bang magdondangan.The children stand up and face each other when they play on the swing.dondang
numOne (of s.t.).one of s.t.daN with most units of measurement, except those roots beginning with glottal stop, h, l, or g.Bakas ku nabuˈ bu da bayuˈ hadja binellikun.I was shopping but I bought only one item.Dem bulan tiggelne matuˈuhin.Her stay here was one month.Ngellu ku de ellew.I will weed one day.Bangku maghinang buliˈ sawal dan dangew duk dem pāt.When I make the ‘bottom’ of the pants I make them one handspan and one width of my hand.Melli ku hadja deng kepak biyayung iyan.I am going to buy only one cut of that water melon.dembuwaˈ7.1Number unitsNumber units
nA shoot (of bamboo, edible).bamboo shootIn some areas of Basilan all these are called umbut.Dabung bātakan/bettung/telling, tahinang sayul.Shoots of (these three species of) bamboo can be used as vegetable.umbut21.4Things used in cookingThings used in cooking1.4.1BambooBamboo
vTo bounce up and down (as on a bad road).bounceDaddag jīpin ellet Badjaˈ duk Parangbasak.The jeep bounces between Badjaˈ and Parangbasak.Daddag tinaˈikun bang ku nuhut jīp, peggeˈ gaˈi hāp lānin.My intestines bounce when I go on a jeep, because the road is not good.18.3Verbs used in connection w/ motor vehiclesVerbs used in connection w/ motor vehicles
advA short time, a little while, a few minutes, a moment.time, short; short time; while, a littleTiyaˈku lumengngan daddaliˈ.I am just going for a little while.kidjap
nLungs.lungsNiyaˈ sakine si dagaˈne.He has a sickness in his lungs.11.2Internal body partsInternal body parts
vsubjectN-, mag-object-anngan-To trade; sell (for a profit).Used also if one is the producer.trade, to; sell for profitEkkamagdagangkennapitu.Many come here selling fish.Ngandagangkew mangganu iyan.Sell those mangoes of yours.pabellilituintiriga
nA game; entertainment.game, play; entertainmentNiyaˈdageylaˈi si iskulan.There is a game at school.Magdrama dageyden.Their entertainment was doing a drama.Inedagey malaˈi si pagmalamanin? Magtagunggu, magmawulud.What was their entertainment at the evening celebration? Playing the gong ensemble, singing mawulud.
vsubjectN-, mag-ngan-To play; play a game.play a game, toMagdagey mākanakin laˈi si luwasan.The children are playing there outside.Ekkamākanaksinnamagdagey magdomino.Many young people like to play dominoes.lolaˈ
hinang dagey
vTo make fun of s.o., to laugh at s.o.make fun of; laugh atAˈa iyan luwal ngahinang saweˈne dagey.That person always makes fun of his companions.Hinangnedagey saweˈnen.He made fun of his companion.
balasamix, shuffle cards
paligewcheating with money
punggitstop after winning
saputicheat in card game
tabla2have equal score, even, tied
tayaˈa wager, money put down
tūk 2stake, pool in a game
nThings.thingsEkkadagmaklaˈi si aparadul iyan.There are many things in that cupboard.Gaˈi taˈeddoˈku peggeˈ ekka dagmakne.I cannot get it because it has many things on top.bāngkanpanyap
nTrash, rubbish.trash; rubbishEggasun meˈ dagmak iyan duk gaˈi patapukan sawe.Burn that trash so that snakes won’t hide there.seggit
vsubjectN-#-an, mag-object-annga-To pile up s.t. (indiscriminately).pile up without orderSinengadagmakan meˈ semmek inin?Who piled up those clothes (there)?Daˈakaˈammagdagmakseggitnaˈan si inin.Don’t pile up garbage here.tambakteppuk
vsubjectpa-To do s.t. quickly, perform an activity for a short time (and go on to some other work).do (fetch or take) s.t. quickly; quickly, (do, take or fetch s.t.)Tiyaˈkudahuˈpadagmit mandi.I’ll go quickly to take a bath first.kupadagmitmanganpeggeˈinusanku.I will go and eat quickly because I am hungry.
vsubjectN-nga-To fetch or deliver s.t. quickly (and go back to some other work).kuhadjangadagmit badjuˈku, ubus harap pitu du ku balik.I will just go and fetch my blouse; then I will come back here.kungadagmitan badjuˈne.I will quickly go to deliver her blouse.Dagmitkudahuˈ badjuˈkun amban lumaˈde.I will just fetch my blouse from their house.Dagmitankudahuˈ badjuˈkun amban lumaˈde.I will just take my blouse to their house.lakkesdaddaliˈalisto
vsubjectN-, mag-nga-To tie (an animal with a short lead, e.g. to a tree).tie animal with short leadĪˈpeiyengadagtel kābewne.He is still there tying his carabao.layo32WAYS OF TYING THINGSWAYS OF TYING THINGS
vsubjectN-, mag-nga-To remove s.t. (with quick, jerking motion); pull s.t.remove with quick motion; pull s.t.Magdagtuˈlansangiye amban diyataˈ papan.He pulls nails from the board.larut
advMoreover; especially.moreover; especiallyLemmaˈ lessakun dagun peggeˈ īˈ ku kinaruˈ.I feel weak especially because I am sleepy.Pituku miyaˈan misita kaˈu, dagun niyaˈ tennun boˈoku bang gaˈi ke kew melli.I came to visit you, moreover I brought weaving in case you might buy it.lagiˈ
nDead leaves; withered leaves.
adjTo be greedy (for food only).greedy for food; eat (der.)Dahagaˈ meyongin si kenna.The cat is greedy for fish.napsu(han)
vsubjectN-, mag-ngan-To eat s.t. (used in anger).Nakanak iyan basag ngandahagaˈ.That child eats lots.mangansumpalloklokseˈel122.1Verbs used in connection w/ eatingVerbs used in connection w/ eating
vsubjectN-, mag-ngan-To pull s.t. up (as pants or sleeves).pull up s.t. (as pants or sleeves)Dahikun pantalunnun duk gey palurus.Pull up (at waist) your pants so that they won’t fall down.kandatlurus
vsubjectpa-To go or move up (towards the top of s.t.).go up towards the top; move up towards topPhysically and figuratively.Padahikkewbangkew pabāk, daˈa pabāk si tindakan.Move up (to the head-end) when you lie down, don’t lie down at the foot-end.Padahik subaˈin bang beytu solon.The estuary moves up during high tide.Padahik buwasin kuweˈitu.The rice has gone up now (in price).(pa)diyataˈ(pa)lurus
vsubjectN-, mag-ngan-To groan, make a groaning sound.Sick Yakan people make it. (It is more a low pitched hum produced deep in the throat with the mouth closed.)sound, groaning; groanMagdahingbekewbangniyaˈ peddiˈnu.Groan if you have a pain.Ngandahingiyebangniyaˈ peddiˈne.He groans if he has pain.28SOUNDSSOUNDS12.12Adjectives and verbs used in connection w/ sicknessAdjectives and verbs used in connection w/ sickness
advFirst (of an event); just.first (of event); justLumengngan ku dahuˈ mageddoˈ aˈa.I’ll just go and get the people.Ngiskul ku dahuˈ maki ku magella.I will go to school first before I get a husband.
Daˈa kew dahuˈ.Wait a minute (lit. don’t first).