Yakan - English


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kābasaˈkalabasaˈ
nSquash, yellow squash, pumpkin.squash, a; pumpkinCucurbita maxima1.7.2Vegetables (fruit, roots, bulbs)Vegetables (fruit, roots, bulbs)
kābew
nWater buffalo, carabao.Bubalus bubaliswater buffalo; carabao; ride a carabaoEkkakābew iningketan si basakan.Many carabaos are tied in the wet rice field.2.1.1Large mammalsLarge mammals
kābew būpalu
nA breed of especially large carabaos.
vsubjectN-, mag-To ride a carabao.Ngābewku tungan-tungan lengnganku.I ride a carabao wherever I go.Daˈanekew subey magkābew-kābew, kaw kew hadja laboˈ.You shouldn’t be riding a carabao; you may fall off.
vmagkābew-kābewTo crawl on all fours.Behumagkābew-kābewpe anaknen.Her child has only recently started to crawl.
kābusukalabusu
nPrison.prison; imprisonEkkaaˈadupangdemkābusu.There are many bad people in prison.19.1Types of housesTypes of houses17.4PenaltiesPenalties
vsubjectN-, mag-To imprison s.o., to put in prison.Subey kinābusu meˈ munduhin.Outlaws ought to be imprisoned.Gaˈi pulisin ngābusu bang gaˈ niyaˈ dusene.The police don’t imprison anyone if he doesn’t have a sin.
kādjaˈan
nA celebration; a feast.Only set occasions in the life cycle are called kādjaˈan. Other feasts or celebrations are called jamu-jamu, feast.celebration; feastSōng niyaˈ kādjaˈande gaˈi tiggel.They will have a celebration in the near future.Bang tinammat ne anaknen lami teˈed kādjaˈannen.When his child graduates, he will have a big celebration.14.8CeremoniesCeremonies
KINDS OF CELEBRATIONS
magguntinghaircutting ceremony
magkawinwedding
magtammatgraduation from studies in the Qur’an
magtapus100th day celebration
magtimbangweighing of those born in Sappal
pitum bahangi7th day celebration
kāhaˈ
nFrying pan.frying panKosoˈanun kite kāhaˈin pegpirituhan kenna.Wash the frying pan for us to fry fish.kawaˈ120.5Household implements / itemsHousehold implements / items
kākaˈ
nCrab, generic.crab (generic)order: Decapoda section: BrachyuraFound in fresh water. Sometimes crabs in the sea are also called kākaˈ. The sea varieties are whitish underneath and greenish on top, or reddish underneath and dark gray on top.kagangkensukeykeymango4.3CrustaceansCrustaceans
kākulakalkula
vTo calculate, estimate, reckon.
kānas
nA species of bamboo.Schizostachyum lima and Schizostachyum lumampaoIt is thin, has a diameter of approx. 2 cm, green, tall stems with long sections. It is used for making woven walls and also for making blow guns. Cebuano: lakap.bamboo, thinEkkaaˈa ngeddoˈ kānas hinangde seyisig.Many people fetch kanas-bamboo to make woven walls.1.4.1BambooBamboo
kāngag
nA species of parrot.fam. PsittacidaeMedium size, green with red beak, yellowish breast.agapkelletkulisiˈ3.2ParrotsParrots
kāngankalang2
nSong.
kāppakāp
advContinually doing s.t.; always doing s.t.Expressing intensity of action as well as duration.continually doing s.t.Aˈahin maglabas hadja pakāp, gaˈi mayam pahaleng.The man just cuts grass continually; he does not look around.Aˈa miyaˈan gey tantu maghinang luwal hadja pakāp ngutang.That person doesn’t work much; he always just continually goes into debt.kansangsigi-sigibasag
kāpan
nFloor.floorPahidanun kāpanin iyuˈ ekka seggitne.Sweep the floor; there is lots of rubbish.19.2Parts of housesParts of houses
kāpe
vsubjectN-To wake up from sleep, to awake, to be awake.wake up; awake, to beNgāpekudibuhiˈpeggeˈhidjul.I woke up last night because it was noisy.Pagkāpenegaˈnekulaˈi.When he woke up I wasn’t there anymore.Gaˈtakāpeku weˈ ulan.I did not wake up with the rain (lit. was not awakened by...).bangun1
kāpilkafir
nUnbeliever; a Visayan; any non-Muslim.unbeliever; Muslim, (non-); non-MuslimEkkadayahan meˈ bangsa kāpilin.Many of the non-Muslim tribes are rich.14.2Men, titles, etc., occupationsMen, titles, etc., occupations
kārang
nStilts (a toy).stilts (a toy)Ekkamākanak magdagey kārang si iskulan.Many children play with stilts at school.27GAMES AND TOYSGAMES AND TOYS
kāsarakalsara
nA road.
kāsig
nSardine, a species of fish.Sardina pilchardusIt is small, has lots of bones, and is smaller than tuley.4.1FishFish
kātas
nPaper.paperUrunganun ku kātas pamutusanku sinelasku.Give me paper for wrapping my slippers.Niyaˈkātas panulatanku.I have paper to write on.kintas1
kātas katalanBond paper.kātas likidanPaper for rolling cigarettes.kātas tayiˈNewspaper, waste paper.
ka-1maka-1ke-
affAbilitative/circumstantial affix in single-argument and antipassive clauses. To be able to (do s.t.), to happen to (do s.t.).abilitative prefixGaˈikite bikaˈatupeggeˈ dikiˈ-dikiˈ du kite bi.We are not able to challenge (them) because we are small.Kebellikukennaensiniˈ.I was able to buy fish earlier.Kaˈeddoˈmanuk-manukiyeensiniˈ.He was able to get birds earlier.maka1-
ka-2maka-2 1
affCausative affix with intransitive verbs. To cause an emotional or physical response.Kasaye-sayenakanak iyan.That child makes one laugh.
ka-31
affAffix changing cardinal numbers into ordinals.Bang kite nambahayang māku-māku kite kahanyangan kaˈissaˈ, si keduwe gey keyipatante Tuhanin.When we worship we ask for peace first, secondly that we will not forget God.Katellumāku-māku kite ledjikiˈ.Thirdly we ask for blessing.Katellunen māku-māku kite ledjikiˈ.Thirdly (lit. its third) we ask for blessing.Kalimenen kalumaˈanin ubus ne eggas.The fifth (lit. its fifth) village was burnt.
2
affPrefix with numerals. It signifies that all items of the number specified are being talked about.numeral, prefixAndahan ne meˈ pungtinaˈikun kalime.All of my five siblings have wives.Gaˈniyaˈiskul pungtinaˈiku dendehin kaduwe.Both (all) of my two sisters have no schooling.Ubus ne ineggas kalime tumpuk meˈ kalumaˈan malaˈihin.All of the five clusters of houses (villages) there were burnt.Tebbengne kayuhin katellum poˈon.He cut down all three trees.Belline tennunin kada baˈul.She bought one entire chest full of weaving.
3
affNominalizing affix. To be in the state of...Kadikiˈkun gaˈniyaˈjīptuˈu.In my childhood there were no jeeps here.Takiteku iye kasakinen kuweˈ kagkag ine.I saw him during his sickness; he was very skinny.Tiggelnekabuwaˈkayu miyaˈan.That tree has been in the state of bearing fruit for a long time.
ka-#-an-an1
affAffix occurring with nouns and adjectives expressing the (perceived) state of the subject.The affixed word says something about the state of the subject of the clause or how it affects the subject.Kaˈulanankami si lān.We were rained on on the road.Kagabunan punuhin.The mountain is covered with clouds.Kamamisanku si bāng-bāng iyan.Those cookies are sweet to me.Kabuhuk-buhukannebuwaˈkayu miyaˈan.Much of that fruit is rotten.Gaˈikukamiskinan si aˈa iyan.That person does not seem poor to me.Kahāpanku si lumaˈnen.I like his house (lit. his house seems good to me).
2
affVerbal affix with emotion verbs and some cognition verbs in transitive constructions.If the Theme (Experiencer) is the ergative noun phrase and the Nonnuclear Loc (Cause) is the absolutive noun phrase, the verb takes the ka-#-an.Kalasahanne anaknen.He loves his child.Kaˈaseˈanku papuˈkun peggeˈ bahiˈ ne.I pity my grandmother because she is old.Tuhutku ine-ine kabayaˈanne.I go along with whatever he wants.Kataˈuhankulānhap lumaˈden.I know the way to their house.Nakanak iyan gaˈ niyaˈ kasabutanne.That child does not understand anything.
3
affNominalizing affix.Si lumaˈku katekkahannen.My house is what he arrived at.Panyataˈkatalewannen.Spirits are what he is afraid of.Badjuˈ miyaˈan kasinnahankun.That blouse is what I like.
4
affNominal affix for a collective entity; a number of items of the same kind.A place or entity with a collection/number of the same kind of items stated is marked by ka-#-an. Exceptions are the words for coconut grove lahingan and banana grove uyatan which occur also with -an only. The -an seems to focus on the piece of land planted with trees while the word with ka-#-an focuses on the collection of trees on the piece of land.Lahat miyaˈan lahat kapapuˈan kamihin.That place is the place of our ancestors.Meˈ kaˈusbahan kami meˈ aˈa iyan.Those people are our relatives.Demkabatuhan pangahinanganne lumaˈin.He is building the house in a stony place.Lahatden dem kapunuhan.Their place is in the mountains.Pagtanaˈannen dem kalahingan.He made his rice field in the coconut grove.Lumaˈnen dem kaˈuyatan.His house is in a banana plantation.Luhalahingannen.His coconut grove is extensive.Uyatansine miyaˈan?Whose banana plantation is that?
5
affAffix signifying the entirety of the specified place.Tahalaˈ aˈahin kadanglahatan.Everybody from that place has left (lit. people from that entire place).Ubus ne kinelluhan tanaˈkun kadantanaˈan.I have already weeded my rice field, the one entire field.Ubus ne ilabasan bulaknen kadabulakan.All his land has had the grass cut.
kabag
adjSticking out (said of ears).sticking out (of ears)Kabag teyingenen.His ears are sticking out.kupping12.4EarsEars
kabaˈ-kabaˈ
nButterfly.butterflyorder: LepidopteraNiyaˈkabaˈ-kabaˈ umasek dem lumaˈ, hātinen niyaˈ sōng bisitate.A butterfly happened to enter the house; it means we will soon have a visitor.katel-kellung2.5.1Moths and butterfliesMoths and butterflies
kabal
nFlying lemur.flying lemurCynocephalus volans or C.variegatusEkkakabal palayang bang kohap-kohap.Many flying lemurs fly in the early afternoon.2.1.1Large mammalsLarge mammals