vsubjectN-, mag-To imprison s.o., to put in prison.Subey kinābusu meˈ munduhin.Outlaws ought to be imprisoned.Gaˈi pulisin ngābusubanggaˈniyaˈ dusene.The police don’t imprison anyone if he doesn’t have a sin.
nA celebration; a feast.Only set occasions in the life cycle are called kādjaˈan. Other feasts or celebrations are called jamu-jamu, feast.celebration; feastSōng niyaˈkādjaˈandegaˈitiggel.They will have a celebration in the near future.Bang tinammat ne anaknen lamiteˈedkādjaˈannen.When his child graduates, he will have a big celebration.14.8CeremoniesCeremonies
nCrab, generic.crab (generic)order: Decapoda section: BrachyuraFound in fresh water. Sometimes crabs in the sea are also called kākaˈ. The sea varieties are whitish underneath and greenish on top, or reddish underneath
and dark gray on top.kagangkensukeykeymango4.3CrustaceansCrustaceans
nA species of bamboo.Schizostachyum lima and Schizostachyum lumampaoIt is thin, has a diameter of approx. 2 cm, green, tall stems with long sections.
It is used for making woven walls and also for making blow guns. Cebuano: lakap.bamboo, thinEkkaaˈa ngeddoˈ kānas hinangde seyisig.Many people fetch kanas-bamboo to make woven walls.1.4.1BambooBamboo
advContinually doing s.t.; always doing s.t.Expressing intensity of action as well as duration.continually doing s.t.Aˈahin maglabas hadjapakāp, gaˈimayam pahaleng.The man just cuts grass continually; he does not look around.Aˈa miyaˈan geytantu maghinang luwalhadjapakāp ngutang.That person doesn’t work much; he always just continually goes into debt.kansangsigi-sigibasag
vsubjectN-To wake up from sleep, to awake, to be awake.wake up; awake, to beNgāpekudibuhiˈpeggeˈhidjul.I woke up last night because it was noisy.Pagkāpenegaˈnekulaˈi.When he woke up I wasn’t there anymore.Gaˈtakāpeku weˈ ulan.I did not wake up with the rain (lit. was not awakened by...).bangun1
affAbilitative/circumstantial affix in single-argument and antipassive clauses. To be
able to (do s.t.), to happen to (do s.t.).abilitative prefixGaˈikite bikaˈatupeggeˈ dikiˈ-dikiˈ dukite bi.We are not able to challenge (them) because we are small.Kebellikukennaensiniˈ.I was able to buy fish earlier.Kaˈeddoˈmanuk-manukiyeensiniˈ.He was able to get birds earlier.maka1-
affAffix changing cardinal numbers into ordinals.Bang kite nambahayang māku-māku kite kahanyangan kaˈissaˈ, si keduwegey keyipatante Tuhanin.When we worship we ask for peace first, secondly that we will not forget God.Katellumāku-māku kite ledjikiˈ.Thirdly we ask for blessing.Katellunen māku-māku kite ledjikiˈ.Thirdly (lit. its third) we ask for blessing.Kalimenen kalumaˈanin ubus neeggas.The fifth (lit. its fifth) village was burnt.
affPrefix with numerals. It signifies that all items of the number specified are being
talked about.numeral, prefixAndahan ne meˈ pungtinaˈikun kalime.All of my five siblings have wives.Gaˈniyaˈiskul pungtinaˈiku dendehin kaduwe.Both (all) of my two sisters have no schooling.Ubus ne ineggas kalimetumpuk meˈ kalumaˈan malaˈihin.All of the five clusters of houses (villages) there were burnt.Tebbengne kayuhin katellum poˈon.He cut down all three trees.Belline tennunin kadabaˈul.She bought one entire chest full of weaving.
affNominalizing affix. To be in the state of...Kadikiˈkun gaˈniyaˈjīptuˈu.In my childhood there were no jeeps here.Takiteku iyekasakinen kuweˈkagkagine.I saw him during his sickness; he was very skinny.Tiggelnekabuwaˈkayu miyaˈan.That tree has been in the state of bearing fruit for a long time.
affAffix occurring with nouns and adjectives expressing the (perceived) state of the
subject.The affixed word says something about the state of the subject of the clause or how
it affects the subject.Kaˈulanankami si lān.We were rained on on the road.Kagabunan punuhin.The mountain is covered with clouds.Kamamisanku si bāng-bāng iyan.Those cookies are sweet to me.Kabuhuk-buhukannebuwaˈkayu miyaˈan.Much of that fruit is rotten.Gaˈikukamiskinan si aˈa iyan.That person does not seem poor to me.Kahāpanku si lumaˈnen.I like his house (lit. his house seems good to me).
affVerbal affix with emotion verbs and some cognition verbs in transitive constructions.If the Theme (Experiencer) is the ergative noun phrase and the Nonnuclear Loc (Cause)
is the absolutive noun phrase, the verb takes the ka-#-an.Kalasahanne anaknen.He loves his child.Kaˈaseˈanku papuˈkun peggeˈ bahiˈ ne.I pity my grandmother because she is old.Tuhutku ine-inekabayaˈanne.I go along with whatever he wants.Kataˈuhankulānhap lumaˈden.I know the way to their house.Nakanak iyan gaˈniyaˈkasabutanne.That child does not understand anything.
affNominalizing affix.Si lumaˈku katekkahannen.My house is what he arrived at.Panyataˈkatalewannen.Spirits are what he is afraid of.Badjuˈ miyaˈan kasinnahankun.That blouse is what I like.
affNominal affix for a collective entity; a number of items of the same kind.A place or entity with a collection/number of the same kind of items stated is marked
by ka-#-an. Exceptions are the words for coconut grove lahingan and banana grove uyatan which occur also with -an only. The -an seems to focus on the piece of land planted with trees while the word with ka-#-an focuses on the collection of trees on the piece of land.Lahat miyaˈan lahatkapapuˈan kamihin.That place is the place of our ancestors.Meˈ kaˈusbahankami meˈ aˈa iyan.Those people are our relatives.Demkabatuhan pangahinanganne lumaˈin.He is building the house in a stony place.Lahatden demkapunuhan.Their place is in the mountains.Pagtanaˈannen demkalahingan.He made his rice field in the coconut grove.Lumaˈnen demkaˈuyatan.His house is in a banana plantation.Luhalahingannen.His coconut grove is extensive.Uyatansine miyaˈan?Whose banana plantation is that?
affAffix signifying the entirety of the specified place.Tahalaˈ aˈahin kadanglahatan.Everybody from that place has left (lit. people from that entire place).Ubus ne kinelluhan tanaˈkun kadantanaˈan.I have already weeded my rice field, the one entire field.Ubus ne ilabasan bulaknen kadabulakan.All his land has had the grass cut.